Low Cost Carriers in Emerging Countries Book

Low Cost Carriers in Emerging Countries


  • Author : John Bowen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-02-13
  • Genre: Transportation
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128113943

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Low Cost Carriers in Emerging Countries Excerpt :

Low-Cost Airline Carriers in Emerging Countries traces the development of low-cost carriers (LCCs) in Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, examining airlines that have become significant players in their home markets but little known at a global scale. The book maps the geography of the LCC phenomenon, explaining the starkly varying success of budget airlines, and assessing their current social, economic and environmental impacts. The book concludes with insights into the future potential of the LCC phenomenon along with its global ramifications. Beginning with Southwest Airlines in the 1970s, low-cost carriers (LCCs) have democratized air travel around the world, fostering huge increases in airline traffic and transforming the airline industry. At the same time however, the ascent of these budget airlines has exacerbated aviation-related problems such as aircraft noise, airport congestion, greenhouse gas emissions and more. LCCs have been extensively studied in the US and Europe but not in emerging regions of the globe. Yet the impact of such airlines is greatest in low- and middle-income economies where only a small fraction of the population has ever flown, and where competition from alternative modes (road, rail) is weak. Examines the evolution of low cost carriers around the world, how established airlines react to their entry and the wide-ranging societal implications for individual countries and the world Places emerging countries' LCCs into a global context, comparing them to their US and European counterparts Offers original quantitative analysis of LCC networks at several spatial scales (global, regional, national, airport vs. airport) using global schedule data from OAG Includes professionally produced maps of representative airlines networks

Strategies of Low Cost Airlines in Emerging Countries Book

Strategies of Low Cost Airlines in Emerging Countries


  • Author : Michel Herszenhaut
  • Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-09
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN 10 : 3838393406

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Strategies of Low Cost Airlines in Emerging Countries Excerpt :

Over the last years, low cost business models have been developed in many industries and were subject of research of numerous authors. Although having taken place in a wide variety of businesses, the low cost phenomenon has had a special significance in the airline industry. With their slim cost structure and simple offer, certain low cost carriers have succeeded to outperform traditional airlines and to become important players of this industry, mainly in developed markets such as US and Europe. Emerging economies, as main drivers of future economic growth, are attractive territories to be explored by low cost airlines. Nevertheless, factors such as lower average income, infrastructure, competition from incumbents and other transportation methods might put at risk the sustainability of low cost carriers in emerging markets. This book has the objective of answering questions regarding the future of low cost carriers in emerging countries, notably in Brazil and India.

Ready for Takeoff  Book

Ready for Takeoff


  • Author : Charles E. Schlumberger
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2014-10-02
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781464802836

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Ready for Takeoff Excerpt :

This book identifies the premises and prerequisites of the low-cost carriers (LCC) model, and assesses whether it could be successful in less-developed countries, in particular in Sub-Saharan Africa. Specific attention is given to the impact of LCCs on traffic stimulation through lower fares, competition, and fare levels in the market.

The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide Book

The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide


  • Author : Sven Gross
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-02-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317025054

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The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide Excerpt :

Low Cost Carriers (LCCs) have become an integral part of today's air transport and tourism industries. Originating in the United States, the low-cost concept has subsequently been adopted by airlines on all continents. LCCs in Europe and North America, and to some extent in Asia, have already been well covered by academic literature. However, scientific publications on the topic of LCCs in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Australia and New Zealand are scarce. This volume provides the first comprehensive overview of developments, the legal framework and the current situation of the low-cost carrier phenomenon across the globe. It contains a dozen chapters, each dedicated to a region, all written by highly experienced and renowned experts from around the world. The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide is written primarily for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as researchers and practitioners within the fields of aviation, transport and tourism.

Low Cost Carriers Book

Low Cost Carriers


  • Author : Stephen Ison
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-07-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351559621

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Low Cost Carriers Excerpt :

Low cost carriers (LCCs) represent one of the most exciting and dynamic yet often contentious developments in recent commercial aviation history. Formed as a direct result of policies of airline deregulation and liberalisation that were initiated in the United States in the late 1970s before being implemented in certain European, Australasian, Latin American and other world markets from the mid-1990s onwards to encourage competition, LCCs have been responsible for progressively reconfiguring the spatial patterns, operational practices and passenger experiences of flight. In the process, they have enabled growing numbers of people to fly to more places, more frequently, and at lower cost than had been previously possible. In so doing, however, they have generated a number of socio-economic and environmental challenges. The 23 essays included in this volume provide a detailed insight into the emergence, expansion and evolution of the low cost carrier sector worldwide. The volume covers deregulation and liberalisation of the global airline sector, the business models and operating characteristics of low cost carriers, the changing nature of the airline/airport relationship, LCC network characteristics, issues of pricing and competition and the current impacts and likely future trajectories.

Low Cost Carriers   Evolution  Strategies and Performance Book

Low Cost Carriers Evolution Strategies and Performance


  • Author : Vanessa Blaha
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2003-07-14
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 35
  • ISBN 10 : 9783638204859

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Low Cost Carriers Evolution Strategies and Performance Excerpt :

Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,7 (A-), University of Cologne (Business Planning and Logistics), course: Global Competition in the Aviation Industy, 35 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the last three decades low-cost carriers (hence forward referred to as LCCs) have captivated travellers by making the world smaller through cheap short-haul flights. Travellers in the United States have benefited from this concept since the 1970s; whereas, the development in Europe has been much more recent. Lately, LCCs have been quite a hot topic especially since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Many LCCs have amazed investors with their financial performance, as they successfully earned profits in a time when most conventional carriers reported major losses. In Europe, LCCs have entered the market in order to gain market share and to take part in the success of the business. In Germany, the LCC market has taken off with the emergence of two new carriers in the end of 2002. To best understand the low-cost concept, the evolution of LCCs in the United States and in Europe is examined in the second chapter. Furthermore, the background of the most successful LCC Southwest, still being the role model for other LCCs, is presented. In the third chapter the competition theory of Michael Porter is discussed in order to be able to analyse the competitive strategies followed by the LCCs in the chapter four. The fifth chapter gives a brief outline on the most striving marketing strategies among LCCs. Marketing strategies are examined in the fifth chapter. The performance of LCCs is analysed in the sixth chapter, and a comparison to the performance of conventional carriers is conducted. An outlook for the future can be found in chapter seven.

Low Cost Carrier Industry Book

Low Cost Carrier Industry


  • Author : Volker K Pper
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2013-11
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN 10 : 9783656206811

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Low Cost Carrier Industry Excerpt :

Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1,0, Edinburgh Napier University, course: Economics of Business Strategy, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Since the world's first airline company has been established (German Airship Transport Corporation in 1909), especially the new style of low-cost airlines increased the competition on the market for commercial flights. Towards the end of the century low-cost airlines offered first no-frills products at a low price. The concept originated in the U.S., before it spread to Europe in the early 1990's and subsequently to the rest of the world (Chan 2000). One main reason for the accelerated increase of low-cost flights can be seen in the EU enlargement, where open skies arrangements were extended. As a result low-cost routes were established by existing and new operators. The main characteristic of this new strategic orientation was the lower operating cost structure than this of the traditional market participants. The traditional airline industry had to face an essential change in the market, with an increase of competition and new business models. Focusing on Europe, there were only a few low-cost airlines before the year of 2000. However, today about 60 low-cost carriers moved mainstream in Europe with a total market share of 24%, whereas in Germany 23 low-cost airlines operate (Berster 2007)... ...To evaluate the specific strategy of Germanwings it is necessary to set limits to the field of study. After introducing the company itself, the strategic position will be evaluated by focusing on Germany. Thus, Germanwings will be compared to the operators acting in this country. Therefore, it is useful to introduce a strategic mapping and the analysis of price practices focusing on Germanwings. Furthermore, important individual measures of the company will be explained which soften the impact of the above mentioned external influencing factors (PEST-analysis). Fi

Evolution of Low cost Airlines in Different Global Regions Book

Evolution of Low cost Airlines in Different Global Regions


  • Author : Akash Bharat Raigangar
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1281684692

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Evolution of Low cost Airlines in Different Global Regions Excerpt :

Low-cost air carriers have been growing aggressively in many regions around the world and today offer a significant proportion of the available flight and seat capacity in the markets where they operate. This thesis studies the airline capacity evolution of low-cost carriers (LCCs) between 2009 and 2018 in several different types of market regions, both long and short-haul as well as mature versus emerging air travel markets. Between 2009 and 2018, domestic India and domestic China had the fastest growth in total airline capacity, growing at a CAGR of 12.0% and 11.1% respectively. The more mature markets saw much slower growth - the intra-Europe region grew at a 5.6% CAGR while both the domestic US and domestic Australia regions grew at a CAGR less than 3% during the 10-year period. The domestic India region had the highest gain in low-cost carrier share of capacity, which grew by 26 points - from 43% of domestic capacity in 2009 to 69% in 2018. The growth of low-cost carrier capacity share was much smaller or even negative in other regions: 10 points in intra-Europe (from 40% to 50%), 9 points in domestic China (from 3% to 12%), 9 points in domestic US (31% to 40%), 7 points in the transatlantic region (2% to 9%) and -22 points in domestic Australia (50% to 28%). In the mature markets analyzed (except Australia), much of the growth in the low-cost carrier sector has come from ultra-low-cost carriers adding capacity as traditional LCCs are now moving upmarket due to increasing costs. While total capacities in the emerging markets grew rapidly, the growth has come from different sources. LCCs in India have grown significantly, primarily due to the very large demand for low-fare air travel in the country. On the other hand, much of the growth in China has come from legacy carriers; the slower growth in the Chinese LCC sector is explained by unsupportive government regulations and a lack of low-cost airport infrastructure. LCCs operating in the transatlantic region hav

