Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors  Mechanisms and Management Book

Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors Mechanisms and Management


  • Author : K. L. Murty
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-11-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 0081016069

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Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors Mechanisms and Management Excerpt :

Light water reactors (LWRs) are the predominant class of nuclear power reactors in operation today; however, ageing and degradation can influence both their performance and lifetime. Knowledge of these factors is therefore critical to safe, continuous operation. Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors provides a comprehensive guide to prevalent deterioration mechanisms, and the approaches used to handle their effects. Part one introduces fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms. Beginning with an overview of ageing and degradation issues in LWRs, the book goes on to discuss corrosion in pressurized water reactors and creep deformation of materials in LWRs. Part two then considers materials ageing and degradation in specific LWR components. Applications of zirconium alloys in LWRs are discussed, along with the ageing of electric cables. Materials management strategies for LWRs are then the focus of part three. Materials management strategies for pressurized water reactors and VVER reactors are considered before the book concludes with a discussion of materials-related problems faced by LWR operators and corresponding research needs. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors is an authoritative review for anyone requiring an understanding of the performance and durability of this type of nuclear power plant, including plant operators and managers, nuclear metallurgists, governmental and regulatory safety bodies, and researchers, scientists and academics working in this area. Introduces the fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms associated with this class of nuclear power reactorsConsiders materials ageing and degradation in specific light water reactor components, including properties, performance and inspectionChapters also focus on material management strategies"

Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors Book

Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors


  • Author : K L Murty
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-02-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097453

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Materials Ageing and Degradation in Light Water Reactors Excerpt :

Light water reactors (LWRs) are the predominant class of nuclear power reactors in operation today; however, ageing and degradation can influence both their performance and lifetime. Knowledge of these factors is therefore critical to safe, continuous operation. Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors provides a comprehensive guide to prevalent deterioration mechanisms, and the approaches used to handle their effects. Part one introduces fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms. Beginning with an overview of ageing and degradation issues in LWRs, the book goes on to discuss corrosion in pressurized water reactors and creep deformation of materials in LWRs. Part two then considers materials’ ageing and degradation in specific LWR components. Applications of zirconium alloys in LWRs are discussed, along with the ageing of electric cables. Materials management strategies for LWRs are then the focus of part three. Materials management strategies for pressurized water reactors and VVER reactors are considered before the book concludes with a discussion of materials-related problems faced by LWR operators and corresponding research needs. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Materials ageing and degradation in light water reactors is an authoritative review for anyone requiring an understanding of the performance and durability of this type of nuclear power plant, including plant operators and managers, nuclear metallurgists, governmental and regulatory safety bodies, and researchers, scientists and academics working in this area. Introduces the fundamental ageing issues and degradation mechanisms associated with this class of nuclear power reactors Considers materials ageing and degradation in specific light water reactor components, including properties, performance and inspection Chapters also focus on material management strategies

Materials Ageing in Light Water Reactors Book

Materials Ageing in Light Water Reactors


  • Author : François Cattant
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 2448
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030856007

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Materials Ageing in Light Water Reactors Excerpt :

"Materials aging in light water reactors" is a guide to destructive testing of materials in nuclear power plants intended for engineers, researchers and experts concerned with managing the aging of materials used in nuclear power plants. underlying processes, and to acquire new knowledge one must observe. The publication of the book "Materials Aging in Light Water Reactors - Handbook of Destructive Assays" is dedicated to the observation on real samples of nuclear power plants.

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants Book

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-10-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 944
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845699956

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Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants Book

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : Philip Tipping
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 944
  • ISBN 10 : 0081014902

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Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Pascal Yvon
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-08-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081009123

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Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Ageing Management for Nuclear Power Plants  International Generic Ageing Lessons Learned  Igall  Book

Ageing Management for Nuclear Power Plants International Generic Ageing Lessons Learned Igall


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020-10-31
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN 10 : 9201074190

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Ageing Management for Nuclear Power Plants International Generic Ageing Lessons Learned Igall Excerpt :

This Safety Report provides detailed information on ageing management programmes and time limited ageing analyses to manage existing and potential ageing effects and degradation mechanisms of structures, systems and components (SSCs) that are important to the safety of nuclear power plants. It has been written to assist operating organizations and regulatory bodies by specifying a technical basis and providing practical guidance on managing ageing of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation and control components, and civil structures. It also provides a common, internationally recognized basis on what constitutes an effective ageing management programme, a knowledge base on ageing management for design of new plants and design reviews, and a roadmap to available information on ageing management.

