Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes Book

Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes


  • Author : Gerd Brunner
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-04-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444594181

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Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes Excerpt :

Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes presents an overview on the properties and applications of water at elevated temperatures and pressures. It combines fundamentals with production process aspects. Water is an extraordinary substance. At elevated temperatures (and pressures) its properties change dramatically due to the modifications of the molecular structure of bulk water that varies from a stable three-dimensional network, formed by hydrogen bonds at low and moderate temperatures, to an assembly of separated polar water molecules at high and supercritical temperatures. With varying pressure and temperature, water is turned from a solvent for ionic species to a solvent for polar and non-polar substances. This variability and an enhanced reactivity of water have led to many practical applications and to even more research activities, related to such areas as energy transfer, extraction of functional molecules, unique chemical reactions, biomass conversion and fuel materials processing, destruction of dangerous compounds and recycling of useful ones, growth of monolithic crystals, and preparation of metallic nanoparticles. This book provides an introduction into the wide range of activities that are possible in aqueous mixtures. It is organized to facilitate understanding of the main features, outlines the main applications, and gives access to further information Summarizes fundamental properties of water for engineering applications Compares process and reactor designs Evaluates processes from thermodynamic, economic, and social impact viewpoints

Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes Book

Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes


  • Author : Gerd Brunner
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2014-04-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN 10 : 0444594132

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Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes Excerpt :

Hydrothermal and Supercritical Water Processes presents an overview on the properties and applications of water at elevated temperatures and pressures. It combines fundamentals with production process aspects. Water is an extraordinary substance. At elevated temperatures (and pressures) its properties change dramatically due to the modifications of the molecular structure of bulk water that varies from a stable three-dimensional network, formed by hydrogen bonds at low and moderate temperatures, to an assembly of separated polar water molecules at high and supercritical temperatures. With varying pressure and temperature, water is turned from a solvent for ionic species to a solvent for polar and non-polar substances. This variability and an enhanced reactivity of water have led to many practical applications and to even more research activities, related to such areas as energy transfer, extraction of functional molecules, unique chemical reactions, biomass conversion and fuel materials processing, destruction of dangerous compounds and recycling of useful ones, growth of monolithic crystals, and preparation of metallic nanoparticles. This book provides an introduction into the wide range of activities that are possible in aqueous mixtures. It is organized to facilitate understanding of the main features, outlines the main applications, and gives access to further information Summarizes fundamental properties of water for engineering applications Compares process and reactor designs Evaluates processes from thermodynamic, economic, and social impact viewpoints

Rapid Production of Micro  and Nano particles Using Supercritical Water Book

Rapid Production of Micro and Nano particles Using Supercritical Water


  • Author : Zhen Fang
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-07-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 92
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642129872

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Rapid Production of Micro and Nano particles Using Supercritical Water Excerpt :

This book details progress in use of supercritical water (SCW) to synthesize nano- and micro- oxides, inorganic salts and metal particles, and shows how polymer/biomass particles can be produced by the precipitation of solutes from SCW.

Bioeconomy Book

Bioeconomy


  • Author : Iris Lewandowski
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-12-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319681528

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Bioeconomy Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability. The authors are ideally situated to elaborate on the diverse aspects of the bioeconomy. They have acquired in-depth experience of interdisciplinary research through the university’s focus on “Bioeconomy”, its contribution to the Bioeconomy Research Program of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, and its participation in the German Bioeconomy Council. With the number of bioeconomy-related projects at European universities rising, this book will provide graduate students and researchers with background information on the bioeconomy. It will familiarize scientific readers with bioeconomy-related terms and give scientific background for economists, agronomists and natural scientists alike.

Biofuels and Bioenergy Book

Biofuels and Bioenergy


  • Author : Gurunathan Baskar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-10-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852708

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Biofuels and Bioenergy Excerpt :

Biofuels and Bioenergy: Opportunities and Challenges is the first of two volumes that address the technological developments and challenges in the production of a broad range of biofuels and bioenergy products from renewable feedstock. The book emphasizes the opportunities and challenges involved in various processes including fermentation, transesterification, microbial fuels cells, liquefaction, gasification, and pyrolysis. These are also considered from a biorefinery perspective and discuss all common biomass feedstocks. In addition, the book presents new research on microalgae from waste water treatment, large scale production of microalgae, microbial biooil production, biogas production, computational tools for manipulation of metabolic pathway for enhanced biogas production, production of biofuel from genetically modified microalgal biomass, techno-economic analysis, environmental impact and life cycle analysis. Biofuels and Bioenergy is an ideal reference on the latest research for researchers and students working in the area of biofuels and renewable energy. Addresses biological and chemical methods of biofuel and bioenergy production Provides industry case studies alongside in-depth techno-economic analysis, environmental impact, and life cycle assessment of biofuels production Focuses on the commercial viability of production processes

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Book

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment


  • Author : Suresh C Ameta
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128105252

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Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment Excerpt :

