Kappa Distributions Book

Kappa Distributions


  • Author : Marian Lazar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030826239

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Kappa Distributions Excerpt :

This book presents recent results on the modelling of space plasmas with Kappa distributions and their interpretation. Hot and dilute space plasmas most often do not reach thermal equilibrium, their dynamics being essentially conditioned by the kinetic effects of plasma particles, i.e., electrons, protons, and heavier ions. Deviations from thermal equilibrium shown by these plasma particles are often described by Kappa distributions. Although well-known, these distributions are still controversial in achieving a statistical characterization and a physical interpretation of non-equilibrium plasmas. The results of the Kappa modelling presented here mark a significant progress with respect to all these aspects and open perspectives to understanding the high-resolution data collected by the new generation of telescopes and spacecraft missions. The book is directed to the large community of plasma astrophysics, including graduate students and specialists from associated disciplines, given the palette of the proposed topics reaching from applications to the solar atmosphere and the solar wind, via linear and quasilinear modelling of multi-species plasmas and waves within, to the fundamental physics of nonequilibrium plasmas.

Kappa Distributions Book

Kappa Distributions


  • Author : George Livadiotis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-04-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 738
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128046395

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Kappa Distributions Excerpt :

Kappa Distributions: Theory and Applications in Plasmas presents the theoretical developments of kappa distributions, their applications in plasmas, and how they affect the underpinnings of our understanding of space and plasma physics, astrophysics, and statistical mechanics/thermodynamics. Separated into three major parts, the book covers theoretical methods, analytical methods in plasmas, and applications in space plasmas. The first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of the statistical theory of kappa distributions, beginning with their connection to the solid backgrounds of non-extensive statistical mechanics. The book then moves on to plasma physics, and is devoted to analytical methods related to kappa distributions on various basic plasma topics, spanning linear/nonlinear plasma waves, solitons, shockwaves, and dusty plasmas. The final part of the book deals with applications in space plasmas, focusing on applications of theoretical and analytical developments in space plasmas from the heliosphere and beyond, in other astrophysical plasmas. Kappa Distributions is ideal for space, plasma, and statistical physicists; geophysicists, especially of the upper atmosphere; Earth and planetary scientists; and astrophysicists. Answers important questions, such as how plasma waves are affected by kappa distributions and how solar wind, magnetospheres, and other geophysical, space, and astrophysical plasmas can be modeled using kappa distributions Presents the features of kappa distributions in the context of plasmas, including how kappa indices, temperatures, and densities vary among the species populations in different plasmas Provides readers with the information they need to decide which specific formula of kappa distribution should be used for a certain occasion and system (toolbox)

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R Book

Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R


  • Author : Zaven A. Karian
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 1722
  • ISBN 10 : 9781584887126

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Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R Excerpt :

With the development of new fitting methods, their increased use in applications, and improved computer languages, the fitting of statistical distributions to data has come a long way since the introduction of the generalized lambda distribution (GLD) in 1969. Handbook of Fitting Statistical Distributions with R presents the latest and best methods

Permutation Methods Book

Permutation Methods


  • Author : Paul W. Mielke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 0387988823

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Permutation Methods Excerpt :

The book will provide a comprehensive treatment of statistical inference using permutation techniques. Its purpose is to make available to practitioners a variety of useful and powerful data analytic tools that rely on very few distributional assumptions. Although many of these procedures have appeared in journal articles, they are not readily available to practitioners.

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena Book

Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena


  • Author : Jean-Pierre Rozelot
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2006-09-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540337591

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Solar and Heliospheric Origins of Space Weather Phenomena Excerpt :

This book comprises an excursion through space weather, a scientific topic in rapid growth and with growing impact and implications for technological societies. The text is aimed at students and scientists working, or interested in, the field and provides a thorough introduction to the topic for those who wish to become acquainted with the basic solar physics at the origin of space weather.

The Cluster Active Archive Book

The Cluster Active Archive


  • Author : Harri Laakso
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-12-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 9048134994

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The Cluster Active Archive Excerpt :

Since the year 2000 the ESA Cluster mission has been investigating the small-scale structures and processes of the Earth's plasma environment, such as those involved in the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetospheric plasma, in global magnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics of the neutral line and of plasmoids. This book contains presentations made at the 15th Cluster workshop held in March 2008. It also presents several articles about the Cluster Active Archive and its datasets, a few overview papers on the Cluster mission, and articles reporting on scientific findings on the solar wind, the magnetosheath, the magnetopause and the magnetotail.

