Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book

Introduction to Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Brian L. Murphy
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124047075

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Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book Description :

The third edition of Introduction to Environmental Forensics is a state-of-the-art reference for the practicing environmental forensics consultant, regulator, student, academic, and scientist, with topics including compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA), advanced multivariate statistical techniques, surrogate approaches for contaminant source identification and age dating, dendroecology, hydrofracking, releases from underground storage tanks and piping, and contaminant-transport modeling for forensic applications. Recognized international forensic scientists were selected to author chapters in their specific areas of expertise and case studies are included to illustrate the application of these methods in actual environmental forensic investigations. This edition provides updates on advances in various techniques and introduces several new topics. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of environmental forensics Coverage ranges from emerging statistical methods to state-of-the-art analytical techniques, such as gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry and polytopic vector analysis Numerous examples and case studies are provided to illustrate the application of these forensic techniques in environmental investigations

Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book

Introduction to Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Brian L. Murphy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-05-01
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 776
  • ISBN 10 : 0080478670

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Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book Description :

Introduction to Environmental Forensics helps readers unravel the complexities of environmental pollution cases. It outlines techniques for identifying the source of a contaminant release, when the release occurred, and the extent of human exposure. Written by leading experts in environmental investigations, the text provides detailed information on chemical "fingerprinting" techniques applicable to ground water, soils, sediments, and air, plus an in-depth look at petroleum hydrocarbons. It gives the environmental scientist, engineer, and legal specialist a complete toolbox for conducting forensic investigations. It demonstrates the range of scientific analyses that are available to answer questions of environmental liability and support a legal argument, and provides several examples and case studies to illustrate how these methods are applied. This is a textbook that would prove useful to a range of disciplines, including environmental scientists involved in water and air pollution, contaminated land and geographical information systems; and archaeologists, hydrochemists and geochemists interested in dating sources of pollution. Co-edited by one of the experts from the Civil Action case in Woburn, MA Provides essential information about identifying environmental contaminants responsible for millions of deaths per year Contains the latest information and coverage of issues crucial to both forensics investigators and environmental scientists

Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book

Introduction to Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Brian Murphy
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015054271682

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Introduction to Environmental Forensics Book Description :

Introduction to Environmental Forensics, Second Edition, is a complete reference for the practicing environmental forensics expert, with topics ranging from emerging statistical methods to state-of-the-art analytical techniques, such as gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry and polytopic vector analysis. This exciting reference prepared by leading international experts provides the reader with techniques for identifying the source of a contaminant release, identifying when the release occurred and the extent of human exposure. Numerous examples and case studies are provided to illustrate the application of these forensic techniques in environmental investigations. Sources of potential bias and misapplication of these techniques are also presented.

Practical Environmental Forensics Book

Practical Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Patrick J. Sullivan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2001-07-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 0471437654

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Practical Environmental Forensics Book Description :

A comprehensive practical guide to environmental forensics With real-world examples and advice on both scientific and legal issues, Practical Environmental Forensics stands on the front line of this new interdisciplinary approach to the environmental litigation process. Compiled by experts with decades of combined experience in teaching, research, consulting, and litigation, it is the first book to offer a comprehensive presentation of environmental forensics.The first section provides an introduction to the forensic process, a historical perspective on pollution, and related laws and insurance issues. The book continues with a review of the most commonly used technical approaches and methods employed to support forensic litigation case issues. A third section introduces essential environmental forensic support functions, including admissibility of evidence, expert case management, and the use of mediation methods in settling cases. Finally, the book explores the environmental forensic process through an extensive body of real case studies in which the authors have participated. This comprehensive guidebook includes: * Guidance in the development and presentation of forensic opinions within the litigation process * Stand-alone applications of historical research, groundwater contaminant modeling, chemical fingerprinting, toxicology, and risk assessment to environmental litigation * Chemical and investigative forensic methods presented within the context of environmental forensic case histories * Illustrative problem-solving as an invaluable teaching and learning resource * Typical forensic cases grouped to illustrate the three main areas of environmental litigation: minimizing damages to clients, allocating damages between responsible parties, and resolution of insurance-related issues For engineers, scientists, attorneys, government regulators, financial and real estate professionals, and the broad spectrum of environmental consultants, this book is critical for al

Environmental Forensics Book

Environmental Forensics


  • Author : International Network of Environmental Forensics. Conference
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN 10 : 9781847552587

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Environmental Forensics Book Description :

This professionally edited and well organized book is the first in a series which will archive key presentations from the annual conferences sponsored by the Society of Environmental Forensics.

