High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Book
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High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : Qingfeng Li
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-10-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 545
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319170824

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High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

This book is a comprehensive review of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFCs are the preferred fuel cells for a variety of applications such as automobiles, cogeneration of heat and power units, emergency power and portable electronics. The first 5 chapters of the book describe rationalization and illustration of approaches to high temperature PEM systems. Chapters 6 - 13 are devoted to fabrication, optimization and characterization of phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes, the very first electrolyte system that has demonstrated the concept of and motivated extensive research activity in the field. The last 11 chapters summarize the state-of-the-art of technological development of high temperature-PEMFCs based on acid doped PBI membranes including catalysts, electrodes, MEAs, bipolar plates, modelling, stacking, diagnostics and applications.

Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells Book

Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells


  • Author : Sivakumar Pasupathi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128103869

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Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Primers is a series focused on Energy applications. Its concise volumes present those coming into this broad and multidisciplinary field with the most recent advances in each of its particular topics. They bring together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, which makes them a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students, especially those starting in a new topic of research. This volume, Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells, provides an up-to-date progress of High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (HTPEMFCs), including three critical subjects for this type of fuel cells: Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) development, stack development and systems development. The MEA and stack development sections cover the recent advances in this area and highlight the areas in most need of improvement. The systems development section focuses on stationary systems, mainly Combined Heat and Power (CHP), based on HTPEMFCs. Finally the conclusions summarize the recent advances of HTPEMFCs in all these areas and provide some insights for future developments. Prof. Bruno G. Pollet, Series Editor Presents the most current knowledge in membrane electrode assembly, stack, and systems development for HTPEMFCs Highlights the areas that need improvement in electrode assembly and stack development Examines stationary high temperature PEMFC systems, including CHP

Nanocarbons for Energy Conversion  Supramolecular Approaches Book

Nanocarbons for Energy Conversion Supramolecular Approaches


  • Author : Naotoshi Nakashima
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319929170

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Nanocarbons for Energy Conversion Supramolecular Approaches Excerpt :

This book focuses on nanocarbons (carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanoporous carbon, and carbon black) and related materials for energy conversion, including fuel cells (predominately proton exchange membrane fuel cells [PEMFC]), Li-ion batteries, and supercapacitors. Written by a group of internationally recognized researchers, it offers an in-depth review of the structure, properties, and functions of nanocarbons, and summarizes recent advances in the design, fabrication and characterization of nanocarbon-based catalysts for energy applications. As such, it is an invaluable resource for graduate students, academics and industrial scientists interested in the areas of nanocarbons, energy materials for fuel cells, batteries and supercapacitors as well as materials design, and supramolecular science.

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells Book

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells


  • Author : Javaid Zaidi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-07-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387735320

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Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells Excerpt :

From the late-1960’s, perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSAs) ionomers have dominated the PEM fuel cell industry as the membrane material of choice. The “gold standard’ amongst the many variations that exist today has been, and to a great extent still is, DuPont’s Nafion® family of materials. However, there is significant concern in the industry that these materials will not meet the cost, performance, and durability requirementsnecessary to drive commercialization in key market segments – es- cially automotive. Indeed, Honda has already put fuel cell vehicles in the hands of real end users that have home-grown fuel cell stack technology incorporating hydrocarbon-based ionomers. “Polymer Membranes in Fuel Cells” takes an in-depth look at the new chem- tries and membrane technologies that have been developed over the years to address the concerns associated with the materials currently in use. Unlike the PFSAs, which were originally developed for the chlor-alkali industry, the more recent hydrocarbon and composite materials have been developed to meet the specific requirements of PEM Fuel Cells. Having said this, most of the work has been based on derivatives of known polymers, such as poly(ether-ether ketones), to ensure that the critical requirement of low cost is met. More aggressive operational requi- ments have also spurred the development on new materials; for example, the need for operation at higher temperature under low relative humidity has spawned the creation of a plethora of new polymers with potential application in PEM Fuel Cells.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century Book

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century


  • Author : Kevin Kendall
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-11-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124104839

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High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century Excerpt :

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Second Edition, explores the growing interest in fuel cells as a sustainable source of energy. The text brings the topic of green energy front and center, illustrating the need for new books that provide comprehensive and practical information on specific types of fuel cells and their applications. This landmark volume on solid oxide fuel cells contains contributions from experts of international repute, and provides a single source of the latest knowledge on this topic. A single source for all the latest information on solid oxide fuel cells and their applications Illustrates the need for new, more comprehensive books and study on the topic Explores the growing interest in fuel cells as viable, sustainable sources of energy

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells Book

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells


  • Author : Christian Siegel
  • Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
  • Release Date : 2015-03-20
  • Genre: Fuel cells
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 9783832539177

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High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells Excerpt :