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water Treatment: Emerging Green Chemical Technology is a complete resource covering the fundamentals and applications of all Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). This book presents the most up-to-date research on AOPs and makes the argument that AOPs offer an eco-friendly method of wastewater treatment. In addition to an overview of the fundamentals and applications, it details the reactive species involved, along with sections on reactor designs, thus helping readers understand and implement these methods. Presents in-depth coverage of all types of Advanced Oxidation Processes, including Super Critical Water Oxidation, Photo-Fenton and Like Processes Includes a fundamental review, applications, reactive species and reactor designs Reviews applications across waste types, including industrial waste, domestic and municipal sewage, and hospital wastes

Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries Book

Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries


  • Author : Zhen Fang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401789233

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Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries Excerpt :

The book provides fundamental chemistry and properties of near-critical water (NCW) and supercritical water (SCW), criteria and challenges/solutions in reactor design for NCW and SCW processes, and up-to-date reviews and practice of a wide range of their applications in bio refineries including: production of hydrochars from biomass, SCW oxidation (SCWO) for waste treatment, SCW gasification (SCWG) of biomass and waste for hydrogen and methane production, hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass, production of chemicals and SCWO of biofuels for energy. It also presents techno-economic analysis of hydrogen production via SCWG of biomass. The book will be highly essential for both academic researchers and industrial practitioners for developing novel bio refinery technologies and processes employing NCW or SCW for treatment of various organic waste streams and production of bio-energy and bio-based chemicals from bio-renewable resources. Prof. Dr. Zhen Fang is leader and founder of biomass group, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Dr. Chunbao (Charles) Xu is currently an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and NSERC/FP Innovations Industrial Research Chair in Forest Bio refinery at Western University, Canada.

Renewable Energy Production and Distribution Book

Renewable Energy Production and Distribution


  • Author : Mejdi Jeguirim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-06-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323984973

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Renewable Energy Production and Distribution Excerpt :

Renewable Energy Production and Distribution: Recent Developments covers critical research and industry developments on renewable energy, including technological, production, conversion, storage and management. This updated volume provides recent developments in solar energy systems (thermal and photovoltaic), wind energy, hydropower, geothermal energy, bioenergy production and hydrogen production, with the addition of fuel cell technology for this new release. Technology advancements include resources assessment and deployment, materials performance improvement, system optimization and sizing, instrumentation and control, modeling and simulation, and regulations and policies. Each chapter examines advances in specific renewable energy systems, providing theoretical and applied aspects of system optimization, control and management. Global case studies demonstrate practical applications and economical and environmental aspects through lifecycle analysis. The book will be of interest to engineering graduates, researchers, professors and industry professionals involved in the renewable energy sector and advanced engineering courses dealing with renewable energy, sources, thermal and electrical energy production and sustainability. Addresses the advantages and disadvantages of all renewable technologies Includes global case studies that demonstrate the practical applications of renewable energy production and distribution Features videos and slideshows in the online e-Book for application tutorials

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production Book

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production


  • Author : Veera Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351582841

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Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production Excerpt :

Renewable fuel research and process development requires interdisciplinary approaches involving chemists and physicists from both scientific and engineering backgrounds. Here is an important volume that emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development from an interdisciplinary point of view. It creates an enriching knowledge base on green chemistry of biofuel production, sustainable process development, and green engineering principles for renewable fuel production. This book includes chapters contributed by both research scientists and research engineers with significant experience in biofuel chemistry and processes. The book offers an abundance of scientific experimental methods and analytical procedures and interpretation of the results that capture the state-of-the-art knowledge in this field. The wide range of topics make this book a valuable resource for academicians, researchers, industrial practitioners and scientists, and engineers in various renewable energy fields. Key features: • Emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development for biofuel production • Discusses a wide array of biofuels from algal biomass to waste-to-energy technologies and wastewater treatment and activated sludge processes • Presents advances and developments in biofuel green chemistry and green engineering, including process intensification (microwaves/ultrasound), ionic liquids, and green catalysis • Looks at environmental assessment and economic impact of biofuel production

Sub  and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology Book

Sub and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology


  • Author : Sandeep Kumar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351618298

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Sub and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology Excerpt :

Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability. This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering. This book is pertinent for researchers and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, industrial chemistry, environmental engineering, materials engineering, and manufacturing.

