Machine Dreaming and Consciousness Book

Machine Dreaming and Consciousness


  • Author : J. F. Pagel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-13
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128037423

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Machine Dreaming and Consciousness Excerpt :

Machine Dreaming and Consciousness is the first book to discuss the questions raised by the advent of machine dreaming. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems meeting criteria of primary and self-reflexive consciousness are often utilized to extend the human interface, creating waking experiences that resemble the human dream. Surprisingly, AI systems also easily meet all human-based operational criteria for dreaming. These “dreams are far different from anthropomorphic dreaming, including such processes as fuzzy logic, liquid illogic, and integration instability, all processes that may be necessary in both biologic and artificial systems to extend creative capacity. Today, multi-linear AI systems are being built to resemble the structural framework of the human central nervous system. The creation of the biologic framework of dreaming (emotions, associative memories, and visual imagery) is well within our technical capacity. AI dreams potentially portend the further development of consciousness in these systems. This focus on AI dreaming raises even larger questions. In many ways, dreaming defines our humanity. What is humanly special about the states of dreaming? And what are we losing when we limit our focus to its technical and biologic structure, and extend the capacity for dreaming into our artificial creations? Machine Dreaming and Consciousness provides thorough discussion of these issues for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition. Addresses the function and role of dream-like processing in AI systems Describes the functions of dreaming in the creative process of both humans and machines Presents an alternative approach to the philosophy of machine consciousness Provides thorough discussion of machine dreaming and consciousness for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition

Human and Machine Consciousness Book

Human and Machine Consciousness


  • Author : David Gamez
  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • Release Date : 2018-03-07
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN 10 : 9781783743018

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Human and Machine Consciousness Excerpt :

Consciousness is widely perceived as one of the most fundamental, interesting and difficult problems of our time. However, we still know next to nothing about the relationship between consciousness and the brain and we can only speculate about the consciousness of animals and machines. Human and Machine Consciousness presents a new foundation for the scientific study of consciousness. It sets out a bold interpretation of consciousness that neutralizes the philosophical problems and explains how we can make scientific predictions about the consciousness of animals, brain-damaged patients and machines. Gamez interprets the scientific study of consciousness as a search for mathematical theories that map between measurements of consciousness and measurements of the physical world. We can use artificial intelligence to discover these theories and they could make accurate predictions about the consciousness of humans, animals and artificial systems. Human and Machine Consciousness also provides original insights into unusual conscious experiences, such as hallucinations, religious experiences and out-of-body states, and demonstrates how ‘designer’ states of consciousness could be created in the future. Gamez explains difficult concepts in a clear way that closely engages with scientific research. His punchy, concise prose is packed with vivid examples, making it suitable for the educated general reader as well as philosophers and scientists. Problems are brought to life in colourful illustrations and a helpful summary is given at the end of each chapter. The endnotes provide detailed discussions of individual points and full references to the scientific and philosophical literature.

Machine Dreams Book

Machine Dreams


  • Author : Philip Mirowski
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2001-12-03
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107717480

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Machine Dreams Excerpt :

This was the first cross-over book into the history of science written by an historian of economics. It shows how 'history of technology' can be integrated with the history of economic ideas. The analysis combines Cold War history with the history of postwar economics in America and later elsewhere, revealing that the Pax Americana had much to do with abstruse and formal doctrines such as linear programming and game theory. It links the literature on 'cyborg' to economics, an element missing in literature to date. The treatment further calls into question the idea that economics has been immune to postmodern currents, arguing that neoclassical economics has participated in the deconstruction of the integral 'self'. Finally, it argues for an alliance of computational and institutional themes, and challenges the widespread impression that there is nothing else besides American neoclassical economic theory left standing after the demise of Marxism.