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Book

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Scott Stout
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1142
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128039021

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Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Book Description :

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics: Fingerprinting and Source Identification, Second Edition, provides users with the latest information on the tools and methods that have become popular over the past ten years. The book presents practitioners with the latest environmental forensics techniques and best practices for quickly identifying the sources of spills, how to form an effective response, and how to determine liability. This second edition represents a complete overhaul of the existing chapters, and includes 13 new chapters on methods and applications, such as emerging application of PAHi isomers in oil spill forensics, development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices. Contains 13 new chapters on methods and applications, including emerging application of PAH isomers in oil drill forensics, the development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and the fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices Presents the latest technology and methods in biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons and its implications for source identification, surface trajectory modeling of marine oil spills, and identification of hydrocarbons in biological samples for source determination Contains new case studies to illustrate key applications, methods, and techniques

Environmental Forensics Book

Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-08-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080494784

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Environmental Forensics Book Description :

Environmental forensics is the application of scientific techniques for the purpose of identifying the source and age of a contaminant. Over the past several years, this study has been expanding as a course of study in academia, government and commercial markets. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are among the governmental agencies that utilize the study of environmental forensics to ensure national security and to ensure that companies are complying with standards. Even the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a group supported by the European Commission and the World Bank, utilizes the study of environmental forensics as it applies to terror threats. This title is a hands-on guide for environmental scientists, engineers, consultants and industrial scientists to identify the origin and age of a contaminant in the environment and the issues involved in the process. An expansion of the authors’ first title with Academic Press, Introduction to Environmental Forensics, this is a state-of-the-art reference for those exploring the scientific techniques available. Up-to-date compendium for referencing forensic techniques unique to particular contaminants. International scientific unit system Contributors from around the world providing international examples and case studies.

Environmental Forensics Book

Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1999-09-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 1420050621

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Environmental Forensics Book Description :

Offering state-of-the-art techniques for both attorneys and environmental scientists, Environmental Forensics: Principles and Applications discusses non-chemical methods such as corrosion modeling, inventory reconciliation, and aerial photography interpretation. The book also covers chemical fingerprinting used to identify the origin and age of a contaminant release- relevant techniques include the use of radioactive isotope analysis, degradation modeling based on half-lives, and fuel additives such as MTBE. Environmental Forensics provides case study examples of environmental trial exhibits. It covers misused techniques that can bias the scientific validity of a trial exhibit, such as scale exaggeration, use of statistical manipulation, data contouring, and selective presentation. Detailed information is provided for identifying and interpreting those portions of environmental reports that are "target rich" sources of scientific biases. These include the identification of false positive, false negative and the intentional manipulation of environmental data that occurs primarily in the sample collection process.

Environmental Forensics Book

Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Robert D. Morrison
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 541
  • ISBN 10 : 9780125077514

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Environmental Forensics Book Description :

Environmental forensics is the application of scientific techniques for the purpose of identifying the source and age of a contaminant. Over the past several years, this study has been expanding as a course of study in academia, government and commercial markets. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are among the governmental agencies that utilize the study of environmental forensics to ensure national security and to ensure that companies are complying with standards. Even the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE), a group supported by the European Commission and the World Bank, utilizes the study of environmental forensics as it applies to terror threats. This title is a hands-on guide for environmental scientists, engineers, consultants and industrial scientists to identify the origin and age of a contaminant in the environment and the issues involved in the process. An expansion of the authors' first title with Academic Press, Introduction to Environmental Forensics, this is a state-of-the-art reference for those exploring the scientific techniques available. * Up-to-date compendium for referencing forensic techniques unique to particular contaminants. * International scientific unit system * Contributors from around the world providing international examples and case studies.

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants Book

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants


  • Author : Gwen O'Sullivan
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-11-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444594518

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Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants Book Description :

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Microbial Forensics Book

Microbial Forensics


  • Author : Bruce Budowle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-30
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128153802

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Microbial Forensics Book Description :

Microbial Forensics, Third Edition, serves as a complete reference on the discipline, describing the advances, challenges and opportunities that are integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. New chapters include: Microbial Source Tracking, Clinical Recognition, Bioinformatics, and Quality Assurance. This book is intended for a wide audience, but will be indispensable to forensic scientists and researchers interested in contributing to the growing field of microbial forensics. Biologists and microbiologists, the legal and judicial system, and the international community involved with Biological Weapons Treaties will also find this volume invaluable. Presents new and expanded content that includes a statistical analysis of forensic data, legal admissibility and standards of evidence Discusses actual cases of forensic bioterrorism Includes contributions from editors and authors who are leading experts in the field, with primary experience in the application of this fast-growing discipline

Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics Book

Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics


  • Author : Henk Kars
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-09-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319331157

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Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics Book Description :

This introductory volume to a new series on Soil Forensics gives a kaleidoscopic view of a developing forensic expertise. Forensic practitioners and academic researchers demonstrate, by their joint contributions, the extent and complexity of soil forensics. their reports exemplify the broad range of sciences and techniques applied in all stages of forensic soil examinations, from investigations at crime scenes to providing evidence that can be used in court proceedings. Moreover the necessity is depicted of co-operation as a condition for any work in soil forensics between scientists of different disciplines, but no less between scientists and law enforcers.Soils play a role in environmental crimes and liability, as trace evidence in criminal investigations and, when searching for and evaluating, buried human remains. This book shows soil forensics as practiced in this legal context, emerging and solidifying in many countries all over the world, differing in some respects because of differences in legal systems but ultimately sharing common grounds.

