Invariant Imbedding T matrix Method for Light Scattering by Nonspherical and Inhomogeneous Particles Book

Invariant Imbedding T matrix Method for Light Scattering by Nonspherical and Inhomogeneous Particles


  • Author : Bingqiang Sun
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-10-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128180914

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Invariant Imbedding T matrix Method for Light Scattering by Nonspherical and Inhomogeneous Particles Book Description :

Invariant Imbedding T-matrix Method for Light Scattering by Nonspherical and Inhomogeneous Particles propels atmospheric research forward as a resource and a tool for understanding the T-Matrix method in relation to light scattering. The text explores concepts ranging from electromagnetic waves and scattering dyads to the fundamentals of the T-Matrix method. Providing recently developed material, this text is sufficient to aid the light scattering science community with current and leading information. Enriched with detailed research from top field experts, Invariant Imbedding T-matrix Method for Light Scattering by Nonspherical and Inhomogeneous Particles offers a meaningful and essential presentation of methods and applications, with a focus on the light scattering of small and intermediate particles that supports and builds upon the latest studies. Thus, it is a valuable resource for atmospheric researchers and other earth and environmental scientists to expand their knowledge and understanding of available tools. Systematically introduces innovative methods with powerful numerical capabilities Thoroughly presents the rudimentary principles of light scattering and the T-matrix method Offers a condensed and well-ordered arrangement of text, figures and formulas that are serviceable for both students and researchers

Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics Book

Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics


  • Author : Dariusz Stramski
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-04-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038977049

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Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics Book Description :

Ocean optics is a branch of oceanography which is firmly embedded in studies of a great variety of ocean science and engineering questions. The interactive nature between radiative transfer of light and various dissolved and particulate constituents of seawater is at the core of ocean optics science and applications. The transfer of radiant solar energy has vital implications to life and climate on Earth, and the large variety of subjects of ocean optics ranges from the subtle problems of physical optics to optical remote sensing towards a better understanding of ocean biology, biogeochemistry and ecosystems and their roles in the Earth's system processes. The intention of this book is to present a collection of papers that generally share a common denominator of frontier topics in ocean optics which are unique, uncommon or outstanding in the literature, and to provide a balanced view of the extraordinary breadth of research in this field. Topics as diverse as measurements and modeling of radiative transfer, light fields, light scattering and polarization, ocean color, benthic optical properties, and the use of optics for characterizing seawater constituents are addressed in this book. The book is expected to be of interest and useful to a broad audience of professional ocean scientists, engineers and advanced students with an interest in ocean optics and applications of optical methods in oceanography.

Remote Sensing of Precipitation Book

Remote Sensing of Precipitation


  • Author : Silas Michaelides
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-07-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039212873

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Remote Sensing of Precipitation Book Description :

Precipitation is a well-recognized pillar in global water and energy balances. An accurate and timely understanding of its characteristics at the global, regional, and local scales is indispensable for a clearer understanding of the mechanisms underlying the Earth’s atmosphere–ocean complex system. Precipitation is one of the elements that is documented to be greatly affected by climate change. In its various forms, precipitation comprises a primary source of freshwater, which is vital for the sustainability of almost all human activities. Its socio-economic significance is fundamental in managing this natural resource effectively, in applications ranging from irrigation to industrial and household usage. Remote sensing of precipitation is pursued through a broad spectrum of continuously enriched and upgraded instrumentation, embracing sensors which can be ground-based (e.g., weather radars), satellite-borne (e.g., passive or active space-borne sensors), underwater (e.g., hydrophones), aerial, or ship-borne.

Electromagnetic Scattering by Particles and Particle Groups Book

Electromagnetic Scattering by Particles and Particle Groups


  • Author : Michael I. Mishchenko
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-04-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521519922

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Electromagnetic Scattering by Particles and Particle Groups Book Description :

A self-contained, accessible introduction to the basic concepts, formalism and recent advances in electromagnetic scattering, for researchers and graduate students.

Light Scattering by Ice Crystals Book

Light Scattering by Ice Crystals


  • Author : Kuo-Nan Liou
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9781316712443

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Light Scattering by Ice Crystals Book Description :

This research volume outlines the scientific foundations that are central to our current understanding of light scattering, absorption and polarization processes involving ice crystals. It also demonstrates how data from satellite remote sensing of cirrus clouds can be combined with radiation parameterizations in climate models to estimate the role of these clouds in temperature and precipitation responses to climate change. Providing a balanced treatment of the fundamentals and applications, this book synthesizes the authors' own work, as well as that of other leading researchers in this area. Numerous illustrations are included, including three-dimensional schematics, to provide a concise discussion of the subject and enable easy visualization of the key concepts. This book is intended for active researchers and advanced graduate students in atmospheric science, climatology, and remote sensing, as well as scholars in related fields such as ice microphysics, electromagnetic wave propagation, geometric optics, radiative transfer and cloud-climate interactions.