Competition versus Predation in Aviation Markets Book

Competition versus Predation in Aviation Markets


  • Author : Peter Forsyth
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-01-18
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351161381

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Competition versus Predation in Aviation Markets Excerpt :

Prior to liberalization, there was little scope for predatory behaviour in the aviation market. However, following deregulation, new entrants sought to compete with entrenched incumbents. Low-cost carriers (LCCs) gained significant market share, which in turn provoked many different kinds of defensive response. Having put pressure on established carriers, low-cost airlines are themselves feeling the pressure of competition from new operators. While it is normal and natural for airlines to react to competition - modifying their services, the ways in which they offer them and their prices - when does aggressive commercial behaviour go too far and become predation? This book considers what exactly is meant by 'predation' in the aviation environment, and explores the strategies LCCs adopt in order to gain market share, as well as the strategies of the established airlines in response to competition from new entrants to the market. It also addresses the key question of what competition policy should do to ensure intensive competition. Competition versus Predation in Aviation Markets brings together contributions from around the world, from airlines, government agencies, leading academics and consultants, providing a wealth of perspectives on a business practice crucial to airline survival.

Low Cost Carriers   Business Model  Impacts of its Expansion and Challenges Book

Low Cost Carriers Business Model Impacts of its Expansion and Challenges


  • Author : Veronika Minkova
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2011-10-27
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 79
  • ISBN 10 : 9783656038306

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Low Cost Carriers Business Model Impacts of its Expansion and Challenges Excerpt :

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Economics - Micro-economics, grade: 1,3, Furtwangen University; Villingen-Schwenningen, language: English, abstract: Across a wide range of industries traditional market leaders are threatened by low price competitors. These low price firms are steadily eroding the profit margins and market share of their more established rivals. A vivid example from aviation is the Low Cost Carriers. Beginning in the North America and spreading to Europe, the airline passenger market has witnessed a growing intensity in price-based competition. This intensified competition has been facilitated by policy deregulation initiatives until the emergence of the phenomenon Low Cost Airlines. European Low Cost Airlines have changed people’s leisure and travel habits, opening up direct services between city pairs that were not available before. The present thesis aims at analysing the European Low Cost Carriers (LCCs) business model from the perspective of its rapid expansion on the air travel market. In conjunction with the liberalisation of commercial aviation the LCCs’ impacts on the European community have been identified in line with the sustainable transport concept recognized as a common goal in the two European Commission’s strategic documents: Lisbon Agenda and European Sustainable Development Strategy. The European low cost model is examined in terms; its business model and strategic positioning; the LCCs’ positive and negative impacts after its rapid growth; the sector dynamics and its long term sustainability. This LCC multi-dimensional view imposes the main questions of the current work in search for broad analysis of the LCCs trend: “What are the essential characteristics of the LCCs business model?”;” How it affects the EU community?”; and “What driving forces stand behind the LCCs model?”. The thesis sets itself the following sub-objectives and attempts to answer their corresponding questions: - Overview of

The Global Airline Industry Book

The Global Airline Industry


  • Author : Peter Belobaba
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-07-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118881132

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The Global Airline Industry Excerpt :

Extensively revised and updated edition of the bestselling textbook, provides an overview of recent global airline industry evolution and future challenges Examines the perspectives of the many stakeholders in the global airline industry, including airlines, airports, air traffic services, governments, labor unions, in addition to passengers Describes how these different players have contributed to the evolution of competition in the global airline industry, and the implications for its future evolution Includes many facets of the airline industry not covered elsewhere in any single book, for example, safety and security, labor relations and environmental impacts of aviation Highlights recent developments such as changing airline business models, growth of emerging airlines, plans for modernizing air traffic management, and opportunities offered by new information technologies for ticket distribution Provides detailed data on airline performance and economics updated through 2013

Handbook of Low Cost Airlines Book

Handbook of Low Cost Airlines


  • Author : Sven Gross
  • Publisher : Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Airlines
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN 10 : 3503100814

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Handbook of Low Cost Airlines Excerpt :

The Evolution of the Airline Industry Book

The Evolution of the Airline Industry


  • Author : Steven Morrison
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Release Date : 2010-12-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 081572120X

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The Evolution of the Airline Industry Excerpt :

Since the enactment of the Airline Deregulation Act in 1978, questions that had been at the heart of the ongoing debate about the industry for eighty years gained a new intensity: Is there enough competition among airlines to ensure that passengers do not pay excessive fares? Can an unregulated airline industry be profitable? Is air travel safe? While economic regulation provided a certain stability for both passengers and the industry, deregulation changed everything. A new fare structure emerged; travelers faced a variety of fares and travel restrictions; and the offerings changed frequently. In the last fifteen years, the airline industry's earnings have fluctuated wildly. New carriers entered the industry, but several declared bankruptcy, and Eastern, Pan Am, and Midway were liquidated. As financial pressures mounted, fears have arisen that air safety is being compromised by carriers who cut costs by skimping on maintenance and hiring inexperienced pilots. Deregulation itself became an issue with many critics calling for a return to some form of regulation. In this book, Steven A. Morrison and Clifford Winston assert that all too often public discussion of the issues of airline competition, profitability, and safety take place without a firm understanding of the facts. The policy recommendations that emerge frequently ignore the long-run evolution of the industry and its capacity to solve its own problems. This book provides a comprehensive profile of the industry as it has evolved, both before and since deregulation. The authors identify the problems the industry faces, assess their severity and their underlying causes, and indicate whether government policy can play an effective role in improving performance. They also develop a basis for understanding the industry's evolution and how the industry will eventually adapt to the unregulated economic environment. Morrison and Winston maintain that although the airline industry has not reached long-run equilibrium,

Marketing Differences Between Traditional Airlines and Low cost Airlines in Europe Book

Marketing Differences Between Traditional Airlines and Low cost Airlines in Europe


  • Author : Nils Kernchen
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2007-08
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN 10 : 9783638726849

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Marketing Differences Between Traditional Airlines and Low cost Airlines in Europe Excerpt :

Master's Thesis from the year 2004 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: A-, ESG Management School, Paris, 33 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: European Media is writing daily articles about the situation of the European airline business. The European airline market is, at the moment, with all the important changes and actual turbulences, the most dynamic industry sector. Some of these changes are: The creation of new low-cost airlines in Europe, like Germanwings (Germany), Volareweb (Italy), and Sky Europe (Slovakia); The disappearance and bankruptcy of airlines, such as V-Bird (Netherlands) and Swissair; Air France merges with KLM to become the worlds biggest airline group; A significant increase of purchases of airplanes by Arabic airlines. This thesis focuses on the low-cost airlines, which arrived in Europe during the last 10 years and changed micro and macro environment of the airline business. Low-cost airlines like Ryanair and EasyJet make big profits while Alitalia, British Airways, Air France, and Lufthansa are having enormous problems. The general opinion is that low-cost airlines are successful because of its lower cost in production, and therefore of its lower price they can offer to the customers. The thesis will show that the cost factor is not the only reason for the success of low-cost airlines: "Being cheap is not enough" The objective of the thesis is to find other reasons which explain the success of low-cost airlines by analysing the marketing development of European low-cost airlines with its strategies, positioning, customer satisfaction etc. Of special interest: The question how the low-cost trend changes the marketing and the behaviour of the traditional airlines and how do the customers react. As reaction to this trend the traditional airlines are reducing at the moment costs in salary, distribution, maintenance etc. to survive. Th

The Airline Business Book

The Airline Business


  • Author : Rigas Doganis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2005-11-16
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134281022

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The Airline Business Excerpt :

The airline industry is currently faced with its longest and deepest crisis to date: many airlines are losing hundred of millions of US dollars, several have collapsed entirely and others have been rescued by their governments. This crisis has been precipitated by external shocks such as the attack on the Twin Towers in New York, the invasion of Iraq and the SARS epidemic. In addition, the effect of these events has been exacerbated by dynamic and potentially destabilizing internal developments. Comprehensive and thorough, this revealing book gives a detailed analysis of the crucial events and key developments which have impacted, and will continue to impact on the dynamics of the airline industry. Special attention is paid to: the key challenges faced by the airlines such as continued liberalization and ‘open skies’ the impacts of global alliances new low-cost and no-frills carriers on-line selling and distribution privatization the impact of disasters. Leading industry authority Rigas Doganis examines the future prospects for the changing airline business and assesses alternative policies which could help the sector adapt to the shifting marketplace. Ideal for students, researchers and professionals in the fields of economics and business, industry and transportation studies, this second edition of his definitive book brings the story right up to date.