Lignin in Polymer Composites Book

Lignin in Polymer Composites


  • Author : Omar Faruk
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2015-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323355667

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Lignin in Polymer Composites Excerpt :

Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers Book

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers


  • Author : Debora Puglia
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-10-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128237038

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Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers Excerpt :

Micro and Nanolignin in Aqueous Dispersions and Polymers: Interactions, Properties, and Applications presents the very latest research on lignin biorefinery treatments, production, chemistry, and refining, exploring a range of innovative applications of lignin and lignin-based composites at both the micro and the nanoscale. The book begins by presenting the latest developments in extraction methods and properties, with topics including methods for value-added microlignin, color characteristics, refining and functionalization, depolymerization for phenolic monomer production, and production of sulphur-free lignin nanoparticles. This is followed by in-depth sections focusing on the preparation of lignin for advanced applications at the microscale, then at the nanoscale, covering a range of areas such as construction, fiber manufacturing, food packaging, biomedicine, wood preservation, wastewater treatment, and agriculture. This valuable resource enables the reader to identify the high added value of a biomass residue and supports possible development and use for mass and niche high impact application sectors. This information is of interest to researchers, scientists, and advanced students, across bio-based polymers and bio-composites, polymer science and engineering, nanomaterials, chemistry, sustainable materials, materials science, and chemical engineering. Moreover, it is also addressed to the professionals that as well as those in an R&D industrial setting to are looking on ideas and perspectives on how to utilize bio-based materials in advanced industrial applications. Provides detailed information on extraction methods, properties, refining and functionalization processes Guides the reader through the preparation of lignin both at the micro and nanoscale, as a filler, a matrix, and in all-lignin composites Takes a design-for-application approach, opening the door to high value applications across a range of sectors

Functional Materials from Lignin Book

Functional Materials from Lignin


  • Author : Xian Jun Loh
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-06-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786345226

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Functional Materials from Lignin Excerpt :

Lignin is one of the most abundant plant-derived feedstock on earth and qualifies as a renewable material. However, lignin is widely recognized as waste byproduct of the cellulosic ethanol and pulp and paper industry. How to properly modify lignin and develop it into functional polymers is a huge challenge, but an attractive research topic in both industry and academia. This book brings together leading engineering approaches to address the challenges of lignin valorization. It presents the chemistry and properties of different types of lignin, and explores the cutting-edge approaches of lignin modifications. Unlike any existing texts, this book not only summarizes the traditional ways of using lignin, but also presents various potential applications of lignin materials together with advanced processing techniques. The basis of lignin (its chemistry, types and properties) is described, as are different approaches to modify it. The features of lignin and its copolymers are explored and aligned with their potential applications. In addition to the carbon materials from lignin, the advanced fabrication approaches to engineer lignin-based micro/nano-structural materials are summarized.

Monomers  Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources Book

Monomers Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources


  • Author : Mohamed Naceur Belgacem
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-10-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 0080560512

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Monomers Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources Excerpt :

The progressive dwindling of fossil resources, coupled with the drastic increase in oil prices, have sparked a feverish activity in search of alternatives based on renewable resources for the production of energy. Given the predominance of petroleum- and carbon-based chemistry for the manufacture of organic chemical commodities, a similar preoccupation has recently generated numerous initiatives aimed at replacing these fossil sources with renewable counterparts. In particular, major efforts are being conducted in the field of polymer science and technology to prepare macromolecular materials based on renewable resources. The concept of the bio-refinery, viz. the rational exploitation of the vegetable biomass in terms of the separation of its components and their utilisation as such, or after suitable chemical modifications, is thus gaining momentum and considerable financial backing from both the public and private sectors. This collection of chapters, each one written by internationally recognised experts in the corresponding field, covers in a comprehensive fashion all the major aspects related to the synthesis, characterization and properties of macromolecular materials prepared using renewable resources as such, or after appropriate modifications. Thus, monomers such as terpenes and furans, oligomers like rosin and tannins, and polymers ranging from cellulose to proteins and including macromolecules synthesized by microbes, are discussed with the purpose of showing the extraordinary variety of materials that can be prepared from their intelligent exploitation. Particular emphasis has been placed on recent advances and imminent perspectives, given the incessantly growing interest that this area is experiencing in both the scientific and technological realms. Discusses bio-refining with explicit application to materials Replete with examples of applications of the concept of sustainable development Presents an impressive variety of novel macromolecular materials

Lignin in Polymer Composites Book

Lignin in Polymer Composites


  • Author : Omar Faruk
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2015-11-12
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 032335565X

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Lignin in Polymer Composites Excerpt :

Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Lignin Chemistry and Applications Book

