Historical Injustice and Democratic Transition in Eastern Asia and Northern Europe Book

Historical Injustice and Democratic Transition in Eastern Asia and Northern Europe


  • Author : Kenneth Christie
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2003-08-29
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135789688

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Historical Injustice and Democratic Transition in Eastern Asia and Northern Europe Excerpt :

The memory of past atrocity lingers like a ghost at the table of democracy. Injustices carried out in the past - from massacres and murder to repression and detention - embitter societies and distort their structures so that the process of establishing and running a democracy carries an extra burden. This volume examines societies at various stages of dealing with the memory of the past, from China, Mongolia, Indonesia and the Baltic States, where bitter memories of death and persecution still intrude, to Finland, where the civil war of 1918 has finally been accepted as a distant national tragedy.

East Asia s Other Miracle Book

East Asia s Other Miracle


  • Author : Alex J. Bellamy
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-12
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198777939

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East Asia s Other Miracle Excerpt :

East Asia, until recently a boiling pot of massacre and blood-letting, has achieved relative peace. A region that at the height of the Cold War had accounted for around eighty percent of the world's mass atrocities has experienced such a decline in violence that by 2015 it accounted for less than five percent. This book explains East Asia's 'other' miracle and asks whether it is merely a temporary blip in the historical cycle or the dawning of a new, and more peaceful, era for the region. It argues that the decline of mass atrocities in East Asia resulted from four interconnected factors: the consolidation of states and emergence of responsible sovereigns; the prioritization of economic development through trade; the development of norms and habits of multilateralism, and transformations in the practice of power politics. Particular attention is paid to North Korea and Myanmar, countries whose experience has bucked regional trends largely because these states have not succeeded in consolidating themselves to the point where they no longer depend on violence to survive. Although the region faces several significant future challenges, this book argues that the much reduced incidence of mass atrocities in East Asia is likely to be sustained into the foreseeable future.

Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia  1590 2010 Book

Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia 1590 2010


  • Author : Narangoa Li
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-06-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780231160704

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Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia 1590 2010 Excerpt :

Four hundred years ago, indigenous peoples occupied the vast region that today encompasses Korea, Manchuria, the Mongolian Plateau, and Eastern Siberia. Over time, these populations struggled to maintain autonomy as Russia, China, and Japan sought hegemony over the region. Especially from the turn of the twentieth century onward, indigenous peoples pursued self-determination in a number of ways, and new states, many of them now largely forgotten, rose and fell as great power imperialism, indigenous nationalism, and modern ideologies competed for dominance. This atlas tracks the political configuration of Northeast Asia in ten-year segments from 1590 to 1890, in five-year segments from 1890 to 1960, and in ten-year segments from 1960 to 2010, delineating the distinct history and importance of the region. The text follows the rise and fall of the Qing dynasty in China, founded by the semi-nomadic Manchus; the Russian colonization of Siberia; the growth of Japanese influence; the movements of peoples, armies, and borders; and political, social, and economic developmentsÑreflecting the turbulence of the land that was once the worldÕs Òcradle of conflict.Ó Compiled from detailed research in English, Chinese, Japanese, French, Dutch, German, Mongolian, and Russian sources, the Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia incorporates information made public with the fall of the Soviet Union and includes fifty-five specially drawn maps, as well as twenty historical maps contrasting local and outsider perpectives. Four introductory maps survey the regionÕs diverse topography, climate, vegetation, and ethnicity.

Routledge International Handbook of Memory Studies Book

Routledge International Handbook of Memory Studies


  • Author : Anna Lisa Tota
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-09-16
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134477494

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Routledge International Handbook of Memory Studies Excerpt :

The Routledge International Handbook of Memory Studies offers students and researchers original contributions that comprise the debates, intersections and future courses of the field. It is divided in six themed sections: 1)Theories and Perspectives, 2) Cultural artefacts, Symbols and Social practices, 3) Public, Transnational, and Transitional Memories 4) Technologies of Memory, 5) Terror, Violence and Disasters, 6) and Body and Ecosystems. A strong emphasis is placed on the interdisciplinary breadth of Memory Studies with contributions from leading international scholars in sociology, anthropology, philosophy, biology, film studies, media studies, archive studies, literature and history. The Handbook addresses the core concerns and foundations of the field while indicating new directions in Memory Studies.

The Politics of the Irish Civil War Book
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The Politics of the Irish Civil War


  • Author : Bill Kissane
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2005-08-25
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199273553

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The Politics of the Irish Civil War Excerpt :

This book provides a detailed account of the origins, course, and aftermath of the Irish civil war, 1922-3. Based on much recently released material, including the papers of Eamon de Valera, each chapter is devoted to a particular aspect of war, and political aspects of the civil war are systematically discussed.

