Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations Book

Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations


  • Author : Dustin Wood
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-23
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 732
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128192016

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Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations Excerpt :

Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations presents major innovations and contributions on the topic, promoting deeper integration, cross-pollination of ideas across diverse academic disciplines, and the facilitation of the development of practical applications such as matching people to jobs, understanding decision making, and predicting how a group of individuals will interact with one another. The book is organized around two overarching and interrelated themes, with the first focusing on assessing the person and the situation, covering methodological advances and techniques for inferring and measuring characteristics, and showing how they can be instantiated for measurement and predictive purposes. The book's second theme presents theoretical models, conceptualizing how factors of the person and situation can help us understand the psychological dynamics which underlie behavior, the psychological experience of fit or congruence with one’s environment, and changes in personality traits over time. Identifies technologies for measuring and predicting behavior Infers behavior causes from personality and/or situational variables Utilizes big data, machine learning and modeling to understand behavior Includes mobile phone, social media and wearable tech usage analysis Explores the stability of personality over time Considers behavior analysis to treat maladaptive behavior

Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations Book

Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations


  • Author : Dustin Wood
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-24
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 732
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128192009

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Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations Excerpt :

Measuring and Modeling Persons and Situations presents major innovations and contributions on the topic, promoting deeper integration, cross-pollination of ideas across diverse academic disciplines, and the facilitation of the development of practical applications such as matching people to jobs, understanding decision making, and predicting how a group of individuals will interact with one another. The book is organized around two overarching and interrelated themes, with the first focusing on assessing the person and the situation, covering methodological advances and techniques for inferring and measuring characteristics, and showing how they can be instantiated for measurement and predictive purposes. The book's second theme presents theoretical models, conceptualizing how factors of the person and situation can help us understand the psychological dynamics which underlie behavior, the psychological experience of fit or congruence with one's environment, and changes in personality traits over time. Identifies technologies for measuring and predicting behavior Infers behavior causes from personality and/or situational variables Utilizes big data, machine learning and modeling to understand behavior Includes mobile phone, social media and wearable tech usage analysis Explores the stability of personality over time Considers behavior analysis to treat maladaptive behavior

The Oxford Handbook of Psychological Situations Book

The Oxford Handbook of Psychological Situations


  • Author : John F. Rauthmann
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190263355

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The Oxford Handbook of Psychological Situations Excerpt :

Situations matter. They let people express their personalities and values; provoke motivations, emotions, and behaviors; and are the contexts in which people reason and act. The psychological assessment of situations is a new and rapidly developing area of research, particularly within the fields of personality and social psychology. This volume compiles state-of-the-art knowledge on psychological situations in chapters written by experts in their respective research areas. Bringing together historical reviews, theoretical pieces, methodological descriptions, and empirical applications, this volume is the definitive, go-to source for a psychology of situations.

Longitudinal Structural Equation Modeling with Mplus Book

Longitudinal Structural Equation Modeling with Mplus


  • Author : Christian Geiser
  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • Release Date : 2020-10-07
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 9781462546411

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Longitudinal Structural Equation Modeling with Mplus Excerpt :

An in-depth guide to executing longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) in Mplus, this book uses latent state–trait (LST) theory as a unifying conceptual framework, including the relevant coefficients of consistency, occasion specificity, and reliability. Following a standard format, chapters review the theoretical underpinnings, strengths, and limitations of the various models; present data examples; and demonstrate each model's application and interpretation in Mplus, with numerous screen shots and output excerpts. Coverage encompasses both traditional models (autoregressive, change score, and growth curve models) and LST models for analyzing single- and multiple-indicator data. The book discusses measurement equivalence testing, intensive longitudinal data modeling, and missing data handling, and provides strategies for model selection and reporting of results. User-friendly features include special-topic boxes, chapter summaries, and suggestions for further reading. The companion website features data sets, annotated syntax files, and output for all of the examples.

Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement Book

Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement


  • Author : Robert J. Mislevy
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-04-09
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317976523

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Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement Excerpt :

Several key developments challenge the field of educational measurement today: demands for tests at larger scales with higher stakes, an improved understanding of how people develop capabilities, and new technologies for interactive digital assessments. Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement integrates new developments in educational measurement and educational psychology in order to provide researchers, testing professionals, and students with an innovative sociocognitive perspective on assessment. This comprehensive volume begins with a broad explanation of the sociocognitive perspective and the foundations of assessment, then provides a series of focused applications to major topics such as assessment arguments, validity, fairness, interactive assessment, and a conception of "measurement" in educational assessment. Classical test theory, item response theory, categorical models, mixture models, cognitive diagnosis models, and Bayesian networks are explored from the resulting perspective. Ideal for specialists in these areas, graduate students, developers, and scholars in both educational measurement and fields that contribute to a sociocognitive perspective, this book consolidates nearly a decade of research into a fresh perspective on educational measurement.

