Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Gurbinder Kaur
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128174463

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Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Electrodes and Interconnects introduces the fundamental principles of intermediate solid oxide fuel cells technology. It provides the reader with a broad understanding and practical knowledge of the electrodes, pyrochlore/perovskite/oxide electrolytes and interconnects which form the backbone of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) unit. Opening with an introduction to the thermodynamics, physiochemical and electrochemical behavior of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the book also discusses specific materials, including low temperature brownmillerites and aurivillius electrolytes, as well as pyrochlore interconnects. This book analyzes the basic concepts, providing cutting-edge information for both researchers and students. It is a complete reference for Intermediate Solid Oxide Fuel Cells technology that will be a vital resource for those working in materials science, fuel cells and solid state chemistry. Provides a single source of information on glass, electrolytes, interconnects, vanadates, pyrochlores and perovskite SOFC Includes illustrations that provide a clear visual explanation of concepts being discussed Progresses from a discussion of basic concepts that will enable readers to easily comprehend the subject matter

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Zongping Shao
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-09-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662529362

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Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

This book discusses recent advances in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs), focusing on material development and design, mechanism study, reaction kinetics and practical applications. It consists of five chapters presenting different types of reactions and materials employed in electrolytes, cathodes, anodes, interconnects and sealants for IT-SOFCs. It also includes two chapters highlighting new aspects of these solid oxide fuel cells and exploring their practical applications. This insightful and useful book appeals to a wide readership in various fields, including solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemistry, membranes and ceramics. Zongping Shao is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering and the College of Energy, Nanjing University of Technology, China. Moses O. Tade is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Australia.

Energy Storage and Conversion Materials Book

Energy Storage and Conversion Materials


  • Author : Stephen Skinner
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2019-11-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788010900

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Energy Storage and Conversion Materials Excerpt :

Showcasing recent developments in inorganic materials in an area of societal interest and importance, this book provides an up-to-date introduction to the contemporary use of functional solids in emerging technologies. Energy Storage and Conversion Materials describes the application of inorganic materials in the storage and conversion of energy, with an emphasis on how solid-state chemistry allows development of new functional solids for energy applications. Dedicated chapters cover co-electrolysis, low temperature fuel cells, oxide thermoelectric devices for energy conversion, solid-state Li batteries and thermochemical energy conversion. Edited and written by world-renowned scientists, this book will provide a comprehensive introduction for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers wishing to learn about the topic.

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book

Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Roberto Bove
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-04-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402069956

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Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

This book fills the need for a practical reference for all scientists and graduate students who are seeking to define a mathematical model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) simulation. Structured in two parts, part one presents the basic theory, and the general equations describing SOFC operation phenomena. Part two deals with the application of the theory to practical examples, where different SOFC geometries, configurations, and different phenomena are analyzed in detail.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  Fundamentals  Design and Applications Book

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications


  • Author : S.C. Singhal
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-12-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080508085

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High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications Excerpt :

High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). SOFCs are the most efficient devices for the electrochemical conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity, and have been gaining increasing attention for clean and efficient distributed power generation. The book explains the operating principle, cell component materials, cell and stack designs and fabrication processes, cell and stack performance, and applications of SOFCs. Individual chapters are written by internationally renowned authors in their respective fields, and the text is supplemented by a large number of references for further information. The book is primarily intended for use by researchers, engineers, and other technical people working in the field of SOFCs. Even though the technology is advancing at a very rapid pace, the information contained in most of the chapters is fundamental enough for the book to be useful even as a text for SOFC technology at the graduate level.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Tatsumi Ishihara
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-06-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 0387777083

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Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development Book

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:727357366

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Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development Excerpt :

