Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites Book

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites


  • Author : Paul T Anastas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-11-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128042007

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Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites Excerpt :

Inherent Safety at Chemical Sites: Reducing Vulnerability to Accidents and Terrorism Through Green Chemistry highlights the use of green chemistry principles to identify and address serious threats and potential consequences caused by accidental and deliberate industrial chemical releases. Through valuable case studies, the book suggests wholesale replacements of hazardous chemicals with benign and inherently safer, or "greener," materials. More than physical security barriers and plans, such preventative measures better guarantee the safety of industrial employees and nearby residents. This valuable primer begins with an introduction to the concepts of green chemistry and outlines the various ways that a green approach to chemical design, production, and management is not only good for the planet, but also serves to protect people and infrastructure from terrorist acts. Specific examples and case studies are cited to illustrate what has been done to advance this cause, and offer guidance to those decision-makers who similarly aspire to greater safety and security for the people and resources they manage. Addresses security at chemical plants, manufacturers, water utilities and other facilities utilizing and storing hazardous chemical Provides practical suggestions and insightful case studies for green chemistry innovations from replacement processes and new technologies Covers multiple important chemicals and categories, including: Chlorine, Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid), Phosgene, Sulfur Dioxide, Sulfuric Acid, Ammonia, Benzene, Pesticides, and cleaning technologies

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes


  • Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-10-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119529224

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Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Excerpt :

Since the publication of the second edition several United States jurisdictions have mandated consideration of inherently safer design for certain facilities. Notable examples are the inherently safer technology (IST) review requirement in the New Jersey Toxic Chemical Prevention Act (TCPA), and the Inherently Safer Systems Analysis (ISSA) required by the Contra Costa County (California) Industrial Safety Ordinance. More recently, similar requirements have been proposed at the U.S. Federal level in the pending EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) revisions. Since the concept of inherently safer design applies globally, with its origins in the United Kingdom, the book will apply globally. The new edition builds on the same philosophy as the first two editions, but further clarifies the concept with recent research, practitioner observations, added examples and industry methods, and discussions of security and regulatory issues. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. The main goal of this book is to help guide the future state of chemical process evolution by illustrating and emphasizing the merits of integrating inherently safer design process-related research, development, and design into a comprehensive process that balances safety, capital, and environmental concerns throughout the life cycle of the process. It discusses strategies of how to: substitute more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimize risk in the transportation of chemicals, use safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommission a manufacturing plant so that what is left behind does not endanger the public or environment.

Process Plants Book

Process Plants


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-05-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 1439804567

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Process Plants Excerpt :

How far will an ounce of prevention really go? While the answer to that question may never be truly known, Process Plants: A Handbook for Inherently Safer Design, Second Edition takes us several steps closer. The book demonstrates not just the importance of prevention, but the importance of designing with prevention in mind. It emphasizes the role

Chemical Process Safety Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Chemical Process Safety


  • Author : Daniel A. Crowl
  • Publisher : Pearson Education
  • Release Date : 2001-10-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9780132440554

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Chemical Process Safety Excerpt :

Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes


  • Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 0470925183

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Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Excerpt :

Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. It discusses strategies for substituting more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimizing risk in the transportation of chemicals, using safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommissioning a manufacturing plant. Since the publication of the original concept book in 1996, there have been many developments on the concept of inherent safety. This new edition provides the latest knowledge so that engineers can derive maximum benefit from inherent safety.

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Book

Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes


  • Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-11-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119529163

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Guidelines for Inherently Safer Chemical Processes Excerpt :

Since the publication of the second edition several United States jurisdictions have mandated consideration of inherently safer design for certain facilities. Notable examples are the inherently safer technology (IST) review requirement in the New Jersey Toxic Chemical Prevention Act (TCPA), and the Inherently Safer Systems Analysis (ISSA) required by the Contra Costa County (California) Industrial Safety Ordinance. More recently, similar requirements have been proposed at the U.S. Federal level in the pending EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) revisions. Since the concept of inherently safer design applies globally, with its origins in the United Kingdom, the book will apply globally. The new edition builds on the same philosophy as the first two editions, but further clarifies the concept with recent research, practitioner observations, added examples and industry methods, and discussions of security and regulatory issues. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes presents a holistic approach to making the development, manufacture, and use of chemicals safer. The main goal of this book is to help guide the future state of chemical process evolution by illustrating and emphasizing the merits of integrating inherently safer design process-related research, development, and design into a comprehensive process that balances safety, capital, and environmental concerns throughout the life cycle of the process. It discusses strategies of how to: substitute more benign chemicals at the development stage, minimize risk in the transportation of chemicals, use safer processing methods at the manufacturing stage, and decommission a manufacturing plant so that what is left behind does not endanger the public or environment.

Improving Inherent Safety Book

Improving Inherent Safety


  • Author : D. Mansfield
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1996-12-20
  • Genre: Engineering
  • Pages : 50
  • ISBN 10 : 0717613070

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Improving Inherent Safety Excerpt :

An inherently safer approach to hazard management is one that tries to eliminate hazards by careful attention to the fundamental design and layout as opposed to add-on engineered safety systems. This report describes a pilot study which assesses how far inherent safety is being applied in the design of offshore oil and gas installations on the UKCS. It includes reviews of recent literature, the main regulaions affecting design and operation, and interviews with representatives from leading design contractors and operating companies.

