Laser Cooling of Solids Book
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Laser Cooling of Solids


  • Author : S V Petrushkin
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-10-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845696832

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Laser Cooling of Solids Excerpt :

Laser cooling is an important emerging technology in such areas as the cooling of semiconductors. The book examines and suggests solutions for a range of problems in the development of miniature solid-state laser refrigerators, self-cooling solid-state lasers and optical echo-processors. It begins by looking at the basic theory of laser cooling before considering such topics as self-cooling of active elements of solid-state lasers, laser cooling of solid-state information media of optical echo-processors, and problems of cooling solid-state quantum processors. Laser Cooling of Solids is an important contribution to the development of compact laser-powered cryogenic refrigerators, both for the academic community and those in the microelectronics and other industries. Provides a timely review of this promising field of research and discusses the fundamentals and theory of laser cooling Particular attention is given to the physics of cooling processes and the mathematical description of these processes Reviews previous experimental investigations in laser cooling and presents progress towards key potential applications

Laser Cooling of Solids Book

Laser Cooling of Solids


  • Author : Richard I. Epstein
  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015069219163

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Laser Cooling of Solids Excerpt :

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Optical Refrigeration Book

Optical Refrigeration


  • Author : Richard I. Epstein
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-12-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527628056

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Optical Refrigeration Excerpt :

Edited by the two top experts in the field with a panel of International contributors, this is a comprehensive up-to-date review of research and applications. Starting with the basic physical principles of laser cooling of solids, the monograph goes on to discuss the current theoretical issues being resolved and the increasing demands of growth and evaluation of high purity materials suitable for optical refrigeration, while also examining the design and applications of practical cryocoolers. An advanced text for scientists, researchers, engineers, and students (masters, PHDs and Postdoc) in laser and optical material science, and cryogenics.

Laser Cooling Book

Laser Cooling


  • Author : Galina Nemova
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315341057

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Laser Cooling Excerpt :

In the recent decades, laser cooling or optical refrigeration—a physical process by which a system loses its thermal energy as a result of interaction with laser light—has garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to the importance of its applications. Optical solid-state coolers are one such application. They are free from liquids as well as moving parts that generate vibrations and introduce noise to sensors and other devices. They are based on reliable laser diode pump systems. Laser cooling can also be used to mitigate heat generation in high-power lasers. This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in laser cooling done by various scientific teams all over the world that are currently revolutionizing optical refrigerating technology. It includes recent results on laser cooling by redistribution of radiation in dense gas mixtures, three conceptually different approaches to laser cooling of solids such as cooling with anti-Stokes fluorescence, Brillouin cooling, and Raman cooling. It also discusses crystal growth and glass production for laser cooling applications. This book will appeal to anyone involved in laser physics, solid-state physics, low-temperature physics or cryogenics, materials research, development of temperature sensors, or infrared detectors.

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods Book

Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods


  • Author : Galina Nemova
  • Publisher : SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Genre: Laser cooling
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 1510630570

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Field Guide to Laser Cooling Methods Excerpt :

"The primary objective of this Field Guide is to present an overview of the various concepts and methods of laser cooling including Doppler cooling, polarization gradient cooling, different sub-recoil schemes of laser cooling, laser cooing with anti-Stokes fluorescence and so on. This Field Guide will serve to introduce students, scientists, and engineers to this exciting field"--

Laser Cooling of Solids Book

Laser Cooling of Solids


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:727226622

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Laser Cooling of Solids Excerpt :

We present an overview of solid-state optical refrigeration also known as laser cooling in solids by fluorescence upconversion. The idea of cooling a solid-state optical material by simply shining a laser beam onto it may sound counter intuitive but is rapidly becoming a promising technology for future cryocooler. We chart the evolution of this science in rare-earth doped solids and semiconductors.

Oxide Electronics Book

Oxide Electronics


  • Author : Asim K. Ray
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-04-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119529477

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Oxide Electronics Excerpt :

Oxide Electronics Multiple disciplines converge in this insightful exploration of complex metal oxides and their functions and properties Oxide Electronics delivers a broad and comprehensive exploration of complex metal oxides designed to meet the multidisciplinary needs of electrical and electronic engineers, physicists, and material scientists. The distinguished author eschews complex mathematics whenever possible and focuses on the physical and functional properties of metal oxides in each chapter. Each of the sixteen chapters featured within the book begins with an abstract and an introduction to the topic, clear explanations are presented with graphical illustrations and relevant equations throughout the book. Numerous supporting references are included, and each chapter is self-contained, making them perfect for use both as a reference and as study material. Readers will learn how and why the field of oxide electronics is a key area of research and exploitation in materials science, electrical engineering, and semiconductor physics. The book encompasses every application area where the functional and electronic properties of various genres of oxides are exploited. Readers will also learn from topics like: Thorough discussions of High-k gate oxide for silicon heterostructure MOSFET devices and semiconductor-dielectric interfaces An exploration of printable high-mobility transparent amorphous oxide semiconductors Treatments of graphene oxide electronics, magnetic oxides, ferroelectric oxides, and materials for spin electronics Examinations of the calcium aluminate binary compound, perovoksites for photovoltaics, and oxide 2Degs Analyses of various applications for oxide electronics, including data storage, microprocessors, biomedical devices, LCDs, photovoltaic cells, TFTs, and sensors Suitable for researchers in semiconductor technology or working in materials science, electrical engineering, and physics, Oxide Electronics will also earn a place in the librarie

Laser Cooling of Solids Book

Laser Cooling of Solids


  • Author : Anton Rayner
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Laser cooling
  • Pages : 167
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:52249445

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Laser Cooling of Solids Excerpt :

Optical Properties of Solids Book

Optical Properties of Solids


  • Author : Frederick Wooten
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483220765

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Optical Properties of Solids Excerpt :

Optical Properties of Solids covers the important concepts of intrinsic optical properties and photoelectric emission. The book starts by providing an introduction to the fundamental optical spectra of solids. The text then discusses Maxwell's equations and the dielectric function; absorption and dispersion; and the theory of free-electron metals. The quantum mechanical theory of direct and indirect transitions between bands; the applications of dispersion relations; and the derivation of an expression for the dielectric function in the self-consistent field approximation are also encompassed. The book further tackles current-current correlations; the fluctuation-dissipation theorem; and the effect of surface plasmons on optical properties and photoemission. People involved in the study of the optical properties of solids will find the book invaluable.

Solid State Lasers Book

Solid State Lasers


  • Author : Walter Koechner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-05-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 409
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387217659

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Solid State Lasers Excerpt :

Koechner's well-known ‘bible’ on solid-state laser engineering is now available in an accessible format at the graduate level. Numerous exercises with hints for solution, new text and updated material where needed make this text very accessible.

Principles of Lasers Book

Principles of Lasers


  • Author : Orazio Svelto
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781489927484

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Principles of Lasers Excerpt :

This book is the result of more than ten years of research and teaching in the field of quantum electronics. The purpose of the book is to introduce the principles of lasers, starting from elementary notions of quantum mechanics and electromagnetism. Because it is an introductory book, an effort has been made to make it self contained to minimize the need for reference to other works. For the same reason; the references have been limited (whenever possible) either to review papers or to papers of seminal importance. The organization of the book is based on the fact that a laser can be thought of as consisting of three elements: (i) an active material, (ii) a pumping system, and (iii) a suitable resonator. Ac cordingly, after an introductory chapter, the next three chapters deal, respectively, with the interaction of radiation with matter, pumping processes, and the theory of passive optical resonators.

Phase Transformations and Ablation in Laser Treated Solids Book

Phase Transformations and Ablation in Laser Treated Solids


  • Author : Emil N. Sobol
  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release Date : 1995-02-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015033323240

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Phase Transformations and Ablation in Laser Treated Solids Excerpt :

Uses a unified standpoint to describe the principal physical processes that determine the possibility and practical effectiveness of utilizing lasers for the modification and ablation of solids. Analyzes the general mechanisms and laws operative in the course of laser treatment of various materials including metal alloys, rocks, oxides, high-temperature superconductors and hard biological tissues. The chapters on laser-induced solid state thermochemical reactions and phase transitions in high-temperature superconductors under laser radiation break new ground.

Fundamentals of Light Sources and Lasers Book

Fundamentals of Light Sources and Lasers


  • Author : Mark Csele
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-09-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780471675228

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Fundamentals of Light Sources and Lasers Excerpt :

A comprehensive introduction to the burgeoning field ofphotonics The field of photonics is finding increasing applications across abroad range of industries. While many other books provide anoverview of the subject, Fundamentals of Light Sources and Laserscloses a clear gap in the current literature by concentrating onthe principles of laser operation as well as providing coverage ofimportant concepts necessary to fully understand the principlesinvolved. The scope of the book includes everything a professionalneeds to get up to speed in the field, as well as all the materialnecessary to serve as an excellent introductory laser course forstudents. Ideal for self-study as well as structured coursework, the bookoffers thorough coverage of: * The nature of light and atomic emission * Basic quantum mechanics and laser processes * Cavity optics, fast-pulse production, and nonlinear opticalphenomena * Laser technology, including visible gas lasers, UV gas lasers,infrared gas lasers, solid-state lasers, semiconductor lasers andtunable dye lasers Extensive real-world case studies are included to help readersappreciate the practical applications of the material covered. *An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all theproblems in the book is available from the Wiley editorialdepartment.

Compact Blue Green Lasers Book

Compact Blue Green Lasers


  • Author : W. P. Risk
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2003-01-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN 10 : 0521521033

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Compact Blue Green Lasers Excerpt :

William Risk, Timothy Gosnell and Arto Nurmikko have brought together their diverse expertise from industry and academia to write the first fully comprehensive book on the generation and application of blue-green lasers. This volume describes the theory and practical implementation of three techniques for the generation of blue-green light: nonlinear frequency conversion of infrared lasers, upconversion lasers, and wide bandgap semiconductor diode lasers. In addition, it looks at the various applications that have driven the development of compact sources of blue-green light, and reflects on the recent application of these lasers in high-density data storage, color displays, reprographics, and biomedical technology. Compact Blue-Green Lasers is suitable for graduate-level courses or as a reference for academics and professionals in optics, applied physics, and electrical engineering.

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology Book

Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology


  • Author : Brahim Attaf
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2011-04-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN 10 : 9789533072357

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Advances in Composite Materials for Medicine and Nanotechnology Excerpt :

Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. The book presents, in addition, some studies carried out in orthopedic and stomatological applications and others aiming to design and produce new devices using the latest advances in nanotechnology. This wide variety of theoretical, numerical and experimental results can help specialists involved in these disciplines to enhance competitiveness and innovation.