Introduction to Forensic Engineering Book

Introduction to Forensic Engineering


  • Author : Randall K. Noon
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-24
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000099232

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Introduction to Forensic Engineering Book Description :

Forensic engineering is generally defined as the application of engineering principles and methodology to answer questions of fact that may have legal ramifications. This new book provides an introduction to the science, methodology, and engineering principles involved in the diagnosis of some common types of accidents and failures, such as fires, explosions, automobile accidents, storm damage, industrial accidents, slips and falls, arson, water pipe damage and more. Each chapter stands alone and can be read without reference to the others. The chapters have been written so that non-technical professionals can easily digest the information and immediately apply it. The book will also be useful to technical professionals who are unfamiliar with particular investigative methodology or technical points of interest. Introduction to Forensic Engineering will benefit lawyers, insurance investigators, engineers, and other professionals who must handle investigative and legal aspects of accidents or failures.

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics Book
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Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics


  • Author : Karl Ritz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-12-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 519
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402092046

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Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics Book Description :

Soils have important roles to play in criminal and environmental forensic science. Since the initial concept of using soil in forensic investigations was mooted by Conan Doyle in his Sherlock Holmes stories prior to real-world applications, this branch of forensic science has become increasingly sophisticated and broad. New techniques in chemical, physical, biological, ecological and spatial analysis, coupled with informatics, are being applied to reducing areas of search by investigators, site identification, site comparison and measurement for the eventual use as evidence in court. Soils can provide intelligence, in assisting the determination of the provenance of samples from artifacts, victims or suspects, enabling their linkage to locations or other evidence. They also modulate change in surface or buried cadavers and hence affect the ability to estimate post-mortem or post-burial intervals, and locate clandestine graves. This interdisciplinary volume explores the conceptual and practical interplay of soil and geoforensics across the scientific, investigative and legal fields. Supported by reviews, case-studies from across the world, and reports of original research, it demonstrates the increasing convergence of a wide range of knowledge. It covers conceptual issues, evidence (from recovery to use in court), geoforensics, taphonomy, as well as leading-edge technologies. The application of the resultant soil forensics toolbox is leading to significant advances in improving crime detection, and environmental and national security.

Chlorinated Solvents Book

Chlorinated Solvents


  • Author : Robert D Morrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2015-11-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782626077

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Chlorinated Solvents Book Description :

Environmental forensics is emerging and evolving into a recognized scientific discipline with numerous applications, especially regarding chlorinated solvents. This unique book provides the reader with a concise compilation of information regarding the use of environmental forensic techniques for age dating and identification of the source of a chlorinated solvent release. Concentrating on the five commonly encountered chlorinated solvents (perchloroethylene, trichloroethylene, methyl chloroform, carbon tetrachloride and CFC-113), forensic opportunities applicable to each are presented including the use of stabilizers, manufacturing impurities, surrogate chemicals and physical measurements and degradation products as diagnostic indicators. Detailed historical chronology of the applications of the solvents and specific chapters devoted to dry cleaning and vapor degreasing equipment are included as are generic forensic approaches. Forming a basis for further ideas in the evolution of environmental forensic techniques, Chlorinated Solvents will be an indispensable reference tool for researchers, regulators and analysts in the field.

Analytical Chemistry of Uranium Book

Analytical Chemistry of Uranium


  • Author : Zeev Karpas
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482220582

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Analytical Chemistry of Uranium Book Description :

Accurate uranium analysis, and particularly for isotope measurements, is essential in many fields, including environmental studies, geology, hydrogeology, the nuclear industry, health physics, and homeland security. Nevertheless, only a few scientific books are dedicated to uranium in general and analytical chemistry aspects in particular. Analytical Chemistry of Uranium: Environmental, Forensic, Nuclear, and Toxicological Applications covers the fascinating advances in the field of analytical chemistry of uranium. Exploring a broad range of topics, the book focuses on the analytical aspects of industrial processes that involve uranium, its presence in the environment, health and biological implications of exposure to uranium compounds, and nuclear forensics. Topics include: Examples of procedures used to characterize uranium in environmental samples of soil, sediments, vegetation, water, and air Analytical methods used to examine the rigorous specifications of uranium and its compounds deployed in the nuclear fuel cycle Health aspects of exposure to uranium and the bioassays used for exposure assessment Up-to-date analytical techniques used in nuclear forensics for safeguards in support of non-proliferation, including single particle characterization Each chapter includes an overview of the topic and several examples to demonstrate the analytical procedures. This is followed by sample preparation, separation and purification techniques where necessary. The book supplies readers with a solid understanding of the analytical chemistry approach used today for characterizing the different facets of uranium, providing a good starting point for further investigation into this important element.

