Lipid Signaling and Metabolism Book

Lipid Signaling and Metabolism


  • Author : James M. Ntambi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128194058

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Lipid Signaling and Metabolism Excerpt :

Lipid Signaling and Metabolism provides foundational knowledge and methods to examine lipid metabolism and bioactive lipid signaling mediators that regulate a broad spectrum of biological processes and disease states. Here, world-renowned investigators offer a basic examination of general lipid, metabolism, intracellular lipid storage and utilization that is followed by an in-depth discussion of lipid signaling and metabolism across disease areas, including obesity, diabetes, fatty liver disease, inflammation, cancer, cardiovascular disease and mood-related disorders. Throughout, authors demonstrate how expanding our understanding of lipid mediators in metabolism and signaling enables opportunities for novel therapeutics. Emphasis is placed on bioactive lipid metabolism and research that has been impacted by new technologies and their new potential to transform precision medicine. Provides a clear, up-to-date understanding of lipid signaling and metabolism and the impact of recent technologies critical to advancing new studies Empowers researchers to examine bioactive lipid signaling and metabolism, supporting translation to clinical care and precision medicine Discusses the role of lipid signaling and metabolism in obesity, diabetes, fatty liver disease, inflammation, cancer, cardiovascular disease and mood-related disorders, among others

Lipid Signaling and Metabolism Book

Lipid Signaling and Metabolism


  • Author : James M. Ntambi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128194041

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Lipid Signaling and Metabolism Excerpt :

Lipid Signaling and Metabolism provides foundational knowledge and methods to examine lipid metabolism and bioactive lipid signaling mediators that regulate a broad spectrum of biological processes and disease states. Here, world-renowned investigators offer a basic examination of general lipid, metabolism, intracellular lipid storage and utilization that is followed by an in-depth discussion of lipid signaling and metabolism across disease areas, including obesity, diabetes, fatty liver disease, inflammation, cancer, cardiovascular disease and mood-related disorders. Throughout, authors demonstrate how expanding our understanding of lipid mediators in metabolism and signaling enables opportunities for novel therapeutics. Emphasis is placed on bioactive lipid metabolism and research that has been impacted by new technologies and their new potential to transform precision medicine. Provides a clear, up-to-date understanding of lipid signaling and metabolism and the impact of recent technologies critical to advancing new studies Empowers researchers to examine bioactive lipid signaling and metabolism, supporting translation to clinical care and precision medicine Discusses the role of lipid signaling and metabolism in obesity, diabetes, fatty liver disease, inflammation, cancer, cardiovascular disease and mood-related disorders, among others

Lipid Signaling Protocols Book

Lipid Signaling Protocols


  • Author : Banafshé Larijani
  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release Date : 2014-10-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN 10 : 1627038825

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Lipid Signaling Protocols Excerpt :

Lipid Signaling Protocols assembles in a single volume the various tools and methodologies needed by the interested investigator to unravel lipid dependent signaling and cell function. Divided into two convenient sections, the volume begins by summarizing the physical properties of hydrophobic metabolites as well as the physical methodologies used for their analysis, which leads to the second section and its selection of biological methods, focused around the most relevant lipids, their corresponding metabolizing enzymes and the recognition proteins. Following the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters provide readily reproducible laboratory protocols, lists of necessary materials and reagents, and the tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Contributed to by top researchers in the field, Lipid Signaling Protocols is an essential resource for both experienced and novice researchers who desire a better understanding of the application of physical methodologies in the context of lipid signaling and lipid metabolism in cell biology.

Lipid Metabolism in Signaling Systems Book

Lipid Metabolism in Signaling Systems


  • Author : John N. Fain
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 357
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483288321

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Lipid Metabolism in Signaling Systems Excerpt :

Many of the phospholipases and even the receptor for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate have recently been cloned and sequenced and play an important role in neurotransmission. Methods developed in recent years for the study of the enzymes and intermediates involved in the regulation of neuronal signal transduction involving phospholipid turnover are presented in this volume. Techniques for examining the role of phosphoinositides in signal transduction Techniques related to protein kinase C Analysis of inositol phosphates Techniques to analyze phospholipid turnover in the brain

Plant Lipid Metabolism Book

Plant Lipid Metabolism


  • Author : J.C. Kader
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401583947

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Plant Lipid Metabolism Excerpt :

