Materials Kinetics Book

Materials Kinetics

  • Author : John C. Mauro
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-11-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128242162

Materials Kinetics Excerpt :

Materials Kinetics: Transport and Rate Phenomena provides readers with a clear understanding of how physical-chemical principles are applied to fundamental kinetic processes. The book integrates advanced concepts with foundational knowledge and cutting-edge computational approaches, demonstrating how diffusion, morphological evolution, viscosity, relaxation and other kinetic phenomena can be applied to practical materials design problems across all classes of materials. The book starts with an overview of thermodynamics, discussing equilibrium, entropy, and irreversible processes. Subsequent chapters focus on analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equation, covering Fick’s laws, multicomponent diffusion, numerical solutions, atomic models, and diffusion in crystals, polymers, glasses, and polycrystalline materials. Dislocation and interfacial motion, kinetics of phase separation, viscosity, and advanced nucleation theories are examined next, followed by detailed analyses of glass transition and relaxation behavior. The book concludes with a series of chapters covering molecular dynamics, energy landscapes, broken ergodicity, chemical reaction kinetics, thermal and electrical conductivities, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, and master equations. Covers the full breadth of materials kinetics, including organic and inorganic materials, solids and liquids, theory and experiments, macroscopic and microscopic interpretations, and analytical and computational approaches Demonstrates how diffusion, viscosity microstructural evolution, relaxation, and other kinetic phenomena can be leveraged in the practical design of new materials Provides a seamless connection between thermodynamics and kinetics Includes practical exercises that reinforce key concepts at the end of each chapter

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals Book

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals

  • Author : Ryan O'Hayre
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-01-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118972892

Materials Kinetics Fundamentals Excerpt :

Introductory kinetics for the undergrad materials scientist Materials Kinetics Fundamentals is an accessible and interesting introduction to kinetics processes, with a focus on materials systems. Designed for the undergraduate student, this book avoids intense mathematics to present the theory and application of kinetics in a clear, reader-friendly way. Students are first introduced to the fundamental concepts of kinetics, with illustrated diagrams, examples, text boxes, and homework questions that impart a unified, intuitive understanding. Further chapters cover the application of these concepts in the context of materials science, with real-world examples including silicon processing and integrated circuit fabrication, thin-film deposition, carbon-14 dating, steel degassing, energy conversion, and more. Instructor materials including PowerPoint presentations, a test bank, and more are available through the companion website, providing a complete resource for the undergraduate materials science student. At its core, kinetics deals with rates, telling us how fast something will take place – for example, how fast water will evaporate, or how fast molten silicon will solidify. This book is designed to provide students with an introduction to kinetics' underlying principles, without rigorous math to distract from understanding. Understand universally important kinetic concepts like diffusion and reaction rate Model common kinetic processes both quantitatively and qualitatively Learn the mechanisms behind important and interesting materials systems Examine the behaviors, properties, and interactions of relevant solid materials There are a large number of books on chemical kinetics, but there are far fewer that focus on materials kinetics, and virtually none that provide an accessible, introductory-level treatment of the subject. Materials Kinetics Fundamentals fills that need, with clear, detailed explanations of these universal concepts.

Kinetics of Materials Book
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Kinetics of Materials

  • Author : Robert W. Balluffi
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2005-12-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9780471749301

Kinetics of Materials Excerpt :

