Liquid Glass Transition Book

Liquid Glass Transition


  • Author : Toyoyuki Kitamura
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2012-12-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124071704

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Liquid Glass Transition Excerpt :

A glass is disordered material like a viscous liquid and behaves mechanically like a solid. A glass is normally formed by supercooling the viscous liquid fast enough to avoid crystallization, and the liquid-glass transition occurs in diverse manners depending on the materials, their history, and the supercooling processes, among other factors. The glass transition in colloids, molecular systems, and polymers is studied worldwide. This book presents a unified theory of the liquid-glass transition on the basis of the two band model from statistical quantum field theory associated with the temperature Green’s function method. It is firmly original in its approach and will be of interest to researchers and students specializing in the glass transition across the physical sciences. Examines key theoretical problems of the liquid-glass transition and related phenomena Clarifies the mechanism and the framework of the liquid-glass transition

The Glass Transition Book

The Glass Transition


  • Author : E. Donth
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662043653

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The Glass Transition Excerpt :

Describes and interrelates the following processes: cooperative alpha processes in a cold liquid, structural relaxation in the glass near Tg, the Johari-Goldstein beta process, the Williams-Götze process in a warm liquid, fast nonactivated cage rattling and boson peak, and ultraslow Fischer modes.

Liquid Phase Transition in Water Book

Liquid Phase Transition in Water


  • Author : Osamu Mishima
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431569152

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Liquid Phase Transition in Water Excerpt :

A profound secret of nature hidden in ice water in a glass cup is revealed in this book. The author teaches a simple method for understanding the complex properties of water through the concept of polyamorphism. Polyamorphism is the existence of two kinds of liquid water, leading to a discontinuous transition between them. Currently, this two-water scenario is controversial in the scientific community because definitive experimental proof is difficult. However, a growing number of researchers believe there is adequate circumstantial evidence for the scenario. This introductory book focuses experimental thermodynamic data of liquid water, supercooled water, and amorphous solid water at various pressures and temperatures, and demonstrates how the two-water scenario initially evolved experimentally. The book explains the importance of polyamorphism in comprehending liquid water.

Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses  Colloids  and Granular Media Book

Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses Colloids and Granular Media


  • Author : Ludovic Berthier
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2011-07-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191621307

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Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses Colloids and Granular Media Excerpt :

Most of the solid materials we use in everyday life, from plastics to cosmetic gels exist under a non-crystalline, amorphous form: they are glasses. Yet, we are still seeking a fundamental explanation as to what glasses really are and to why they form. In this book, we survey the most recent theoretical and experimental research dealing with glassy physics, from molecular to colloidal glasses and granular media. Leading experts in this field present broad and original perspectives on one of the deepest mysteries of condensed matter physics, with an emphasis on the key role played by heterogeneities in the dynamics of glassiness.

Statistical Physics of Liquids at Freezing and Beyond Book

Statistical Physics of Liquids at Freezing and Beyond


  • Author : Shankar Prasad Das
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-06-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139500678

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Statistical Physics of Liquids at Freezing and Beyond Excerpt :

Exploring important theories for understanding freezing and the liquid-glass transition, this book is useful for graduate students and researchers in soft-condensed matter physics, chemical physics and materials science. It details recent ideas and key developments, providing an up-to-date view of current understanding. The standard tools of statistical physics for the dense liquid state are covered. The freezing transition is described from the classical density functional approach. Classical nucleation theory as well as applications of density functional methods for nucleation of crystals from the melt are discussed, and compared to results from computer simulation of simple systems. Discussions of supercooled liquids form a major part of the book. Theories of slow dynamics and the dynamical heterogeneities of the glassy state are presented, as well as nonequilibrium dynamics and thermodynamic phase transitions at deep supercooling. Mathematical treatments are given in full detail so readers can learn the basic techniques.

Jamming and Glass Transitions Book

Jamming and Glass Transitions


  • Author : Ada Altieri
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-08-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030236007

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Jamming and Glass Transitions Excerpt :

The work described in this book originates from a major effort to develop a fundamental theory of the glass and the jamming transitions. The first chapters guide the reader through the phenomenology of supercooled liquids and structural glasses and provide the tools to analyze the most frequently used models able to predict the complex behavior of such systems. A fundamental outcome is a detailed theoretical derivation of an effective thermodynamic potential, along with the study of anomalous vibrational properties of sphere systems. The interested reader can find in these pages a clear and deep analysis of mean-field models as well as the description of advanced beyond-mean-field perturbative expansions. To investigate important second-order phase transitions in lattice models, the last part of the book proposes an innovative theoretical approach, based on a multi-layer construction. The different methods developed in this thesis shed new light on important connections among constraint satisfaction problems, jamming and critical phenomena in complex systems, and lay part of the groundwork for a complete theory of amorphous solids.

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials Book

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials


  • Author : Jasim Ahmed
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-02-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118935712

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Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials Excerpt :

Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.

