Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies Book

Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies


  • Author : E. Scott Sills
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128167441

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Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies Excerpt :

Human Embryos and Preimplantation Genetic Technologies: Ethical, Social, and Public Policy Aspects presents the first holistic analysis of PGD and PGS as it is practiced and regulated worldwide. In addition to scientific and technical aspects, the book provides perspectives on the ethical, legal, religious, policy and social implications of global assisted reproduction technologies, including in Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and Australia. Chapters cover history, ethics, feminism, family dynamics, psychological and interpersonal factors, the current state of PGD and PGS in 20 different sovereign nations and religious communities, and provide an analysis of public policy concerns and future directions. Provides an in-depth discussion of PGD and PGS as practiced and regulated worldwide Offers an accessible resource for researchers, medical professionals, patients, regulators and policymakers seeking expert opinions on PGS and PGD Contains chapters contributed by international clinicians, researchers and thought leaders in the field of assisted reproductive technology

Heritable Human Genome Editing Book

Heritable Human Genome Editing


  • Author : The Royal Society
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309671132

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Heritable Human Genome Editing Excerpt :

Heritable human genome editing - making changes to the genetic material of eggs, sperm, or any cells that lead to their development, including the cells of early embryos, and establishing a pregnancy - raises not only scientific and medical considerations but also a host of ethical, moral, and societal issues. Human embryos whose genomes have been edited should not be used to create a pregnancy until it is established that precise genomic changes can be made reliably and without introducing undesired changes - criteria that have not yet been met, says Heritable Human Genome Editing. From an international commission of the U.S. National Academy of Medicine, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and the U.K.'s Royal Society, the report considers potential benefits, harms, and uncertainties associated with genome editing technologies and defines a translational pathway from rigorous preclinical research to initial clinical uses, should a country decide to permit such uses. The report specifies stringent preclinical and clinical requirements for establishing safety and efficacy, and for undertaking long-term monitoring of outcomes. Extensive national and international dialogue is needed before any country decides whether to permit clinical use of this technology, according to the report, which identifies essential elements of national and international scientific governance and oversight.

Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection Book

Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection


  • Author : Jacques Cohen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2007-09-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203089712

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Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection Excerpt :

The most profound dilemma in assisted reproduction to date is the inability to recognize potentially viable embryos before their replacement into the reproductive tract. Application of increasingly advanced new technology has allowed the field of embryo evaluation to evolve rapidly and dramatically over the past five years.Human Preimplantation Emb

Comparative Legal Frameworks for Pre Implantation Embryonic Genetic Interventions Book

Comparative Legal Frameworks for Pre Implantation Embryonic Genetic Interventions


  • Author : Pin Lean Lau
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-08-01
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030223083

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Comparative Legal Frameworks for Pre Implantation Embryonic Genetic Interventions Excerpt :

This book discusses the possibilities for the use of ​international human rights law ​(and specifically, international biomedical laws related to the protection of human rights and the human genome) to provide a guiding framework for the future regulation of genetic modifications applied to human embryos and other precursor materials, when these are made with the aim of implanting a genetically altered embryo in a woman. The significance and timeliness of the work derives from the recent availability of CRISPR/​Cas9 and other gene editing tools, and from lacunae in international law regarding the legality of embryo modification with these tools and appropriate governance structures for the oversight of resulting practices. The emergence of ​improved genome editing tools like CRISPR/Cas9, holds the promise of eradicating genetic diseases in the near future. But its possible future applications with Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) raises a plethora of legal and ethical concerns about "remaking" future human beings. The work aims to address an urgent call, to embed these rising concerns about biomedical advancements into the fundamental tailoring of legal systems. Suitable regulatory approaches, coupled with careful reflection of global biomedical laws and individual constitutional systems must be explored. The Book analyzes the impact of reproductive biomedical technologies on the legal and ethical dimensions of regulatory frameworks in selected constitutional systems like the US, the UK, Australia, Malaysia and Thailand. Employing a comparative law methodology, the work reveals a dynamic intersection between legal cultures, socio-philosophical reasoning and the development of a human rights-based framework in bio-political studies. Navigating towards a truly internationalized biomedical approach to emerging technologies, it presents an understanding why a renegotiation and reinvigoration of a contemporary and "new" universal shared values system in t

Reproductive Technology Book

Reproductive Technology


  • Author : Jon Sterngass
  • Publisher : Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
  • Release Date : 2012-01-15
  • Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN 10 : 9781608706464

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Reproductive Technology Excerpt :

Allows readers to use critical thinking to create informed opinions on where they stand on the issue of reproductive technology.