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Artificial Intelligence  Computer Simulation  and Human Computer Interaction Book

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Artificial Intelligence Computer Simulation and Human Computer Interaction


  • Author : Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2018-09-28
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 1221
  • ISBN 10 : 9781522573692

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Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Artificial Intelligence Computer Simulation and Human Computer Interaction Excerpt :

As modern technologies continue to develop and evolve, the ability of users to adapt with new systems becomes a paramount concern. Research into new ways for humans to make use of advanced computers and other such technologies through artificial intelligence and computer simulation is necessary to fully realize the potential of tools in the 21st century. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Artificial Intelligence, Computer Simulation, and Human-Computer Interaction provides emerging research in advanced trends in robotics, AI, simulation, and human-computer interaction. Readers will learn about the positive applications of artificial intelligence and human-computer interaction in various disciples such as business and medicine. This book is a valuable resource for IT professionals, researchers, computer scientists, and researchers invested in assistive technologies, artificial intelligence, robotics, and computer simulation.

The Science of Consciousness Book

The Science of Consciousness


  • Author : Trevor A. Harley
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-02-28
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107125285

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The Science of Consciousness Excerpt :

An introduction to the psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience of consciousness, including sleep, dreaming, meditative, and altered states.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology  Fourth Edition Book

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology Fourth Edition


  • Author : Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2017-06-20
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 8104
  • ISBN 10 : 9781522522560

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Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology Fourth Edition Excerpt :

In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.

Dreaming Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Dreaming


  • Author : Jennifer M. Windt
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2015-06-05
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 824
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262028677

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Dreaming Excerpt :

A comprehensive proposal for a conceptual framework for describing conscious experience in dreams, integrating philosophy of mind, sleep and dream research, and interdisciplinary consciousness studies. Dreams, conceived as conscious experience or phenomenal states during sleep, offer an important contrast condition for theories of consciousness and the self. Yet, although there is a wealth of empirical research on sleep and dreaming, its potential contribution to consciousness research and philosophy of mind is largely overlooked. This might be due, in part, to a lack of conceptual clarity and an underlying disagreement about the nature of the phenomenon of dreaming itself. In Dreaming, Jennifer Windt lays the groundwork for solving this problem. She develops a conceptual framework describing not only what it means to say that dreams are conscious experiences but also how to locate dreams relative to such concepts as perception, hallucination, and imagination, as well as thinking, knowledge, belief, deception, and self-consciousness. Arguing that a conceptual framework must be not only conceptually sound but also phenomenologically plausible and carefully informed by neuroscientific research, Windt integrates her review of philosophical work on dreaming, both historical and contemporary, with a survey of the most important empirical findings. This allows her to work toward a systematic and comprehensive new theoretical understanding of dreaming informed by a critical reading of contemporary research findings. Windt's account demonstrates that a philosophical analysis of the concept of dreaming can provide an important enrichment and extension to the conceptual repertoire of discussions of consciousness and the self and raises new questions for future research.

When Animals Dream Book

When Animals Dream


  • Author : David M. Peña-Guzmán
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-05-31
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691220109

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When Animals Dream Excerpt :

A spellbinding look at the philosophical and moral implications of animal dreaming Are humans the only dreamers on Earth? What goes on in the minds of animals when they sleep? When Animals Dream brings together behavioral and neuroscientific research on animal sleep with philosophical theories of dreaming. It shows that dreams provide an invaluable window into the cognitive and emotional lives of nonhuman animals, giving us access to a seemingly inaccessible realm of animal experience. David Peña-Guzmán uncovers evidence of animal dreaming throughout the scientific literature, suggesting that many animals run “reality simulations” while asleep, with a dream-ego moving through a dynamic and coherent dreamscape. He builds a convincing case for animals as conscious beings and examines the thorny scientific, philosophical, and ethical questions it raises. Once we accept that animals dream, we incur a host of moral obligations and have no choice but to rethink our views about who animals are and the interior lives they lead. A mesmerizing journey into the otherworldly domain of nonhuman consciousness, When Animals Dream carries profound implications for contemporary debates about animal cognition, animal ethics, and animal rights, challenging us to regard animals as beings who matter, and for whom things matter.

