Hydrogen Safety Book

Hydrogen Safety


  • Author : Fotis Rigas
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-07-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439862315

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Hydrogen Safety Excerpt :

Hydrogen Safety highlights physiological, physical, and chemical hazards associated with hydrogen production, storage, distribution, and use systems. It also examines potential accident scenarios that could occur with hydrogen use under certain conditions. The number of potential applications for hydrogen continues to grow—from cooling power station generators to widespread commercial use in hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles and other fuel-cell applications. However, this volatile substance poses unique challenges, including easy leakage, low ignition energy, a wide range of combustible fuel-air mixtures, buoyancy, and its ability to embrittle metals that are required to ensure safe operation. Focused on providing a balanced view of hydrogen safety—one that integrates principles from physical sciences, engineering, management, and social sciences—this book is organized to address questions associated with the hazards of hydrogen and the ensuing risk associated with its industrial and public use. What are the properties of hydrogen that can render it a hazardous substance? How have these hazards historically resulted in undesired incidents? How might these hazards arise in the storage of hydrogen and with its use in vehicular transportation? The authors address issues of inherently safer design, safety management systems, and safety culture. They highlight hydrogen storage facilities —which pose greater hazards because of the increased quantities stored and handled—and the dangers of using hydrogen as a fuel for transport. Presented experiments are included to verify computer simulations with the aid of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of both gaseous and liquefied hydrogen. The book also provides an overview of the European Commission (EC) Network of Excellence for Hydrogen Safety (HySafe) and presents various case studies associated with hydrogen and constructional materials. It concludes with a brief look at future research requirements and current legal req

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications Book

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications


  • Author : Alexei Kotchourko
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2022-03-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128204955

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Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications Excerpt :

Hydrogen Safety for Energy Applications: Engineering Design, Risk Assessment, and Codes and Standards presents different aspects of contemporary knowledge regarding the hazards, risks and safety connected with hydrogen systems. Sections cover the main hydrogen technologies and explore the scientific aspects of possible sources and consequences of accidental events that can occur when hydrogen is used, including in its vehicular applications. Risk assessment, as well as the safety measures/safety barriers applicable in such situations are also considered. Finally, a short survey concerning legal aspects is presented. Provides factual material, such as models, correlations, tables, nomograms and formulas that can be used to perform evaluations and propose mitigation measures Presents reference data and detailed descriptions and guidelines for contemporary risk assessment methodologies Covers accident phenomena and consequences of accidents specific to hydrogen systems in a widely and applicable way for a wide variety of hydrogen activities

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy


  • Author : Frano Barbir
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-09-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782423850

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Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Excerpt :

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy: Hydrogen Energy Conversion, Volume Three is the third part of a four volume series and focuses on the methods of converting stored hydrogen into useful energy. The other three volumes focus on hydrogen production and purification; hydrogen storage and transmission; and hydrogen use, safety, and the hydrogen economy, respectively. Many experts believe that, in time, the hydrogen economy will replace the fossil fuel economy as the primary source of energy. Once hydrogen has been produced and stored, it can then be converted via fuel cells or internal combustion engines into useful energy. This volume highlights how different fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled combustion engines and turbines work. The first part of the volume investigates various types of hydrogen fuel cells, including solid oxide, molten carbonate, and proton exchange membrane. The second part looks at hydrogen combustion energy, and the final section explores the use of metal hydrides in hydrogen energy conversion. Highlights how different fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled combustion engines and turbines work Features input written by leading academics in the field of sustainable energy and experts from the world of industry Examines various types of hydrogen fuel cells, including solid oxide, molten carbonate, and proton exchange membrane Presents part of a very comprehensive compendium which, across four volumes, looks at the entirety of the hydrogen energy economy

Renewable Hydrogen Technologies Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Renewable Hydrogen Technologies


  • Author : Luis M Gandia
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-05-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444563613

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Renewable Hydrogen Technologies Excerpt :

The fields covered by the hydrogen energy topic have grown rapidly, and now it has become clearly multidisciplinary. In addition to production, hydrogen purification and especially storage are key challenges that could limit the use of hydrogen fuel. In this book, the purification of hydrogen with membrane technology and its storage in "solid" form using new hydrides and carbon materials are addressed. Other novelties of this volume include the power conditioning of water electrolyzers, the integration in the electric grid of renewable hydrogen systems and the future role of microreactors and micro-process engineering in hydrogen technology as well as the potential of computational fluid dynamics to hydrogen equipment design and the assessment of safety issues. Finally, and being aware that transportation will likely constitute the first commercial application of hydrogen fuel, two chapters are devoted to the recent advances in hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engines for transport vehicles. Hydrogen from water and biomass considered Holistic approach to the topic of renewable hydrogen production Power conditioning of water electrolyzers and integration of renewable hydrogen energy systems considered Subjects not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Micro process technology considered Subject not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Applications of CFD considered Subject not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Fundamental aspects will not be discussed in detail consciously as they are suitably addressed in previous books Emphasis on technological advancements Chapters written by recognized experts Up-to date approach to the subjects and relevant bibliographic references

Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies Book

Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies


  • Author : Thomas Hübert
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466596559

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Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies Excerpt :

Understand, Select, and Design Sensors for Hydrogen-Based Applications The use of hydrogen generated from renewable energy sources is expected to become an essential component of a low-carbon, environmentally friendly energy supply, spurring the worldwide development of hydrogen technologies. Sensors for Safety and Process Control in Hydrogen Technologies provides practical, expert-driven information on modern sensors for hydrogen and other gases as well as physical parameters essential for safety and process control in hydrogen technologies. It illustrates how sensing technologies can ensure the safe and efficient implementation of the emerging global hydrogen market. The book explains the various facets of sensor technologies, including practical aspects relevant in hydrogen technologies. It presents a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the theory (physical and chemical principles), design, and implementations of sensors in hydrogen technologies. The authors also offer guidance on the development of new sensors based on the analysis of the capabilities and limitations of existing sensors with respect to current performance requirements. Suitable for both technical and non-technical personnel, the book provides a balance between detailed descriptions and simple explanations. It gives invaluable insight into the role sensors play as key enabling devices for both control and safety in established and emerging hydrogen technologies.

Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications Book

Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications


  • Author : Hanane Dagdougui
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128120354

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Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications Excerpt :

Hydrogen Infrastructure for Energy Applications: Production, Storage, Distribution and Safety examines methodologies, new models and innovative strategies for the optimization and optimal control of the hydrogen logistic chain, with particular focus on a network of integrated facilities, sources of production, storage systems, infrastructures and the delivery process to the end users through hydrogen refueling stations. The book discusses the main motivations and criteria behind the adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier or future fuel alternative. It presents current research in hydrogen production processes, especially from renewable energy sources, as well as storage and distribution. The book also reviews methods to model hydrogen demand uncertainties and challenges for the design of the future hydrogen supply chain. The authors go on to explore the network planning of hydrogen infrastructures, the safety and risk issues in hydrogen logistics and their future expectations. Energy engineering professionals, researchers and graduate students will find this a helpful resource to understand the methodologies used to assess the feasibility for developing hydrogen supply chains, hydrogen infrastructure and safety practices. Energy analysts and government agents can benefit from the book's detailed discussion of hydrogen energy applicability. Describes in detail the current state of the available approaches for the planning and modeling of the hydrogen infrastructure Discusses safety issues related to hydrogen in different components of its logistic chain and the methodological approach to evaluate risks that results from hydrogen accidents, including a mathematical model to assess the hazard and consequences of an accident scenario of hydrogen in pipelines Proposes a decision support system for hydrogen energy exploitation, focusing on some specific planning aspects, such as selection of locations with high hydrogen production, based mainly on the use of solar and

Fuel Cell Systems Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Fuel Cell Systems


  • Author : L.J.M.J. Blomen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1994-01-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN 10 : 0306441586

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Fuel Cell Systems Excerpt :

In light of recent alarming environmental trends combined with increasing commercial viability of fuel cells, the time is propitious for a book focusing on the systematic aspects of cell plant technology. This multidisciplinary text covers the main types of fuel cells, R&D issues, plant design and construction, and economic factors to provide industrial and academic researchers working in electrical systems design, electrochemistry, and engineering with a unique and comprehensive resource.