Lignin Chemistry and Applications


  • Author : Jin Huang
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-02-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128139639

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Lignin Chemistry and Applications Excerpt :

Lignin Chemistry and Application systematically discusses the structure, physical and chemical modification of lignin, along with its application in the field of chemicals and materials. It presents the history of lignin chemistry and lignin-modified materials, describes recent progresses, applications and studies, and prospects the development direction of high value applications of lignin in the field of material science. In addition to covering the basic theories and technologies relating to the research and application of lignin in polymer chemistry and materials science, the book also summarizes the latest applications in rubber, engineering plastics, adhesives, films and hydrogels. Systematically discusses the structure, physical and chemical modification of lignin and its application in materials Presents the latest research results in the field of lignin Indicates the development direction of high value applications of lignin in a range of fields, including petrochemicals, household applications, medicine, agriculture, and more

Handbook on Coal  Coke  Cotton  Lignin  Hemicellulose  Wood  Wood Polymer Composites  Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials  Wood Fiber  Rosin and Rosin Derivatives Book

Handbook on Coal Coke Cotton Lignin Hemicellulose Wood Wood Polymer Composites Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials Wood Fiber Rosin and Rosin Derivatives


  • Author : Dr. Himadri Panda
  • Publisher : NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
  • Release Date : 2018-01-11
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9789381039861

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Handbook on Coal Coke Cotton Lignin Hemicellulose Wood Wood Polymer Composites Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials Wood Fiber Rosin and Rosin Derivatives Excerpt :

Coal is the product of plants, mainly trees that died tens or hundreds of millions of years ago. Coal is a fossil fuel and is the altered remains of prehistoric vegetation that originally accumulated in swamps and peat bogs. The energy we get from coal today comes from the energy that plants absorbed from the sun millions of years ago. Coal is used primarily as an energy source, either for heat or electricity. It was once heavily used to heat homes and power locomotives and factories. Bituminous coal is also used to produce coke for making steel and other industrial process heating. Lignin is a constituent of the cell walls of almost all dry land plant cell walls. It is the second most abundant natural polymer in the world, surpassed only by cellulose. Lignin is found in all vascular plants, mostly between the cells, but also within the cells, and in the cell walls. Wood is an aggregate of cells essentially cellulose in composition, which are cemented together by a substance called lignin. The cells are made of three substances called cellulose (about 50 percent), lignin (which makes up a fifth to a quarter of hardwoods but a quarter to a third of softwoods), and hemicellulose. Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes a combination of heat and pressure to nearly instantaneously squeeze resinous sap from your initial starting material In India's energy sector, coal accounts for the majority of primary commercial energy supply. With the economy poised to grow at the rate of 8-10% per annum, energy requirements will also rise at a reasonable level. The Indian coal industry aspires to reach the 1.5 billion tonne (BT) mark by FY 2020. In fore-coming years, the industry will naturally need to focus on building on the success, and be on track for reaching the FY 2020 goal. One of the primary goals of the Government of India is to ensure that it is able to meet the country's power generation needs. Another aim is to lower the country's reliance on coal imports by

Lignin Book

Lignin


  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-03-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535139010

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Lignin Excerpt :

Lignin - Trends and Applications consists of 11 chapters related to the lignin structure, modification, depolymerization, degradation process, computational modeling, and applications. This is a useful book for readers from diverse areas, such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. It is expected that this book may expand the reader's knowledge about this complex natural polymer.

Green Polymer Composites Technology Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Green Polymer Composites Technology


  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 591
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315354002

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Green Polymer Composites Technology Excerpt :

This book is a comprehensive introduction to "green" or environmentally friendly polymer composites developed using renewable polymers of natural origin such as starch, lignin, cellulose acetate, poly-lactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxylalkanoates (PHA), polyhydroxylbutyrate (PHB), etc., and the development of modern technologies for preparing green composites with various applications. The book also discusses major applications of green polymer composites in industries such as medicine, biotechnology, fine chemicals and engineering.

Lignin Book

Lignin


  • Author : Swati Sharma
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2021-04-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : 3030406652

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Lignin Excerpt :

This book presents a comprehensive overview on origin, structure, properties, modification strategies and applications of the biopolymer lignin. It is organized into four themed parts. The first part focuses on the analysis and characterization of the second most abundant biopolymer. The following part is devoted to the biological aspects of lignin such as biosynthesis and degradation. In the third part, chemical modification strategies and the preparation of composites as well as nano- and microparticles are discussed.The final part addresses the industrial application of lignin and its derivatives, as well as lignin materials. The usage for synthesis of biofuels, fine chemicals and in agriculture and food industry is covered. This book is a comprehensive source for researchers, scientists and engineers working in the field of biopolymers as well as renewable materials and sources.

