Identified skeletal collections  the testing ground of anthropology  Book

Identified skeletal collections the testing ground of anthropology

  • Author : Charlotte Yvette Henderson
  • Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • Release Date : 2018-05-31
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN 10 : 9781784918064

Identified skeletal collections the testing ground of anthropology Excerpt :

Human skeletons are widely studied in archaeological, anthropological and forensic settings to learn about the deceased. This book focusses on identified skeletal collections and discusses how and why collections were amassed and shows the vital role they play in improving methods and interpretations for archaeological and forensic research.

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

  • Author : Gregory E. Berg
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-12-13
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439815755

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Excerpt :

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White presents a range of tools that can be used to identify the probable socio-cultural "race" category of unknown human remains. Gathering insight from those who have made recent improvements and scientific advances in the field, the book begins with the historical foundations of the concept of biological affinity and the need for increased research into methods for determining ancestry of skeletal remains. The contributors cover a range of topics, including: Ancestry estimation from the skull using morphoscopic and morphometric traits and variables Innovative methods from metric analyses of the postcrania, and new approaches to dental non-metric variation The biological diversity of Hispanic populations and use of discriminant function analysis and 3D-ID software to determine ancestry Methods of age progression and facial reconstructions to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) facial composites for missing people The preparation of skeletal remains for DNA extraction and sampling, and mtDNA methods that are available for identification of haplogroups (e.g., ancestral populations) No single method or technique is adequate in the assessment of ancestry. For accurate determinations, the use of traditional and new techniques combined yields better results. This book demonstrates the large repertoire of tools available to those tasked with these challenging determinations.

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains Book

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains

  • Author : Kirsty Squires
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-01
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 649
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030329266

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains Excerpt :

This book is the first of its kind, combining international perspectives on the current ethical considerations and challenges facing bioarchaeologists in the recovery, analysis, curation, and display of human remains. It explores how museum curators, commercial practitioners, forensic anthropologists, and bioarchaeologists deal with ethical issues pertaining to human remains in traditional and digital settings around the world. The book not only raises key ethical questions concerning the study, display, and curation of skeletal remains that bioarchaeologists must face and overcome in different countries, but also explores how this global community can work together to increase awareness of similar and, indeed, disparate ethical considerations around the world and how they can be addressed in working practices. The key aspects addressed include ethics in bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology, the excavation, curation, and display of human remains, repatriation, and new imaging techniques. As such, the book offers an ideal guide for students and practitioners in the fields of bioarchaeology, osteoarchaeology, forensic anthropology, medical anthropology, archaeology, anatomy, museum and archive studies, and philosophy, detailing how some ethical dilemmas have been addressed and which future dilemmas need to be considered.

Recovery  Analysis  and Identification of Commingled Human Remains Book

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

  • Author : Bradley J. Adams
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-02-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597453165

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains Excerpt :

Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Statistics and Probability in Forensic Anthropology Book

Statistics and Probability in Forensic Anthropology

  • Author : Zuzana Obertova
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-28
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128157657

Statistics and Probability in Forensic Anthropology Excerpt :

Statistics and Probability in Forensic Anthropology provides a practical guide for forensic scientists, primarily anthropologists and pathologists, on how to design studies, how to choose and apply statistical approaches, and how to interpret statistical outcomes in the forensic practice. As with other forensic, medical and biological disciplines, statistics have become increasingly important in forensic anthropology and legal medicine, but there is not a single book, which specifically addresses the needs of forensic anthropologists in relation to the research undertaken in the field and the interpretation of research outcomes and case findings within the setting of legal proceedings. The book includes the application of both frequentist and Bayesian statistics in relation to topics relevant for the research and the interpretation of findings in forensic anthropology, as well as general chapters on study design and statistical approaches addressing measurement errors and reliability. Scientific terminology understandable to students and advanced practitioners of forensic anthropology, pathology and related disciplines is used throughout. Additionally, Statistics and Probability in Forensic Anthropology facilitates sufficient understanding of the statistical procedures and data interpretation based on statistical outcomes and models, which helps the reader confidently present their work within the forensic context, either in the form of case reports for legal purposes or as research publications for the scientific community. Contains the application of both frequentist and Bayesian statistics in relation to topics relevant for forensic anthropology research and the interpretation of findings Provides examples of study designs and their statistical solutions, partly following the layout of scientific manuscripts on common topics in the field Includes scientific terminology understandable to students and advanced practitioners of forensic anthropology, legal medicine