Green Chemistry and Engineering Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Green Chemistry and Engineering


  • Author : Mukesh Doble
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-07-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 008052477X

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Green Chemistry and Engineering Excerpt :

Chemical processes provide a diverse array of valuable products and materials used in applications ranging from health care to transportation and food processing. Yet these same chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies, also generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions. Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in design. Due to extravagant costs needed to managing these wastes, tens of billions of dollars a year, there is a need to propose a way to create less waste. Emission and treatment standards continue to become more stringent, which causes these costs to continue to escalate. Green Chemistry and Engineering describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste. It explores the use of milder manufacturing conditions resulting from the use of smarter organic synthetic techniques and the maintenance of atom efficiency that can temper the effects of chemical processes. By implementing these techniques means less waste, which will save industry millions of dollars over time. Chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions, this new book describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste This book contains expert advise from scientists around the world, encompassing developments in the field since 2000 Aids manufacturers, scientists, managers, and engineers on how to implement ongoing changes in a vast developing field that is important to the environment and our lives

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook Book

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook


  • Author : P A CARSON
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080523798

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Hazardous Chemicals Handbook Excerpt :

Summarizes core information for quick reference in the workplace, using tables and checklists wherever possible. Essential reading for safety officers, company managers, engineers, transport personnel, waste disposal personnel, environmental health officers, trainees on industrial training courses and engineering students. This book provides concise and clear explanation and look-up data on properties, exposure limits, flashpoints, monitoring techniques, personal protection and a host of other parameters and requirements relating to compliance with designated safe practice, control of hazards to people's health and limitation of impact on the environment. The book caters for the multitude of companies, officials and public and private employees who must comply with the regulations governing the use, storage, handling, transport and disposal of hazardous substances. Reference is made throughout to source documents and standards, and a Bibliography provides guidance to sources of wider ranging and more specialized information. Dr Phillip Carson is Safety Liaison and QA Manager at the Unilever Research Laboratory at Port Sunlight. He is a member of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, of the Institution of Chemical Engineers' Loss Prevention Panel and of the Chemical Industries Association's `Exposure Limits Task Force' and `Health Advisory Group'. Dr Clive Mumford is a Senior Lecturer in Chemical Engineering at the University of Aston and a consultant. He lectures on several courses of the Certificate and Diploma of the National Examining Board in Occupational Safety and Health. [Given 5 star rating] - Occupational Safety & Health, July 1994 - Loss Prevention Bulletin, April 1994 - Journal of Hazardous Materials, November 1994 - Process Safety & Environmental Prot., November 1994

Preventing Chemical Terrorism Book

Preventing Chemical Terrorism


  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Chemical plants
  • Pages : 61
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822038357042

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Preventing Chemical Terrorism Excerpt :

Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites Book

Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites


  • Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470924990

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Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites Excerpt :

This new initiative demonstrates a process and tools for managing the security vulnerability of sites that produce and handle chemicals, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, and related materials such as fertilizers and water treatment chemicals. Includes: enterprise screening; site screening; protection analysis; security vulnerability assessment; action planning and tracking.

Trevor Kletz Compendium Book

Trevor Kletz Compendium


  • Author : Andy Brazier
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-01-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128194485

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Trevor Kletz Compendium Excerpt :

Trevor Kletz has had a huge impact on the way people viewed accidents and safety, particularly in the process industries. His ideas were developed from nearly 40 years working in the chemical industry. When he retired from the field, he shared his experience and ideas widely in more than 15 books. Trevor Kletz Compendium: His Process Safety Wisdom Updated for a New Generation introduces Kletz’s stories and ideas and brings them up to date in this valuable resource that equips readers to manage process safety in every workplace. Topics covered in this book include inherent safety, safety studies, human factors and design. Learn the lessons from past accidents to make sure they don’t happen again. Focuses on understanding systems and learning from past accidents Describes approaches to safety that are practical and effective Provides an engineer’s perspective on safety

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis


  • Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-02-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118948712

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Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis Excerpt :

The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)practitioners. It explains the onion skin modeland in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the needfor non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. Itprovides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs)that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using theLOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for riskreductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e.administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. Itaddresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness andmaintain reliability for administrative controls or“inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human ReliabilityAnalysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits andAssessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA andSIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as thefollowing: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhancedmaintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but beforean incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting offthe pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closingblock valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dikepreventing contamination of groundwater (passive).

Environmental Law  Policy  and Economics Book

Environmental Law Policy and Economics


  • Author : Nicholas Askounes Ashford
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 1088
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262012386

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Environmental Law Policy and Economics Excerpt :

Traces important legal, economic, and scientific developments in the environmental field through an examination of environmental law cases and commentaties by leading scholars, focusing on pollution prevention and control and emphasizing the evaluation, design, and use of the law to stimulate technological change and industrial transformation. The past twenty-five years have seen a significant evolution in environmental policy, with new environmental legislation and substantive amendments to earlier laws, significant advances in environmental science, and changes in the treatment of science (and scientific uncertainty) by the courts. This book offers a detailed discussion of the important issues in environmental law, policy, and economics, tracing their development over the past few decades through an examination of environmental law cases and commentaries by leading scholars. The authors focus on pollution, addressing both pollution control and prevention, but also emphasize the evaluation, design, and use of the law to stimulate technical change and industrial transformation, arguing that there is a need to address broader issues of sustainable development. Environmental Law, Policy, and Economics, which grew out of courses taught by the authors at MIT, treats the traditional topics covered in most classes in environmental law and policy, including common law and administrative law concepts and the primary federal legislation. But it goes beyond these to address topics not often found in a single volume: the information-based obligations of industry, enforcement of environmental law, market-based and voluntary alternatives to traditional regulation, risk assessment, environmental economics, and technological innovation and diffusion. Countering arguments found in other texts that government should play a reduced role in environmental protection, this book argues that clear, stringent legal requirements--coupled with flexible means for meeting them--and meaningful