Reproductomics Book

Reproductomics


  • Author : José A. Horcajadas
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 425
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128126769

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Reproductomics Excerpt :

Recent advances in genomic and omics analysis have triggered a revolution affecting nearly every field of medicine, including reproductive medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, andrology, and infertility treatment. Reproductomics: The –Omics Revolution and Its Impact on Human Reproductive Medicine demonstrates how various omics technologies are already aiding fertility specialists and clinicians in characterizing patients, counseling couples towards pregnancy success, informing embryo selection, and supporting many other positive outcomes. A diverse range of chapters from international experts examine the complex relationship between genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics and their role in human reproduction, identifying molecular factors of clinical significance. With this book Editors Jaime Gosálvez and José A. Horcajadas have provided researchers and clinicians with a strong foundation for a new era of personalized reproductive medicine. Thoroughly discusses how genomics and other omics approaches aid clinicians in various areas of reproductive medicine Identifies specific genomic and molecular factors of translational value in treating infertility and analyzing patient data Features chapter contributions by leading international experts

Rethinking Reprogenetics Book

Rethinking Reprogenetics


  • Author : Inmaculada de Melo-Martín
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190460204

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Rethinking Reprogenetics Excerpt :

Reprogenetic technologies, which combine the power of reproductive techniques with the tools of genetic science and technology, promise prospective parents a remarkable degree of control to pick and choose the likely characteristics of their offspring. Not only can they select embryos with or without particular genetically-related diseases and disabilities but also choose embryos with non-disease related traits such as sex. Prominent authors such as Agar, Buchanan, DeGrazia, Green, Harris, Robertson, Savulescu, and Silver have flocked to the banner of reprogenetics. For them, increased reproductive choice and reduced suffering through the elimination of genetic disease and disability are just the first step. They advocate use of these technologies to create beings who enjoy longer and healthier lives, possess greater intellectual capacities, and are capable of more refined emotional experiences. Indeed, Harris and Savulescu in particular take reprogenetic technologies to be so valuable to human beings that they have insisted that their use is not only morally permissible but morally required. Rethinking Reprogenetics challenges this mainstream view with a contextualised, gender-attentive philosophical perspective. De Melo-Martín demonstrates that you do not have to be a Luddite, social conservative, or religious zealot to resist the siren song of reprogenetics. Pointing out the flawed nature of the arguments put forward by the technologies' proponents, Rethinking Reprogenetics reveals the problematic nature of the assumptions underpinning current evaluations of these technologies and offers a framework for a more critical and sceptical assessment.

Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos Book

Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos


  • Author : David K. Gardner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-05-27
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461466512

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Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos Excerpt :

In recent years, the advancing science and increasing availability of assisted reproduction have given new hope to infertile couples. However, the use of IVF and ART has also led to marked increases in the number of multiple-infant live births. This poses a public health concern, as these neonates have a higher rate of pre-term delivery, compromising their survival chances and increasing their risk of lifelong disability. By optimizing the selection of gametes and embryos with high probabilities of implantation, it is possible to reduce the number of embryos transferred and, by extension, the number of high-risk multiple gestations, while maintaining or increasing pregnancy rates. Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos: Assessment and Diagnosis provides a broad yet concise overview of established and developing methodologies for assessment of gamete and embryo viability in assisted reproduction. This book elucidates the best practices for precisely selecting viable specimens based on morphology and cleavage rate and covers the spectrum of emerging adjunctive technologies for predicting reproductive potential. The authors present their extensive knowledge of “omics” approaches (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), with unbiased delineation of the associated advantages and potential pitfalls. This valuable clinical resource is well suited to infertility specialists, Ob/Gyn physicians, IVF laboratory technicians, and researchers in the fields of embryology and reproductive medicine.

The Future of Human Nature Book
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The Future of Human Nature


  • Author : Jürgen Habermas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-10-15
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN 10 : 9780745694115

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The Future of Human Nature Excerpt :

Recent developments in biotechnology and genetic research are raising complex ethical questions concerning the legitimate scope and limits of genetic intervention. As we begin to contemplate the possibility of intervening in the human genome to prevent diseases, we cannot help but feel that the human species might soon be able to take its biological evolution in its own hands. ‘Playing God’ is the metaphor commonly used for this self-transformation of the species, which, it seems, might soon be within our grasp. In this important new book, Jürgen Habermas – the most influential philosopher and social thinker in Germany today – takes up the question of genetic engineering and its ethical implications and subjects it to careful philosophical scrutiny. His analysis is guided by the view that genetic manipulation is bound up with the identity and self-understanding of the species. We cannot rule out the possibility that knowledge of one’s own hereditary factors may prove to be restrictive for the choice of an individual’s way of life and may undermine the symmetrical relations between free and equal human beings. In the concluding chapter – which was delivered as a lecture on receiving the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for 2001 – Habermas broadens the discussion to examine the tension between science and religion in the modern world, a tension which exploded, with such tragic violence, on September 11th.

Human Genome Editing Book

Human Genome Editing


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309452885

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Human Genome Editing Excerpt :

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Kin  Gene  Community Book

Kin Gene Community


  • Author : Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release Date : 2010-07-30
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845458362

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Kin Gene Community Excerpt :

Israel is the only country in the world that offers free fertility treatments to nearly any woman who requires medical assistance. It also has the world's highest per capita usage of in-vitro fertilization. Examining state policies and the application of reproductive technologies among Jewish Israelis, this volume explores the role of tradition and politics in the construction of families within local Jewish populations. The contributors-anthropologists, bioethicists, jurists, physicians and biologists-highlight the complexities surrounding these treatments and show how biological relatedness is being construed as a technology of power; how genetics is woven into the production of identities; how reproductive technologies enhance the policing of boundaries. Donor insemination, IVF and surrogacy, as well as abortion, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis and human embryonic stem cell research, are explored within local and global contexts to convey an informed perspective on the wider Jewish Israeli environment.

