Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry Book

Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry


  • Author : R. P. Rastogi
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2007-10-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822034247874

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Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry Excerpt :

Later developments in Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics and Non-equilibrium Molecular dynamics have been discussed in the Appendix. Part II deals with non-linear steady states and bifurcation to multistability, temporal and spatio- temporal oscillations (Chemical waves). Similarly Part II deals with more complex phenomena such as Chaos and fractal growth occurring in very far from equilibrium region. Newer mathematical techniques for investigating such phenomena along with available experimental studies. Part IV deals with analogous non-equilibrium phenomena occurring in the real systems (Socio-political, Finance and Living systems etc.) for which physico-chemical systems discussed in earlier chapters provide a useful model for development of theories based on non-linear science and science of complexity. Key Features: - The book provides a critical account of theoretical studies on non-equilibrium phenomenon from region close to equilibrium to far equilibrium.-

Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry Book

Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry


  • Author : R. P. Rastogi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-10-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 0080551807

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Introduction to Non equilibrium Physical Chemistry Excerpt :

Introduction to Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry presents a critical and comprehensive account of Non-equilibrium Physical Chemistry from theoretical and experimental angle. It covers a wide spectrum of non-equilibrium phenomena from steady state close to equilibrium to non-linear region involving transition to bistability, temporal oscillations, spatio-temporal oscillations and finally to far from equilibrium phenomena such as complex pattern formation, dynamic instability at interfaces, Chaos and complex growth phenomena (fractals) in Physico-chemical systems. Part I of the book deals with theory and experimental studies concerning transport phenomena in membranes (Thermo-osmosis,Electroosmotic ) and in continuous systems (Thermal diffusion,Soret effect) close to equilibrium Experimental tests provide insight into the domain of validity of Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics ,which is the major theoretical tool for this region. Later developments in Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics and Non-equilibrium Molecular dynamics have been discussed in the Appendix. Part II deals with non-linear steady states and bifurcation to multistability, temporal and spatio- temporal oscillations (Chemical waves). Similarly Part II deals with more complex phenomena such as Chaos and fractal growth occurring in very far from equilibrium region. Newer mathematical techniques for investigating such phenomena along with available experimental studies. Part IV deals with analogous non-equilibrium phenomena occurring in the real systems (Socio-political, Finance and Living systems etc.) for which physico-chemical systems discussed in earlier chapters provide a useful model for development of theories based on non-linear science and science of complexity. The book provides a critical account of theoretical studies on non-equilibrium phenomenon from region close to equilibrium to far equilibrium Experimental studies have been reported which provide test of the theories and their limitations

Understanding Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Understanding Non equilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Georgy Lebon
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-01-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540742524

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Understanding Non equilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Discover the many facets of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The first part of this book describes the current thermodynamic formalism recognized as the classical theory. The second part focuses on different approaches. Throughout the presentation, the emphasis is on problem-solving applications. To help build your understanding, some problems have been analyzed using several formalisms to underscore their differences and their similarities.

An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book

An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics


  • Author : J. R. Dorfman
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1999-08-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521655897

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An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Excerpt :

This book is an introduction to the applications in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics of chaotic dynamics, and also to the use of techniques in statistical mechanics important for an understanding of the chaotic behaviour of fluid systems. The fundamental concepts of dynamical systems theory are reviewed and simple examples are given. Advanced topics including SRB and Gibbs measures, unstable periodic orbit expansions, and applications to billiard-ball systems, are then explained. The text emphasises the connections between transport coefficients, needed to describe macroscopic properties of fluid flows, and quantities, such as Lyapunov exponents and Kolmogorov-Sinai entropies, which describe the microscopic, chaotic behaviour of the fluid. Later chapters consider the roles of the expanding and contracting manifolds of hyperbolic dynamical systems and the large number of particles in macroscopic systems. Exercises, detailed references and suggestions for further reading are included.

