Industrial Scale Application of Subcritical and Supercritical Fluids for Design of Products Book

Industrial Scale Application of Subcritical and Supercritical Fluids for Design of Products


  • Author : Zeljko Knez
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 0128142294

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Industrial Scale Application of Subcritical and Supercritical Fluids for Design of Products Excerpt :

Industrial Scale Application of Subcritical and Supercritical Fluids for Design of Products fills the gap between fundamentals and industrial implantation of various high-pressure process technologies. The book covers the design, start-up and maintenance of real industrial plants, also providing readers with insights on their construction and operational essentials. It is ideal for chemical engineers who operate high pressure units and different researchers who create supercritical fluid technology to solve problems surrounding product fractionation, product formulation, synthesis in SCF, and product development using supercritical fluids technologies. There are some books that describe high pressure technologies and research in the area of sub- and supercritical fluids, but this book presents fundamental data on thermodynamics and mass transfer, topics that are absolutely essential for the design of industrial plants. Includes thermodynamic and mass transfer data necessary for industrial plant design Explains the mechanisms of reactions in a supercritical fluid environment Lists numerous industrial processes for the production of many consumers products, like pharmaceuticals, food, etc.

Biorefinery Co Products Book

Biorefinery Co Products


  • Author : Chantal Bergeron
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-04-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470973578

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Biorefinery Co Products Excerpt :

In order to successfully compete as a sustainable energy source, the value of biomass must be maximized through the production of valuable co-products in the biorefinery. Specialty chemicals and other biobased products can be extracted from biomass prior to or after the conversion process, thus increasing the overall profitability and sustainability of the biorefinery. Biorefinery Co-Products highlights various co-products that are present in biomass prior to and after processing, describes strategies for their extraction , and presents examples of bioenergy feedstocks that contain high value products. Topics covered include: Bioactive compounds from woody biomass Phytochemicals from sugar cane, citrus waste and algae Valuable products from corn and other oil seed crops Proteins from forages Enhancing the value of existing biomass processing streams Aimed at academic researchers, professionals and specialists in the bioenergy industry, Biorefinery Co-Products is an essential text for all scientists and engineers working on the efficient separation, purification and manufacture of value-added biorefinery co-products. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Drug Product Development Book

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Drug Product Development


  • Author : Peter York
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2004-03-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135538170

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Supercritical Fluid Technology for Drug Product Development Excerpt :

Interconnecting the fundamentals of supercritical fluid (SCF) technologies, their current and anticipated utility in drug delivery, and process engineering advances from related methodological domains and pharmaceutical applications, this volume unlocks the potential of supercritical fluids to further the development of improved pharmaceutical prod

Innovative Food Processing Technologies Book

Innovative Food Processing Technologies


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-08-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 2480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128157824

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Innovative Food Processing Technologies Excerpt :

Food process engineering, a branch of both food science and chemical engineering, has evolved over the years since its inception and still is a rapidly changing discipline. While traditionally the main objective of food process engineering was preservation and stabilization, the focus today has shifted to enhance health aspects, flavour and taste, nutrition, sustainable production, food security and also to ensure more diversity for the increasing demand of consumers. The food industry is becoming increasingly competitive and dynamic, and strives to develop high quality, freshly prepared food products. To achieve this objective, food manufacturers are today presented with a growing array of new technologies that have the potential to improve, or replace, conventional processing technologies, to deliver higher quality and better consumer targeted food products, which meet many, if not all, of the demands of the modern consumer. These new, or innovative, technologies are in various stages of development, including some still at the R&D stage, and others that have been commercialised as alternatives to conventional processing technologies. Food process engineering comprises a series of unit operations traditionally applied in the food industry. One major component of these operations relates to the application of heat, directly or indirectly, to provide foods free from pathogenic microorganisms, but also to enhance or intensify other processes, such as extraction, separation or modification of components. The last three decades have also witnessed the advent and adaptation of several operations, processes, and techniques aimed at producing high quality foods, with minimum alteration of sensory and nutritive properties. Some of these innovative technologies have significantly reduced the thermal component in food processing, offering alternative nonthermal methods. Food Processing Technologies: A Comprehensive Review covers the latest advances in innovative and nontherm

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications Book

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications


  • Author : Vladimir Anikeev
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-12-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444626974

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Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications Excerpt :

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design Book

Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design


  • Author : John J. McKetta Jr
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1996-06-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN 10 : 0824726073

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Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design Excerpt :

Supercritical Fluid Technology: Theory and Application to Technology Forecasting

Enhancing Extraction Processes in the Food Industry Book

Enhancing Extraction Processes in the Food Industry


  • Author : Nikolai Lebovka
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439845950

