High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria Book

High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria


  • Author : Ulrich K Deiters
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-04-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444563545

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High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria Excerpt :

The book begins with an overview of the phase diagrams of fluid mixtures (fluid = liquid, gas, or supercritical state), which can show an astonishing variety when elevated pressures are taken into account; phenomena like retrograde condensation (single and double) and azeotropy (normal and double) are discussed. It then gives an introduction into the relevant thermodynamic equations for fluid mixtures, including some that are rarely found in modern textbooks, and shows how they can they be used to compute phase diagrams and related properties. This chapter gives a consistent and axiomatic approach to fluid thermodynamics; it avoids using activity coefficients. Further chapters are dedicated to solid-fluid phase equilibria and global phase diagrams (systematic search for phase diagram classes). The appendix contains numerical algorithms needed for the computations. The book thus enables the reader to create or improve computer programs for the calculation of fluid phase diagrams. introduces phase diagram classes, how to recognize them and identify their characteristic features presents rational nomenclature of binary fluid phase diagrams includes problems and solutions for self-testing, exercises or seminars

High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria Book

High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria


  • Author : Ulrich K Deiters
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-06-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444563477

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High Pressure Fluid Phase Equilibria Excerpt :

The book begins with an overview of the phase diagrams of fluid mixtures (fluid = liquid, gas, or supercritical state), which can show an astonishing variety when elevated pressures are taken into account; phenomena like retrograde condensation (single and double) and azeotropy (normal and double) are discussed. It then gives an introduction into the relevant thermodynamic equations for fluid mixtures, including some that are rarely found in modern textbooks, and shows how they can they be used to compute phase diagrams and related properties. This chapter gives a consistent and axiomatic approach to fluid thermodynamics; it avoids using activity coefficients. Further chapters are dedicated to solid-fluid phase equilibria and global phase diagrams (systematic search for phase diagram classes). The appendix contains numerical algorithms needed for the computations. The book thus enables the reader to create or improve computer programs for the calculation of fluid phase diagrams. introduces phase diagram classes, how to recognize them and identify their characteristic features presents rational nomenclature of binary fluid phase diagrams includes problems and solutions for self-testing, exercises or seminars

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria


  • Author : John M. Prausnitz
  • Publisher : Pearson Education
  • Release Date : 1998-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1245
  • ISBN 10 : 9780132440509

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Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria Excerpt :

The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing Book

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing


  • Author : Tiziana Fornari
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 517
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319106113

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High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing Excerpt :

The aim of this book is to present the fundamentals of high pressure technologies from the perspective of mass transfer phenomena and thermodynamic considerations. Novel food applications are exposed and their relation to chemical analysis, extraction, reaction and particle formation processes are outlined. The chapters are written by a diverse group of scientists with expertise in chemistry, food processes, analytical chemistry, chemical engineering and chemical engineering thermodynamics, and biotechnology. The mission of green food engineering is to promote innovative technologies that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous materials (solvents, reagents) in the design and operation of food related processes, with the view to improve food safety and quality. Several efficient, environmentally friendly and benign technologies based on the use of high pressure and green solvents have demonstrated to be sustainable alternatives to traditional processes in the food industry. Although hundreds of new ideas are being published in the open literature, reliable engineering tools to simulate and design those processes are still under development. High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing presents in-depth analyses and outlines the ways towards their maturity. Tiziana Fornari, Research Institute of Food Science (CIAL) Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain Roumiana P. Stateva, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid phase Equilibria Book

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid phase Equilibria


  • Author : J. M. Prausnitz
  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release Date : 1969
  • Genre: Liquid-liquid equilibrium
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015000993975

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Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid phase Equilibria Excerpt :

97774-4 The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics ofFluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and oth

Phase Equilibrium Engineering Book

Phase Equilibrium Engineering


  • Author : Esteban Brignole
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-04-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128082652

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Phase Equilibrium Engineering Excerpt :

