Interpreting Aerial Photographs to Identify Natural Hazards Book

Interpreting Aerial Photographs to Identify Natural Hazards


  • Author : Charles E. Glass
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-08-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124200289

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Interpreting Aerial Photographs to Identify Natural Hazards Excerpt :

Authored by a world-renowned aerial photography and remote sensing expert, Geographic Aerial Photography: Identifying Earth-Surface Hazards Through Image Interpretation is the most practical and authoritative reference available for any professional or student looking for a reference on how to recognize, analyze, interpret and avoid – or successfully plan for – dangerous contingencies. Whether they are related to natural terrain, geology, vegetation, hydrology or land use patterns – it’s critical for you to be able to recognize dangerous conditions when and where they exist. Failure to adequately recognize and characterize geomorphic, geologic, and hydrologic dangers on the ground using aerial photography is one of the major factors contributing to due to natural hazards and disasters, damage to architectural structures, and often the subsequent loss of human life as a result. Aerial photographs provide one of the most prevalent, inexpensive and under-utilized tools to those with the knowledge and expertise to interpret them. Authored by one of the world’s experts in aerial photography and remote sensing, with more than 35 years of experience in research and instruction Features more than 100 color photographs to vividly explore the fundamental principles of aerial photography Chapter tables underscore key concepts including channel size and shape characteristics, image scales, reverse fault values, and strike-slip fault systems

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics Based Medical Applications Book

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics Based Medical Applications


  • Author : Suresh Sagadevan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-07-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323858250

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Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics Based Medical Applications Excerpt :

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics-based Medical Applications reviews recent advances in metal oxides and their mechanisms for optoelectronic, photoluminescent and medical applications. In addition, the book examines the integration of key chemistry concepts with nanoelectronics that can improve performance in a diverse range of applications. Sections place a strong emphasis on synthesis processes that can improve the metal oxides’ physical properties and the reflected surface chemical changes that can impact their performance in various devices like light-emitting diodes, luminescence materials, solar cells, etc. Finally, the book discusses the challenges associated with the handling and maintenance of metal oxides crystalline properties. This book will be suitable for academics and those working in R&D in industry looking to learn more about cheaper and more effective methods to produce metal oxides for use in the fields of electronics, photonics, biophotonics and engineering. Reviews the latest advances in the utilization of metal oxide materials in photonics, optoelectronics and optics-based medical applications Considers the most relevant synthesis strategies for the development of high-performing metal oxide-based devices Addresses a wide range of metal oxides including photonic crystals, fibers, metastructures, glasses, and more

Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards Book

Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards


  • Author : Alberto Carrara
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401584043

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Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards Excerpt :

The 16 contributions to Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards report on GIS investigations into landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and groundwater pollution hazards. Current methods for predicting extreme events are critically discussed, the emphasis being on the intrinsic complexity of this type of operation, requiring many spatial data, long historical records and sound models of the physical processes involved. Within this context, the potentials and limitations of GIS are addressed in terms of data acquisition, spatial data structures and modelling for simulation of the causal phenomena. Geographic Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards will help investigators in both public and private institutions to evaluate the actual effectiveness of GIS in coping with natural disasters, and to develop new strategies for projects aimed at the assessment and mitigation of the effects of such catastrophic events.

Aerial Photographs in Geologic Interpretation and Mapping Book

Aerial Photographs in Geologic Interpretation and Mapping


  • Author : Richard Godfrey Ray
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1960
  • Genre: Aerial photography
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015015210373

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Aerial Photographs in Geologic Interpretation and Mapping Excerpt :

The use of aerial photographs to obtain qualitative and quantitative geologic information, and instrument procedures employed in compiling geologic data from aerial photographs.

Natural Disasters Book

Natural Disasters


  • Author : P. A. Merriman
  • Publisher : Thomas Telford
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN 10 : 072771936X

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Natural Disasters Excerpt :

It has been estimated that, as a result of natural disasters, during the 1970s and 1980s three million lives were lost worldwide, the number of disasters increased threefold, the economic losses per decade almost doubled and the insurance losses quadrupled. In the light of these figures, the United Nations proclaimed the 1990s as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction and this book focuses on the British contribution to the Decade and is supplemented by papers from America, Asia, Europe and Africa.

Prediction and Perception of Natural Hazards Book

Prediction and Perception of Natural Hazards


  • Author : J. Nemec
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401581905

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Prediction and Perception of Natural Hazards Excerpt :

This collection of articles provides a unique overview of the state of the science in the prediction of and response to natural disaster events. The uniqueness of this volume is that it comprises more than just the physical science perspective. For each natural hazard included in this text, social scientists have provided research summaries of how public perceptions are related to the actions that are likely to be undertaken when people are confronted with information about the existence of a natural hazard threat. In this book the reader can find a truly international characterization of both hazard perception and prediction. The American and European contributors provide state-of-the-science overviews of empirically-based research knowledge that expands beyond any national boundaries. This approach has resulted in broader understanding of what is currently known about predicting natural hazard events and predicting how those events, or warnings of them, will be responded to by different types of societies.