A collection of papers that comprehensively describe the major areas of research on lipid metabolism of plants. State-of-the-art knowledge about research on fatty acid and glycerolipid biosynthesis, isoprenoid metabolism, membrane structure and organization, lipid oxidation and degradation, lipids as intracellular and extracellular messengers, lipids and environment, oil seeds and gene technology is reviewed. The different topics covered show that modern tools of plant cellular and molecular biology, as well as molecular genetics, have been recently used to characterize several key enzymes of plant lipid metabolism (in particular, desaturases, thioesterases, fatty acid synthetase) and to isolate corresponding cDNAs and genomic clones, allowing the use of genetic engineering methods to modify the composition of membranes or storage lipids. These findings open fascinating perspectives, both for establishing the roles of lipids in membrane function and intracellular signalling and for adapting the composition of seed oil to the industrial needs. This book will be a good reference source for research scientists, advanced students and industrialists wishing to follow the considerable progress made in recent years on plant lipid metabolism and to envision the new opportunities offered by genetic engineering for the development of novel oil seeds.

Lipid signaling in plants Book

Lipid signaling in plants


  • Author : Xuemin Wang
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2013-07-30
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889191482

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Lipid signaling in plants Excerpt :

Cell membranes are the initial and focal sites of stimulus perception and signal transduction. Membrane lipids are rich sources for the production of signaling messengers that mediate plant growth, development, and response to nutrient status and stresses. In recent years, substantial progress has been made toward understanding lipid signaling in plants, but many fundamental questions remain: What lipids are signaling messengers or mediators in plants? How are the signaling lipids produced and metabolized? In what plant cellular and physiological processes are various lipid mediators involved? How do they carry out their signaling functions? How do lipid signaling networks contribute to modulating plant growth, development, and responses to hormones and stresses? In this Research Topic issue, we invite the broad plant community to address the above questions.Cell membranes are the initial and focal sites of stimulus perception and signal transduction. Membrane lipids are rich sources for the production of signaling messengers that mediate plant growth, development, and response to nutrient status and stresses. In recent years, substantial progress has been made toward understanding lipid signaling in plants, but many fundamental questions remain: What lipids are signaling messengers or mediators in plants? How are the signaling lipids produced and metabolized? In what plant cellular and physiological processes are various lipid mediators involved? How do they carry out their signaling functions? How do lipid signaling networks contribute to modulating plant growth, development, and responses to hormones and stresses? In this Research Topic issue, we invite the broad plant community to address the above questions.

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism Book

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism


  • Author : Anne Le
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030657680

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The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism Excerpt :

This open access volume will introduce recent discoveries in cancer metabolism since the publication of the first edition in 2018, providing readers with an up-to-date understanding of developments in the field. Genetic alterations in cancer, in addition to being the fundamental drivers of tumorigenesis, can give rise to a variety of metabolic adaptations that allow cancer cells to survive and proliferate in diverse tumor microenvironments. This metabolic flexibility is different from normal cellular metabolic processes and leads to heterogeneity in cancer metabolism within the same cancer type or even within the same tumor. In this book, the authors delve into the complexity and diversity of cancer metabolism and highlight how understanding the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism is fundamental to the development of effective metabolism-based therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment. Deciphering how cancer cells utilize various nutrient resources will enable clinicians and researchers to pair specific chemotherapeutic agents with patients who are most likely to respond with positive outcomes, allowing for more cost-effective and personalized cancer treatment. This book has four major parts. Part one will cover the basic metabolism of cancer cells, followed by a discussion of the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism in part two. Part three addresses the relationship between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts, and the new part four will explore the metabolic interplay between cancer and other diseases. This new section makes the book unique from other texts currently available on the market. The second edition will be useful for cancer metabolism researchers, cancer biologists, epidemiologists, physicians, health care professionals in related disciplines, policymakers, marketing and economic strategists, among others. It may also be used in courses such as intro to cancer metabolism, cancer biology, and related biochemistry courses for undergraduate and g

Lipid mediated Signaling Book

Lipid mediated Signaling


  • Author : Eric J. Murphy
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-12
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 1138113964

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Lipid mediated Signaling Excerpt :

