Management Strategies for Sustainable Cattle Production in Southern Pastures Book

Management Strategies for Sustainable Cattle Production in Southern Pastures

  • Author : Monte Rouquette, Jr.
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-08-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128144756

Management Strategies for Sustainable Cattle Production in Southern Pastures Excerpt :

Management Strategies for Sustainable Cattle Production in Southern Pastures is a practical resource for scientists, students, and stakeholders who want to understand the relationships between soil-plant interactions and pasture management strategies, and the resultant performance of cow-calf and stocker cattle. This book illustrates the importance of matching cattle breed types and plant hardiness zones to optimize cattle production from forages and pastures. It explains the biologic and economic implications of grazing management decisions made to improve sustainability of pastures and cattle production while being compliant with present and future environmental concerns and cattle welfare programs. Documents the effects of cattle grazing on greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprints Discusses strategies to enhance soil fertility, soil health, and nutrient cycling in pastures Provides information on the use of stocking rates, stocking strategies and grazing systems to optimize cow-calf production of weaned calves and stockers. Presents innovations in cattle supplementation and watering systems to minimize negative impacts on water and soil health Includes methods for weed control to maintain pasture condition and ecosystem stability Describes management strategies to integrate cattle operations with wildlife sustainability

Environmentally Sustainable Livestock Production Book

Environmentally Sustainable Livestock Production

  • Author : Ilkka Leinonen
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-01-25
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038975526

Environmentally Sustainable Livestock Production Excerpt :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Environmentally Sustainable Livestock Production" that was published in Sustainability

Exploring and Optimizing Agricultural Landscapes Book

Exploring and Optimizing Agricultural Landscapes

  • Author : Lothar Mueller
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 734
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030674489

Exploring and Optimizing Agricultural Landscapes Excerpt :

The book informs about agricultural landscapes, their features, functions and regulatory mechanisms. It characterizes agricultural production systems, trends of their development, and their impacts on the landscape. Agricultural landscapes are multifunctional systems, coupled with all nexus problems of the 21th century. This has led to serious discrepancies between agriculture and environment, and between urban and rural population. The mission, key topics and methods of research in order to understanding, monitoring and controlling processes in rural landscapes is being explained. Studies of international expert teams, many of them from Russia, demonstrate approaches towards both improving agricultural productivity and sustainability, and enhancing ecosystem services of agricultural landscapes. Scientists of different disciplines, decision makers, farmers and further informed people dealing with the evolvement of thriving rural landscapes are the primary audience of this book.

Endophytes  Mineral Nutrient Management  Volume 3 Book

Endophytes Mineral Nutrient Management Volume 3

  • Author : Dinesh Kumar Maheshwari
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030654474

Endophytes Mineral Nutrient Management Volume 3 Excerpt :

The challenges to meet the food requirement of the burgeoning population and stabilized productivity of agriculture lands can only be met by a second green revolution. After steadily declining for over a decade hunger is on the rise again, affecting million people of the global population. Therefore, crop yields must be increased substantially over the coming decades to keep pace with global food demand. The plant rhizosphere is a multidimensional and dynamic ecological environment of complicated microbe–plant interactions for harnessing essential macro and micronutrients from a limited nutrient pool. This book will showcase naturally-occurring endophyte which can be explored for nutrient mineralization and mobilization for sustainable agriculture. This will cover recent trends, prospects, critical commentaries and advancement in the research area focusing on naturally-occurring beneficial endophytic microbes. Thus, it is proposed to bring out new scientific insights and frontiers of research that have exploration of endophyte for mineral nutrient management in soil and crops. The chapters are contributed by leading scientists across the globe. The book will be useful to agronomists, microbiologists, ecologists, plant pathologists, molecular biologists, environmentalists, policy makers, conservationists, and NGOs working for the crop production and productivity development and consequently over all agricultural significance.

Lockhart and Wiseman   s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland Book

Lockhart and Wiseman s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland

  • Author : Steve Finch
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2002-06-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781855736504

Lockhart and Wiseman s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland Excerpt :

First published in 1966, Lockhart and Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland has established itself as the standard crop husbandry text for students and practitioners alike. Radically revised and expanded, and with a new team of authors, the eighth edition confirms and extends its reputation. Part one looks at the basic conditions for crop growth with chapters on plant structure and growth, soil analysis and management, and the use of fertilisers and manures. There is also a new chapter on the influence of climate and weather. Part two surveys general aspects of crop husbandry. As well as a discussion of cropping techniques, there are new chapters on the important new areas of integrated crop management and organic crop husbandry, as well as discussion of seed selection and production. Part three then looks at how these general techniques are applied to particular crops, with chapters on cereals, root crops, fresh harvested crops, forage crops and combinable break crops. Part four considers the use of grassland with chapters on classification, sowing and management, grazing and conservation for winter feed. Lockhart and Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland remains the standard text for general agriculture, land management and agri-business courses, and is a valuable practical reference for the farming industry. The eighth edition has been widely expanded and remains the standard text for general agriculture, land management and agri-business courses Includes new chapters on cropping techniques, integrated crop management and quality assurance, seed production and selection and the influence of climate Discusses basic conditions for crop growth, how techniques are applied to particular crops, the influence of weather and the use of grassland

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock Book

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock

  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 115
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251079201

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock Excerpt :

Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. FAO conducted a detailed analysis of GHG emissions at multiple stages of various livestock supply chains, including the production and transport of animal feed, on-farm energy use, emissions from animal digestion and manure decay, as well as the post-slaughter transport, refrigeration and packaging of animal products. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestocks contribution to global warming as well as the sectors potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.

Harvested Forages Book

Harvested Forages

  • Author : Rodney Dwain Horrocks
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1999-07-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080533315

Harvested Forages Excerpt :

Harvested Forages deals with the subject of food for domestic animal feeding. Such food is called "forage" and includes things like alfalfa and other plants usually referred to as "hay." Topics include the ways that this forage is produced, how it is harvested, and ways that it should be stored. Other issues that are dealt with include various criteria and measurement procedures for assessing forage nutritive quality, potential health hazards associated with particular plants and plant toxins, and various issues of plant growth, pest control, and soil fertility--among other topics. This book is essential for any institution with a strong program in range sciences, animal sciences, animal feeding and nutrition, and related programs. Synthesizes and summarizes a vast and widely dispersed literature in animal science Serves as a reference for managers of harvested forages as well as all those involved with the forage production industry

Forage in Ruminant Nutrition Book

Forage in Ruminant Nutrition

  • Author : Dennis Minson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323147989

Forage in Ruminant Nutrition Excerpt :

Forage in Ruminant Nutrition is the 12th text in a series of books about animal feeing and nutrition. The series is intended to keep readers updated on the developments occurring in these fields. As it is apparent that ruminant animals are important throughout the world because of the meat and milk they produce, knowledge about the feeds available to ruminants must also be considered for increased production and efficiency. This text provides information that readers will find considerably invaluable about forage feeds, such as grass, legumes, hay, and straw. The book is composed of 16 chapters that feature the following concepts of ruminant forage feeding: • composition of ruminant products and the nutrients required for maintenance and reproduction; • energy and nutrient available in forage: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, copper, iodine, zinc, manganese, selenium, and cobalt; • intake of forage by housed ruminants; • grazing; • forage digestibility; • protein in ruminant nutrition; • protein and other nutrient deficiencies. This volume will be an invaluable reference for students and professionals in agricultural chemistry and grassland and animal husbandry researches.

Rangeland Systems Book

Rangeland Systems

  • Author : David D. Briske
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-04-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 661
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319467092

Rangeland Systems Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.

Livestock s Long Shadow Book

Livestock s Long Shadow

  • Author : Henning Steinfeld
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9251055718

Livestock s Long Shadow Excerpt :

"The assessment builds on the work of the Livestock, Environment and Development (LEAD) Initiative"--Pref.

Advances in Cattle Welfare Book

Advances in Cattle Welfare

  • Author : Cassandra Tucker
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-11-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081022764

Advances in Cattle Welfare Excerpt :

Advances in Cattle Welfare provides a targeted overview of contemporary issues in dairy and beef cattle welfare. The volume addresses welfare-related topics in both research and on-farm applications. Opening with an introduction to cattle production systems, the book covers the three major areas of cattle welfare; on-farm welfare assessment, behavioral priorities of cattle and novel perspectives on specific aspects of management. Chapters examine the key issues within each area, including such topics as the goals and measures included in welfare assessments, the importance to cattle of access to pasture and engaging in social behavior, human-animal interactions, painful procedures, and disease and metabolic challenge. This book is an essential part of the wider ranging series Advances in Farm Animal Welfare, with coverage of cattle, sheep and pigs. With its expert editor and international team of contributors, Advances in Cattle Welfare is a key reference tool for welfare research scientists and students, veterinarians involved in welfare assessment, and indeed anyone with a professional interest in the welfare of cattle. Brings together top researchers in the field to provide a comprehensive overview of recent advances in the understanding of cattle welfare and management Analyzes welfare issues for both dairy and beef cattle of all ages Examines the issues from the perspective of what will be most important for the animal’s overall welfare, from housing systems to feeding