Dynamic Personality Science  Integrating Between Person Stability and Within Person Change Book

Dynamic Personality Science Integrating Between Person Stability and Within Person Change


  • Author : Nadin Beckmann
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2017-12-28
  • Genre: Electronic book
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889453450

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Dynamic Personality Science Integrating Between Person Stability and Within Person Change Excerpt :

Personality can be understood from at least two perspectives. One focuses on stable, between-person differences, or traits. The other perspective focuses on within-person differences and dynamics, i.e., fluctuations in personality in response to situations and across time. This Research Topic reflects recent developments in personality research to integrate both trait and dynamic perspectives. An integrated view on personality recognizes both stability in between-person differences and within-person change. Contributors are drawn from research teams across Europe, North America and Australasia, and from basic and applied fields, including organizational, educational, and clinical. The studies reported provide new evidence in support of an integrative approach, highlight currently active areas of research and propose new directions of research. Current streams of research include the study of contingent units of personality and within-person processes underlying traits, the comparisons of findings based on within- vs. between-person data, the conceptualisation and operationalization of perceived and objective change in situation variables, the malleability of personality and the potential for personality interventions. Integrative approaches using within-person designs provide new, bottom-up insights into general principles of personality that explain differences between people while reflecting the complexities of within-person personality dynamics at the level of the individual.

Measurement Invariance Book

Measurement Invariance


  • Author : Rens Van De Schoot
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2015-10-05
  • Genre: Electronic book
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889196500

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Measurement Invariance Excerpt :

Multi-item surveys are frequently used to study scores on latent factors, like human values, attitudes and behavior. Such studies often include a comparison, between specific groups of individuals, either at one or multiple points in time. If such latent factor means are to be meaningfully compared, the measurement structures including the latent factor and their survey items should be stable across groups and/or over time, that is ‘invariant’. Recent developments in statistics have provided new analytical tools for assessing measurement invariance (MI). The aim of this special issue is to provide a forum for a discussion of MI, covering some crucial ‘themes’: (1) ways to assess and deal with measurement non-invariance; (2) Bayesian and IRT methods employing the concept of approximate measurement invariance; and (3) new or adjusted approaches for testing MI to fit increasingly complex statistical models and specific characteristics of survey data. The special issue started with a kick-off meeting where all potential contributors shared ideas on potential papers. This expert workshop was organized at Utrecht University in The Netherlands and was funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO-VENI-451-11-008). After the kick-off meeting the authors submitted their papers, all of which were reviewed by experts in the field. The papers in the eBook are listed in alphabetical order, but in the editorial the papers are introduced thematically. Although it is impossible to cover all areas of relevant research in the field of MI, papers in this eBook provide insight on important aspects of measurement invariance. We hope that the discussions included in this special issue will stimulate further research on MI and facilitate further discussions to support the understanding of the role of MI in multi-item surveys.

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology Book

The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology


  • Author : Kay Deaux
  • Publisher : Oxford Library of Psychology
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 993
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190224837

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The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology Excerpt :

Personality and social psychology : moving toward a more perfect union / Mark Snyder and Kay Deaux -- Foundations of personality and social psychology -- The intertwined histories of personality and social psychology / Thomas F. Pettigrew -- Perspectives on the person: rapid growth and opportunities for integration / William Fleeson and Eranda Jayawickreme -- Perspectives on the situation / Harry T. Reis and John G. Holmes -- Neuroscience approaches in social and personality psychology / David M. Amodio, Eddie Harmon-Jones, and Elliot T. Berkman -- Evolutionary perspectives / Steven W. Gangestad -- Context in person, person in context : a cultural psychology approach to social-personality psychology / Glenn Adams and Tugçe Kurtis -- Behavior and behavior assessment / Janice R. Kelly and Christopher R. Agnew -- Conceptual and methodological issues in the analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal dyadic data / Deborah A. Kashy and M. Brent Donellan -- Multilevel modeling in personality and social psychology / Oliver Christ, Christopher G. Sibley, and Ulrich Wagner -- Basic processes of personality and social psychology -- The self : dynamics of persons and their situations / Jennifer Crocker and Eddie Brummelman -- Identity : personal and social / Vivian L. Vignoles -- Morality / Jesse Graham and Piercarlo Valdesolo -- Motivation and goal pursuit : integration across the social/personality divide / Julie K. Norem -- Five questions about emotion: implications for social-personality psychology / Gerald L. Clore and Michael D. Robinson -- Cybernetic approaches to personality and social behavior / Colin G. DeYoung and Yanna J. Weisberg -- Initial impressions of others / James S. Uleman and S. Adil Saribay -- Attitudes and attitude change : social and personality considerations about specific and general patterns of behavior / Dolores Albarracin, Man-pui Sally Chan, and Duo Jiang -- From help-giving to helping relations : belongingness and independence in social intera