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are high efficiency energy conversion devices. Present materials set, using yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte, limit the cell operating temperatures to 800 C or higher. It has become increasingly evident however that lowering the operating temperature would provide a more expeditious route to commercialization. The advantages of intermediate temperature (600 to 800 C) operation are related to both economic and materials issues. Lower operating temperature allows the use of low cost materials for the balance of plant and limits degradation arising from materials interactions. When the SOFC operating temperature is in the range of 600 to 700 C, it is also possible to partially reform hydrocarbon fuels within the stack providing additional system cost savings by reducing the air preheat heat-exchanger and blower size. The promise of Sr and Mg doped lanthanum gallate (LSGM) electrolyte materials, based on their high ionic conductivity and oxygen transference number at the intermediate temperature is well recognized. The focus of the present project was two-fold: (a) Identify a cell fabrication technique to achieve the benefits of lanthanum gallate material, and (b) Investigate alternative cathode materials that demonstrate low cathode polarization losses at the intermediate temperature. A porous matrix supported, thin film cell configuration was fabricated. The electrode material precursor was infiltrated into the porous matrix and the counter electrode was screen printed. Both anode and cathode infiltration produced high performance cells. Comparison of the two approaches showed that an infiltrated cathode cells may have advantages in high fuel utilization operations. Two new cathode materials were evaluated. Northwestern University investigated LSGM-ceria composite cathode while Caltech evaluated Ba-Sr-Co-Fe (BSCF) based pervoskite cathode. Both cathode materials showed lower polarization losses at temperatures as low as 600 C

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells  Facts and Figures Book

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures


  • Author : John T.S. Irvine
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-11-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447144564

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Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures Excerpt :

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operate at high temperatures allowing more fuel flexibility and also useful heat output and so increase total efficiency, but does give some interesting engineering challenges. Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures provides clear and accurate data for a selection of SOFC topics from the specific details of Ni cermet anodes, chemical expansion in materials, and the measuring and modelling of mechanical stresses, to the broader scope of the history and present design of cells, to SOFC systems and the future of SOFC. Celebrating Ulf Bossel’s work on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, and especially his running of the European Fuel Cell Forum, Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures covers important topics on the way including intermediate temperature fuel cells, metal supported fuel cells and both new materials and engineering solutions to some of the challenges of getting SOFC to market. The chapters are based on the special plenary talks given by some of the most respected and talented people in the field at the 2010 European SOFC Forum in Luzern and the title for this book comes from the report produced by Ulf for the IEA “Final Report on SOFC Data, Facts and Figures”, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne, 1992. The comprehensive nature of Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures makes it a key resource of SOFC topics for students, lecturers, researchers and industry practitioners alike.

Development of New Materials for Intermediate temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book

Development of New Materials for Intermediate temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Christophe T. G. Petit
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:966928108

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Development of New Materials for Intermediate temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

In this thesis, the main focus of the work is the development of novel materials for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) with an aim of showing suitability and compatibility with fuel cell system environment. Fuel cell fabrication was briefly encountered to test appropriateness with existing fuel cell element standards (yttrium-doped zirconia as electrolyte for high temperature operation and gadoliniumdoped ceria for IT-SOFCs) but due to the lack of appropriate component, extensive tests to determine full potential were not carried out. Methods such as solid-state reaction and sol-gel process were adopted for the synthesis of the materials and solid-solution limits were determined for the orthovanadate compounds studied. These latter were then reduced to their metavanadate counterpart in order to establish a possible cyclability between the two oxygenated forms that could be exploited in fuel cell mechanisms. Doped version of the former and latter with alkaline-earth elements were found to greatly increase stability and conductive behaviour while maintaining appropriate densification through the formation of closed pores in the orthovanadate structure allowing the metavanadate to benefit from increased conductance. Electrolyte studies were also carried out based on doped barium yttrium cerate/zirconate structures however compounds synthesised exhibited inappropriate properties for use in IT-SOFCs despite some interesting behaviours that would be a benefit in high-temperature electrolysers.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Bin Zhu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-06-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527344116