A classroom-tested textbook providing a fundamental understandingof basic kinetic processes in materials This textbook, reflecting the hands-on teaching experience of itsthree authors, evolved from Massachusetts Institute of Technology'sfirst-year graduate curriculum in the Department of MaterialsScience and Engineering. It discusses key topics collectivelyrepresenting the basic kinetic processes that cause changes in thesize, shape, composition, and atomistic structure of materials.Readers gain a deeper understanding of these kinetic processes andof the properties and applications of materials. Topics are introduced in a logical order, enabling students todevelop a solid foundation before advancing to more sophisticatedtopics. Kinetics of Materials begins with diffusion, offering adescription of the elementary manner in which atoms and moleculesmove around in solids and liquids. Next, the more complex motion ofdislocations and interfaces is addressed. Finally, still morecomplex kinetic phenomena, such as morphological evolution andphase transformations, are treated. Throughout the textbook, readers are instilled with an appreciationof the subject's analytic foundations and, in many cases, theapproximations commonly used in the field. The authors offer manyextensive derivations of important results to help illuminate theirorigins. While the principal focus is on kinetic phenomena incrystalline materials, select phenomena in noncrystalline materialsare also discussed. In many cases, the principles involved apply toall materials. Exercises with accompanying solutions are provided throughoutKinetics of Materials, enabling readers to put their newfoundknowledge into practice. In addition, bibliographies are offeredwith each chapter, helping readers to investigate specializedtopics in greater detail. Several appendices presenting importantbackground material are also included. With its unique range of topics, progressive structure, andextensive exercises, this classroom-

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials Book

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials

  • Author : Han-Ill Yoo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-05-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030259501

Lectures on Kinetic Processes in Materials Excerpt :

This book provides beginning graduate or senior-level undergraduate students in materials disciplines with a primer of the fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials. Kinetics is concerned with the rate of change of the state of existence of a material system under thermodynamic driving forces. Kinetic processes in materials typically involve chemical reactions and solid state diffusion in parallel or in tandem. Thus, mathematics of diffusion in continuum is first dealt with in some depth, followed by the atomic theory of diffusion and a brief review of chemical reaction kinetics. Chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions are examined. Through this course of learning, a student will become able to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place, to understand the inner workings of the process, and to design the optimal process of material state change. Provides students with the tools to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place and solve other diffusion related problems; Learns fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials; Examines chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions, among others; Contains end-of chapter exercise problems to help reinforce students' grasp of the concepts presented within each chapter.

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering Book

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering

  • Author : Dennis W. Readey
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482235678

Kinetics in Materials Science and Engineering Excerpt :

"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces ‘black-box’ explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." –Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut "Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering "A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." –Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science Book

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science

  • Author : Eugene Machlin
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 0080549683

An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science Excerpt :

This book is based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science. An Introduction to Aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics Relevant to Materials Science is about the application of thermodynamics and kinetics to solve problems within Materials Science. Emphasis is to provide a physical understanding of the phenomenon under discussion, with the mathematics presented as a guide. The problems are used to provide practice in quantitative application of principles, and also to give examples of applications of the general subject matter to problems having current interest and to emphasize the important physical concepts. End of chapter problems are included, as are references, and bibliography to reinforce the text. This book provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena. Based on a set of notes developed over many years for an introductory course taught to seniors and entering graduate students in materials science Provides students with the theory and mathematics to understand the important physical understanding of phenomena Includes end of chapter problems, references, and bibliography to reinforce the text

Kinetics in Nanoscale Materials Book

Kinetics in Nanoscale Materials

  • Author : King-Ning Tu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-05-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118742839

Kinetics in Nanoscale Materials Excerpt :

As the ability to produce nanomaterials advances, it becomes more important to understand how the energy of the atoms in these materials is affected by their reduced dimensions. Written by an acclaimed author team, Kinetics in Nanoscale Materials is the first book to discuss simple but effective models of the systems and processes that have recently been discovered. The text, for researchers and graduate students, combines the novelty of nanoscale processes and systems with the transparency of mathematical models and generality of basic ideas relating to nanoscience and nanotechnology.

Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics Book

Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics

  • Author : G. S. Upadhyaya
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483139937

Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics Excerpt :

Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics and Kinetics provides an illustration of the calculations encountered in the study of metallurgical thermodynamics and kinetics, focusing on theoretical concepts and practical applications. The chapters of this book provide comprehensive account of the theories, including basic and applied numerical examples with solutions. Unsolved numerical examples drawn from a wide range of metallurgical processes are also provided at the end of each chapter. The topics discussed include the three laws of thermodynamics; Clausius-Clapeyron equation; fugacity, activity, and equilibrium constant; thermodynamics of electrochemical cells; and kinetics. This book is beneficial to undergraduate and postgraduate students in universities, polytechnics, and technical colleges.

Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science Book

Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science

  • Author : Boris S. Bokstein
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-06-30
  • Genre: Art
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198528043

Thermodynamics and Kinetics in Materials Science Excerpt :

Accompanying CD-ROM contains ... "computer tests and laboratories."--CD-ROM label.

Kinetic Processes Book

Kinetic Processes

  • Author : Kenneth A. Jackson
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-03-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527604951

Kinetic Processes Excerpt :

The formation of solids is governed by kinetic processes, which are closely related to the macroscopic behaviour of the resulting materials. With the main focus on ease of understanding, the author begins with the basic processes at the atomic level to illustrate their connections to material properties. Diffusion processes during crystal growth and phase transformations are examined in detail. Since the underlying mathematics are very complex, approximation methods typically used in practice are the prime choice of approach. Apart from metals and alloys, the book places special emphasis on the growth of thin films and bulk crystals, which are the two main pillars of modern device and semiconductor technology. All the presented phenomena are tied back to the basic thermodynamic properties of the materials and to the underlying physical processes for clarity.

An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics Book

An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics

  • Author : Michel Soustelle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-02-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118604229

An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics Excerpt :

This book is a progressive presentation of kinetics of the chemicalreactions. It provides complete coverage of the domain of chemicalkinetics, which is necessary for the various future users in thefields of Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Materials Science,Chemical Engineering, Macromolecular Chemistry and Combustion. Itwill help them to understand the most sophisticated knowledge oftheir future job area. Over 15 chapters, this book present the fundamentals of chemicalkinetics, its relations with reaction mechanisms and kineticproperties. Two chapters are then devoted to experimental resultsand how to calculate the kinetic laws in both homogeneous andheterogeneous systems. The following two chapters describe the mainapproximation modes to calculate these laws. Three chapters aredevoted to elementary steps with the various classes, theprinciples used to write them and their modeling using the theoryof the activated complex in gas and condensed phases. Threechapters are devoted to the particular areas of chemical reactions,chain reactions, catalysis and the stoichiometric heterogeneousreactions. Finally the non-steady-state processes of combustion andexplosion are treated in the final chapter.

Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics Book

Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics

  • Author : Halid Bikkin
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2014-08-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110373004

Non equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics Excerpt :

This graduate textbook covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. Starting from phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the kinetic equation method discussed and demonstrated with electrons and phonons in conducting crystals. Linear response theory as well as the non-equilibrium statistical operator and the master equation approach are discussed in the course of the book. With one of the main propositions being to avoid terms such as "obviously" and "it is easy to show", this treatise is an easy-to-read introduction into this traditional, yet vibrant field. Problems and their well-documented solutions included at appropriate points of the narrative allow the reader to actively develop essential parts of the theory himself. From the content: Phenomenological thermodynamics of irreversible processes Brownian motion Kinetic equations in non-equilibrium thermodynamics Kinetic equation for electrons and phonons in conducting crystals Theory of non-linear response to an external mechanical pertubation Non-equilibrium statistical operator method Response of a highly non-equilibrium system to a weakly measuring field Master equation approach

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior Book

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior

  • Author : Sergey Vyazovkin
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 3039365606

Thermal Analysis Kinetics for Understanding Materials Behavior Excerpt :

Changing the temperature of a substance can stimulate dramatic changes of its state. These changes can be intermolecular (physical) and intramolecular (chemical) in nature. Physical changes occur without breaking intramolecular bonds, and lead to transitions between the four major phases: gas, liquid, crystal, and glass. Chemical changes are associated with chemical reactions that originate from breaking intramolecular bonds. Phase transitions as well as chemical reactions occur at finite rates. Measuring the rates of processes is the realm of kinetics. The kinetics of thermally stimulated processes is routinely measured using thermal analysis techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Knowing the process rates and their dependence on temperature is of vital importance for understanding the behavior of materials exposed to variations in temperature. In recent years, thermal analysis kinetics has made significant progress by developing computational tools for reliable kinetic analysis. It has also expanded its traditional application area to newly developed nano- and biomaterials. This Special Issue is a series of papers that reflect recent developments in the field and highlight the essential role of thermal analysis kinetics in understanding the processes responsible for the thermal behavior of various materials.