Aerial Photography and Image Interpretation Book

Aerial Photography and Image Interpretation


  • Author : David P. Paine
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-02-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118112649

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Aerial Photography and Image Interpretation Excerpt :

The new, completely updated edition of the aerial photography classic Extensively revised to address today's technological advances, Aerial Photography and Image Interpretation, Third Edition offers a thorough survey of the technology, techniques, processes, and methods used to create and interpret aerial photographs. The new edition also covers other forms of remote sensing with topics that include the most current information on orthophotography (including digital), soft copy photogrammetry, digital image capture and interpretation, GPS, GIS, small format aerial photography, statistical analysis and thematic mapping errors, and more. A basic introduction is also given to nonphotographic and space-based imaging platforms and sensors, including Landsat, lidar, thermal, and multispectral. This new Third Edition features: Additional coverage of the specialized camera equipment used in aerial photography A strong focus on aerial photography and image interpretation, allowing for a much more thorough presentation of the techniques, processes, and methods than is possible in the broader remote sensing texts currently available Straightforward, user-friendly writing style Expanded coverage of digital photography Test questions and summaries for quick review at the end of each chapter Written in a straightforward style supplemented with hundreds of photographs and illustrations, Aerial Photography and Image Interpretation, Third Edition is the most in-depth resource for undergraduate students and professionals in such fields as forestry, geography, environmental science, archaeology, resource management, surveying, civil and environmental engineering, natural resources, and agriculture.

Atlas of Structural Geological and Geomorphological Interpretation of Remote Sensing Images Book

Atlas of Structural Geological and Geomorphological Interpretation of Remote Sensing Images


  • Author : Achyuta Ayan Misra
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2023-01-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119813354

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Atlas of Structural Geological and Geomorphological Interpretation of Remote Sensing Images Excerpt :

ATLAS OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGICAL AND GEOMORPHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF REMOTE SENSING IMAGES An extensive compilation of case studies in structural geology and geomorphology for interpreting remotely sensed images In the Atlas of Structural Geological and Geomorphological Interpretation of Remote Sensing Images, a team of experts delivers an extensive collection of over 20 different examples of structural geological and geomorphological studies by remote sensing. The book demonstrates how to properly interpret geological features and gather robust and reliable information from remote sensing images. This atlas contains high-quality colour images that depict a diversity of structures and geomorphic features from different tectonic regimes and geographic localities in the Americas, Europe, and Australasia. While its primary emphasis is on structural geology, geomorphology is considered in some depth as well. The examples also cover geological hazards, including volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Readers will also find: A thorough introduction to the background of remote sensing, including foundational concepts and the classification of remote sensing based on data type, source, platform and imaging media Comprehensive discussions of geomorphology, including explorations of lava fissures, badlands and beaches In-depth explorations of structural geology, including discussions of deformation bands, fault lines and earthquake effects Several examples of how to trace hydrological processes such as glacier retreat, changes in drainage patterns and bar formation Perfect for advanced students and researchers in the geoscience community, Atlas of Structural Geological and Geomorphological Interpretation of Remote Sensing Images will also earn a place in the libraries of practicing professionals with an interest in the interpretation of remote sensing images.

Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation Book

Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation


  • Author : Prashant K. Srivastava
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-05-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119359180

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Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation Excerpt :

A comprehensive guide to managing and mitigating natural disasters Recent years have seen a surge in the number, frequency, and severity of natural disasters, with further increases expected as the climate continues to change. However, advanced computational and geospatial technologies have enabled the development of sophisticated early warning systems and techniques to predict, manage, and mitigate disasters.Techniques for Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation explores different approaches to forecasting disasters and provides guidance on mitigation and adaptation strategies. Volume highlights include: Review of current and emerging technologies for disaster prediction Different approaches to risk management and mitigation Strategies for implementing disaster plans and infrastructure improvements Guidance on integrating artificial intelligence with GIS and earth observation data Examination of the regional and global impacts of disasters under climate variability

Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides Book

Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides


  • Author : Kyoji Sassa
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-16
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319594699

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Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume contains peer-reviewed papers from the Fourth World Landslide Forum organized by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL), the Global Promotion Committee of the International Programme on Landslides (IPL), University of Ljubljana (UL) and Geological Survey of Slovenia in Ljubljana, Slovenia from May 29 to June 2, 2017. The complete collection of papers from the Forum is published in five full-color volumes. Thisfirst volume contains the following: • Three forum lectures • Background and Content of the Sendai Partnerships 2015–2025 • Contribution from the signatory organizations of the Sendai Partnerships • Landslide Dynamics: ISDR-ICL Landslide Interactive Teaching Tools (LIT T) • Progress of the World Report on Landslides (WRL) • International Programme on Landslides (IPL): Objects, History and List of WCoE/IPL projects • UNESCO-KU-ICL UNITIWIN Network supporting IPL • Landslides: Journal of International Consortium on Landslides • International Programme on Landslides (IPL): WCoEs and IPL Projects • Landslides and Society Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He is Executive Director of ICL and the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Matjaž Mikoš is the Forum Chair of the Fourth World Landslide Forum. He is the Vice President of International Consortium on Landslides and President of the Slovenian National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. Prof. Yueping Yin is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides and the Chairman of the Committee of Geo-Hazards Prevention of China, and the Chief Geologist of Geo-Hazard Emergency Technology, Ministry of Land and Resources, P.R. China. IPL (International Programme on Landslides) is a programme of the ICL. The programme is managed by the IPL Global Promotion Committee including ICL and ICL supporting org