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Enhancing Extraction Processes in the Food Industry Excerpt :

Extraction is an important operation in food engineering, enabling the recovery of valuable soluble components from raw materials. With increasing energy costs and environmental concerns, industry specialists are looking for improved techniques requiring less solvents and energy consumption. Enhancing Extraction Processes in the Food Industry is a

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing Book

High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing


  • Author : Tiziana Fornari
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 517
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319106113

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High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing Excerpt :

The aim of this book is to present the fundamentals of high pressure technologies from the perspective of mass transfer phenomena and thermodynamic considerations. Novel food applications are exposed and their relation to chemical analysis, extraction, reaction and particle formation processes are outlined. The chapters are written by a diverse group of scientists with expertise in chemistry, food processes, analytical chemistry, chemical engineering and chemical engineering thermodynamics, and biotechnology. The mission of green food engineering is to promote innovative technologies that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous materials (solvents, reagents) in the design and operation of food related processes, with the view to improve food safety and quality. Several efficient, environmentally friendly and benign technologies based on the use of high pressure and green solvents have demonstrated to be sustainable alternatives to traditional processes in the food industry. Although hundreds of new ideas are being published in the open literature, reliable engineering tools to simulate and design those processes are still under development. High Pressure Fluid Technology for Green Food Processing presents in-depth analyses and outlines the ways towards their maturity. Tiziana Fornari, Research Institute of Food Science (CIAL) Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain Roumiana P. Stateva, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Extraction of Natural Products Using Near Critical Solvents Book

Extraction of Natural Products Using Near Critical Solvents


  • Author : M.B. King
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401121385

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Extraction of Natural Products Using Near Critical Solvents Excerpt :

The aim of this book is to present the current state of the art of extracting natural products with near-critical solvents and to view the possibilities of further extensions of the technique. Relevant background theory is given but does not dominate the book. Carbon dioxide is the near-critical solvent used in most recent applications and inevitably receives prominence. In addition to general descriptions and reviews, the book contains three chapters by indus trial practitioners who describe in detail the operation of their processes and discuss the market for their products. Sections on the design of the pressure vessels and pumps required in these processes and on the acquisition of the data required for design are included. The costing of the processes is also discussed. There is good scope for combining a near-critical extraction step with other process steps in which the properties of near-critical solvents are utilised, for example as a reaction or crystallisation medium and a chapter is devoted to these important aspects. It is hoped that the work will be found to contain a great deal of specific information of use to those already familiar with this field. However the style of presentation and content is such that it will also be useful as an introduction. In particular it will be helpful to those wondering if this form of separation method has anything to offer for them, whether they are engineers, chemists or managers in industry, or in academic or research institutions.

Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids Book

Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids


  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-07-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030449841

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Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids Excerpt :

Globalization and industrialization involve a number of reactions, products, extractions, and separations that require the use of organic solvents. These solvents are responsible for a number of ecological concerns, including atmospheric and land toxicity. Conventional organic solvents are regarded as volatile organic compounds; some are even limited due to their potential for ozone layer depletion. While supercritical liquids exhibit physical properties that could make them ideal substitutes for these volatile compounds, there is particular interest in the use of carbon dioxide as a solvent of crude material. In particular, carbon dioxide has apparent ‘green’ properties, like its noncombustible nature, the fact that it is generally nonpoisonous, and its relative inertness. Thus, the use of supercritical carbon dioxide can provide practical improvements to the sustainability of industrial products and processes. This book provides in-depth literature in the area of industrial green processes, focusing on the separation, purification, and extraction of compounds utilizing supercritical carbon dioxide as a green solvent.

Design and Optimization of Innovative Food Processing Techniques Assisted by Ultrasound Book

Design and Optimization of Innovative Food Processing Techniques Assisted by Ultrasound


  • Author : Francisco J. Barba
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128182765

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Design and Optimization of Innovative Food Processing Techniques Assisted by Ultrasound Excerpt :

Design and Optimization of Innovative Food Processing Techniques Assisted by Ultrasound: Developing Healthier and Sustainable Food Products is a useful tool in understanding the innovative applications derived from the use of ultrasound technology. The book is a starting point for product development, covering technological, physicochemical and nutritional perspectives, as well as the reduction of food toxics and contaminants. Divided into three parts, sections cover ultrasound usage in obtaining functional foods, extracting bioactive compounds, the improvement of food quality, ultrasound use for the development of novel applications, and more. As the definitive resource in new innovative ultrasound-based emerging processes, this book is a necessity for food scientists and technologists, nutrition researchers, and those working in the food manufacturing industry. Explores how ultrasound treatment affects nutrients and bioactive compound retention Provides a useful tool in understanding the innovative applications derived from the use of ultrasound technology Shows how ultrasound serves as a tool of new ingredients production for the food concept of tomorrowa