As the highly anticipated update to Lipid Second Messengers (CRC Press, 1999), Lipid-Mediating Signaling is a current and comprehensive overview of research methods used in lipid-mediated signal transduction. Pioneering experts provide a much-needed distillation of a decade�s worth of advances in research techniques that are pertinent in understanding how lipid-mediated signal transduction ties to pathologic disorders. Part I describes methods used to identify activities of and assay the expression of different enzymes involved in lipid-mediated signaling. Part II highlights the use of mass spectrometry to ascertain the lipid content in various systems. Part III contains two chapters devoted to techniques used to determine the role of lipids in the activation of gene transcription. Part IV rounds out the book�s solid coverage by focusing on methods used to assess fatty acid uptake and metabolism. Lipid-Mediating Signaling is an unrivaled reference for this rapidly expanding, yet resource-limited field, and it is a valuable resource for for cell biologists, biochemists, and pharmacologists, as well as for researchers studying signaling transduction.

Metabolic Signaling Book

Metabolic Signaling


  • Author : Sarah-Maria Fendt
  • Publisher : Humana
  • Release Date : 2019-12-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 1493993879

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Metabolic Signaling Excerpt :

This book provides protocols to quantify metabolism, to identify metabolic crosstalk, and to setup and develop tools and models to gain insight into metabolic signaling using experimental and computational approaches. Chapters detail protocols to quantify metabolism, identify metabolic crosstalk, and develop tools and models to gain a systems-level insight into metabolic signaling. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Metabolic Signaling: Methods and Protocols aims to provide researchers with methods to study, perturb, and functionally interpret metabolism and metabolic signaling from the sub-cellular to the whole-body level.

Druggable Lipid Signaling Pathways Book

Druggable Lipid Signaling Pathways


  • Author : Yasuyuki Kihara
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-09-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030506216

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Druggable Lipid Signaling Pathways Excerpt :

Lipids are responsible not just for constituting cellular membrane but also for storing energy, transducing signaling, and modifying proteins. Bioactive lipids, or lipid mediators, transduce signaling as intracellular messenger like phosphoinoitides, and also regulate cell-cell communication through G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that are potentially valuable drug targets in many diseases. Until now, about 40 GPCRs within ~300 rhodopsin-like (class A) GPCRs, are identified as lipid GPCRs. Advances of lipid research have enabled to develop novel small molecules targeting lipid GPCRs for several diseases. Most notably, fingolimod (FTY720), a sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator, became the first FDA-approved medicine as an orally bioavailable drug for treating relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition to fingolimod, other drugs targeting lipid GPCRs had been developed such as latanoprost (prostaglandin F2a analogue, used for ocular hypertension and glaucoma), epoprostenol and treprostinil (prostaglandin I2 analogue, used for pulmonary arterial hypertension), montelukast and pranlukast (cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist, used for asthma and allergies), etc. Novel drugs are also expected like lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor antagonist for treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. Drug development targeting lipid signalling pathways are backdated to more than a century, when aspirin was synthesized and selling by Bayer, while the basic mechanism of aspirin's effects (block prostanoid synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenases) had not been discovered until 1970s. Nowadays, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin and ibuprophen are commonly used as antipyretic analgesics and available readily over-the-counter oral drugs. Both upstream and downstream enzymes, such as phospholipase A2s and prostaglandin E synthases, respectively, are also potential therapeutic targets for inflammatory diseases. Recent studies of lipid meta

Lipid Signaling in Human Diseases Book

Lipid Signaling in Human Diseases


  • Author : Julian Gomez-Cambronero
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-04-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030336684

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Lipid Signaling in Human Diseases Excerpt :

Lipids are an integral part of cell membrane architecture, are intermediaries in cell metabolism, and are involved in transmitting cell signals from hormones, growth factors and nutrients. A number of lipases and phospholipases, lipid kinases, lipid phosphatases, sphingosine kinases, and their reaction products have been implicated in fundamental cellular processes including cell proliferation, division and migration. These enzymes and their products underlie the molecular mechanisms of numerous human diseases, in particular metabolic disease (diabetes), cancer, neurodegenerative disease and cardiovascular disease. Over the last decade, studies have advanced to the point that a number of inhibitors for these enzymes have been developed to attempt to ameliorate these conditions; some of the inhibitors are currently in human clinical trial. The need for this book is to review the current status of this field and the prospect for the inhibitors to be clinically important.