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Book

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy


  • Author : Ram Gupta
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-02-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782423843

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Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Excerpt :

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 2: Hydrogen Storage, Distribution and Infrastructure focuses on the storage and transmission of hydrogen. As many experts believe the hydrogen economy will, at some point, replace the fossil fuel economy as the primary source of the world’s energy, this book details hydrogen storage in pure form, including chapters on hydrogen liquefaction, slush production, as well as underground and pipeline storage. Other sections in the book explore physical and chemical storage, including environmentally sustainable methods of hydrogen production from water, with final chapters dedicated to hydrogen distribution and infrastructure. Covers a wide array of methods for storing hydrogen, detailing hydrogen transport and the infrastructure required for transition to the hydrogen economy Written by leading academics in the fields of sustainable energy and experts from the world of industry Part of a very comprehensive compendium which looks at the entirety of the hydrogen energy economy

Hydrogen  Biomass and Bioenergy Book

Hydrogen Biomass and Bioenergy


  • Author : Bruno G. Pollet
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081026465

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Hydrogen Biomass and Bioenergy Excerpt :

Hydrogen and Bioenergy: Integration Pathways for Renewable Energy Applications focuses on the nexus between hydrogen and carbon compounds as energy carriers, with a particular focus on renewable energy solutions. This book explores opportunities for integrating hydrogen in the bioenergy value chain, such as adding hydrogen to upgrade biofuels and lower CO2 emissions during production. The book also takes the inverse path to examine hydrogen production by chemical and biological routes from various bioresources, including solid waste, wastewater, agricultural products and algae. This broad coverage of technologies and applications presents a unique resource for researchers and practitioners developing integrated hydrogen and bioenergy technologies. This book will also be useful for graduate students and new researchers, presenting an introductory resource in the areas of hydrogen and bioenergy. Energy planners and engineers will also benefit from this content when designing and deploying hydrogen infrastructure for power, heating and transportation. Provides a comprehensive picture of hydrogen generation from biomass, as well as other sources of hydrogen for power, heating, transportation and storage applications Explores the ways hydrogen can be utilized in combination with bio-derived hydrocarbon chains to produce a variety of substitutes for fossil fuel-based petrochemicals Fills the gap between theoretical knowledge and technology viability Analyzes how these technologies fit into an overall energy strategy targeted at expanding the renewable energy sector

Hydrogen Storage Technologies Book

Hydrogen Storage Technologies


  • Author : Agata Godula-Jopek
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-07-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527649945

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Hydrogen Storage Technologies Excerpt :

An exploration of current and possible future hydrogen storage technologies, written from an industrial perspective. The book describes the fundamentals, taking into consideration environmental, economic and safety aspects, as well as presenting infrastructure requirements, with a special focus on hydrogen applications in production, transportation, military, stationary and mobile storage. A comparison of the different storage technologies is also included, ranging from storage of pure hydrogen in different states, via chemical storage right up to new materials already under development. Throughout, emphasis is placed on those technologies with the potential for commercialization.

Hydrogen Fuel Book

Hydrogen Fuel


  • Author : Ram B. Gupta
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420045772

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Hydrogen Fuel Excerpt :

From Methane to Hydrogen-Making the Switch to a Cleaner Fuel Source The world's overdependence on fossil fuels has created environmental problems, such as air pollution and global warming, as well as political and economic unrest. With water as its only by-product and its availability in all parts of the world, hydrogen promises to be the next grea

Cryogenics Safety Manual Book

Cryogenics Safety Manual


  • Author : Safety British Cryogenics Council
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483103259

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Cryogenics Safety Manual Excerpt :

Cryogenics Safety Manual: A Guide to Good Practice, Third Edition promotes the safe application and development of low temperature engineering. The book also details the hazards involved in the operation, handling, and development of cryogenic devices. The text is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1 describes the health precautions and legislations involved in the field. Chapter 2 tackles the specific hazards and safety measures in handling and maintaining air separation plants. Chapter 3 discusses the precautions to be observed in the different procedures concerning natural gas, ethylene, and methane. Chapter 4 covers the proper safety measures and maintenance of plants and equipment designed to handle liquid and gas states of hydrogen at low temperatures, and Chapter 5 talks about the special precautions in handling helium, neon, krypton, and xenon. Chemists, physicists, engineers, and safety personnel involved in the field of cryogenics would benefit from this helpful guide.

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies Book

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies


  • Author : Richard P Gangloff
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-01-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095374

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Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Materials in Energy Technologies Excerpt :

Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 2 is divided into three parts, part one looks at the mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals including chapters on the adsorption and trap-sensitive diffusion of hydrogen and its impact on deformation and fracture processes. Part two investigates modern methods of modelling hydrogen damage so as to predict material-cracking properties. The book ends with suggested future directions in science and engineering to manage the hydrogen embrittlement of high-performance metals in energy systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 2 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Chapters review mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement including absorption, diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals Analyses ways of modelling hydrogen-induced damage and assessing service life

The Hydrogen Economy Book

The Hydrogen Economy


  • Author : National Academy of Engineering
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2004-09-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309091633

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The Hydrogen Economy Excerpt :

The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation’s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.