Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes Book

Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes


  • Author : Agustin Alonso
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-01-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1024
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857093776

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Infrastructure and Methodologies for the Justification of Nuclear Power Programmes Excerpt :

The potential development of any nuclear power programme should include a rigorous justification process reviewing the substantial regulatory, economic and technical information necessary for implementation, given the long term commitments involved in any new nuclear power project. Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes reviews the fundamental issues and approaches to nuclear power justification in countries considering nuclear new build or redevelopment. Part one covers the infrastructure requirements for any new nuclear power programme, with chapters detailing the role and responsibilities of government, regulatory bodies and nuclear operator and the need for human resources and technical capability at the national level. Part two focuses on issues relevant to the justification process, including nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency planning. Current designs and advanced reactors and radioactive waste management are also considered, along with the economic, social and environmental impacts of nuclear power development. Part three reviews the development of nuclear power programme, from nuclear power plant site selection and licensing, through construction and operation, and on to decommissioning. Finally, a series of valuable appendices detail the UK experience of justification, nuclear safety culture and training, and the multinational design evaluation programme (MDEP). With its distinguished editor and expert team of contributors, Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes is an essential reference for international and national stakeholders in this field, particularly governmental, non-governmental and regulatory bodies, nuclear power operators and consultants. Offers a comprehensive analysis of the infrastructure and methodologies required to justify the creation of nuclear power programmes in any country Provides coverage of the main issues and potential benefit

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Book

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering


  • Author : Damien FERON
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-02-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1072
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095343

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Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Excerpt :

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monito

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Book

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering


  • Author : Ian Crossland
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-09-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096388

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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Science and Engineering Excerpt :

The nuclear fuel cycle is characterised by the wide range of scientific disciplines and technologies it employs. The development of ever more integrated processes across the many stages of the nuclear fuel cycle therefore confronts plant manufacturers and operators with formidable challenges. Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering describes both the key features of the complete nuclear fuel cycle and the wealth of recent research in this important field. Part one provides an introduction to the nuclear fuel cycle. Radiological protection, security and public acceptance of nuclear technology are considered, along with the economics of nuclear power. Part two goes on to explore materials mining, enrichment, fuel element design and fabrication for the uranium and thorium nuclear fuel cycle. The impact of nuclear reactor design and operation on fuel element irradiation is the focus of part three, including water and gas-cooled reactors, along with CANDU and Generation IV designs. Finally, part four reviews spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering provides an important review for all those involved in the design, fabrication, use and disposal of nuclear fuels as well as regulatory bodies and researchers in this field. Provides a comprehensive and holistic review of the complete nuclear fuel cycle Reviews the issues presented by the nuclear fuel cycle, including radiological protection and security, public acceptance and economic analysis Discusses issues at the front-end of the fuel cycle, including uranium and thorium mining, enrichment and fuel design and fabrication

Radionuclide Behaviour in the Natural Environment Book

Radionuclide Behaviour in the Natural Environment


  • Author : Christophe Poinssot
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-09-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 744
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097194

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Radionuclide Behaviour in the Natural Environment Excerpt :

Understanding radionuclide behaviour in the natural environment is essential to the sustainable development of the nuclear industry and key to assessing potential environmental risks reliably. Minimising those risks is essential to enhancing public confidence in nuclear technology. Scientific knowledge in this field has developed greatly over the last decade.Radionuclide behaviour in the natural environment provides a comprehensive overview of the key processes and parameters affecting radionuclide mobility and migration. After an introductory chapter, part one explores radionuclide chemistry in the natural environment, including aquatic chemistry and the impact of natural organic matter and microorganisms. Part two discusses the migration and radioecological behavior of radionuclides. Topics include hydrogeology, sorption and colloidal reactions as well as in-situ investigations. Principles of modelling coupled geochemical, transport and radioecological properties are also discussed. Part three covers application issues: assessment of radionuclide behaviour in contaminated sites, taking Chernobyl as an example, estimation of radiological exposure to the population, performance assessment considerations related to deep geological repositories, and remediation concepts for contaminated sites. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Radionuclide behaviour in the natural environment is an essential tool for all those interested or involved in nuclear energy, from researchers, designers and industrial operators to environmental scientists. It also provides a comprehensive guide for academics of all levels in this field. Provides a comprehensive overview of the key processes and parameters affecting radionuclide mobility and migration Explores radionuclide chemistry in the natural environment Discusses the migration and radioecological behaviour of radionuclides

Non International Armed Conflicts in International Law Book

Non International Armed Conflicts in International Law


  • Author : Mahmoud Refaat
  • Publisher : The European Institute for International Law and International Relations
  • Release Date : 2012-03-05
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9798488376700

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Non International Armed Conflicts in International Law Excerpt :

Massive human rights violations occur in conflict times. Mass rapes, using child soldiers, enslavement, massacres, deprivation or destruction of civilians’ property, forced displacement of population, or human trafficking are facilitated via way of means of conflict. Wars and armed conflicts, due to the fact they weaken the guideline of thumb of regulation, facilitate the fee of human rights violations. In the time of conflict, now no longer best states and entities which have the authority to shield individuals’ essential rights can't do that, however, they also can violate those essential rights. To shield civilians in times of conflict, step one is to recognize how present-day conflicts are formed which will cope with this problem with effectiveness. Since World War II, maximum armed conflicts aren't interstate wars: they contain non-country actors inclusive of armed businesses that are probably funded via way of means of states however nonetheless usually gift themselves as an independent. Armed businesses now and then take over massive territories and they could feature similar to states do1. At the equal time, human rights regulation and practitioners cope with states and the states themselves do now no longer make a contribution with effectiveness to the improvement and implementation of texts inclusive of the 1977 Additional Protocols to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. As argued via way of means of Andrew Clapham2, non-country actors inclusive of armed competition businesses and personal protection agencies have human rights responsibilities similar to states do. Since global humanitarian regulation rarely applies to non-country actors in armed conflicts, that is a need to increase and adapt it. Based on the literature noted below, the thesis will attempt to solution to the query: a way to shield human rights in non-global armed conflict? The solution to this query could is divided into 4 parts. First, it's miles essential to recognize how armed conflicts h

Routledge Handbook of Ecocriticism and Environmental Communication Book

Routledge Handbook of Ecocriticism and Environmental Communication


  • Author : Scott Slovic
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-02-01
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351682695

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Routledge Handbook of Ecocriticism and Environmental Communication Excerpt :

Ecocriticism and environmental communication studies have for many years co-existed as parallel disciplines, occasionally crossing paths but typically operating in separate academic spheres. These fields are now rapidly converging, and this handbook aims to reinforce the common concerns and methodologies of the sibling disciplines. The Routledge Handbook of Ecocriticism and Environmental Communication charts the history of the relationship between ecocriticism and environmental communication studies, while also highlighting key new paradigms in information studies, diverse examples of practical applications of environmental communication and textual analysis, and the patterns and challenges of environmental communication in non-Western societies. Contributors to this book include literary, film and religious studies scholars, communication studies specialists, environmental historians, practicing journalists, art critics, linguists, ethnographers, sociologists, literary theorists, and others, but all focus their discussions on key issues in textual representations of human–nature relationships and on the challenges and possibilities of environmental communication. The handbook is designed to map existing trends in both ecocriticism and environmental communication and to predict future directions. This handbook will be an essential reference for teachers, students, and practitioners of environmental literature, film, journalism, communication, and rhetoric, and well as the broader meta-discipline of environmental humanities.

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment


  • Author : Kenneth L Nash
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-03-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857092274

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Advanced Separation Techniques for Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing and Radioactive Waste Treatment Excerpt :

Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard. Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment process

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management  PLiM  Book

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM


  • Author : Gennadij V Arkadov
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-09-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857093998

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Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management PLiM Excerpt :

Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–statistical approaches are discussed. Approaches based on the use of defect-free models are considered, along with those using binomial distribution and models based on the residual defectiveness of structural materials. The practical applications of probabilistic methods for strength reliability are subsequently explored in part two. Probabilistic methods for increasing the reliability and safety of nuclear power plant components are investigated, as are the use of such methods for optimising non-destructive tests, hydraulic tests, technical certification and planned-preventative maintenance. Finally, the book concludes with information on the use of probabilistic methods in ensuring leak tightness of nuclear power plant steam generator heat exchanger pipes. With its distinguished authors, Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management is a valuable reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, nuclear safety engineers and managers, as well as academics and researchers in this field. Discusses the theory and application of probabilistic safety assessment methods used to calculate nuclear power plant (NPP) durability and lifetime Reviews probabilistic methods in their application to NPP components and ageing pipelines for the forecasting of NPP resource lifetime and safety Addresses the key areas of probabilistic safet

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident Book

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident


  • Author : Yotaro Hatamura
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081001325

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The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident Excerpt :

In March 2011 the Fukushima nuclear power plant (NPP) in Japan was hit by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami which resulted in the release of significant amounts of radioactive material. The incident led to the suspension of nuclear programmes by a number of countries. This book provides a definitive account of the accident. Outlines the main sequence of events of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, considers the responses of central and local government, and evaluates the response of the plant owner TEPCO. Describes and assesses the effectiveness of the evacuation process and subsequent decontamination of the site and local area. Offers recommendations for improving the safe design and operation of nuclear power plants and considers the future of the Fukushima plant and nuclear power generation in Japan.