Bioactive Lipids in Health and Disease Book

Bioactive Lipids in Health and Disease


  • Author : Andres Trostchansky
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-05-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030114886

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Bioactive Lipids in Health and Disease Excerpt :

The purpose of this book is to introduce the readers on the perspective of the role that unsaturated fatty acids and complex lipids play on health and disease. Bioactive lipids can be modified affecting membrane composition, structure and fluidity in addition to changes in cell signaling associated to lipid-protein (membrane receptors) interactions, issues that are addressed by the authors. This book analyzes key topics involving bioactive lipids and their role in normal signaling and the mechanisms of disease. The book navigates from structural studies of oxidized and non-oxidized lipids to the reactions and cell signaling processes that bioactive lipids play in cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. The book contains the recent advances reported in the literature about lipidomics as well as the role that lipid-derived compounds exert on unfolded protein response and lipid metabolism and disease. This book represents a state of the art introduction to lipid metabolism from a biochemical to an in vivo overview being an useful tool for students and investigators. We hope the mechanistic observations on the role of bioactive lipids in health and disease serve a perspective to improve the existing treatments or propose new lipid-based pharmacology

Biochemistry of Lipids  Lipoproteins and Membranes Book

Biochemistry of Lipids Lipoproteins and Membranes


  • Author : J.E. Vance
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1991-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 595
  • ISBN 10 : 008086080X

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Biochemistry of Lipids Lipoproteins and Membranes Excerpt :

The second edition of this book on lipids, lipoprotein and membrane biochemistry has two major objectives - to provide an advanced textbook for students in these areas of biochemistry, and to summarise the field for scientists pursuing research in these and related fields. Since the first edition of this book was published in 1985 the emphasis on research in the area of lipid and membrane biochemistry has evolved in new directions. Consequently, the second edition has been modified to include four chapters on lipoproteins. Moreover, the other chapters have been extensively updated and revised so that additional material covering the areas of cell signalling by lipids, the assembly of lipids and proteins into membranes, and the increasing use of molecular biological techniques for research in the areas of lipid, lipoprotein and membrane biochemistry have been included. Each chapter of the textbook is written by an expert in the field, but the chapters are not simply reviews of current literature. Rather, they are written as current, readable summaries of these areas of research which should be readily understandable to students and researchers who have a basic knowledge of general biochemistry. The authors were selected for their abilities both as researchers and as communicators. In addition, the editors have carefully coordinated the chapters so that there is little overlap, yet extensive cross-referencing among chapters.

Cellular Lipid Metabolism Book

Cellular Lipid Metabolism


  • Author : Christian Ehnholm
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-07-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 3642003001

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Cellular Lipid Metabolism Excerpt :

For years lipids have fascinated cell biologists and biochemists due to their profound effects on cell function. "Cellular Lipid Metabolism" highlights new concepts and recent findings, but also reviews important discoveries made in the past. Outstanding international experts contribute 13 chapters on the genetics, molecular and cell biology of lipids. Presenting analyses at the molecular level they reveal the principles by which cellular lipid metabolism functions. Further, numerous intriguing observations that cannot yet be explained are identified, stimulating the readers to future studies. This book provides an invaluable source of information for biomedical researchers in energy metabolism, vascular biology, endocrinology and lipidology.

Phospholipid Metabolism in Cellular Signaling Book
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Phospholipid Metabolism in Cellular Signaling


  • Author : Jose M. Mato
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1990-11-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 0849359783

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Phospholipid Metabolism in Cellular Signaling Excerpt :

Phospholipids are no longer considered exclusively as the building blocks of biomembranes, but are now regarded to be exceptionally important to cellular signalling. Another conclusion resulting from studies over the past several years is that no single general scheme for the role of phospholipids during cell activation can be drawn as representative of all cells. Phospholipid Metabolism in Cellular Signaling presents a comprehensive view of the recent advances made in certain major research areas within the field of phospholipid metabolism in cellular signalling. Topics discussed within this volume include lipid composition of cellular membranes and their organization in biological systems, the dynamic aspects of phospholipid metabolism and its regulation by extracellular stimuli, and the role of newly discovered glycosyl-phosphatidylinositols in insulin action . The book also discusses two biologically active phospholipids: the sphingolipids, and ether-linked glycerophospholipids (the platelet activating factor). Phospholipid Metabolism in Cellular Signaling is an important research reference that should be considered required reading by all scientists and graduate students working on cell activation (e.g., growth factors, hormones, and oncogenes).