Scattering  Absorption  and Emission of Light by Small Particles Book

Scattering Absorption and Emission of Light by Small Particles


  • Author : Michael I. Mishchenko
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-06-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 445
  • ISBN 10 : 052178252X

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Scattering Absorption and Emission of Light by Small Particles Book Description :

A thorough and up-to-date treatment of electromagnetic scattering by small particles.

Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles Book

Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles


  • Author : Michael I. Mishchenko
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 0521834902

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Multiple Scattering of Light by Particles Book Description :

Monograph on multiple scattering of light by small particles; resource for science professionals, engineers, and graduate students.

Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation Book

Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation


  • Author : Zev Levin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-09-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN 10 : 1402086903

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Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation Book Description :

Life on Earth is critically dependent upon the continuous cycling of water between oceans, continents and the atmosphere. Precipitation (including rain, snow, and hail) is the primary mechanism for transporting water from the atmosphere back to the Earth’s surface. It is also the key physical process that links aspects of climate, weather, and the global hydrological cycle. Changes in precipitation regimes and the frequency of extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, severe ice/snow storms, monsoon fluctuations and hurricanes are of great potential importance to life on the planet. One of the factors that could contribute to precipitation modification is aerosol pollution from various sources such as urban air pollution and biomass burning. Natural and anthropogenic changes in atmospheric aerosols might have important implications for precipitation by influencing the hydrological cycle, which in turn could feed back to climate changes. From an Earth Science perspective, a key question is how changes expected in climate will translate into changes in the hydrological cycle, and what trends may be expected in the future. We require a much better understanding and hence predictive capability of the moisture and energy storages and exchanges among the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, continents and biological systems. This book is a review of our knowledge of the relationship between aerosols and precipitation reaching the Earth's surface and it includes a list of recommendations that could help to advance our knowledge in this area.

Progress in Mathematical Relativity  Gravitation and Cosmology Book

Progress in Mathematical Relativity Gravitation and Cosmology


  • Author : Alfonso García-Parrado
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-26
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642401572

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Progress in Mathematical Relativity Gravitation and Cosmology Book Description :

This book contains contributions from the Spanish Relativity Meeting, ERE 2012, held in Guimarães, Portugal, September 2012. It features more than 70 papers on a range of topics in general relativity and gravitation, from mathematical cosmology, numerical relativity and black holes to string theory and quantum gravity. Under the title "Progress in Mathematical Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology," ERE 2012 was attended by an exceptional international list of over a hundred participants from the five continents and over forty countries. ERE is organized every year by one of the Spanish or Portuguese groups working in this area and is supported by the Spanish Society of Gravitation and Relativity (SEGRE). This book will be of interest to researchers in mathematics and physics.

The Generalized Multipole Technique for Light Scattering Book

The Generalized Multipole Technique for Light Scattering


  • Author : Thomas Wriedt
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319748900

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The Generalized Multipole Technique for Light Scattering Book Description :

This book presents the Generalized Multipole Technique as a fast and powerful theoretical and computation tool to simulate light scattering by nonspherical particles. It also demonstrates the considerable potential of the method. In recent years, the concept has been applied in new fields, such as simulation of electron energy loss spectroscopy and has been used to extend other methods, like the null-field method, making it more widely applicable. The authors discuss particular implementations of the GMT methods, such as the Discrete Sources Method (DSM), Multiple Multipole Program (MMP), the Method of Auxiliary Sources (MAS), the Filamentary Current Method (FCM), the Method of Fictitious Sources (MFS) and the Null-Field Method with Discrete Sources (NFM-DS). The Generalized Multipole Technique is a surface-based method to find the solution of a boundary-value problem for a given differential equation by expanding the fields in terms of fundamental or other singular solutions of this equation. The amplitudes of these fundamental solutions are determined from the boundary condition at the particle surface. Electromagnetic and light scattering by particles or systems of particles has been the subject of intense research in various scientific and engineering fields, including astronomy, optics, meteorology, remote sensing, optical particle sizing and electromagnetics, which has led to the development of a large number of modelling methods based on the Generalized Multipole Technique for quantitative evaluation of electromagnetic scattering by particles of various shapes and compositions. The book describes these methods in detail.

The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm  MLFMA  for Solving Large Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems Book

The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm MLFMA for Solving Large Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems


  • Author : Ozgur Ergul
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-04-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118844915

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The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm MLFMA for Solving Large Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems Book Description :

The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetic Problems provides a detailed and instructional overview of implementing MLFMA. The book: Presents a comprehensive treatment of the MLFMA algorithm, including basic linear algebra concepts, recent developments on the parallel computation, and a number of application examples Covers solutions of electromagnetic problems involving dielectric objects and perfectly-conducting objects Discusses applications including scattering from airborne targets, scattering from red blood cells, radiation from antennas and arrays, metamaterials etc. Is written by authors who have more than 25 years experience on the development and implementation of MLFMA The book will be useful for post-graduate students, researchers, and academics, studying in the areas of computational electromagnetics, numerical analysis, and computer science, and who would like to implement and develop rigorous simulation environments based on MLFMA.

Finite Elements for Electrical Engineers Book

Finite Elements for Electrical Engineers


  • Author : P. P. Silvester
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1990-03-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 0521372194

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Finite Elements for Electrical Engineers Book Description :

This third edition of the principal text on the finite element method for electrical engineers and electronics specialists presents the method in a mathematically undemanding style, accessible to undergraduates who may be encountering it for the first time. Like the earlier editions, it begins by deriving finite elements for the simplest familiar potential fields, and then formulates finite elements for a wide range of applied electromagnetics problems. These include wave propagation, diffusion, and static fields; open-boundary problems and nonlinear materials; axisymmetric, planar and fully three-dimensional geometries; and scalar and vector fields. A wide selection of demonstration programs allows the reader to follow the practical use of the methods. Besides providing all that is needed for the beginning undergraduate student, this textbook is also a valuable reference text for professional engineers and research students.

Cloud Optics Book

Cloud Optics


  • Author : Alexander A. Kokhanovsky
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-03-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 1402039557

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Cloud Optics Book Description :

Clouds affect the climate of the Earth, and they are an important factor in the weather. Therefore, their radiative properties must be understood in great detail. This book summarizes current knowledge on cloud optical properties, for example their ability to absorb, transmit, and reflect light, which depends on the clouds’ geometrical and microphysical characteristics such as sizes of droplets and crystals, their shapes, and structures. In addition, problems related to the image transfer through clouds and cloud remote sensing are addressed in this book in great detail. This book can be an important source of information on theoretical cloud optics for cloud physicists, meteorologists and optical engineers. All basic ideas of optics as related to scattering of light in clouds (e.g. Mie theory and radiative transfer) are considered in a self consistent way. Consequently, the book can also be a useful textbook to newcomers to the field.

Scattering  Natural Surfaces  and Fractals Book

Scattering Natural Surfaces and Fractals


  • Author : Giorgio Franceschetti
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-12-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080469010

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Scattering Natural Surfaces and Fractals Book Description :

Scattering, Natural Surfaces, and Fractals provides a comprehensive overview of electromagnetic scattering from natural surfaces, ranging from the classical to the more recent (fractal) approach. As remote sensing applications become increasingly important, this text provides readers with a solid background in interpretation, classification and thematization of microwave images. The “scattering problem is discussed in detail with emphasis on its application to electromagnetic wave propagation, remote sensing, radar detection, and electromagnetic diagnostics. Natural surface and fractals complete this treatise focusing on how the fractal model represents our natural environment and other planets in our solar system, most recently as used to research the planet Venus and Titan, one of the moons of Saturn. An example of how scattering, fractals, and natural surfaces are of great importance is the following: Natural oil slicks in the ocean have been found to be fractal while man-made ones (generated by illegal washing of oil carrying ships) are not. Processing of an ocean image from space may detect the latter by means of a fractal analysis. An elegant and clear treatment of a rigorous topic with informative prose and realistic illustrations of scattering Provides readers with a solid background in interpretation, classification, and thematization of microwave images The only book available on fractal models and their application to scattering

The Mie Theory Book

The Mie Theory


  • Author : Wolfram Hergert
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-06-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642287381

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The Mie Theory Book Description :

This book presents in a concise way the Mie theory and its current applications. It begins with an overview of current theories, computational methods, experimental techniques, and applications of optics of small particles. There is also some biographic information on Gustav Mie, who published his famous paper on the colour of Gold colloids in 1908. The Mie solution for the light scattering of small spherical particles set the basis for more advanced scattering theories and today there are many methods to calculate light scattering and absorption for practically any shape and composition of particles. The optics of small particles is of interest in industrial, atmospheric, astronomic and other research. The book covers the latest developments in divers fields in scattering theory such as plasmon resonance, multiple scattering and optical force.