Aulton s Pharmaceutics E Book Book

Aulton s Pharmaceutics E Book


  • Author : Kevin M.G. Taylor
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2021-04-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 968
  • ISBN 10 : 9780702081569

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Aulton s Pharmaceutics E Book Excerpt :

The essential pharmaceutics textbook One of the world’s best-known texts on pharmaceutics, Aulton's Pharmaceutics offers a complete course in one book for students in all years of undergraduate pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences degrees. Thoroughly revised, updated and extended by experts in their fields and edited by Professors Kevin Taylor and Michael Aulton, this new edition includes the science of formulation, pharmaceutical manufacturing and drug delivery. All aspects of pharmaceutics are covered in a clear and readily accessible way and extensively illustrated throughout, providing an essential companion to the entire pharmaceutics curriculum from day one until the end of the course. Fully updated throughout, with the addition of new chapters, to reflect advances in formulation and drug delivery science, pharmaceutical manufacturing and medicines regulation Designed and written for newcomers to the design and manufacture of dosage forms Relevant pharmaceutical science covered throughout Includes the science of formulation and drug delivery Reflects current practices and future applications of formulation and drug delivery science to small drug molecules, biotechnology products and nanomedicines Key points boxes throughout Over 400 online multiple choice questions

Modeling  Simulation  and Optimization of Supercritical and Subcritical Fluid Extraction Processes Book

Modeling Simulation and Optimization of Supercritical and Subcritical Fluid Extraction Processes


  • Author : Zainuddin A. Manan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-11-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118460177

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Modeling Simulation and Optimization of Supercritical and Subcritical Fluid Extraction Processes Excerpt :

This book provides a complete guide on tools and techniques for modeling of supercritical and subcritical fluid extraction (SSFE) processes and phenomena. It provides details for SSFE from managing the experiments to modeling and optimization. It includes the fundamentals of SSFE as well as the necessary experimental techniques to validate the models. The optimization section includes the use of process simulators, conventional optimization techniques and state-of-the-art genetic algorithm methods. Numerous practical examples and case studies on the application of the modeling and optimization techniques on the SSFE processes are also provided. Detailed thermodynamic modeling with and without co-solvent and non equilibrium system modeling is another feature of the book.

Green Food Processing Techniques Book

Green Food Processing Techniques


  • Author : Farid Chemat
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128154434

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Green Food Processing Techniques Excerpt :

Green Food Processing Techniques: Preservation, Transformation and Extraction advances the ethics and practical objectives of "Green Food Processing" by offering a critical mass of research on a series of methodological and technological tools in innovative food processing techniques, along with their role in promoting the sustainable food industry. These techniques (such as microwave, ultrasound, pulse electric field, instant controlled pressure drop, supercritical fluid processing, extrusion...) lie on the frontier of food processing, food chemistry, and food microbiology, and are thus presented with tools to make preservation, transformation and extraction greener. The Food Industry constantly needs to reshape and innovate itself in order to achieve the social, financial and environmental demands of the 21st century. Green Food Processing can respond to these challenges by enhancing shelf life and the nutritional quality of food products, while at the same time reducing energy use and unit operations for processing, eliminating wastes and byproducts, reducing water use in harvesting, washing and processing, and using naturally derived ingredients. Introduces the strategic concept of Green Food Processing to meet the challenges of the future of the food industry Presents innovative techniques for green food processing that can be used in academia, and in industry in R&D and processing Brings a multidisciplinary approach, with significant contributions from eminent scientists who are actively working on Green Food Processing techniques

Supercritical Fluid Technology  1991  Book

Supercritical Fluid Technology 1991


  • Author : Thomas J. Bruno
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351357517

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Supercritical Fluid Technology 1991 Excerpt :

In this volume, we have collected a series of reviews that cover both experimental and theoretical work geared toward the more exact requirements of current SFE applications. While we have artificially divided the volume into experimental and theoretical sections, natural overlaps will be apparent. Many of the papers on experimental and theoretical sections, natural overlaps will be apparent. Many of the papers on experimental technique contain discussions on equation of state correlations. Indeed, a good deal of the experimental work is intimately tied to a mathematical description of fluid mixtures. The theoretical section presents reviews that cover the modern theory of critical phenomena, methods to correlate near critical experimental results and approaches to understanding the behavior of near critical fluids from microscopic theory. It is hoped that the scope of these reviews will provide the reader with the basis to further develop our understanding of the behavior of supercritical fluids.