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age Book

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age

  • Author : Bridget F.B. Algee‐Hewitt
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-04-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128243916

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age Excerpt :

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age: Modern Applications and New Research Directions presents a comprehensive understanding of the analytical frameworks and conceptual approaches surrounding forensic age estimation and the current state of the field. The book also includes a series of recommendations of best practice through chapter-examples that offer theory and guidance for data acquisition, technique and/or model development, and the assessment of impact of the adopted approaches. Written by leading, international experts, the book's contributors provide an introduction, conceptual understanding and taxonomy of statistical frameworks and computational approaches, including the Bayesian paradigm and machine learning techniques for age estimation. Discusses core concepts in age estimation, along with key terminologies Presents tactics on how readers can generate sound models that can be translated into forensic reports and expert testimony Provides a step-wise approach and best practice recommendations for data acquisition, considerations in sampling, exploratory data analysis, visualization, and sources of error for appropriate and reproducible research design Includes examples, theory and guidance on how to develop models for age estimation and reviews the impact of population-specific and universal approaches

The Archaeology of Human Bones Book

The Archaeology of Human Bones

  • Author : Simon Mays
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-02-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351696012

The Archaeology of Human Bones Excerpt :

The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up to date account of the analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites, introducing students to the anatomy of bones and teeth and the nature of the burial record. Drawing from studies around the world, this book illustrates how the scientific study of human remains can shed light upon important archaeological and historical questions. This new edition reflects the latest developments in scientific techniques and their application to burial archaeology. Current scientific methods are explained, alongside a critical consideration of their strengths and weaknesses. The book has also been thoroughly revised to reflect changes in the ways in which scientific studies of human remains have influenced our understanding of the past, and has been updated to reflect developments in ethical debates that surround the treatment of human remains. There is now a separate chapter devoted to archaeological fieldwork on burial grounds, and the chapters on DNA and ethics have been completely rewritten. This edition of The Archaeology of Human Bones provides not only a more up to date but also a more comprehensive overview of this crucial area of archaeology. Written in a clear style with technical jargon kept to a minimum, it continues to be a key work for archaeology students.

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Book

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

  • Author : Alexandra R. Klales
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-05-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128157688

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton Excerpt :

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

Bioarchaeological Analyses and Bodies Book

Bioarchaeological Analyses and Bodies

  • Author : Pamela K. Stone
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-01-16
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319711140

Bioarchaeological Analyses and Bodies Excerpt :

This volume features bioarchaeological research that interrogates the human skeleton in concert with material culture, ethnographic data and archival research. This approach provides examples of how these intersections of inquiry can be used to consider the larger social and political contexts in which people lived and the manner in which they died. Bioarchaeologists are in a unique position to develop rich interpretations of the lived experiences of skeletonized individuals. Using their skills in multiple contexts, bioarchaeologists are also situated to consider the ethical nature and inherent humanity of the research collections that have been used because they represent deceased for whom there are records identifying them. These collections have been the basis for generating basic information regarding the human skeletal transcript. Ironically though, these collections themselves have not been studied with the same degree of understanding and interpretation that is applied to archaeological collections.