Modeling and Measuring Competencies in Higher Education Book

Modeling and Measuring Competencies in Higher Education


  • Author : Sigrid Blömeke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-20
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 9789460918674

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Modeling and Measuring Competencies in Higher Education Excerpt :

Measuring competencies acquired over the course of higher education is an area of research that largely has been neglected. This deficit can be attributed to the complexity of academic competencies since the variety of institutions, programs, occupational fields and job requirements render it difficult to define and even harder to measure outcomes. Thus, assessing the preconditions for and effects of competency development is a challenge methodologically. In this book, a comprehensive review of the international state of research on modeling and measuring competencies in higher education across several academic disciplines is presented, along with an evaluation of the field’s strengths and weaknesses. Renowned experts share insight into the most important recent research projects and point out controversies and challenges. Competencies are regarded as context-specific dispositions acquired and required to cope successfully with domain-specific situations and tasks. However, the range of these dispositions is controversial. Should only cognitive facets be included or is it important to consider attitudes as well? Insufficient response rates and panel attrition are further challenges, as are the limitations of paper-and-pencil approaches to the complex measurement of higher education outcomes. Thus, this book may serve as a platform for the exchange of research experiences and perspectives and hopefully will instigate improvements in research into higher education.

Understanding Psychological Assessment Book

Understanding Psychological Assessment


  • Author : Jan J. F. ter Laak
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications India
  • Release Date : 2013-05-30
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132116578

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Understanding Psychological Assessment Excerpt :

Understanding Psychological Assessment presents a comprehensive overview of the history of psychological assessment and its domains of application. It gives a realistic account of how psychological theory, measurement, and instruments can help the practitioner in understanding, explaining, and predicting a client’s problem or question. Using a systematic framework, it also reflects on the history, needs, methods, and consequences of psycho-diagnosis. Using this book as a guide, the practitioners and the students will be able to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the client.

Applying the Rasch Model Book

Applying the Rasch Model


  • Author : Trevor Bond
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-06-05
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317805267

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Applying the Rasch Model Excerpt :

Cited over 1900 times, this classic text facilitates a deep understanding of the Rasch model. The authors review the crucial properties of the model and demonstrate its use with a variety of examples from education, psychology, and health. A glossary and numerous illustrations aid the reader's understanding. Readers learn how to apply Rasch analysis so they can perform their own analyses and interpret the results. The authors present an accessible overview that does not require a mathematical background. Highlights of the new edition include: -More learning tools to strengthen readers’ understanding including chapter introductions, boldfaced key terms, chapter summaries, activities, and suggested readings. -Divided chapters (4, 6, 7 & 8) into basic and extended understanding sections so readers can select the level most appropriate for their needs and to provide more in-depth investigations of key topics. -A website at www.routledge.com/9780415833424 that features free Rasch software, data sets, an Invariance worksheet, detailed instructions for key analyses, and links to related sources. -Greater emphasis on the role of Rasch measurement as a priori in the construction of scales and its use post hoc to reveal the extent to which interval scale measurement is instantiated in existing data sets. -Emphasizes the importance of interval level measurement data and demonstrates how Rasch measurement is used to examine measurement invariance. -Insights from other Rasch scholars via innovative applications (Ch. 9). -Extended discussion of invariance now reviews DIF, DPF, and anchoring (ch. 5). -Revised Rating Scale Model material now based on the analysis of the CEAQ (ch.6). -Clarifies the relationships between Rasch measurement, True Score Theory, and Item Response Theory by reviewing their commonalities and differences (Ch.13). -Provides more detail on how to conduct a Rasch analysis so readers can use the techniques on their own (Appendix B). Intended as a text for gra

Measuring  Modeling and Simulating the Re adaptation Process of the Human Visual System after Short Time Glares in Traffic Scenarios Book

Measuring Modeling and Simulating the Re adaptation Process of the Human Visual System after Short Time Glares in Traffic Scenarios