Liquid Glass Transition Book

Liquid Glass Transition


  • Author : Toyoyuki Kitamura
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 0124071775

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Liquid Glass Transition Excerpt :

A glass is disordered material like a viscous liquid and behaves mechanically like a solid. A glass is normally formed by supercooling the viscous liquid fast enough to avoid crystallization, and the liquid-glass transition occurs in diverse manners depending on the materials, their history, and the supercooling processes, among other factors. The glass transition in colloids, molecular systems, and polymers is studied worldwide. This book presents a unified theory of the liquid-glass transition on the basis of the two band model from statistical quantum field theory associated with the temperature Green's function method. It is firmly original in its approach and will be of interest to researchers and students specializing in the glass transition across the physical sciences. Examines key theoretical problems of the liquid-glass transition and related phenomena Clarifies the mechanism and the framework of the liquid-glass transition

Ageing and the Glass Transition Book

Ageing and the Glass Transition


  • Author : Malte Henkel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-04-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540696834

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Ageing and the Glass Transition Excerpt :

Understanding cooperative phenomena far from equilibrium is one of the fascinating challenges of present-day many-body physics. Glassy behaviour and the physical ageing process of such materials are paradigmatic examples. The present volume, primarily intended as introduction and reference, collects six extensive lectures addressing selected experimental and theoretical issues in the field of glassy systems.

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials Book

Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials


  • Author : Jasim Ahmed
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-04-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118935729

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Glass Transition and Phase Transitions in Food and Biological Materials Excerpt :

Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.

The Physics of Phase Transitions Book

The Physics of Phase Transitions


  • Author : Pierre Papon
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662049891

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The Physics of Phase Transitions Excerpt :

The Physics of Phase Transitions occupies an important place at the crossroads of several fields central to materials sciences. This second edition incorporates new developments in the states of matter physics, in particular in the domain of nanomaterials and atomic Bose-Einstein condensates where progress is accelerating. New information and application examples are included. This work deals with all classes of phase transitions in fluids and solids, containing chapters on evaporation, melting, solidification, magnetic transitions, critical phenomena, superconductivity, and more. End-of-chapter problems and complete answers are included.

Physics of Liquid Matter Book

Physics of Liquid Matter


  • Author : Paola Gallo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-07-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030683498

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Physics of Liquid Matter Excerpt :

This book offers a didactic and a self-contained treatment of the physics of liquid and flowing matter with a statistical mechanics approach. Experimental and theoretical methods that were developed to study fluids are now frequently applied to a number of more complex systems generically referred to as soft matter. As for simple liquids, also for complex fluids it is important to understand how their macroscopic behavior is determined by the interactions between the component units. Moreover, in recent years new and relevant insights have emerged from the study of anomalous phases and metastable states of matter. In addition to the traditional topics concerning fluids in normal conditions, the authors of this book discuss recent developments in the field of disordered systems in condensed and soft matter. In particular they emphasize computer simulation techniques that are used in the study of soft matter and the theories and study of slow glassy dynamics. For these reasons the book includes a specific chapter about metastability, supercooled liquids and glass transition. The book is written for graduate students and active researchers in the field.

Encyclopedia of Glass Science  Technology  History  and Culture Two Volume Set Book

Encyclopedia of Glass Science Technology History and Culture Two Volume Set


  • Author : Pascal Richet
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-02-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1568
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118799390

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Encyclopedia of Glass Science Technology History and Culture Two Volume Set Excerpt :

This Encyclopedia begins with an introduction summarizing itsscope and content. Glassmaking; Structure of Glass, GlassPhysics,Transport Properties, Chemistry of Glass, Glass and Light,Inorganic Glass Families, Organic Glasses, Glass and theEnvironment, Historical and Economical Aspect of Glassmaking,History of Glass, Glass and Art, and outlinepossible newdevelopments and uses as presented by the best known people in thefield (C.A. Angell, for example). Sections and chapters arearranged in a logical order to ensure overall consistency and avoiduseless repetitions. All sections are introduced by a briefintroduction and attractive illustration. Newly investigatedtopics will be addresses, with the goal of ensuring that thisEncyclopedia remains a reference work for years to come.

Non Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods Book

Non Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods


  • Author : Bhesh R. Bhandari
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-11-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003350

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Non Equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods Excerpt :

Non-equilibrium States and Glass Transitions in Foods: Processing Effects and Product Specific Implications presents the tactics needed to understand and control non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food, an essential element in maintaining the shelf-life and quality of foods. After brief introductory chapters introduce the science behind non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in foods, the book details how glass transition temperature is affected by composition and the ways it influences processability and physico-chemical changes during the storage of foods, also exploring how these effects can be controlled. The second section looks at individual foods, highlighting the implications of non-equilibrium states and glass transitions within these foods. Maintaining and improving the quality of food is of upmost importance to food companies who have to ensure that the shelf life of their products is as long as possible. A large amount of research has been performed into glass transitions in food over the last few years, however there has not been a comprehensive review. This book fills that gap. Provides the only book on the market that covers non-equilibrium states and glass transitions in food from a practical standpoint Presents food industry professionals in the area of food quality with essential information on the effects of glass transitions and non-equilibrium states on the shelf life of specific products Edited by global leaders in glass transition technology in foods