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Physical Kinetics Book

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Physical Kinetics


  • Author : Halid Bikkin
  • Publisher : De Gruyter
  • Release Date : 2014-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 311033769X

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Non equilibrium Thermodynamics and Physical Kinetics Excerpt :

This graduate textbook covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. With one of the main propositions being to avoid terms such as "obviously" and "it is easy to show," this treatise is an easy-to-read introduction into this traditional, yet vibrant field.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Book

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics


  • Author : Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-12-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444595812

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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics Excerpt :

Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and may lead to self-organized structures, fluctuations, instabilities, and evolutionary systems. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Third Edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing the natural phenomena. This third edition updates and expands on the first and second editions by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. The new edition contains a new chapter on stochastic approaches to include the statistical thermodynamics, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems in thermodynamic analysis. This new addition also comes with more examples and practice problems. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts A useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs to analyze some nonequilibrium, coupled, evolutionary, stochastic, and dissipative processes Highlights fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical, and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis including fluctuation and information theories Has 198 fully solved examples and 287 practice problems An Instructor Resource containing the Solution Manual can be obtained from the author: ydemirel2@unl.edu

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics Book

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics


  • Author : Horacio S Wio
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 1994-02-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814502658

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An Introduction to Stochastic Processes and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics Excerpt :

The purpose of this textbook is to bring together, in a self-contained introductory form, the scattered material in the field of stochastic processes and statistical physics. It offers the opportunity of being acquainted with stochastic, kinetic and nonequilibrium processes. Although the research techniques in these areas have become standard procedures, they are not usually taught in the normal courses on statistical physics. For students of physics in their last year and graduate students who wish to gain an invaluable introduction on the above subjects, this book is a necessary tool. Contents:Stochastic Processes and the Master Equation:Stochastic ProcessesMarkovian ProcessesMaster EquationsKramers Moyal ExpansionBrownian Motion, Langevin and Fokker-Planck EquationsDistributions, BBGKY Hierarchy, Density Operator:Probability Density as a FluidBBGKY HierarchyMicroscopic Balance EquationsDensity OperatorLinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Onsager Relations:Onsager Regression to Equilibrium HypothesisOnsager RelationsMinimum Production of EntropyLinear Response Theory, Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem:Correlation Functions: Definitions and PropertiesLinear Response TheoryFluctuation-Dissipation TheoremInstabilities and Far from Equilibrium Phase-Transitions:Limit Cycles, Bifurcations, Symmetry BreakingNoise Induced TransitionsFormation and Propagation of Patterns in Far from Equilibrium Systems:Reaction-Diffusion Descriptions and Pattern FormationPattern Propagation Readership: Graduate students in physics and chemistry. keywords:Stochastic Processes;Langevin and Fokker-Planck Equations;Statistical Physics;Onsager Relations;Linear Response;Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics;Transport Processes;Noise Induced Transitions;Instabilities;Pattern Formation and Propagation “This book introduces ways to investigate nonequilibrium statistical physics, mainly via stochastic processes, and presents results achieved with such methodology … it is suitable for seminars di

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics For Engineers  Second Edition  Book

Non equilibrium Thermodynamics For Engineers Second Edition


  • Author : Signe Kjelstrup
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2017-02-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9789813200326

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Non equilibrium Thermodynamics For Engineers Second Edition Excerpt :

Kjelstrup, Bedeaux, Johannessen, and Gross describe what non-equilibrium thermodynamics is in a simple and practical way and how it can add to engineering design. They explain how to describe proper equations of transport that are more precise than those used so far, and how to use them to understand the waste of energy resources in central process units in the industry. The authors introduce the entropy balance as an additional equation to use in engineering; to create consistent thermodynamic models, and to systematically minimize energy losses that are connected with the transport of heat, mass, charge and momentum.Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers teaches the essence of non-equilibrium thermodynamics and its applications at a level comprehensible to engineering students, practitioner engineers, and scientists working on industrial problems. The book may be used as a textbook in basic engineering curricula or graduate courses.

Advanced Physical Chemistry Book
Score: 4
From 3 Ratings

Advanced Physical Chemistry


  • Author : Mehra Harish C
  • Publisher : Krishna Prakashan Media
  • Release Date : 1978
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 1484
  • ISBN 10 : 8187224096

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Advanced Physical Chemistry Excerpt :

Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book

Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics


  • Author : Robert Zwanzig
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2001-05-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195140187

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Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Excerpt :

This is a presentation of the main ideas and methods of modern nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. It is the perfect introduction for anyone in chemistry or physics who needs an update or background in this time-dependent field. Topics covered include fluctuation-dissipation theorem; linear response theory; time correlation functions, and projection operators. Theoretical models are illustrated by real-world examples and numerous applications such as chemical reaction rates and spectral line shapes are covered. The mathematical treatments are detailed and easily understandable and the appendices include useful mathematical methods like the Laplace transforms, Gaussian random variables and phenomenological transport equations.