Boundaries of Self and Reality Online Book

Boundaries of Self and Reality Online


  • Author : Jayne Gackenbach
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128041741

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Boundaries of Self and Reality Online Excerpt :

As technology continues to rapidly advance, individuals and society are profoundly changed. So too are the tools used to measure this universe and, therefore, our understanding of reality improves. Boundaries of Self and Reality Online examines the idea that technological advances associated with the Internet are moving us in multiple domains toward various "edges." These edges range from self, to society, to relationships, and even to the very nature of reality. Boundaries are dissolving and we are redefining the elements of identity. The book begins with explorations of the digitally constructed self and the relationship between the individual and technological reality. Then, the focus shifts to society at large and includes a contribution from Chinese researchers about the isolated Chinese Internet. The later chapters of the book explore digital reality at large, including discussions on virtual reality, Web consciousness, and digital physics. Cyberpsychology architecture Video games as a tool for self-understanding Avatars and the meaning behind them Game transfer phenomena A Jungian perspective on technology Politics of social media The history and science of video game play Transcendent virtual reality experiences The theophoric quality of video games

Lucid Dreaming  New Perspectives on Consciousness in Sleep  2 volumes  Book

Lucid Dreaming New Perspectives on Consciousness in Sleep 2 volumes


  • Author : Ryan Hurd
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2014-07-29
  • Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Pages : 691
  • ISBN 10 : 9781440829482

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Lucid Dreaming New Perspectives on Consciousness in Sleep 2 volumes Excerpt :

In this fascinating new collection, an all-star team of researchers explores lucid dreaming not only as consciousness during sleep but also as a powerful ability cultivated by artists, scientists, and shamans alike to achieve a variety of purposes and outcomes in the dream. • Presents a variety of expert perspectives on lucid dreaming from many different cultures that represent a breadth of disciplinary perspectives • Provides theoretical models that integrate scientific reason, mysticism, and individuals' experiences, making way for a new level of sophistication in the study of lucid dreaming • Offers practical insights for therapists, teachers, and researchers as well as students and scholars of psychology, anthropology, and religious studies while containing accessible information and compelling personal narratives that will appeal to general readers

Dreams  Consciousness  Spirit Book

Dreams Consciousness Spirit


  • Author : Ernest Lawrence Rossi
  • Publisher : Zeig Tucker & Theisen Publishers
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN 10 : 1891944991

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Dreams Consciousness Spirit Excerpt :

The World in My Mind  My Mind in the World Book

The World in My Mind My Mind in the World


  • Author : Igor Aleksander
  • Publisher : Andrews UK Limited
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 201
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845406073

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The World in My Mind My Mind in the World Excerpt :

Not consciousness, but knowledge of consciousness: that is what this book communicates in a fascinating way. Consciousness is the thread that links the disappearing gorilla with the octopus suffering from a stomach ache, and the person under anaesthetic with a new born baby. How these are different, yet illustrative of consciousness, is revealed in this accessible book by one of the world's leading thinkers and neural computing engineers. Igor Aleksander addresses this enigmatic topic, by making us understand the difference between what happens to us when thinking consciously and when sort of thinking when dreaming or when not conscious at all, as when sleeping, anaesthetised or knocked out by a blow on the head. The book also tackles the larger topics of free will, choice, God, Freud (what is 'the unconscious'?), inherited traits and individuality, while exploding the myths and misinformation of many earlier mind-hijackers. He shares the journey towards building a new model of consciousness, with an invitation to understand 5 axioms or basic ideas, which we easily recognise in ourselves.

Contemporary American Fiction Book

Contemporary American Fiction


  • Author : Kenneth Millard
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198711780

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Contemporary American Fiction Excerpt :

Millard leads the interpretation of post-1970 fiction by addressing particular authors and themes.

The Castle of Dreams Book

The Castle of Dreams


  • Author : Michel Jouvet
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Fiction
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262101271

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The Castle of Dreams Excerpt :

How discoveries about sleep and dreaming might have been made: a novel by apioneering sleep researcher casts an eighteenth century aristocrat as its scientific and romantichero.