A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model of a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, employing a high temperature stable polybenzimidazole membrane electrode assembly doped with phosphoric acid, was developed and implemented using a commercially available finite element software. Three types of flow-fields were modeled and simulated. Selected simulation results at reference operating conditions were compared to the performance curves and to segmented solid-phase temperature and current density measurements. For the segmented measurements, an inhouse developed prototype cell was designed and manufactured. The segmented cell was successfully operated and the solid-phase temperature and the current density distribution were recorded, evaluated, and discussed. Sequentially scanned segmented electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were performed to qualitatively support the observed trends. These measurements were used to identify and determine the causes of the inhomogeneous current density distributions. An equivalent circuit model was developed, the obtained spectra were analyzed, and the model parameters discussed. This work helps to provide a better understanding of the internal behaviour of a running high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell and presents valuable data for modeling and simulation. For large fuel cells and complete fuel cell stacks in particular, well designed anode and cathode inlet and outlet sections are expected to aid in achieving flatter quantities distributions and in preventing hot spots over the membrane electrode assembly area, and to develop proper start-up, shut-down, and tempering concepts.

Membranes for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Book

Membranes for Low Temperature Fuel Cells


  • Author : Surbhi Sharma
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2019-06-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110647327

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Membranes for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Membranes for Low Temperature Fuel Cells provides a comprehensive review of novel and state-of-the-art polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) membranes. The author highlights requirements and considerations for a membrane as an integral part of PEMFC and its interactions with other components. It is an indispensible resource for anyone interested in new PEMFC membrane materials and concerned with the development, optimisation and testing of such membranes. Various composite membranes (polymer and non-polymer) are discussed along with analyses of the latest fi ller materials like graphene, ionic liquids, polymeric ionic liquids, nanostructured metal oxides and membrane concepts unfolding in the field of PEMFC. This book provides the latest academic and technical developments in PEMFC membranes with thorough insights into various preparation, characterisation, and testing methods utilised. Factors affecting proton conduction, water adsorption, and transportation behaviour of membranes are also deliberated upon. Provides the latest academic and technical developments in PEMFC membranes. Reviews recent literature on ex situ studies and in situ single-cell and stack tests investigating the durability (chemical, thermomechanical) and degradation of membranes. Surbhi Sharma, MSc, PhD Working on graphene oxide and fuel cells since 2007, she has published about 50 research articles/book chapters and holds a patent. She has also been awarded various research grants.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability Book

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability


  • Author : Felix N. Büchi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-02-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387855363

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Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability Excerpt :

This book covers a significant number of R&D projects, performed mostly after 2000, devoted to the understanding and prevention of performance degradation processes in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). The extent and severity of performance degradation processes in PEFCs were recognized rather gradually. Indeed, the recognition overlapped with a significant number of industrial dem- strations of fuel cell powered vehicles, which would suggest a degree of technology maturity beyond the resaolution of fundamental failure mechanisms. An intriguing question, therefore, is why has there been this apparent delay in addressing fun- mental performance stability requirements. The apparent answer is that testing of the power system under fully realistic operation conditions was one prerequisite for revealing the nature and extent of some key modes of PEFC stack failure. Such modes of failure were not exposed to a similar degree, or not at all, in earlier tests of PEFC stacks which were not performed under fully relevant conditions, parti- larly such tests which did not include multiple on–off and/or high power–low power cycles typical for transportation and mobile power applications of PEFCs. Long-term testing of PEFCs reported in the early 1990s by both Los Alamos National Laboratory and Ballard Power was performed under conditions of c- stant cell voltage, typically near the maximum power point of the PEFC.

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology Book

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology


  • Author : Christoph Hartnig
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-03-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095473

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Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology Excerpt :

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) technology are promising forms of low-temperature electrochemical power conversion technologies that operate on hydrogen and methanol respectively. Featuring high electrical efficiency and low operational emissions, they have attracted intense worldwide commercialization research and development efforts. These R&D efforts include a major drive towards improving materials performance, fuel cell operation and durability. In situ characterization is essential to improving performance and extending operational lifetime through providing information necessary to understand how fuel cell materials perform under operational loads. This two volume set reviews the fundamentals, performance, and in situ characterization of PEMFCs and DMFCs. Volume 1 covers the fundamental science and engineering of these low temperature fuel cells, focusing on understanding and improving performance and operation. Part one reviews systems fundamentals, ranging from fuels and fuel processing, to the development of membrane and catalyst materials and technology, and gas diffusion media and flowfields, as well as life cycle aspects and modelling approaches. Part two details performance issues relevant to fuel cell operation and durability, such as catalyst ageing, materials degradation and durability testing, and goes on to review advanced transport simulation approaches, degradation modelling and experimental monitoring techniques. With its international team of expert contributors, Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology Volumes 1 & 2 is an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materials science and electrochemistry researchers and academics. Covers the fundamental science and engineering of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), focusing on understanding and improving perform

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Book

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells


  • Author : Michael Eikerling
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439854068

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Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Excerpt :