The benefits of using SCF as reaction media have promoted an intense research and development activity in this field. In this chapter, several case studies demonstrate the advantages of working under supercritical conditions. In particular, gas–liquid catalyzed reactions are one of the areas where the use of supercritical fluids is very attractive. In general, these reactions are diffusion-controlled and the use of supercritical fluids increases the reaction rate by eliminating the gas–liquid interface. In this chapter also, the interesting properties of operation under near-critical conditions are analyzed: higher solubility of reactants and products in the supercritical phase, reduced deposition of reacting components on the catalyst pores, diffusion coefficients higher than in liquids, independent control of the concentration of permanent gases like H2, O2, or CO in the reaction mixture, higher thermal capacity, and low interfacial tension The hydrogenation of low volatile liquids, using solid–fluid heterogeneous catalysts, is presented to show the advantages of working under supercritical conditions. In this case study, the selection of the process conditions that guarantees operation under a supercritical single-phase state is discussed as a typical phase equilibrium engineering problem. Finally, for reactions in which the SCF plays a role not only as solvent but also as a reactant, the problem of phase condition design and cosolvent selection is addressed.

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering Book

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering


  • Author : Camila Gambini Pereira
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128115572

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Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering Excerpt :

Thermodynamics of Phase Equilibria in Food Engineering is the definitive book on thermodynamics of equilibrium applied to food engineering. Food is a complex matrix consisting of different groups of compounds divided into macronutrients (lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins), and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals). The quality characteristics of food products associated with the sensorial, physical and microbiological attributes are directly related to the thermodynamic properties of specific compounds and complexes that are formed during processing or by the action of diverse interventions, such as the environment, biochemical reactions, and others. In addition, in obtaining bioactive substances using separation processes, the knowledge of phase equilibria of food systems is essential to provide an efficient separation, with a low cost in the process and high selectivity in the recovery of the desired component. This book combines theory and application of phase equilibria data of systems containing food compounds to help food engineers and researchers to solve complex problems found in food processing. It provides support to researchers from academia and industry to better understand the behavior of food materials in the face of processing effects, and to develop ways to improve the quality of the food products. Presents the fundamentals of phase equilibria in the food industry Describes both classic and advanced models, including cubic equations of state and activity coefficient Encompasses distillation, solid-liquid extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, adsorption, crystallization and supercritical fluid extraction Explores equilibrium in advanced systems, including colloidal, electrolyte and protein systems

Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation Book

Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation


  • Author : Jürgen Gmehling
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-03-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527809455

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Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation Excerpt :

The only textbook that applies thermodynamics to real-world process engineering problems This must-read for advanced students and professionals alike is the first book to demonstrate how chemical thermodynamics work in the real world by applying them to actual engineering examples. It also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the particular models and procedures, and explains the most important models that are applied in process industry. All the topics are illustrated with examples that are closely related to practical process simulation problems. At the end of each chapter, additional calculation examples are given to enable readers to extend their comprehension. Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation instructs on the behavior of fluids for pure fluids, describing the main types of equations of state and their abilities. It discusses the various quantities of interest in process simulation, their correlation, and prediction in detail. Chapters look at the important terms for the description of the thermodynamics of mixtures; the most important models and routes for phase equilibrium calculation; models which are applicable to a wide variety of non-electrolyte systems; membrane processes; polymer thermodynamics; enthalpy of reaction; chemical equilibria, and more. -Explains thermodynamic fundamentals used in process simulation with solved examples -Includes new chapters about modern measurement techniques, retrograde condensation, and simultaneous description of chemical equilibrium -Comprises numerous solved examples, which simplify the understanding of the often complex calculation procedures, and discusses advantages and disadvantages of models and procedures -Includes estimation methods for thermophysical properties and phase equilibria thermodynamics of alternative separation processes -Supplemented with MathCAD-sheets and DDBST programs for readers to reproduce the examples Chemical Thermodynamics for Process Simulation is an ideal resource f

Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook Book
Score: 3.5
From 2 Ratings

Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook


  • Author : James E. Mark
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-03-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1076
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387690025

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Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook Excerpt :

This book offers concise information on the properties of polymeric materials, particularly those most relevant to physical chemistry and chemical physics. Extensive updates and revisions to each chapter include eleven new chapters on novel polymeric structures, reinforcing phases in polymers, and experiments on single polymer chains. The study of complex materials is highly interdisciplinary, and new findings are scattered among a large selection of scientific and engineering journals. This book brings together data from experts in the different disciplines contributing to the rapidly growing area of polymers and complex materials.