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies Book

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies


  • Author : Scott Stout
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2017-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128044353

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Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies Book Description :

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to “real-world oil spill case studies from around the globe. Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume. Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies addresses releases of natural gas/methane, automotive gasoline and other petroleum fuels, lubricants, vegetable oils, paraffin waxes, bitumen, manufactured gas plant residues, urban runoff, and, of course, crude oil, the latter ranging from light Bakken shale oil to heavy Canadian oil sands oil. New challenges surrounding forensic investigations of stray gas in the shallow subsurface, volatiles in air, dissolved chemicals in water (including passive samplers), and biological tissues associated with oil spills are included, as are the effects and long-term oil weathering, long-term monitoring in urbanized and non-urbanized environments, fate and transport, forensic historical research, new analytical and chemical data processing and interpretation methods. Presents cases in each chapter on the application of specific oil spill environmental forensic techniques Features chapters written by international experts from both academia and industry Includes relevant concepts and theories elucidated for each theme

Environmental Forensics Book

Environmental Forensics


  • Author : R E Hester
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2008-06-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN 10 : 9781847558343

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Environmental Forensics Book Description :

'Environmental forensics' is a combination of analytical and environmental chemistry, which is useful in the court room context. It therefore involves field analytical studies and both data interpretation and modelling connected with the attribution of pollution events to their causes. Recent decades have seen a burgeoning of legislation designed to protect the environment and, as the costs of environmental damage and clean-up are considerable, not only are there prosecutions by regulatory agencies, but the courts are also used as a means of adjudication of civil damage claims relating to environmental causes or environmental degradation. As a result is the increasing number of prosecutions of companies who have breached regulations for environmental protection and in civil claims relating to harm caused by excessive pollutant releases to the environment. Such cases can become extremely protracted as expert witnesses provide their sometimes conflicting interpretations of environmental measurement data and their meaning. It is in this context that environmental forensics is developing as a specialism, leading to greater formalisation of investigative methods which should lead to more definitive findings and less scope for experts to disagree. Now a significant subject in its own right, at least one journal devoted to the field and a number of degree courses have sprung up. As a result of the topicality and rapid growth of the subject area, is the publication of this book - the 26th volume in the highly acclaimed Issues in Environmental Science and Technology Series. This volume contains authoritative articles by a number of the leading practitioners across the globe in the environmental forensics field and aims to cover some of the main techniques and areas to which environmental forensics are being applied. The content is comprehensive and describes a number of the key areas within environmental forensics - topics covered by the authors include: - Source identificat

Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics Book

Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics


  • Author : D. Pirrie
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2013-12-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN 10 : 9781862393660

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Environmental and Criminal Geoforensics Book Description :

Geological techniques are widely used in two aspects of serious criminal investigations: (1) the search for clandestine burial sites, based on near-surface geophysics or through the detection of decomposition signals and (2) the analysis of trace evidence to identify its source location or test the possible association between the trace evidence and a known location of an offence. Although geoforensics is used in such investigations world-wide there are still considerable gaps in the published literature. In addition, there is increasing concern regarding the illegal release of wastes either into the atmosphere, water courses or on to the land surface, and a growing realization that the techniques used in criminal forensics are equally useful in the investigation of environmental crime. This book bridges the gap between environmental and criminal geoforensics with conceptual, methodological and case study contributions. This demonstrates the significant potential that geoforensics holds for investigating and regulatory officers.

Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation Book

Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation


  • Author : Yue Rong
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351590433

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Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation Book Description :

Fundamentals of Environmental Site Assessment and Remediation examines all aspects of environmental site assessment and remediation and outlines the interdisciplinary skills needed to work in the field. It provides a comprehensive overview for students, environmental professionals, and real estate developers, and includes the latest environmental regulations, environmental site assessment and remediation practices, and industry standards. It examines pollution sources and the related impacts on drinking water supplies, the associated health risks, and how to protect water resources. The monitoring of surface water, groundwater, and soil is explained, as well as vapor intrusion. It will include several practical case studies throughout. Features Includes the latest and best practices for environmental site assessment and remediation procedures. Presents a multidisciplinary approach, including environmental forensics, nanotechnology, microbiology (DNA technology) and isotopes, etc. Examines various pollutants and their related impacts on drinking water supplies, the associated health risks, and how to protect water resources. Presents the best practices for the monitoring of surface water, groundwater, and soil. Covers the latest environmental regulations and industry standards.