The book provides a systematic and profound account of scientific challenges in fuel cell research. The introductory chapters bring readers up to date on the urgency and implications of the global energy challenge, the prospects of electrochemical energy conversion technologies, and the thermodynamic and electrochemical principles underlying the operation of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. The book then presents the scientific challenges in fuel cell research as a systematic account of distinct components, length scales, physicochemical processes, and scientific disciplines. The main part of the book focuses on theory and modeling. Theoretical tools and approaches, applied to fuel cell research, are presented in a self-contained manner. Chapters are arranged by different fuel cell materials and components, and sections advance through the hierarchy of scales, starting from molecular-level processes in proton-conducting media or electrocatalytic systems and ending with performance issues at the device level, including electrochemical performance, water management, durability, and analysis of failure mechanisms. Throughout, the book gives numerous examples of formidable scientific challenges as well as of tools to facilitate materials design and development of diagnostic methods. It reveals reserves for performance improvements and uncovers misapprehensions in scientific understanding that have misled or may continue to mislead technological development. An indispensable resource for scientifically minded and practically oriented researchers, this book helps industry leaders to appreciate the contributions of fundamental research, and leaders of fundamental research to appreciate the needs of industry.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Book

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells


  • Author : Alejandro A. Franco
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814364409

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Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Excerpt :

This book focuses on the recent research progress on the fundamental understanding of the materials degradation phenomena in PEFC, for automotive applications. On a multidisciplinary basis, through contributions of internationally recognized researchers in the field, this book provides a complete critical review on crucial scientific topics related to PEFC materials degradation, and ensures a strong balance between experimental and theoretical analysis and preparation techniques with several practical applications for both the research and the industrial communities.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell


  • Author : Tolga Taner
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-05-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789230666

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Excerpt :

The main idea of this study is to scrutinize the performance efficiency and enhancement of modelling and simulations of PEM fuel cell. Besides, the research of PEM fuel cell performance can figure out many critical issues for an alternative resource energy. The chapters collected in the book are contributions by invited researchers with a long-standing experience in different research areas. I hope that the material presented here is understandable to a wide audience, not only energy engineers but also scientists from various disciplines. The book contains nine chapters in three sections: (1) "General Information About PEM Fuel Cell", (2) "PEM Fuel Cell Technology" and (3) "Many Different Applications of PEM Fuel Cell". This book presents detailed and up-to-date evaluations in different areas and was written by academics with experience in their field. It is anticipated that this book will make a scientific contribution to PEM fuel cell and other alternative energy resource workers, researchers, academics, PhD students and other scientists both in the present and in the future.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Book

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells


  • Author : David P. Wilkinson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-11-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 1439806667

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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Excerpt :

A Detailed, Up-to-Date Treatment of Key Developments in PEMFC Materials The potential to revolutionize the way we power our world Because of its lower temperature and special polymer electrolyte membrane, the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is well-suited for transportation, portable, and micro fuel cell applications. But the performance of these fuel cells critically depends on the materials used for the various cell components. Durability, water management, and reducing catalyst poisoning are important factors when selecting PEMFC materials. Written by international PEMFC scientists and engineers from top-level organizations, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Materials Properties and Performance provides a single resource of information for understanding how to select and develop materials for improved PEMFC performance. The book focuses on the major components of the fuel cell unit, along with design and modeling aspects. It covers catalysts and catalyst layers, before discussing the key components of membranes, diffusion layers, and bipolar plates. The book also explores materials modeling for the PEMFC. This volume assesses the current status of PEMFC fuel cell technology, research and development directions, and the scientific and engineering challenges facing the fuel cell community. It demonstrates how the production of a commercially viable PEMFC requires a compromise of materials with adequate properties, design interaction, and manufacturability.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  Fundamentals  Design and Applications Book

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications


  • Author : S.C. Singhal
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-12-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080508085

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High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications Excerpt :

High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). SOFCs are the most efficient devices for the electrochemical conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity, and have been gaining increasing attention for clean and efficient distributed power generation. The book explains the operating principle, cell component materials, cell and stack designs and fabrication processes, cell and stack performance, and applications of SOFCs. Individual chapters are written by internationally renowned authors in their respective fields, and the text is supplemented by a large number of references for further information. The book is primarily intended for use by researchers, engineers, and other technical people working in the field of SOFCs. Even though the technology is advancing at a very rapid pace, the information contained in most of the chapters is fundamental enough for the book to be useful even as a text for SOFC technology at the graduate level.

Fuel Cell Technology Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Fuel Cell Technology


  • Author : Nigel Sammes
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-05-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 9781846282072

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Fuel Cell Technology Excerpt :

Fuel cells are a very promising technology for the clean and efficient production of power. Fuel Cell Technology is an up-to-date survey of the development of this technology and will be bought by researchers and graduate students in materials control and chemical engineering working at universities and institutions and researchers and technical managers in commercial companies working in fuel cell technology.