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Multistep Nucleation and Self Assembly in Nanoscale Materials Book

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Multistep Nucleation and Self Assembly in Nanoscale Materials

  • Author : Gregoire Nicolis
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118167830

Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Multistep Nucleation and Self Assembly in Nanoscale Materials Excerpt :

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the cutting edge of research in chemical physics The Advances in Chemical Physics series provides the chemical physics and physical chemistry fields with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Filled with cutting-edge research reported in a cohesive manner not found elsewhere in the literature, each volume of the Advances in Chemical Physics series presents contributions from internationally renowned chemists and serves as the perfect supplement to any advanced graduate class devoted to the study of chemical physics. This volume explores: Kinetics and thermodynamics of fluctuation-induced transitions in multistable systems (G. Nicolis and C. Nicolis) Dynamical rare event simulation techniques for equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems (Titus S. van Erp) Confocal depolarized dynamic light scattering (M. Potenza, T. Sanvito, V. Degiorgio, and M. Giglio) The two-step mechanism and the solution-crystal spinodal for nucleation of crystals in solution (Peter G. Vekilov) Experimental studies of two-step nucleation during two-dimensional crystallization of colloidal particles with short-range attraction (John R. Savage, Liquan Pei, and Anthony D. Dinsmore) On the role of metastable intermediate states in the homogeneous nucleation of solids from solution (James F. Lutsko) Effects of protein size on the high-concentration/low-concentration phase transition (Patrick Grosfils) Geometric constraints in the self-assembly of mineral dendrites and platelets (John J. Kozak) What can mesoscopic level in situ observations teach us about kinetics and thermodynamics of protein crystallization? (Mike Sleutel, Dominique Maes, and Alexander Van Driessche) The ability of silica to induce biomimetic crystallization of calcium carbonate (Matthias Kellermeier, Emilio Melero-GarcÍa, Werner Kunz, and Juan Manuel GarcÍa-Ruiz)

Kinetics  Transport  and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials Book

Kinetics Transport and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials

  • Author : Peter F. Green
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-04-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN 10 : 1574447688

Kinetics Transport and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials Excerpt :

Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials is the only single reference that discusses the connection between structure and mechanisms of atomic or molecular transport in different classes of materials, from metals and semiconductors to network glasses, polymers and supercooled liquids. Divided into four parts, Part I begins with a discussion the fundamentals of transport, wherein transport properties of a system of non-interacting particles are calculated and the phenomenon of Brownian motion introduced. The phenomenology of diffusion is also discussed wherein Fick’s laws are introduced and solved for a range of practical cases involving mass transport. Elementary Statistical mechanics, involving Partition functions, probability distribution functions and correlation functions, is discussed to lay the foundation for the subsequent discussion of mechanisms of transport in different materials. Parts II and III focus on mechanisms of transport in crystalline materials and in structurally disordered materials. Chapters explain how the mechanism of diffusional transport of an atom or molecule is intimately connected to the spatial organization of neighboring structural elements and to its interactions with them. The book reviews factors that control temperature dependent long-range dynamics of glass-forming systems. Diffusion and viscoelasticity of polymer melts, transport (viscous flow and ionic diffusion) in inorganic network glasses, and dynamic heterogeneity in super cooled liquids are described. Part IV analyzes the development of instabilities, such as spinodal decomposition and Mullins-Sekerka instabilities, which lead to the morphological evolution of materials. Kinetics, Transport, and Structure in Hard and Soft Materials emphasizes interdisciplinary nature of transport in materials, presenting its material in a user-friendly format for students from any discipline with a foundation in elementary differential equations and thermodynamics or