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology Book
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Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology

  • Author : Linda L. Klepinger
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-06-23
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470007716

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology Excerpt :

An essential foundation for the practice of forensic anthropology This text is the first of its level written in more than twenty years. It serves as a summary and guide to the core material that needs to be mastered and evaluated for the practice of forensic anthropology. The text is divided into three parts that collectively provide a solid base in theory and methodology: Part One, "Background Setting for Forensic Anthropology," introduces the field and discusses the role of forensic anthropology in historic context. Part Two, "Towards Personal Identification," discusses initial assessments of skeletal remains; determining sex, age, ancestral background, and stature; and skeletal markers of activity and life history. Part Three, "Principal Anthropological Roles in Medical-Legal Investigation," examines trauma; the postmortem period; professionalism, ethics, and the expert witness; and genetics and DNA. The critical and evaluative approach to the primary literature stresses the inherent biological constraints on degrees of precision and certainty, and cautions about potential pitfalls. The practical focus, coupled with theoretical basics, make Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology ideal for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology as well as forensic scientists in allied fields of medical-legal investigation.

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence Book

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence

  • Author : Lori A. Tremblay
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-08-27
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030464400

The Bioarchaeology of Structural Violence Excerpt :

This volume is a resource for bioarchaeologists interested in using a structural violence framework to better understand and contextualize the lived experiences of past populations. One of the most important elements of bioarchaeological research is the study of health disparities in past populations. This book offers an analysis of such work, but with the benefit of an overarching theoretical framework. It examines the theoretical framework used by scholars in cultural and medical anthropology to explore how social, political, and/or socioeconomic structures and institutions create inequalities resulting in health disparities for the most vulnerable or marginalized segments of contemporary populations. It then takes this framework and shows how it can allow researchers in bioarchaeology to interpret such socio-cultural factors through analyzing human skeletal remains of past populations. The book discusses the framework and its applications based on two main themes: the structural violence of gender inequality and the structural violence of social and socioeconomic inequalities.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Book

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

  • Author : Soren Blau
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-07-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315528922

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Excerpt :

With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Forensic Anthropology Book

Forensic Anthropology

  • Author : Angi M. Christensen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-12-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124172906

Forensic Anthropology Excerpt :

Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine Book

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

  • Author : Aurore Schmitt
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597450997

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine Excerpt :

Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.

Anatomy in Your Pocket Book

Anatomy in Your Pocket

  • Author : Anne M. Gilroy
  • Publisher : Thieme
  • Release Date : 2018-04-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9781626239135

Anatomy in Your Pocket Excerpt :

Exquisitely illustrated portable anatomical study tool a must-have for medical students Anatomy in Your Pocket by Anne Gilroy is based on the award-winning textbook Atlas of Anatomy and the work of Michael Schuenke, Erik Schulte, and Udo Schumacher. This volume is organized by seven sections: the back, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, upper limb, lower limb, and head and neck. Each card features a full-color illustration with numerical labels only, while the reverse side provides the answers, an ideal format for self-testing. Key Highlights More than 400 exceptionally detailed full-color illustrations by Markus Voll and Karl Wesker supplemented by high-quality photos delineate body structures Tables, high-yield clinical correlations, didactically relevant Q&A, and superb illustrations enable studying, memorizing, and reviewing the most important concepts in human anatomy The compact spiral binding protects the cards and is perfect for on-the-go studying and quick reference Online access to provides labels-on and labels-off review and the ability to administer timed self-tests First-year medical students studying gross anatomy and second-year medical students preparing for the USMLE® Step 1 or COMLEX will benefit from using this resource as a study companion. It is also a go-to anatomical reference for other medical trainees who need a succinct yet thorough review of key anatomy. Anne M. Gilroy, MA, is Professor, Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA. She is the co-author of Thieme's renowned Atlas of Anatomy as well as Anatomy: An Essential Text. An award-winning international medical and scientific publisher, Thieme has demonstrated its commitment to the highest standard of quality in the state-of-the-art content and presentation of all its products. Founded in 1886, the Thieme name has become synonymous with high quality and excellence in online and print publishing.