Material Substructures in Complex Bodies Book

Material Substructures in Complex Bodies


  • Author : Gianfranco Capriz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-06-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080445359

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Material Substructures in Complex Bodies Excerpt :

Stringent industrial requirements of sophisticated performances and of circumstantial control for micro-devices or nanotechnology manufactures, and other types of machinery at multiple scales, can be satisfied often only by resort to or allowance for complex materials. The adjective 'complex' beckons to the fact that the substructure influences gross mechanical behaviour in a prominent way and interactions due to substructural changes are represented directly. The description of the mechanical behaviour of complex bodies proposes a wide class of challenging problems from macroscopic-to-nano-world. The collection of chapters composing this book aims to explore some aspects of these problems, proposing also new matter of discussion together with specific solutions. Contributors are Carlo Cercignani, Gianfranco Capriz, Pierre Degond, Antonio Fasano, Harley T. Johnson, Sukky Jun, Krishna Kannan, Wing Kam Liu, Alberto Mancini, Paolo Maria Mariano, Ingo Müller, Kumbakonan R. Rajagopal, Jan Jerzy Slawianowski. The book can be a useful tool for Scholars and PhD students addressing their research activity toward basic mathematical and physical problems accruing from the mechanics of materials.

Mathematical Models of Granular Matter Book

Mathematical Models of Granular Matter


  • Author : Gianfranco Capriz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2008-04-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540782773

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Mathematical Models of Granular Matter Excerpt :

Granular matter displays a variety of peculiarities that distinguish it from other appearances studied in condensed matter physics and renders its overall mathematical modelling somewhat arduous. Prominent directions in the modelling granular flows are analyzed from various points of view. Foundational issues, numerical schemes and experimental results are discussed. The volume furnishes a rather complete overview of the current research trends in the mechanics of granular matter. Various chapters introduce the reader to different points of view and related techniques. New models describing granular bodies as complex bodies are presented. Results on the analysis of the inelastic Boltzmann equations are collected in different chapters. Gallavotti-Cohen symmetry is also discussed.

Geothermal Power Plants Book
Score: 4.5
From 4 Ratings

Geothermal Power Plants


  • Author : Ronald DiPippo
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-04-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080554761

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Geothermal Power Plants Excerpt :

Ron DiPippo, Professor Emeritus at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, is a world-regarded geothermal expert. This single resource covers all aspects of the utilization of geothermal energy for power generation from fundamental scientific and engineering principles. The thermodynamic basis for the design of geothermal power plants is at the heart of the book and readers are clearly guided on the process of designing and analysing the key types of geothermal energy conversion systems. Its practical emphasis is enhanced by the use of case studies from real plants that increase the reader's understanding of geothermal energy conversion and provide a unique compilation of hard-to-obtain data and experience. An important new chapter covers Environmental Impact and Abatement Technologies, including gaseous and solid emissions; water, noise and thermal pollutions; land usage; disturbance of natural hydrothermal manifestations, habitats and vegetation; minimisation of CO2 emissions and environmental impact assessment. The book is illustrated with over 240 photographs and drawings. Nine chapters include practice problems, with solutions, which enable the book to be used as a course text. Also includes a definitive worldwide compilation of every geothermal power plant that has operated, unit by unit, plus a concise primer on the applicable thermodynamics. * Engineering principles are at the heart of the book, with complete coverage of the thermodynamic basis for the design of geothermal power systems * Practical applications are backed up by an extensive selection of case studies that show how geothermal energy conversion systems have been designed, applied and exploited in practice * World renowned geothermal expert DiPippo has including a new chapter on Environmental Impact and Abatement Technology in this new edition

Views on Microstructures in Granular Materials Book

Views on Microstructures in Granular Materials


  • Author : Pasquale Giovine
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-11-09
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030492670

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Views on Microstructures in Granular Materials Excerpt :

This contributed volume provides an up-to-date overview of the mechanics of granular materials, ranging from sparse media to soils. With chapters exploring state-of-the-art theoretical, experimental, and applied trends in the study of granular matter in various states, readers will be motivated to learn about the current challenges and potential avenues of exploration in this active area of research. Including a variety of perspectives, this volume will be a valuable reference for audiences in a number of fields. Specific topics covered include: X-ray tomography techniques for analyzing sand Evaluation of effective stress in unsaturated soils Hyper-plasticity Wave propagation in granular systems Partly saturated porous media Multi-scale approaches to the dynamics of sparse media Views on Microstructures in Granular Materials is an ideal resource for PhD students and researchers in applied mathematics, solid-state physics, civil engineering, and mechanical engineering.

Proceedings Book

Proceedings


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Engineering
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822033908500

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Proceedings Excerpt :

Advances in Multifield Theories for Continua with Substructure Book

Advances in Multifield Theories for Continua with Substructure


  • Author : Gianfranco Capriz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN 10 : 9780817681586

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Advances in Multifield Theories for Continua with Substructure Excerpt :

Toachieve design, implementation,and servicing ofcomplex systems and struc tures in an efficient and cost-effective way,a deeper knowledge and understanding of the subtle cast and detailed evolution of materials is needed. The analysis in demand borders with the molecular and atomic one, spanning all the way down from classical continua. The study of the behavior of complex materials in sophisticated devices also opens intricate questions about the applicability of primary axioms ofcontinuum mechanics such as the ultimate nature of the material element itselfand the possibility ofidentifying itperfectly. So it is necessary to develop tools that allow usto formulate both theoretical models and methods of numerical approximation for the analysis of material substructures. Multifield theories in continuum mechanics, which bridge classical materials science and modern continuum mechanics, provide precisely these tools. Multifield theories not only address problems of material substructures, but also encompass well-recognized approaches to the study of soft condensed matter and allow one to model disparate conditions in various states ofmatter. However, research inmultifield theories is vast, and there is little in the way of a comprehensive distillation of the subject from an engineer's perspective. Therefore, the papers in the present volume, 1 which grew out of our experience as editors for an engineeringjournal, tackle some fundamental questions,suggest solutions of concrete problems, and strive to interpret a host of experimental evidence. In this spirit, each of the authors has contributed original results having in mind their wider applicability.

Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures Book
Score: 1
From 1 Ratings

Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures


  • Author : E.E. Gdoutos
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-01-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402049729

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Fracture of Nano and Engineering Materials and Structures Excerpt :

The 16th European Conference of Fracture (ECF16) was held in Greece, July, 2006. It focused on all aspects of structural integrity with the objective of improving the safety and performance of engineering structures, components, systems and their associated materials. Emphasis was given to the failure of nanostructured materials and nanostructures including micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS).

The Rational Spirit in Modern Continuum Mechanics Book

The Rational Spirit in Modern Continuum Mechanics


  • Author : Chi-Sing Man
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-01-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 808
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402023088

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The Rational Spirit in Modern Continuum Mechanics Excerpt :

Through his voluminous and in?uential writings, editorial activities, organi- tional leadership, intellectual acumen, and strong sense of history, Clifford - brose Truesdell III (1919–2000) was the main architect for the renaissance of - tional continuum mechanics since the middle of the twentieth century. The present collection of 42 essays and research papers pays tribute to this man of mathematics, science, and natural philosophy as well as to his legacy. The ?rst ?ve essays by B. D. Coleman, E. Giusti, W. Noll, J. Serrin, and D. Speiser were texts of addresses given by their authors at the Meeting in memory of Clifford Truesdell, which was held in Pisa in November 2000. In these essays the reader will ?nd personal reminiscences of Clifford Truesdell the man and of some of his activities as scientist, author, editor, historian of exact sciences, and principal founding member of the Society for Natural Philosophy. The bulk of the collection comprises 37 research papers which bear witness to the Truesdellian legacy. These papers cover a wide range of topics; what ties them together is the rational spirit. Clifford Truesdell, in his address upon receipt of a Birkhoff Prize in 1978, put the essence of modern continuum mechanics succinctly as “conceptual analysis, analysis not in the sense of the technical term but in the root meaning: logical criticism, dissection, and creative scrutiny.

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering


  • Author : Jason Rowe
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-02-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095466

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Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering Excerpt :

The automotive industry is under constant pressure to design vehicles capable of meeting increasingly demanding challenges such as improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective emission control. Drawing on the knowledge of leading experts, Advanced materials in automotive engineering explores the development, potential and impact of using such materials. Beginning with a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications, Advanced materials in automotive engineering goes on to consider nanostructured steel for automotive body structures, aluminium sheet and high pressure die-cast aluminium alloys for automotive applications, magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive bodies, and polymer and composite moulding technologies. The final chapters then consider a range of design and manufacturing issues that need to be addressed when working with advanced materials, including the design of advanced automotive body structures and closures, technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, joining systems, and the recycling of automotive materials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Advanced materials in automotive engineering is an invaluable guide for all those involved in the engineering, design or analysis of motor vehicle bodies and components, as well as all students of automotive design and engineering. Explores the development, potential and impact of using advanced materials for improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective mission control in the automotive industry Provides a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications Covers a range of design ideas and manufacturing issues that arise when working with advanced materials, including technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, and the recycling of automotive materials

Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations and Related Topics Book

Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations and Related Topics


  • Author : Alexander I. Nazarov
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9780821849972

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Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations and Related Topics Excerpt :