Reinforced Polymer Composites Book

Reinforced Polymer Composites


  • Author : Victor V. Tcherdyntsev
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-09-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9783036509686

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Reinforced Polymer Composites Excerpt :

This book, consisting of 21 articles, including three review papers, written by research groups of experts in the field, considers recent research on reinforced polymer composites. Most of them relate to the fiber-reinforced polymer composites, which are a real hot topic in the field. Depending on the reinforcing fiber nature, such composites are divided into synthetic and natural fiber-reinforced ones. Synthetic fibers, such as carbon, glass, or basalt, provide more stiffness, while natural fibers, such as jute, flax, bamboo, kenaf, and others, are inexpensive and biodegradable, making them environmentally friendly. To acquire the benefits of design flexibility and recycling possibilities, natural reinforcers can be hybridized with small amounts of synthetic fibers to make them more desirable for technical applications. Elaborated composites have great potential as structural materials in automotive, marine and aerospace application, as fire resistant concrete, in bridge systems, as mechanical gear pair, as biomedical materials for dentistry and orthopedic application and tissue engineering, as well as functional materials such as proton-exchange membranes, biodegradable superabsorbent resins and polymer electrolytes.

Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites Book

Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites


  • Author : Alan Kin-tak Lau
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-02-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006696

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Natural Fiber Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites Excerpt :

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites focuses on key areas of fundamental research and applications of biocomposites. Several key elements that affect the usage of these composites in real-life applications are discussed. There will be a comprehensive review on the different kinds of biocomposites at the beginning of the book, then the different types of natural fibers, bio-polymers, and green nanoparticle biocomposites are discussed as well as their potential for future development and use in engineering biomedical and domestic products. Recently mankind has realized that unless the environment is protected, he himself will be threatened by the over consumption of natural resources as well as a substantial reduction in the amount of fresh air produced in the world. Conservation of forests and the optimal utilization of agricultural and other renewable resources like solar, wind, and tidal energy, have become important topics worldwide. With such concern, the use of renewable resources—such as plant and animal-based, fiber-reinforced polymeric composites—are now becoming an important design criterion for designing and manufacturing components for a broad range of different industrial products. Research on biodegradable polymeric composites can contribute, to some extent, to a much greener and safer environment. For example, in the biomedical and bioengineering fields, the use of natural fiber mixed with biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers can produce joint and bone fixtures to alleviate pain in patients. Includes comprehensive information about the sources, properties, and biodegradability of natural fibers Discusses failure mechanisms and modeling of natural fibers composites Analyzes the effectiveness of using natural materials for enhancing mechanical, thermal, and biodegradable properties

Lignin Valorization Book

Lignin Valorization


  • Author : Gregg T. Beckham
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2018-03-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782625544

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Lignin Valorization Excerpt :

A comprehensive, interdisciplinary picture of how lignocellulosic biorefineries could potentially employ lignin valorization technologies.

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Book

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites


  • Author : Sajjad Haider
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-03-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852968

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Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Excerpt :

Renewable Polymers and Polymer-Metal Oxide Composites: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications serves as a reference on the key concepts of the advances of polymer-oxide composites. The book reviews knowledge on polymer-composite theory, properties, structure, synthesis, and their characterization and applications. There is an emphasis on coupling metal oxides with polymers from renewable sources. Also, the latest advances in the relationship between the microstructure of the composites and the resulting improvement of the material’s properties and performance are covered. The applications addressed include desalination, tissue engineering, energy storage, hybrid energy systems, food, and agriculture. This book is suitable for early-career researchers in academia and R&D in industry who are working in the disciplines of materials science, engineering, chemistry and physics. Provides basic principles, theory and synthetic methods of composite materials, polymer composites and metal oxides Reviews the latest advances in polymer-oxide-based applications in medicine, water treatment, energy and sensing Discusses materials from renewable resources, including lifecycle assessment, economic aspects and potential application in tissue engineering, photovoltaics and food packaging

What to Know about Lignin Book

What to Know about Lignin


  • Author : María González Alriols
  • Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 1536192228

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What to Know about Lignin Excerpt :

This book presents recent developments about lignin documented with world renown researchers. The book is divided into 3 parts:a. Lignin Extraction/Characterizationb. Lignin Modificationc. Lignin ApplicationsLignin chemistry is still a mysterious area with various lignin types from various plants in the world providing us new opportunities to discover new materials. With the world extensive knowledge on surface chemistry, there are various methods to modify lignin structure. There are also many applications in polymeric resins, polymer composites, fertilizers and enhanced oil recovery. The book covers all the important developments about this highly important material group "Lignin".