The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction Book

The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction


  • Author : Henry T. Greely
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-05-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780674728967

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The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction Excerpt :

Within twenty, maybe forty, years most people in developed countries will stop having sex for the purpose of reproduction. Instead, prospective parents will be told as much as they wish to know about the genetic makeup of dozens of embryos, and they will pick one or two for implantation, gestation, and birth. And it will be safe, lawful, and free. In this work of prophetic scholarship, Henry T. Greely explains the revolutionary biological technologies that make this future a seeming inevitability and sets out the deep ethical and legal challenges humanity faces as a result. “Readers looking for a more in-depth analysis of human genome modifications and reproductive technologies and their legal and ethical implications should strongly consider picking up Greely’s The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction...[It has] the potential to empower readers to make informed decisions about the implementation of advancements in genetics technologies.” —Dov Greenbaum, Science “[Greely] provides an extraordinarily sophisticated analysis of the practical, political, legal, and ethical implications of the new world of human reproduction. His book is a model of highly informed, rigorous, thought-provoking speculation about an immensely important topic.” —Glenn C. Altschuler, Psychology Today

Practical Preimplantation Genetic Testing Book

Practical Preimplantation Genetic Testing


  • Author : Anver Kuliev
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-05-29
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030431570

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Practical Preimplantation Genetic Testing Excerpt :

Fully revised and updated with the most current information, the third edition of this practical clinical text covers all aspects of the rapidly advancing field of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). Although PGT has become an established procedure for genetics and assisted reproduction practices over the last decade, its wider application has occurred after the introduction of next generation technologies in the last few years, necessitating this much-needed new edition. This will include, first of all, an update on PGT accuracy, reliability and safety, to ensure improved access to PGT for those who may benefit greatly from this technology. New content will also present progress in the primary prevention of genetic disorders, which now discusses approaches for prospective identification of at-risk PGT couples through the application of the extended gene testing panels. In fact, because of dramatic technological improvements in all aspects of PGT, most of the sections have been updated, with the addition of new sections on next generation technologies and universal PGT with combined testing for single gene and chromosomal disorders, which has previously presented a challenge. The guiding PGT strategies for different genetic disorders are presented, with emphasis on the most complicated cases that might be of special utility in the wider application PGT technologies worldwide. Additionally, a new section will be devoted to borderline indications, which will include common adult-onset conditions with genetic predisposition and non-genetic indications, expanding PGT applications to heart disease and cancer and the use of PGT for stem cell transplantation treatment of genetic and acquired disorders, where unique outcome data has become available. Combining the latest research and the most cutting-edge practice, Practical Preimplantation Genetic Testing, 3e is an excellent resource for clinical reproductive medicine specialists, genetic counselors, researchers and ana

A Color Atlas for Human Assisted Reproduction Book

A Color Atlas for Human Assisted Reproduction


  • Author : Pasquale Patrizio
  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 0781737699

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A Color Atlas for Human Assisted Reproduction Excerpt :

Featuring more than 300 full-color photographs, this atlas is a comprehensive guide to the complex procedures used in assisted reproduction. It shows readers how to utilize the latest technologies and correlates the laboratory and clinical components of assisted reproduction. The book depicts oocytes, embryos, and blastocysts at various stages of division and offers guidelines for assessing oocytes and embryos. The authors give detailed instructions on ovarian stimulation, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, assisted hatching, cryopreservation, extended in vitro culturing, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, and embryo transfer techniques. Close attention is also given to assessment of oocytes and embryos from patients with endometriosis and other pathologies.

Regulating Pre implantation Genetic Diagnosis Book

Regulating Pre implantation Genetic Diagnosis


  • Author : Sheila McLean
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415686440

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Regulating Pre implantation Genetic Diagnosis Excerpt :

The successful achievement of pregnancies following pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was first reported in April 1990. The technology is often used for patients who are at substantial risk of conceiving a pregnancy affected by a known genetic disorder, however from this technology other more controversial uses have arisen such as HLA typing to save the life of a sibling, gender selection for social reasons, the prevention of late onset diseases, or the prevention of diseases which may be genetically predisposed to developing such as breast cancer. The technology surrounding PGD is constantly developing, giving rise to new and unexpected consequences that create fresh ethical and legal dilemmas. Featuring internationally recognized experts in the field, this book critically explores the regulation of PGD and the broader legal and ethical issues associated with it. It looks at the regulatory situation in a number of jurisdictions including New Zealand, Australia and the United Kingdom, but it also explores a number of themes of wide significance including a historical consideration of PGD and its part in the creation of the "genetic embryo" as a political tool, the over regulation of PGD and the ethical difficulties in handling additional unexpected medical information yielded by new technologies. This book will be of particular interest to academics and students of law, medicine and ethics.