Maximum Dissipation Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics and its Geometric Structure Book

Maximum Dissipation Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics and its Geometric Structure


  • Author : Henry W. Haslach Jr.
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-01-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441977656

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Maximum Dissipation Non Equilibrium Thermodynamics and its Geometric Structure Excerpt :

Maximum Dissipation: Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics and its Geometric Structure explores the thermodynamics of non-equilibrium processes in materials. The book develops a general technique created in order to construct nonlinear evolution equations describing non-equilibrium processes, while also developing a geometric context for non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Solid materials are the main focus in this volume, but the construction is shown to also apply to fluids. This volume also: • Explains the theory behind thermodynamically-consistent construction of non-linear evolution equations for non-equilibrium processes • Provides a geometric setting for non-equilibrium thermodynamics through several standard models, which are defined as maximum dissipation processes • Emphasizes applications to the time-dependent modeling of soft biological tissue Maximum Dissipation: Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics and its Geometric Structure will be valuable for researchers, engineers and graduate students in non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the mathematical modeling of material behavior.

Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems Book

Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems


  • Author : Gianluca Stefanucci
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-03-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107354579

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Nonequilibrium Many Body Theory of Quantum Systems Excerpt :

The Green's function method is one of the most powerful and versatile formalisms in physics, and its nonequilibrium version has proved invaluable in many research fields. This book provides a unique, self-contained introduction to nonequilibrium many-body theory. Starting with basic quantum mechanics, the authors introduce the equilibrium and nonequilibrium Green's function formalisms within a unified framework called the contour formalism. The physical content of the contour Green's functions and the diagrammatic expansions are explained with a focus on the time-dependent aspect. Every result is derived step-by-step, critically discussed and then applied to different physical systems, ranging from molecules and nanostructures to metals and insulators. With an abundance of illustrative examples, this accessible book is ideal for graduate students and researchers who are interested in excited state properties of matter and nonequilibrium physics.

Non equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes Book

Non equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes


  • Author : Viktor Holubec
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319070919

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Non equilibrium Energy Transformation Processes Excerpt :

Various experimental techniques have been advanced in recent years to measure non-equilibrium energy transformations on the microscopic scale of single molecules. In general, the systems studied in the corresponding experiments are exposed to strong thermal fluctuations and thus the relevant energetic variables such as work and heat become stochastic. This thesis addresses challenging theoretical problems in this active field of current research: 1) Exact analytical solutions of work and heat distributions for isothermal non-equilibrium processes in suitable models are obtained; 2) Corresponding solutions for cyclic processes involving two different heat reservoirs are found; 3) Optimization of periodic driving protocols for such cyclic processes with respect to maximal output power, efficiency and minimal power fluctuations is studied. The exact solutions for work and heat distributions provide a reference for theoretical investigations of more complicated models, giving insight into the structure of the tail of work distributions and serving as valuable test cases for simulations of the underlying stochastic processes.

Physical Chemistry Book

Physical Chemistry


  • Author : Kenneth S Schmitz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 872
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128006009

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Physical Chemistry Excerpt :

Physical Chemistry: Concepts and Theory provides a comprehensive overview of physical and theoretical chemistry while focusing on the basic principles that unite the sub-disciplines of the field. With an emphasis on multidisciplinary, as well as interdisciplinary applications, the book extensively reviews fundamental principles and presents recent research to help the reader make logical connections between the theory and application of physical chemistry concepts. Also available from the author: Physical Chemistry: Multidisciplinary Applications (ISBN 9780128005132). Describes how materials behave and chemical reactions occur at the molecular and atomic levels Uses theoretical constructs and mathematical computations to explain chemical properties and describe behavior of molecular and condensed matter Demonstrates the connection between math and chemistry and how to use math as a powerful tool to predict the properties of chemicals Emphasizes the intersection of chemistry, math, and physics and the resulting applications across many disciplines of science

Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics Book

Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics


  • Author : Ilya Prigogine
  • Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
  • Release Date : 2017-03-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 337
  • ISBN 10 : 9780486815558

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Non Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics Excerpt :

Groundbreaking monograph by Nobel Prize winner for researchers and graduate students covers Liouville equation, anharmonic solids, Brownian motion, weakly coupled gases, scattering theory and short-range forces, general kinetic equations, more. 1962 edition.