History  Memory  and State Sponsored Violence Book

History Memory and State Sponsored Violence


  • Author : Berber Bevernage
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-02-14
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415822985

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History Memory and State Sponsored Violence Excerpt :

Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something 'absent' or 'distant.' Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got 'stuck' in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time; that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetrators' than the victims' point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the 'irrevocable' past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between 'empirical' historiography on the one hand and the so called 'theoretical' approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional 'analytical' philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected 'big questions' about the historical condition – questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past –programmatically pleading for a new historical ethics.

Rethinking Ethical Foreign Policy Book

Rethinking Ethical Foreign Policy


  • Author : David Chandler
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2006-11-28
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134147113

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Rethinking Ethical Foreign Policy Excerpt :

This new volume moves beyond the limits of current debate to show how today’s foreign policy is increasingly about values rather than interests and why ethics are now playing a central role. Rather than counterposing interests and ethics, trying to find ‘hidden agendas’ or emphasizing the double-standards at play in ethical foreign policy, this book brings together leading international theorists, and a variety of stimulating approaches, to develop a critical understanding of the rise of ethical foreign policy, and to analyze the limits of ethical policy-making on its own terms. They deal with the limits of ‘ethical foreign policy’ both in the light of the internal dynamic of these policies themselves, and with regard to the often unintended consequences of policies designed to better the world. This book also shows how the transformation of both the domestic and the international spheres of politics means that ethics has become a rallying point for non-state actors and experts who gather around values and norms in order to force institutions to justify their behavior. This process results from different structural changes and the transformation of the international system, the individualization of Western societies and the growing importance of expertise in the justification of decisions in risk adverse societies. It leads to a transformation of norms and to a redefinition of a global ethical framework that needs to be clarified. This book will be of great interest to all students and researchers of foreign policy formation, politics and international relations.

Old Europe  New Europe and the US Book

Old Europe New Europe and the US


  • Author : Tom Lansford
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2017-07-05
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351914000

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Old Europe New Europe and the US Excerpt :

Iraq can be considered the 'perfect storm' which brought out the stark differences between the US and Europe. The disagreement over the role of the United Nations continues and the bitterness in the United States against its betrayal by allies like France is not diminishing. Meanwhile, the standing of the United States among the European public has plummeted. Within Europe, political tensions between what US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld euphemistically called the 'Old' Europe and the 'New' Europe continue to divide. To fully comprehend these rifts, this volume takes a specific look at the core security priorities of each European state and whether these interests are best served through closer security collaboration with the US or with emerging European structures such as the European Rapid Reaction Force. It analyzes the contribution each state would make to transatlantic security, the role they envisage for existing security structures such as NATO, and the role the US would play in transatlantic security.

China s Democratic Future Book

China s Democratic Future


  • Author : Bruce Gilley
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-03-12
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780231502153

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China s Democratic Future Excerpt :

The end of communist rule in China will be one of the most momentous events of the twenty-first century, sounding the death knell for the Marxist-Leninist experiment and changing the lives of a fifth of humanity. This book provides a likely blow-by-blow account of how the Chinese Communist Party will be removed from power and how a new democracy will be born. In more than half a century of rule, the Chinese Communist Party has turned a poor and benighted China into a moderately well-off and increasingly influential nation. Yet the Party has failed to keep pace with change since stepping aside from daily life in the late-1970s. After nearly a hundred years of frustrating attempts to create a workable political system following the overthrow of the last dynasty, the prospects for democracy in China are better than ever, according to Bruce Gilley. Gilley predicts an elite-led transformation rather than a popular-led overthrow. He profiles the key actors and looks at the response of excluded elites, such as the military, as well as interested parties such as Taiwan and Tibet. He explains how democracy in China will be very "Chinese," even as it will also embody fundamental universal liberal features. He deals with competing interests—regional, sectoral, and class—of China's economy and society under democracy, addressing the pressing concerns of world business. Finally he considers the implications for Asia as well as for the United States. The end of communist rule in China will be one of the most momentous events of the twenty-first century, sounding the death knell for the Marxist-Leninist experiment and changing the lives of a fifth of humanity. This book provides a likely blow-by-blow account of how the Chinese Communist Party will be removed from power and how a new democracy will be born. In more than half a century of rule, the Chinese Communist Party has turned a poor and benighted China into a moderately well-off and increasingly influential nation. Yet th

From Socialist to Post Socialist Cities Book

From Socialist to Post Socialist Cities


  • Author : Alexander C. Diener
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-04-14
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317585886

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From Socialist to Post Socialist Cities Excerpt :

The development of post-socialist cities has become a major field of study among critical theorists from across the social sciences and humanities. Originally constructed under the dictates of central planners and designed to serve the demands of command economies, post-socialist urban centers currently develop at the nexus of varied and often competing economic, cultural, and political forces. Among these, nationalist aspirations, previously simmering beneath the official rhetoric of communist fraternity and veneer of architectural conformity, have emerged as dominant factors shaping the urban landscape. This book explores this burgeoning field of research through detailed cases studies relating to the cultural politics of architecture, urban planning, and identity in the post-socialist cities of Eurasia. This book was published as a special issue of Nationalities Papers.