Waste Biorefinery Book

Waste Biorefinery


  • Author : Thallada Bhaskar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-03-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128182291

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Waste Biorefinery Excerpt :

Waste Biorefinery: Integrating Biorefineries for Waste Valorisation provides the various options available for several renewable waste streams. The book includes scientific and technical information pertaining to the most advanced and innovative processing technologies used for the conversion of biogenic waste to biofuels, energy products and biochemicals. In addition, the book reports on recent developments and new achievements in the field of biochemical and thermo-chemical methods and the necessities and potential generated by different kinds of biomass in presumably more decentralized biorefineries. The book presents an assortment of case-studies from developing and developed countries pertaining to the use of sustainable technologies for energy recovery from different waste matrices. Advantages and limitations of different technologies are also discussed by considering the local energy demands, government policies, environmental impacts, and education in bioenergy. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative processes for biomass conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermo-chemical processes and products development on the principles of biorefinery Includes information on the integration of processes and technologies for the production of biofuels, energy products and biochemicals Demonstrates the application of various processes with proven case studies

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Book

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites


  • Author : Sajjad Haider
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-03-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852968

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Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Excerpt :

Renewable Polymers and Polymer-Metal Oxide Composites: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications serves as a reference on the key concepts of the advances of polymer-oxide composites. The book reviews knowledge on polymer-composite theory, properties, structure, synthesis, and their characterization and applications. There is an emphasis on coupling metal oxides with polymers from renewable sources. Also, the latest advances in the relationship between the microstructure of the composites and the resulting improvement of the material’s properties and performance are covered. The applications addressed include desalination, tissue engineering, energy storage, hybrid energy systems, food, and agriculture. This book is suitable for early-career researchers in academia and R&D in industry who are working in the disciplines of materials science, engineering, chemistry and physics. Provides basic principles, theory and synthetic methods of composite materials, polymer composites and metal oxides Reviews the latest advances in polymer-oxide-based applications in medicine, water treatment, energy and sensing Discusses materials from renewable resources, including lifecycle assessment, economic aspects and potential application in tissue engineering, photovoltaics and food packaging

Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development Book

Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development


  • Author : Gade Pandu Rangaiah
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-08-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119580331

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Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development Excerpt :

A comprehensive overview of current developments and applications in biofuels production Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development brings together the latest and most cutting-edge research on the production of biofuels. As the first book specifically devoted to process systems engineering for the production of biofuels, Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development covers theoretical, computational and experimental issues in biofuels process engineering. Written for researchers and postgraduate students working on biomass conversion and sustainable process design, as well as industrial practitioners and engineers involved in process design, modeling and optimization, this book is an indispensable guide to the newest developments in areas including: Enzyme-catalyzed biodiesel production Process analysis of biodiesel production (including kinetic modeling, simulation and optimization) The use of ultrasonification in biodiesel production Thermochemical processes for biomass transformation to biofuels Production of alternative biofuels In addition to the comprehensive overview of the subject of biofuels found in the Introduction of the book, the authors of various chapters have provided extensive discussions of the production and separation of biofuels via novel applications and techniques.

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production Book

Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production


  • Author : Veera Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351582858

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Green Chemistry for Sustainable Biofuel Production Excerpt :

Renewable fuel research and process development requires interdisciplinary approaches involving chemists and physicists from both scientific and engineering backgrounds. Here is an important volume that emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development from an interdisciplinary point of view. It creates an enriching knowledge base on green chemistry of biofuel production, sustainable process development, and green engineering principles for renewable fuel production. This book includes chapters contributed by both research scientists and research engineers with significant experience in biofuel chemistry and processes. The book offers an abundance of scientific experimental methods and analytical procedures and interpretation of the results that capture the state-of-the-art knowledge in this field. The wide range of topics make this book a valuable resource for academicians, researchers, industrial practitioners and scientists, and engineers in various renewable energy fields. Key features: • Emphasizes green chemistry and green engineering principles for sustainable process development for biofuel production • Discusses a wide array of biofuels from algal biomass to waste-to-energy technologies and wastewater treatment and activated sludge processes • Presents advances and developments in biofuel green chemistry and green engineering, including process intensification (microwaves/ultrasound), ionic liquids, and green catalysis • Looks at environmental assessment and economic impact of biofuel production

Green Extraction Techniques  Principles  Advances and Applications Book

Green Extraction Techniques Principles Advances and Applications


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-07-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444638694

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Green Extraction Techniques Principles Advances and Applications Excerpt :

Green Extraction Techniques: Principles, Advances and Applications, Volume 76, the first work to compile all the multiple green extraction techniques and applications currently available, provides the most recent analytical advances in the main green extraction techniques. This new release includes a variety of comprehensively presented topics, including chapters on Green Analytical Chemistry: The Role of Green Extraction Techniques, Bioactives Obtained From Plants, Seaweeds, Microalgae and Food By-Products Using Pressurized Liquid Extraction and Supercritical Fluid Extraction, Pressurized Hot Water Extraction of Bioactives, and Pressurized Liquid Extraction of Organic Contaminants in Environmental and Food Samples. In this ongoing serial, in-depth, emerging green extraction approaches are discussed, together with their miniaturization and combination, showing the newest technologies that have been developed in the last few years for each case and providing a picture of the most innovative applications with further insights into future trends. Compiles all the multiple green extraction techniques currently available, along with their applications Includes the most recent analytical advances in the main green extraction techniques, along with their working principles Covers emerging green extraction approaches, their miniaturization and combination and an insight into future trends