The Dynamics of Small Bodies in the Solar System Book

The Dynamics of Small Bodies in the Solar System


  • Author : B.A. Steves
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1998-12-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 0792354664

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The Dynamics of Small Bodies in the Solar System Book Description :

The study of the nature and dynamics of asteroids, comets, meteor streams, natural satellites and ring systems currently provides a wealth of information on the history and dynamical evolution of the solar system as a whole. This state of the art textbook, based on the recent NATO ASI The Dynamics of Small Bodies in the Solar System and written by the invited lecturers and other participants, provides an invaluable reference volume for all students and researchers in these subjects. The contributions are introduced by specially written reviews from renowned experts in their fields. It is evident that the majority of dynamical astronomers and space researchers interested in solar system studies are currently involved with the study of small natural and artificial bodies in the solar system, and this volume presents them with an up-to-date, synoptic view of these subjects.

Hydrogeophysics Book
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Hydrogeophysics


  • Author : Yorum Rubin
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-03-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 527
  • ISBN 10 : 1402031025

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Hydrogeophysics Book Description :

This ground-breaking work is the first to cover the fundamentals of hydrogeophysics from both the hydrogeological and geophysical perspectives. Authored by leading experts and expert groups, the book starts out by explaining the fundamentals of hydrological characterization, with focus on hydrological data acquisition and measurement analysis as well as geostatistical approaches. The fundamentals of geophysical characterization are then at length, including the geophysical techniques that are often used for hydrogeological characterization. Unlike other books, the geophysical methods and petrophysical discussions presented here emphasize the theory, assumptions, approaches, and interpretations that are particularly important for hydrogeological applications. A series of hydrogeophysical case studies illustrate hydrogeophysical approaches for mapping hydrological units, estimation of hydrogeological parameters, and monitoring of hydrogeological processes. Finally, the book concludes with hydrogeophysical frontiers, i.e. on emerging technologies and stochastic hydrogeophysical inversion approaches.

Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles Book
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Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles


  • Author : Michael I. Mishchenko
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1999-09-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 690
  • ISBN 10 : 0080510205

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Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles Book Description :

There is hardly a field of science or engineering that does not have some interest in light scattering by small particles. For example, this subject is important to climatology because the energy budget for the Earth's atmosphere is strongly affected by scattering of solar radiation by cloud and aerosol particles, and the whole discipline of remote sensing relies largely on analyzing the parameters of radiation scattered by aerosols, clouds, and precipitation. The scattering of light by spherical particles can be easily computed using the conventional Mie theory. However, most small solid particles encountered in natural and laboratory conditions have nonspherical shapes. Examples are soot and mineral aerosols, cirrus cloud particles, snow and frost crystals, ocean hydrosols, interplanetary and cometary dust grains, and microorganisms. It is now well known that scattering properties of nonspherical particles can differ dramatically from those of "equivalent" (e.g., equal-volume or equal-surface-area) spheres. Therefore, the ability to accurately compute or measure light scattering by nonspherical particles in order to clearly understand the effects of particle nonsphericity on light scattering is very important. The rapid improvement of computers and experimental techniques over the past 20 years and the development of efficient numerical approaches have resulted in major advances in this field which have not been systematically summarized. Because of the universal importance of electromagnetic scattering by nonspherical particles, papers on different aspects of this subject are scattered over dozens of diverse research and engineering journals. Often experts in one discipline (e.g., biology) are unaware of potentially useful results obtained in another discipline (e.g., antennas and propagation). This leads to an inefficient use of the accumulated knowledge and unnecessary redundancy in research activities. This book offers the first systematic and unified discussi

Light Scattering by Particles in Water Book

Light Scattering by Particles in Water


  • Author : Miroslaw Jonasz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-08-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 714
  • ISBN 10 : 0080548679

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Light Scattering by Particles in Water Book Description :

Light scattering-based methods are used to characterize small particles suspended in water in a wide range of disciplines ranging from oceanography, through medicine, to industry. The scope and accuracy of these methods steadily increases with the progress in light scattering research. This book focuses on the theoretical and experimental foundations of the study and modeling of light scattering by particles in water and critically evaluates the key constraints of light scattering models. It begins with a brief review of the relevant theoretical fundamentals of the interaction of light with condensed matter, followed by an extended discussion of the basic optical properties of pure water and seawater and the physical principles that explain them. The book continues with a discussion of key optical features of the pure water/seawater and the most common components of natural waters. In order to clarify and put in focus some of the basic physical principles and most important features of the experimental data on light scattering by particles in water, the authors employ simple models. The book concludes with extensive critical reviews of the experimental constraints of light scattering models: results of measurements of light scattering and of the key properties of the particles: size distribution, refractive index (composition), structure, and shape. These reviews guide the reader through literature scattered among more than 210 scientific journals and periodicals which represent a wide range of disciplines. A special emphasis is put on the methods of measuring both light scattering and the relevant properties of the particles, because principles of these methods may affect interpretation and applicability of the results. The book includes extensive guides to literature on light scattering data and instrumentation design, as well as on the data for size distributions, refractive indices, and shapes typical of particles in natural waters. It also features a comprehens