Mapping Hazardous Terrain Using Remote Sensing Book

Mapping Hazardous Terrain Using Remote Sensing


  • Author : R. M. Teeuw
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 1862392293

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Mapping Hazardous Terrain Using Remote Sensing Excerpt :

The dangers that we face from geohazards appear to be getting worse, especially with the impact of increasing population and global climate change. This collection of papers illustrates how remote sensing technologies - measuring, mapping and monitoring the Earth's surface from aircraft or satellites - can help us to rapidly detect and better manage geohazards. The hazardous terrains examined include areas of landslides, flooding, erosion, contaminated land, shrink-swell clays, subsidence, seismic activity and volcanic landforms. Key aspects of remote sensing are introduced, making this a book that can easily be read by those who are unfamiliar with remote sensing. The featured remote sensing systems include aerial photography and photogrammetry, thermal scanning, hyperspectral sensors, airborne laser altimetry (LiDAR), radar interferometry and multispectral satellites (Landsat, ASTER). Related technologies and methodologies, such as the processing of Digital Elevation Models and data analysis using Geographical Information Systems, are also discussed.

Geologic Maps Book

Geologic Maps


  • Author : Edgar W. Spencer
  • Publisher : Waveland Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN 10 : 9781478636533

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Geologic Maps Excerpt :

Geologic maps supply a wealth of information about the surface and shallow subsurface of the earth. The types of materials that are present in a location and the three-dimensional structure of the bedrock both can be gleaned from a clearly prepared geologic map. Geologists, civil and environmental engineers, land-use planners, soil scientists, and geographers commonly use geologic maps as a source of information to facilitate problem solving and identify the qualities of a region. Maps reveal the position of many types of natural hazards, indicate the suitability of the land surface for various uses, reveal problems that may be encountered in excavation, provide clues to the natural processes that shape an area, and help locate important natural resources. Suitable for lab courses in structural geology as well as field geology work, Spencer describes representative examples of features found on geologic maps and outlines procedures for interpretation and projection. Geometric techniques are explained using a step-by-step approach. Coverage of mapping methods includes tools that provide necessary data, such as Google Earth, GPS, GIS, LiDAR maps, drones, and aerial photographs. Challenging and engaging exercises throughout the text involve students in the mapping process and stimulate an appreciation of the extent and precision of information presented in geologic maps. Regional geology is an important component of lab and field mapping projects. As such, the Third Edition includes new maps of the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Plain, Rocky Mountain Front Range, Yellowstone region, Moab, Utah, Shenandoah National Park, and Hawai’i. A new chapter devoted to tectonic maps also broadens students’ exposure. Ed Spencer brings over 45 years of teaching experience to the text along with valuable insight and clarity into the interpretation and preparation of geologic maps.

The Dictionary of Physical Geography Book

The Dictionary of Physical Geography


  • Author : David S. G. Thomas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-07-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 627
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444313161

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The Dictionary of Physical Geography Excerpt :

The third edition of this comprehensive encyclopedic dictionary covers the whole field of physical geography and provides an essential reference for all students and lecturers in this field.

Advances in Natural Hazards and Hydrological Risks  Meeting the Challenge Book

Advances in Natural Hazards and Hydrological Risks Meeting the Challenge


  • Author : Francisco Fernandes
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030343972

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Advances in Natural Hazards and Hydrological Risks Meeting the Challenge Excerpt :

This book gathers the proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Natural Hazards (NATHAZ'19), held in Lajes do Pico, Pico Island, Azores in 2019. Natural hazards constitute the threat of a naturally occurring event having a negative effect on human beings. These effects are often called natural disasters. Among the natural hazards and potential disasters to be considered are: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, subsidence, floods, droughts and coastal erosion. In addition, there are anthropogenic hazards that occur as a result of human interactions with the environment. They include technological hazards, which occur due to exposure to hazardous substances in the environment. Grasping the behaviour of natural systems requires a comprehensive understanding of climatology, geology and hydrology data and dynamics. Thus, it is important to conduct hazard and risk assessment studies for meaningful hazard mitigation. Further, the book demonstrates that an accurate understanding of natural systems and interactions between engineering and natural resources is of vital significance to the entire socio-economic sector. This volume offers an overview of natural hazards in model regions in Europe, America, and Atlantic islands. Providing new insights on the characterisation, assessment, protection and modelling of geological hazards, water systems, urban areas and coastal zones, it represents a valuable resource for all researchers and practitioners in the fields of Geosciences, Hydrology, Water Resources, Natural Hazards, Environments and Engineering. Main topics include:1. Natural Hazards and Disasters2. Sustainable Water Systems and Climate Change3. Technological Hazards and Engineering Design