Uranium for Nuclear Power Book

Uranium for Nuclear Power


  • Author : Ian Hore-Lacy
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-02-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003336

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Uranium for Nuclear Power Excerpt :

Uranium for Nuclear Power: Resources, Mining and Transformation to Fuel discusses the nuclear industry and its dependence on a steady supply of competitively priced uranium as a key factor in its long-term sustainability. A better understanding of uranium ore geology and advances in exploration and mining methods will facilitate the discovery and exploitation of new uranium deposits. The practice of efficient, safe, environmentally-benign exploration, mining and milling technologies, and effective site decommissioning and remediation are also fundamental to the public image of nuclear power. This book provides a comprehensive review of developments in these areas. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle Presents a comprehensive and systematic coverage of geology, mining, and conversion to fuel, alternative fuel sources, and the environmental and social aspects Written by leading experts in the field of nuclear power, uranium mining, milling, and geological exploration who highlight the best practices needed to ensure environmental safety

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels  RPVs  in Nuclear Power Plants Book

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : Naoki Soneda
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-09-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096470

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Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

The Analysis of Nuclear Materials and Their Environments Book

The Analysis of Nuclear Materials and Their Environments


  • Author : Claude André Degueldre
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-10-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319580067

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The Analysis of Nuclear Materials and Their Environments Excerpt :

This book provides an overview of passive and interactive analytical techniques for nuclear materials. The book aims to update readers on new techniques available and provide an introduction for those who are new to the topic or are looking to move into actinides and nuclear materials science. The characterization of actinide species and radioactive materials is vital for understanding how these elements and radioactive isotopes are formed and behave and how these materials can be improved. The analysis of the actinides or radioactive materials goes beyond spent fuel science to the applicable complete fuel cycle and including analysis of reactor materials.

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants Book

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-10-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 944
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845699956

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Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials

Mapping State And Non state Actors  Responses To Nuclear Energy In Southeast Asia Book

Mapping State And Non state Actors Responses To Nuclear Energy In Southeast Asia


  • Author : Putra Nur Azha
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2016-09-06
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814723213

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Mapping State And Non state Actors Responses To Nuclear Energy In Southeast Asia Excerpt :

This book aims to introduce and discuss the policy issues and challenges surrounding the development of nuclear power energy in Southeast Asia (SEA). Nuclear energy is poised for substantial growth in a region that is in need of more sustainable and clean energy source against the background of rising energy demand and an increasingly narrower power supply and demand gap. However, there are many safety and security risks associated with nuclear power especially so for a region that remains vulnerable to political risks and military conflicts. This book will, therefore, discuss those policy issues and challenges and offers unique insights from the practitioners, industry experts, academics, and policymakers on how the SEA governments could mitigate those risks through good governance. Contents:Nuclear Energy: Issues and Challenges for Southeast Asia States (Nur Azha Putra)Nuclear Energy Security and the Policy Environment in Southeast Asia (Alistair D B Cook and Sofiah Jamil)Towards a Regional Nuclear Energy Safety Regime in Southeast Asia (Nicholas Fang)Areas of Regional Nuclear Energy Cooperation (Eulalia Han)Challenges in Adapting Malaysia's Legal Framework to International Nuclear Norms (Aishah Bidin)Policy Considerations for Singapore's Nuclear Energy Involvements (John Bauly)Human Resources and Capacity Building: Issues and Challenges for Vietnam's Nuclear Energy Programme (Ton Nu Thi Ninh)Socioeconomic Impact of Nuclear Power (Hans Rogner) Readership: Graduates and researchers interested in policy issues and challenges surrounding nuclear power energy in Southeast Asia.

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems


  • Author : Luisa F. Cabeza
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782420965

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Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems Excerpt :

Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies store thermal energy (both heat and cold) for later use as required, rather than at the time of production. They are therefore important counterparts to various intermittent renewable energy generation methods and also provide a way of valorising waste process heat and reducing the energy demand of buildings. This book provides an authoritative overview of this key area. Part one reviews sensible heat storage technologies. Part two covers latent and thermochemical heat storage respectively. The final section addresses applications in heating and energy systems. Reviews sensible heat storage technologies, including the use of water, molten salts, concrete and boreholes Describes latent heat storage systems and thermochemical heat storage Includes information on the monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems, and considers their applications in residential buildings, power plants and industry