This book contains papers that engage a wide set of classical and modern topics in partial differential equations, including linear and nonlinear equations, variational problems, the Navier-Stokes system, and the Boltzmann equation. The results include existence and uniqueness theorems, qualitative properties of solutions, a priori estimates, and nonexistence theorems. Table of Contents: J. Andersson, H. Shahgholian, and G. S. Weiss -- Regularity below the $C^2$ threshold for a torsion problem, based on regularity for Hamilton-Jacobi equations; A. Arkhipova -- Signorini-type problem in $\mathbb{R}^N$ for a class of quadratic functional; M. Bildhauer and M. Fuchs -- A 2D-invariant of a theorem of Uraltseva and Urdaletova for higher order variational problems; M. Bostan, I. M. Gamba, and T. Goudon -- The linear Boltzmann equation with space periodic electric field; L. Caffarelli and L. Silvestre -- Smooth approximations of solutions to nonconvex fully nonlinear elliptic equations; P. Constantin and G. Seregin -- Holder continuity of solutions of 2D Navier-Stokes equations with singular forcing; M. Giaquinta, P. M. Mariano, G. Modica, and D. Mucci -- Currents and curvature varifolds in continuum mechanics; N. M. Ivochkina -- On classic solvability of the $m$-Hessian evolution equation; N. V. Krylov -- About an example of N. N. Ural'tseva and weak uniqueness for elliptic operators; V. Maz'ya and R. McOwen -- On the fundamental solution of an elliptic equation in nondivergence form; G. Mingione -- Boundary regularity for vectorial problems; A. Nazarov and A. Reznikov -- Attainability of infima in the critical Sobolev trace embedding theorem on manifolds; M. V. Safonov -- Non-divergence elliptic equations of second order with unbounded drift; V. V. Zhikov and S. E. Pastukhova -- Global solvability of Navier-Stokes equations for a nonhomogeneous non-Newtonian fluid. (TRANS2/229)

Electron and Positron Spectroscopies in Materials Science and Engineering Book

Electron and Positron Spectroscopies in Materials Science and Engineering


  • Author : Otto Buck
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-06-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483191485

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Electron and Positron Spectroscopies in Materials Science and Engineering Excerpt :

Electron and Positron Spectroscopies in Materials Science and Engineering presents the advances and limitations of instrumentations for surface and interface probing useful to metallurgical applications. It discusses the Auger electron spectroscopy and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis. It addresses the means to determine the chemistry of the surface. Some of the topics covered in the book are the exo-electron emission; positron annihilation; extended x-ray absorption fine structure; high resolution electron microscopy; uniaxial monotonic deformation-induced dislocation substructure; and analytical electron microscopy. The mechanistic basis for exo-electron spectroscopy is covered. The correlation of fatigue and photoyield are discussed. The text describes the tribostimulated emission. A study of the quantitative measurement of fatigue damage is presented. A chapter is devoted to the fracture of oxide films on aluminium. Another section focuses on the positron annihilation experimental details and the creep-induced dislocation substructure. The book can provide useful information to scientists, engineers, students, and researchers.

Materials for Automobile Bodies Book
Score: 4
From 3 Ratings

Materials for Automobile Bodies


  • Author : Geoffrey Davies
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-10-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080473390

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Materials for Automobile Bodies Excerpt :

The selection of automobile body materials is fundamental to the choice of fabrication method, and the characteristics and performance of the final vehicle or component. The factors behind these choices comprise some of the key technological and design issues facing automotive engineers today. Materials for Automobile Bodies presents detailed up-to-date information on material technologies for the automobile industry, embracing steels (including high-strength steels) aluminium, plastics, magnesium, hydro-forming and composite body panels. Coverage also includes: materials processing; formability; welding and joining; anti-corrosion technologies; plus a comprehensive consideration of the implications of materials selection on these processes. Dealing with the whole assembly process from raw material to production, right through to recycling at the end of a vehicle's life, this book is the essential resource for practising engineers, designers, analysts and students involved in the design and specification of motor vehicle bodies and components. * Up-to-date information on contemporary autobody materials * International case studies, examples and terminology * Fully illustrated throughout, with examples from Honda, Ferrari, Lotus, BMW and Audi

Engineering Applications of Composites Book

Engineering Applications of Composites


  • Author : Bryan R. Noton
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-06-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483216690

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Engineering Applications of Composites Excerpt :

Composite Materials, Volume 3: Engineering Applications of Composites covers a variety of applications of both low- and high-cost composite materials in a number of business sectors, including material systems used in the electrical and nuclear industries. The book discusses the utilization of carbon-fiber reinforced plastics for a number of high-volume products; applications in road transportation; and the application of composite materials to civil aircraft structures. The text also describes the engineering considerations that enter into the selection and application of materials, as well as the composite applications in existing spacecraft hardware and includes projected applications for space vehicles and systems. The application of materials to military aircraft structure; the components applicable to personal and mass-transit vehicles; and composites in the ocean engineering industry are also considered. The book further tackles composite materials or composite structures principally found in buildings; composite uses in the chemical industries; and examples of fiber-glass-reinforced plastic components in key end-product markets. The text also looks into the most commonly employed molding techniques, mechanical and physical properties of various fiber glass-reinforced thermosets and thermoplastics, the resins and fiber-glass reinforcements available, and code information. The chemical, physical, and mechanical properties and application information about composites in the electrical and nuclear industries; and the potential high-volume applications of advanced composites are also encompassed. Engineers and people involved in the development of composite materials will find the book invaluable.