Negotiating Well being in Central Asia Book

Negotiating Well being in Central Asia


  • Author : David W. Montgomery
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-02-05
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317631156

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Negotiating Well being in Central Asia Excerpt :

Much scholarship of any region focuses on the perceived problems that hold back a population. Central Asia is no exception, as it is a region with political, economic, and environmental problems that seem to keep Central Asians from a "better" future. Alongside all the struggles of life, however, are relationships of meaning and wellness that contribute to a "life worth living." Recognizing the struggles of everyday life, contributors to this book explore how people navigate relationships to find meaning, how elders attempt to re-establish morality, and how development workers pursue new futures. Such futures centre around the role of family, friends, and meaningful employment in yielding contentment; and the influence of Islam, ethnicity, and hospitality on community. The first regional collection to take well-being as a frame of analysis, the contributors show how visions, spaces, and cosmologies of well-being inform everyday life in Central Asia. This volume will appeal not only to those interested in Central Asia, but more broadly to anyone concerned with how taking well-being into account better captures the complex realities of life in any region. This book was published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.

Shadowlands Book

Shadowlands


  • Author : Meike Wulf
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release Date : 2016-01-01
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9781785330742

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Shadowlands Excerpt :

Located within the forgotten half of Europe, historically trapped between Germany and Russia, Estonia has been profoundly shaped by the violent conflicts and shifting political fortunes of the last century. This innovative study traces the tangled interaction of Estonian historical memory and national identity in a sweeping analysis extending from the Great War to the present day. At its heart is the enduring anguish of World War Two and the subsequent half-century of Soviet rule. Shadowlands tells this story by foregrounding the experiences of the country’s intellectuals, who were instrumental in sustaining Estonian historical memory, but who until fairly recently could not openly grapple with their nation’s complex, difficult past.

Taming Nationalism  Political Community Building in the Post Soviet Baltic States Book

Taming Nationalism Political Community Building in the Post Soviet Baltic States


  • Author : Dovile Budryte
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-05-15
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351896207

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Taming Nationalism Political Community Building in the Post Soviet Baltic States Excerpt :

Revisiting the process of political community building in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, this book analyzes the roles that international actors have played in these processes and assesses the unintended consequences of this involvement. The study differs from other works on ethnic minorities and nationalism in the former Soviet Union by exploring the use of minority rights discourse and the salience of historical memory. Case studies examine the transformation of nationalism in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - all former Soviet republics - which have experienced Soviet nationalities policy first-hand. Primarily intended for an academic audience and practitioners interested in promoting tolerance in multi-ethnic societies, the book's historical narrative will also appeal to readers with a general interest in the former Soviet Union and post-Communism.

Tragic Spirits Book

Tragic Spirits


  • Author : Manduhai Buyandelger
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9780226086552

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Tragic Spirits Excerpt :

The collapse of socialism at the end of the twentieth century brought devastating changes to Mongolia. Economic shock therapy—an immediate liberalization of trade and privatization of publicly owned assets—quickly led to impoverishment, especially in rural parts of the country, where Tragic Spirits takes place. Following the travels of the nomadic Buryats, Manduhai Buyandelger tells a story not only of economic devastation but also a remarkable Buryat response to it—the revival of shamanic practices after decades of socialist suppression. Attributing their current misfortunes to returning ancestral spirits who are vengeful over being abandoned under socialism, the Buryats are now at once trying to appease their ancestors and recover the history of their people through shamanic practice. Thoroughly documenting this process, Buyandelger situates it as part of a global phenomenon, comparing the rise of shamanism in liberalized Mongolia to its similar rise in Africa and Indonesia. In doing so, she offers a sophisticated analysis of the way economics, politics, gender, and other factors influence the spirit world and the crucial workings of cultural memory.

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied Book

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied


  • Author : Christine de Matos
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-06-02
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9781137408112

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Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied Excerpt :

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied examines transwar political, military and social transitions in Japan and various territories that it controlled, including Korea, Borneo, Singapore, Manchuria and China, before and after August 1945. This approach allows a more nuanced understanding of Japan's role as occupier and occupied to emerge.