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Presents innovative approaches towards affordable, highly efficient, and reliable sustainable energy systems Written by leading experts on the subject, this book provides not only a basic introduction and understanding of conventional fuel cell principle, but also an updated view of the most recent developments in this field. It focuses on the new energy conversion technologies based on both electrolyte and electrolyte-free fuel cells?from advanced novel ceria-based composite electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells to non-electrolyte fuel cells as advanced fuel-to-electricity conversion technology. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices is divided into three parts. Part I covers the latest developments of anode, electrolyte, and cathode materials as well as the SOFC technologies. Part II discusses the non-electrolyte or semiconductor-based membrane fuel cells. Part III focuses on engineering efforts on materials, technology, devices and stack developments, and looks at various applications and new opportunities of SOFC using both the electrolyte and non-electrolyte principles, including integrated fuel cell systems with electrolysis, solar energy, and more. -Offers knowledge on how to realize highly efficient fuel cells with novel device structures -Shows the opportunity to transform the future fuel cell markets and the possibility to commercialize fuel cells in an extended range of applications -Presents a unique collection of contributions on the development of solid oxide fuel cells from electrolyte based to non-electrolyte-based technology -Provides a more comprehensive understanding of the advances in fuel cells and bridges the knowledge from traditional SOFC to the new concept -Allows readers to track the development from the conventional SOFC to the non-electrolyte or single-component fuel cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices will serve as an important reference work to

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology


  • Author : K Huang
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-07-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845696511

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Excerpt :

High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characteriz

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability Book

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability


  • Author : Nigel Brandon
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128097243

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability Excerpt :

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability: Critical Challenges in Fuel Cells presents in one volume the most recent research that aims at solving key issues for the deployment of SOFC at a commercial scale and for a wider range of applications. To achieve that, authors from different regions and backgrounds address topics such as electrolytes, contaminants, redox cycling, gas-tight seals, and electrode microstructure. Lifetime issues for particular elements of the fuel cells, like cathodes, interconnects, and fuel processors, are covered as well as new materials. They also examine the balance of SOFC plants, correlations between structure and electrochemical performance, methods for analysis of performance and degradation assessment, and computational and statistical approaches to quantify degradation. For its holistic approach, this book can be used both as an introduction to these issues and a reference resource for all involved in research and application of solid oxide fuel cells, especially those developing understanding in industrial applications of the lifetime issues. This includes researchers in academia and industrial R&D, graduate students and professionals in energy engineering, electrochemistry, and materials sciences for energy applications. It might also be of particular interest to analysts who are looking into integrating SOFCs into energy systems. Brings together in a single volume leading research and expert thinking around the broad topic of SOFC lifetime and durability Explores issues that affect solid oxide fuel cells elements, materials, and systems with a holistic approach Provides a practical reference for overcoming some of the common failure mechanisms of SOFCs Features coverage of integrating SOFCs into energy systems

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells


  • Author : Meng Ni
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2013-08-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781849737777

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Excerpt :

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising electrochemical power generation devices that can convert chemical energy of a fuel into electricity in an efficient, environmental-friendly, and quiet manner. Due to their high operating temperature, SOFCs feature fuel flexibility as internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels and ammonia thermal cracking can be realized in SOFC anode. This book presents an overview of the SOFC technology with a focus on the recent developments in new technologies and new ideas for addressing the key issues of SOFC development. This book first introduces the fundamental principles of SOFCs and compares SOFC technology with conventional heat engines as well as low temperature fuel cells. Then the latest developments in SOFC R&D are reviewed and future directions are discussed. Key issues related to SOFC performance improvement, long-term stability, mathematical modelling, as well as system integration/control are addressed, including material development, infiltration technique for nano-structured electrode fabrication, focused ion beam – scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique for microstructure reconstruction, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation at pore scale, multi-scale modelling, SOFC integration with buildings and other cycles for stationary applications.

Perovskite Materials Book

Perovskite Materials


  • Author : Likun Pan
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-02-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535122456

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Perovskite Materials Excerpt :

The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.