Basic Space Plasma Physics  Revised Edition  Book

Basic Space Plasma Physics Revised Edition


  • Author : Baumjohann Wolfgang
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2012-03-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781911298687

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Basic Space Plasma Physics Revised Edition Excerpt :

This textbook begins with a description of the Earth's plasma environment, followed by the derivation of single particle motions in electromagnetic fields, with applications to the Earth's magnetosphere. Also discussed are the origin and effects of collisions and conductivities, formation of the ionosphere, magnetospheric convection and dynamics, and solar wind-magnetosphere coupling.The second half of the book presents a more theoretical foundation of plasma physics, starting with kinetic theory. Introducing moments of distribution function permits the derivation of the fluid equations, followed by an analysis of fluid boundaries, with the Earth's magnetopause and bow shock as examples, and finally, fluid and kinetic theory are applied to derive the relevant wave modes in a plasma.This revised edition seamlessly integrates new sections on magnetopause reconstruction, as well as instability theory and thermal fluctuations based on new developments in space physics. Applications such as the important problems of collisionless reconnection and collisionless shocks are covered, and some problems have also been included at the end of each chapter./a

Space Physics and Aeronomy  Solar Physics and Solar Wind Book

Space Physics and Aeronomy Solar Physics and Solar Wind


  • Author : Angelos Vourlidas
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-04-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119815488

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Space Physics and Aeronomy Solar Physics and Solar Wind Excerpt :

A comprehensive view of our Sun at the start of a new era in solar and heliospheric physics Humans have been observing and studying our Sun for centuries, yet much is still unknown about the processes that drive its behavior. Thanks to a new generation of space missions and ground telescopes, we are poised to dramatically increase our understanding of the Sun and its environment. Solar Physics and Solar Wind explores advances in solar and heliospheric research over recent decades, as well as the challenges that remain. This comprehensive reference work covers the solar interior, magnetism and radiation, plasma heating and acceleration, the sun's atmosphere, and solar activity. Volume highlights include: Explanations for processes in the solar interior New insights on the solar wind The challenges of measuring the Sun's magnetic field and its radiative output Description of solar atmospheric phenomena such as spicules and jets New developments in understanding flares and coronal mass ejections Ongoing research into how the solar corona is heated The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals. Find out more about the Space Physics and Aeronomy collection in this Q&A with the Editors in Chief

Hydrology Book

Hydrology


  • Author : André Musy
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-23
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 593
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466590595

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Hydrology Excerpt :

This book presents the main hydrological methods and techniques used in the design and operation of hydraulic projects and the management of water resources and associated natural risks. It covers the key topics of water resources engineering, from the estimation of runoff volumes and unit hydrographs to the routing of flows along a river and through lakes, reservoirs, and hydraulic structures. It deals with questions regarding basic hydrological data, hydrological modeling and the prediction and forecasting of low flows and flood discharges.

Problems of Drug Dependence Book

Problems of Drug Dependence


  • Author : College on Problems of Drug Dependence (U.S.). Scientific Meeting
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Drug abuse
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105223083770

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Problems of Drug Dependence Excerpt :

NIDA Research Monograph Book

NIDA Research Monograph


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1976
  • Genre: Drug abuse
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : COLUMBIA:HR01752685

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NIDA Research Monograph Excerpt :

Monthly Weather Review Book

Monthly Weather Review


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Meteorology
  • Pages : 1392
  • ISBN 10 : UCR:31210013899347

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Monthly Weather Review Excerpt :

Handbook of Applied Hydrology  Second Edition Book

Handbook of Applied Hydrology Second Edition


  • Author : Vijay P. Singh
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Release Date : 2016-03-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1808
  • ISBN 10 : 9780071835107

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Handbook of Applied Hydrology Second Edition Excerpt :

Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology

Statistics for Process Control Engineers Book

Statistics for Process Control Engineers


  • Author : Myke King
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-08-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119383482

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Statistics for Process Control Engineers Excerpt :

The first statistics guide focussing on practical application to process control design and maintenance Statistics for Process Control Engineers is the only guide to statistics written by and for process control professionals. It takes a wholly practical approach to the subject. Statistics are applied throughout the life of a process control scheme – from assessing its economic benefit, designing inferential properties, identifying dynamic models, monitoring performance and diagnosing faults. This book addresses all of these areas and more. The book begins with an overview of various statistical applications in the field of process control, followed by discussions of data characteristics, probability functions, data presentation, sample size, significance testing and commonly used mathematical functions. It then shows how to select and fit a distribution to data, before moving on to the application of regression analysis and data reconciliation. The book is extensively illustrated throughout with line drawings, tables and equations, and features numerous worked examples. In addition, two appendices include the data used in the examples and an exhaustive catalogue of statistical distributions. The data and a simple-to-use software tool are available for download. The reader can thus reproduce all of the examples and then extend the same statistical techniques to real problems. Takes a back-to-basics approach with a focus on techniques that have immediate, practical, problem-solving applications for practicing engineers, as well as engineering students Shows how to avoid the many common errors made by the industry in applying statistics to process control Describes not only the well-known statistical distributions but also demonstrates the advantages of applying the large number that are less well-known Inspires engineers to identify new applications of statistical techniques to the design and support of control schemes Provides a deeper understanding of services an