Nuclear Corrosion Book

Nuclear Corrosion


  • Author : Stefan Ritter
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-08-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128237199

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Nuclear Corrosion Excerpt :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the "Green Book” series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 ("Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry”). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors Book

Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Mario D Carelli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-09-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857098535

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Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are an advanced, safe type of nuclear reactor technology that are suitable for small and medium sized applications including both power and heat generation. In particular, their use as individual units or in combination to scale-up capacity offer benefits in terms of siting, installation, operation, lifecycle and economics in comparison to the development of larger nuclear plant for centralised electricity power grids. Interest has increased in the research and development of SMRs for both developing countries as well as such additional cogeneration options as industrial/chemical process heat, desalination and district heating, and hydrogen production. This book reviews key issues in their development as well as international R&D in the field. Gives an overview of small modular reactor technology Reviews the design characteristics of integral pressurized water reactors and focuses on reactor core and fuel technologies, key reactor system components, instrumentation and control, human-system interfaces and safety Considers the economics, financing, licensing, construction methods and hybrid energy systems of small modular reactors Describes SMR development activities worldwide, and concludes with a discussion of how SMR deployment can contribute to the growth of developing countries

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Igor Pioro
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-06-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 940
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081001622

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Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications Book

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications


  • Author : S.M. Sapuan Sapuan
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-11-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128209233

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Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications Excerpt :

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications. Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures

Small Modular Reactors Book

Small Modular Reactors


  • Author : Daniel T Ingersoll
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-11-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081002681

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Small Modular Reactors Excerpt :

There is currently significant interest in the development of small modular reactors (SMRs) for the generation of both electricity and process heat. SMRs offer potential benefits in terms of better affordability and enhanced safety, and can also be sited more flexibly than traditional nuclear plants. Small Modular Reactors: Nuclear Power Fad or Future? reviews SMR features, promises, and problems, also discussing what lies ahead for reactors of this type. The book is organized into three major parts with the first part focused on the role of energy, especially nuclear energy, for global development. It also provides a brief history of SMRs. The second major part presents basic nuclear power plant terminology and then discusses in depth the attributes of SMRs that distinguish them from traditional nuclear plants. The third and final major section discusses the current interest in SMRs from a customer’s perspective and delineates several remaining hurdles that must be addressed to achieve wide-spread SMR deployment. Provides decision-makers in governments, business, and research with the needed background on small nuclear power and an overview of the current situation Presents a balanced discussion of the many advantages of SMRs and the challenges they face Written by a highly respected expert in the nuclear industry

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production Book

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production


  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-02-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422273

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Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production Excerpt :

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production presents a discussion of the increasing interest in membrane reactors that has emerged in recent years from both the scientific and industrial communities, in particular their usage for energy applications and basic chemical production. Part One of the text investigates membrane reactors for syngas and hydrogen production, while Part Two examines membrane reactors for other energy applications, including biodiesel and bioethanol production. The final section of the book reviews the use of membrane reactors in basic chemical production, including discussions of the use of MRs in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes. Provides comprehensive coverage of membrane reactors as presented by a world-renowned team of experts Includes discussions of the use of membrane reactors in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes Tackles the use of membrane reactors in syngas, hydrogen, and basic chemical production Keen focus placed on the industry, particularly in the use of membrane reactor technologies in energy

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels  RPVs  in Nuclear Power Plants Book

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants


  • Author : Naoki Soneda
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-09-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096470

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Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants Excerpt :

Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

Handbook of Membrane Reactors Book

Handbook of Membrane Reactors


  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 968
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097347

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Handbook of Membrane Reactors Excerpt :

Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 2 reviews reactor types and industrial applications, beginning in part one with a discussion of selected types of membrane reactor and integration of the technology with industrial processes. Part two goes on to explore the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels. Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors are the focus of part three, before part four considers the use of membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the economic aspects of membrane reactors. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Discusses integration of membrane technology with industrial processes Explores the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels Considers electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors