Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska Book

Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska

  • Author : R.B. Spies
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-12-12
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080469423

Long term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska Excerpt :

This comprehensive text is a major synthesis on ecological change in the Gulf of Alaska. It encompasses the structural and annual changes, forces of change, long-ecological changes in the atmosphere and ocean, plankton, fish, birds and mammals, and the effects of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. With 5 major sections, Long-term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska first describes the physical features, the atmosphere and physical oceanography, the annual production cycle, the forage base for higher animals and trophic transfer, and the adaptations for survival in this changing environment for 9 portal species. Then, the major forces of change are introduced: climate, geophysics, fisheries and harvesting, species interactions, disease and contaminants. Next, the long-term records of change in physical factors and biological populations are presented, as well as the potential reasons for the biological changes. Following is the history of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its long-term effects. And, finally, the emergent properties of the ecosystem are discussed and an attempt is made to weigh the importance of the major forcing factors in terms of their temporal and spatial scales of influence. * Examines important data on long-term change in the ecosystem and the forcing factors that are responsible for it * Provides an account of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill with emphasis on the long-term effects * Describes the effects of climate change, geophysical change, species interactions, harvesting, disease, the 1989 oil spill, and marine contaminants on key populations of marine organisms

Sustaining Wildlands Book

Sustaining Wildlands

  • Author : Aaron J. Poe
  • Publisher : University of Arizona Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-14
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780816535644

Sustaining Wildlands Excerpt :

"Nearly thirty years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill, land managers and stakeholders explore the ongoing paradox of accommodating human use while reducing environmental impact in Prince William Sound"--Provided by publisher.

Oil in the Environment Book

Oil in the Environment

  • Author : John A. Wiens
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-07-18
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107027176

Oil in the Environment Excerpt :

Scientists directly involved in studying the Exxon Valdez spill provide a comprehensive synthesis of scientific information on long-term spill effects.

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Book

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry

  • Author : Nagina Parmar
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642418372

Geomicrobiology and Biogeochemistry Excerpt :

Over the past 4 billion years, microorganisms have contributed to shaping the earth and making it more habitable for higher forms of life. They are remarkable in their metabolic diversity and their ability to harvest energy from oxidation and reduction reactions. Research on these microbiological processes has led to the newly evolving fields of geomicrobiology and biogeochemistry, linking the geosphere and the biosphere. This volume of the Soil Biology series provides an overview of the biogeochemical processes and the microorganisms involved, with an emphasis on the industrial applications. Topics treated include aspects such as bioremediation of contaminated environments, biomining, biotechnological applications of extremophiles, subsurface petroleum microbiology, enhanced oil recovery using microbes and their products, metal extraction from soil, soil elemental cycling and plant nutrition.

Entangled Book


  • Author : Marilyn Sigman
  • Publisher : University of Alaska Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-15
  • Genre: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN 10 : 9781602233485

Entangled Excerpt :

Chronicling her quest for wildness and home in Alaska, naturalist Marilyn Sigman writes lyrically about the history of natural abundance and human notions of wealth—from seals to shellfish to sea otters to herring, halibut, and salmon—in Alaska’s iconic Kachemak Bay. Kachemak Bay is a place where people and the living resources they depend on have ebbed and flowed for thousands of years. The forces of the earth are dynamic here: they can change in an instant, shaking the ground beneath your feet or overturning kayaks in a rushing wave. Glaciers have advanced and receded over centuries. The climate, like the ocean, has shifted from warmer to colder and back again in a matter of decades. The ocean food web has been shuffled from bottom to top again and again. In Entangled, Sigman contemplates the patterns of people staying and leaving, of settlement and displacement, nesting her own journey to Kachemak Bay within diasporas of her Jewish ancestors and of ancient peoples from Asia to the southern coast of Alaska. Along the way she weaves in scientific facts about the region as well as the stories told by Alaska’s indigenous peoples. It is a rhapsodic introduction to this stunning region and a siren call to protect the land’s natural resources in the face of a warming, changing world.

The Fate of Nature Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

The Fate of Nature

  • Author : Charles Wohlforth
  • Publisher : Macmillan
  • Release Date : 2010-06-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781429924054

The Fate of Nature Excerpt :

"What capacity for good lies in the hidden depths of people?" Starting with this question, award-winning author Charles Wohlforth sets forth on a wide-ranging exploration of our relationship with the world. In The Fate of Nature, he draws on science, spirituality, history, economics, and personal stories to reveal answers about the future of that relationship. There is no better place to witness the highs and lows of our treatment of the natural world than the vast wilds, rocky coasts, and shifting settlements of Alaska. Since the first encounter between Captain Cook's crew and the Alaskan Natives in 1778, there have been countless struggles between people who have had different plans for the region. Some have hoped to preserve Alaska as they found it, while others aimed to create something new in its place. Incidents such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill may seem like cause for despair. In the face of such profound tragedies, Charles Wohlforth has found heartening developments in the science of human altruism. This new understanding of what causes humans to cooperate and act conscientiously may be the first step toward taking the actions necessary to preserve an environment that has already been altered drastically in our lifetime. A clear-eyed, original work of research, reportage, and philosophical reflections, The Fate of Nature gives us a chance to change the way we think about our place in society and the world at large.

Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil Book

Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil

  • Author : Ross Coen
  • Publisher : University of Alaska Press
  • Release Date : 2012-04-15
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN 10 : 9781602231696

Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil Excerpt :

In 1969, an icebreaking tanker, the SS Manhattan, was commissioned by Humble Oil to transit the Northwest Passage in order to test the logistical and economic feasibility of an all-marine transportation system for Alaska North Slope crude oil. Proposed as an alternative to the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, the Manhattan made two voyages to the North American Arctic and collected volumes of scientific data on ice conditions and the behavior of ships in ice. Although the Manhattan successfully navigated the Northwest Passage—closing a five-hundred-year chapter of Arctic exploration by becoming the first commercial vessel to do so—the expedition ultimately demonstrated the impracticality of moving crude oil using icebreaking ships. Breaking Ice for Arctic Oil details this historic voyage, establishing its significant impact on the future of marine traffic and resource development in the Arctic and setting the stage for the current oil crisis.

Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America Book

Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America

  • Author : J. Brian Alford
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-10-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466557208

Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America Excerpt :

At an increasingly global scale, aquatic scientists are heavily entrenched in understanding the fate of marine ecosystems in the face of human-altered environments. Oil spill disasters, especially large-scale ones like the 2010 Deepwater Horizon tragedy, have left uncertain and indelible marks on marine ecosystems. Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America contains independent scientific findings and critical reviews from experts researching the impacts of the Exxon Valdez, Ixtoc I, and Deepwater Horizon oil spills on coastal fishery resources. Comprised of three sections, this seminal work: Details the physiological effects of oil-derived compounds on fishes, presenting results from field and laboratory investigations Addresses the science of assessing the impacts of oil spills and oil response measures on coastal habitats, with an emphasis on salt-marsh ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico Explores the quantified and potential impacts of oil spills on population and community dynamics of commercial and recreational fishery species Provides newly released results from the 25-year recovery of marine mammals, birds, and fishes following the Exxon Valdez spill Chapters discuss new techniques for collecting and processing blood samples for toxicity testing, new aerial radar techniques for detecting unseen oil on marshes, consequences of oil prevention measures (such as diverting fresh water to estuaries or building sand berms to stop oil) on coastal fishery resources, and non-traditional methods for assessing the herring stock in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA following the Exxon Valdez disaster.

King Crabs of the World Book

King Crabs of the World

  • Author : Bradley G. Stevens
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-18
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439855416

King Crabs of the World Excerpt :

With species existing in all subpolar seas, king crabs are one of the most valuable seafoods. Major fluctuations in their abundance have stimulated a flurry of research and a rapid expansion of the scientific literature in the last decade. King Crabs of the World: Biology and Fisheries Management consolidates extensive knowledge on the biology, systematics, anatomy, life history, and fisheries of king crabs and presents it in a single volume. This book is the first comprehensive scientific reference devoted to the biology and fisheries of king crabs. The first part of the book describes king crabs and their place in the world, covering geographic distribution, depth and temperature ranges, and maps of known habitats. Chapters examine phylogenetic relationships, evolutionary history and phylogeography, internal and external anatomy of king crabs, and the history of North Pacific fisheries. There is also a chapter that presents a comprehensive overview of diseases and other anomalies of king crabs. The second part of the book describes the life history and biology of various king crab species, including embryonic development and environmental factors, the development and biology of larvae, the ecology and biology of juvenile stages, reproductive strategies of fished species, and the growth and feeding of king crabs and their ecological impacts. The third part of the book discusses human and environmental interactions with king crabs through fisheries, management, and ecosystems. Topics include the impacts of fishing—bycatch, handling, and discard mortality—king crab aquaculture and stock enhancement, and king crabs from various regions such as Southern Hemisphere waters, the Barents Sea, and Alaska. A chapter synthesizing various aspects of king crab biology provides an ecosystem-scale perspective and the final chapter presents the author’s outlook on the future of king crab research and populations.

America s Natural Places  Pacific and West Book

America s Natural Places Pacific and West

  • Author : Methea K. Sapp
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2009-11-25
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN 10 : 9780313353192

America s Natural Places Pacific and West Excerpt :

From Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to the Milnesand Prairie Preserve of New Mexico, this volume provides a snapshot of the most spectacular and important natural places in the western United States. • Illustrations depict 50 of the most treasured landscapes in the Pacific and Western regions of the United States, including Alaska and the Pacific Coast.

Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability  Safety  and Quality Book

Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability Safety and Quality

  • Author : E. Grazyna Daczkowska-Kozon
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 1439803285

Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability Safety and Quality Excerpt :

An essential part of diverse marine ecosystems, seafood organisms are especially vulnerable to changes in their natural habitats that affect their reproductive abilities, growth rate, and mutual inter- and intra-species interactions. Environmental Effects on Seafood Availability, Safety, and Quality Issues discusses a variety of factors, both intrinsic and extrinsic to the marine environment, and their potential to influence the availability of finfish/shellfish, their nutritional value, quality attributes, and the safety issues at the time of capture. It also covers the handling of newly caught finfish/shellfish aboard the fishing vessel. Edited by experts, with contributions from scientists and practitioners in marine biology/ecology and seafood applied sciences, the book examines direct, short term or indirect, long-term implications on seafood safety and quality caused by seawater pollution/contamination destabilizing marine habitats. It also covers the cumulative effects of toxic compounds in finfish and shellfish tissues and the effects of overfishing such as dead zones, toxic algal blooms, and jellyfish explosions. In addition to the harmful effects of overfishing and environmental pollution/contamination to the productivity and well-being of seafood resources and marine ecosystems in general, the book details how the capture fisheries also suffer from climate change, affecting fish migrations and the stocks accessibility. Overexploitation, overpopulation, and improper human activities result in destruction, shrinkage, fragmentation, and pollution of the natural habitat of marine life, especially the spawning ground. Interdisciplinary in nature, this book elucidates the environmental limitations, the abiotic, biotic, and anthropogenic factors affecting the catch, and the influence of global warming. It offers a smart way to understand and properly use seafood resources in order to maintain sustainable availability of the capture and culture of seafood resourc

Global Climate Change Book

Global Climate Change

  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Climatic changes
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN 10 : LOC:00094998761

Global Climate Change Excerpt :