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures Book

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures


  • Author : Christian Wohlfarth
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-02-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498703215

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CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures Excerpt :

Thermodynamic data of polymer solutions are paramount for industrial and laboratory processes. These data also serve to understand the physical behavior of polymer solutions, study intermolecular interactions, and gain insights into the molecular nature of mixtures. Nearly a decade has passed since the release of a similar CRC Handbook and since th

Emerging and Traditional Technologies for Safe  Healthy and Quality Food Book

Emerging and Traditional Technologies for Safe Healthy and Quality Food


  • Author : Viktor Nedović
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-12-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319240404

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Emerging and Traditional Technologies for Safe Healthy and Quality Food Excerpt :

Since its inception in 2002, the Central European Food Congress (CEFood) has been a biannual meeting intended for food producers and distributors as well as researchers and educators to promote research, development, innovation and education within food science and technology in the Middle European region with a tight connection to global trends. The 6th CEFood, held in Novi Sad, Serbia, May 23-26, 2012, highlighted the novel technologies and traditional foods aimed at both the European and global markets. Specifically, CEFood 2012 focused on the latest progress in fundamental and applied food science, research and development, innovative technology, food ingredients, novel trends in nutrition and health, functional and bioactive food, food engineering, food safety and quality and the food and feed market. This book will consist of contributions from various presenters at CEFood 2012, covering the major themes of this Congress. Chapters contributed by expert presenters from the 6th CEFood Congress of 2012 Highlights the novel technologies of food science Discusses the future of the food industry and food research

Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and or Supercritical Fluids Book

Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and or Supercritical Fluids


  • Author : Can Erkey
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444640901

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Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and or Supercritical Fluids Excerpt :

Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and/or Supercritical Fluids: Methods, Fundamentals and Modeling offers a comprehensive review of the current status of research, development and insights on promising future directions, covering the synthesis of nanostructured materials using supercritical fluid-based processes. The book presents fundamental aspects such as high-pressure phase behavior of complex mixtures, thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption from supercritical solutions, mechanisms of particle formation phenomena in supercritical fluid-based processes, and models for further development. It bridges the gap between theory and application, and is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students alike. Includes thermodynamic and mass transfer data necessary for industrial plant design Explains the mechanisms of reactions in a supercritical fluid environment Lists numerous industrial processes for the production of many consumer products

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions


  • Author : Christian Wohlfarth
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-08-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 775
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466554436

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CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Excerpt :

A large amount of experimental data has been published since the debut of the original CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions. Incorporating new and updated material, the CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions. It helps readers quickly retrieve necessary information from the literature, and assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing. A valuable resource for the modern chemistry field, the Handbook clearly details how measurements were conducted and methodically explains the nomenclature. It presents data essential for the production and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions.

Petroleum Fluid Phase Behavior Book

Petroleum Fluid Phase Behavior


  • Author : Raj Deo Tewari
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-12-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351857239

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Petroleum Fluid Phase Behavior Excerpt :

This book deals with complex fluid characterization of oil and gas reservoirs, emphasizing the importance of PVT parameters for practical application in reservoir simulation and management. It covers modeling of PVT parameters, QA/QC of PVT data from lab studies, EOS modeling, PVT simulation and compositional grading and variation. It describes generation of data for reservoir engineering calculations in view of limited and unreliable data and techniques like downhole fluid analysis and photophysics of reservoir fluids. It discusses behavior of unconventional reservoirs, particularly for difficult resources like shale gas, shale oil, coalbed methane, reservoirs, heavy and extra heavy oils.