  • Author : Benjamin Meyer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-07-25
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN 10 : 9783658147044

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Measuring Modeling and Simulating the Re adaptation Process of the Human Visual System after Short Time Glares in Traffic Scenarios Excerpt :

Benjamin Meyer performs several psycho-physical experiments to measure the re-adaptation process of glared drivers in traffic scenarios. The author then develops a novel tone mapping algorithm to simulate the recurring contrast perception of the human eye by adjusting the displayed contrast. Depending on background illumination, bright light sources cause considerable perception restrictions for a glared viewer and can deter the driver from perceiving critical objects for several seconds and severely increase the risk of accidents. Based on the results of the conducted user studies, this vision impairment is integrated into a night driving simulator. The modified driving simulation provides a more realistic visualization and enables the analysis of critical traffic scenarios including short-time headlight glares. This leads to better transferability of driving simulator results and enables investigating driving behavior in the presence of glare.

Structural Equation Modeling for Health and Medicine Book

Structural Equation Modeling for Health and Medicine


  • Author : Douglas D. Gunzler
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-04-12
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 299
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351329729

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Structural Equation Modeling for Health and Medicine Excerpt :

Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a very general and flexible multivariate technique that allows relationships among variables to be examined. The roots of SEM are in the social sciences. In writing this textbook, the authors look to make SEM accessible to a wider audience of researchers across many disciplines, addressing issues unique to health and medicine. SEM is often used in practice to model and test hypothesized causal relationships among observed and latent (unobserved) variables, including in analysis across time and groups. It can be viewed as the merging of a conceptual model, path diagram, confirmatory factor analysis, and path analysis. In this textbook the authors also discuss techniques, such as mixture modeling, that expand the capacity of SEM using a combination of both continuous and categorical latent variables. Features: Basic, intermediate, and advanced SEM topics Detailed applications, particularly relevant for health and medical scientists Topics and examples that are pertinent to both new and experienced SEM researchers Substantive issues in health and medicine in the context of SEM Both methodological and applied examples Numerous figures and diagrams to illustrate the examples As SEM experts situated among clinicians and multidisciplinary researchers in medical settings, the authors provide a broad, current, on the ground understanding of the issues faced by clinical and health services researchers and decision scientists. This book gives health and medical researchers the tools to apply SEM approaches to study complex relationships between clinical measurements, individual and community-level characteristics, and patient-reported scales.

The Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes Book

The Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes


  • Author : John F. Rauthmann
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-20
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 1404
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128139967

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The Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes Excerpt :

The Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes is a primer to the basic and most important concepts, theories, methods, empirical findings, and applications of personality dynamics and processes. This book details how personality psychology has evolved from descriptive research to a more explanatory and dynamic science of personality, thus bridging structure- and process-based approaches, and it also reflects personality psychology’s interest in the dynamic organization and interplay of thoughts, feelings, desires, and actions within persons who are always embedded into social, cultural and historic contexts. The Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes tackles each topic with a range of methods geared towards assessing and analyzing their dynamic nature, such as ecological momentary sampling of personality manifestations in real-life; dynamic modeling of time-series or longitudinal personality data; network modeling and simulation; and systems-theoretical models of dynamic processes. Ties topics and methods together for a more dynamic understanding of personality Summarizes existing knowledge and insights of personality dynamics and processes Covers a broad compilation of cutting-edge insights Addresses the biophysiological and social mechanisms underlying the expression and effects of personality Examines within-person consistency and variability

Social  Emotional  and Psychosocial Development of Gifted and Talented Individuals Book

Social Emotional and Psychosocial Development of Gifted and Talented Individuals


  • Author : Anne Rinn
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-10-08
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000503319

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Social Emotional and Psychosocial Development of Gifted and Talented Individuals Excerpt :

Social, Emotional, and Psychosocial Development of Gifted and Talented Individuals: Merges the fields of individual differences, developmental psychology, and educational psychology with the field of gifted education. Provides a complete overview of the social, emotional, and psychosocial development of gifted and talented individuals. Explores multiple paradigmatic lenses and varying conceptions of giftedness. Serves as a comprehensive resource for graduate students, early career scholars, and teachers. Addresses implications for the field of gifted education and future research. This book is framed around four broad questions: (a) What is development?, (b) Are gifted individuals qualitatively different from others?, (c) Which psychosocial skills are necessary in the development of talent?, and (d) What effect does the environment have on the development of talent? Topics covered include developmental trajectories, personality development, social and emotional development, perfectionism, sensory sensitivity, emotional intensity, self-beliefs, motivation, systems perspective, psychosocial interventions, and counseling and mental health.