Sustainable Intensification Book

Sustainable Intensification

  • Author : Jules N. Pretty
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-06-25
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136529276

Sustainable Intensification Excerpt :

Continued population growth, rapidly changing consumption patterns and the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation are driving limited resources of food, energy, water and materials towards critical thresholds worldwide. These pressures are likely to be substantial across Africa, where countries will have to find innovative ways to boost crop and livestock production to avoid becoming more reliant on imports and food aid. Sustainable agricultural intensification - producing more output from the same area of land while reducing the negative environmental impacts - represents a solution for millions of African farmers. This volume presents the lessons learned from 40 sustainable agricultural intensification programmes in 20 countries across Africa, commissioned as part of the UK Government's Foresight project. Through detailed case studies, the authors of each chapter examine how to develop productive and sustainable agricultural systems and how to scale up these systems to reach many more millions of people in the future. Themes covered include crop improvements, agroforestry and soil conservation, conservation agriculture, integrated pest management, horticulture, livestock and fodder crops, aquaculture, and novel policies and partnerships.

Five practical actions towards low carbon livestock Book

Five practical actions towards low carbon livestock

  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2019-11-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 40
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251319857

Five practical actions towards low carbon livestock Excerpt :

Livestock provide valuable nutritional benefits as well as supporting livelihoods and the resilience of families and communities. Demand for animal products continues to grow in response to rising population and increasing wealth, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In spite of productivity gains, greenhouse gas emissions from livestock are also increasing. Successful action on climate change through practical action in livestock agrifood systems is an urgent priority, but must not come at the expense of other sustainability objectives, particularly those relating hunger and poverty. Hence there is a need to balance the benefits of animal-source foods and livestock keeping for nutrition, health and livelihoods, with the urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to tackle the climate crisis, which also threatens food security. The following five practical actions can be widely implemented for measurable and rapid impacts on livestock emissions: 1) boosting efficiency of livestock production and resource use; 2) Intensifying recycling efforts and minimizing losses for a circular bioeconomy; 3) capitalizing on nature-based solutions to ramp up carbon offsets; 4) striving for healthy, sustainable diets and accounting for protein alternatives; and 5) developing policy measures to drive change. This brief describes how these can be implemented in integrative and sustainable ways, taking account the diversity of livestock systems and enhancing synergies and managing tradeoffs with other sustainable development objectives. FAO can help by providing developing tools, methodologies and protocols for measuring emissions, and supporting the development and analysis of technical and policy options towards sustainable, low-carbon livestock.

Crop Physiology Book

Crop Physiology

  • Author : Victor Sadras
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-09-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124169791

Crop Physiology Excerpt :

From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy Written by leading scientists from around the world Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management

Horse Pasture Management Book

Horse Pasture Management

  • Author : Paul H. Sharpe
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128129203

Horse Pasture Management Excerpt :

Horse Pasture Management begins with coverage of the structure, function and nutritional value of plants, continuing into identification of pasture plants. Management of soil and plants in a pasture is covered next, followed by horse grazing behavior, feed choices of horses, management of grazing horses, and how to calculate how many horses should be grazing relative to land size. Management of hay and silage are included, since year-round grazing is not possible on many horse farms. A number of chapters deal with interactions of a horse farm with the environment and other living things. As an aid in good pasture management, one chapter explains construction and use of fencing and watering systems. Contributions are rounded out with a chapter explaining how the University of Kentucky helps horse farm managers develop their pasture management programs. The purpose of the book is to help people provide a better life for horses Provides the basic principles of pasture management for those involved in equine-related fields and study Covers a variety of strategies for managing the behavior, grouping, environmental, and feeding needs of grazing horses to ensure high levels of welfare and health Includes information on environmental best practices, plant and soil assessment, and wildlife concerns Explains pasture-related diseases and toxic plants to be avoided Includes links to useful resources and existing extension programs