Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events Book

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events

  • Author : Andrew Tarko
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-07
  • Genre: Transportation
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128105054

Measuring Road Safety with Surrogate Events Excerpt :

Measuring Road Safety Using Surrogate Events provides researchers and practitioners with the tools they need to quickly and effectively measure traffic safety. As traditional crash-based safety analyses are being undermined by today’s growing use of intelligent vehicular and road safety technologies, crash surrogates--or near misses--can be more effectively used to measure the future risk of crashes. This book advances the idea of using these near-crash techniques to deliver quicker and more adequate measurements of safety. It explores the relationships between traffic conflicts and crashes using an extrapolation of observed events rather than post-crash data, which is significantly slower to obtain. Readers will find sound estimation methods based on rigorous scientific principles, offering compelling new tools to better equip researchers to understand road safety and its factors. Consolidates the latest updates/ideas from disparate places into a single resource Establishes a consistent use of key terms, definitions and concepts to help codify this emerging field Contains numerous application-oriented case studies throughout Includes learning aids, such as chapter objectives, a glossary, and links to data used in examples

Safe Mobility Book

Safe Mobility

  • Author : Dominique Lord
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-04-18
  • Genre: Transportation
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786352248

Safe Mobility Excerpt :

This book increases the level of knowledge on road safety contexts, issues and challenges; shares what can currently be done to address the variety of issues; and points to what needs to be done to make further gains in road safety.

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling Book

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling

  • Author : Dominique Lord
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-02-27
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128168196

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling Excerpt :

Highway Safety Analytics and Modeling comprehensively covers the key elements needed to make effective transportation engineering and policy decisions based on highway safety data analysis in a single. reference. The book includes all aspects of the decision-making process, from collecting and assembling data to developing models and evaluating analysis results. It discusses the challenges of working with crash and naturalistic data, identifies problems and proposes well-researched methods to solve them. Finally, the book examines the nuances associated with safety data analysis and shows how to best use the information to develop countermeasures, policies, and programs to reduce the frequency and severity of traffic crashes. Complements the Highway Safety Manual by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Provides examples and case studies for most models and methods Includes learning aids such as online data, examples and solutions to problems

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue  Long Term Health  and Highway Safety Book

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety

  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-12
  • Genre: Transportation
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309392525

Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue Long Term Health and Highway Safety Excerpt :

There are approximately 4,000 fatalities in crashes involving trucks and buses in the United States each year. Though estimates are wide-ranging, possibly 10 to 20 percent of these crashes might have involved fatigued drivers. The stresses associated with their particular jobs (irregular schedules, etc.) and the lifestyle that many truck and bus drivers lead, puts them at substantial risk for insufficient sleep and for developing short- and long-term health problems. Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Fatigue, Long-Term Health and Highway Safety assesses the state of knowledge about the relationship of such factors as hours of driving, hours on duty, and periods of rest to the fatigue experienced by truck and bus drivers while driving and the implications for the safe operation of their vehicles. This report evaluates the relationship of these factors to drivers' health over the longer term, and identifies improvements in data and research methods that can lead to better understanding in both areas.

Driver Distraction Book

Driver Distraction

  • Author : Kristie Young
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-10-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 1420007491

Driver Distraction Excerpt :

A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety Book

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety

  • Author : Laura Fraade-Blanar
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-10-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 90
  • ISBN 10 : 1977401643

Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety Excerpt :

This report presents a framework for measuring safety in automated vehicles (AVs): how to define safety for AVs, how to measure safety for AVs, and how to communicate what is learned or understood about AVs.

International Calibration Study of Traffic Conflict Techniques Book

International Calibration Study of Traffic Conflict Techniques

  • Author : E. Asmussen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642821097

International Calibration Study of Traffic Conflict Techniques Excerpt :

The concept of traffic conflict was initiated in the Uni ted States in the 60s and raised a lot of interest in many countries : it was an opening towards the develop ment of a new tool for safety evaluation and the diagnosis of local safety pro blems. The need for such a tool was great, because of the many situations where accident data was either scarce, unsatisfactory or unavailable. Development of Traffic Conflict Techniques (TCT) started simultaneously in the 70s in several European count ries and new studies were also undertaken in the Uni ted States, Canada and Israel. The need for international cooperation was rapidly feIt, in order to exchange data, compare definitions and check progresses. An Association for International Cooperation on Traffic Conflict Techniques (ICTCT) was therefore created, grouping researchers and safety administrators, with the aim of promoting and organising exchange of information and common practical work. Three Traffic Conflict Techniques Workshops were organised, in Oslo (1977), Paris (1979) and Leidschendam (1982). A small scale international experiment of calibra tion of TCTs was also carried out in Rouen, France, in 1979, and five teams took part in it from France, Germany, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States; results of this first experiment were used as a basis for the present enterprise. To be acknowledged as a safety measuring tool, traffic conflict techniques had to be validated in relation to traditional safety indicators such as injury-accidents.

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior Book

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior

  • Author : David Shinar
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-06-22
  • Genre: Transportation
  • Pages : 1264
  • ISBN 10 : 9781787146334

Traffic Safety and Human Behavior Excerpt :

This comprehensive 2nd edition covers the key issues that relate human behavior to traffic safety. In particular it covers the increasing roles that pedestrians and cyclists have in the traffic system; the role of infotainment in driver distraction; and the increasing role of driver assistance systems in changing the driver-vehicle interaction.

Highway Safety Literature Book

Highway Safety Literature

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Genre: Traffic accidents
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951P00292753O

Highway Safety Literature Excerpt :

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering Book

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering

  • Author : Shriniwas S. Arkatkar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-08-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 722
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811537424

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering Excerpt :

This book comprises select proceedings of the National Conference on Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering (RATE 2018) with technical papers on the themes of traffic operation control and management, traffic safety and vulnerable road users, and sustainable transportation. It covers a wide range of topics, including advanced traffic data collection methods, big data analysis, mix-traffic characterization and modelling, travel time reliability, scenario of pedestrian and non-motorised vehicles (NMVs) traffic, regional traffic growth modelling, and applications of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in traffic management. The contents of this book offer up-to-date and practical knowledge on different aspects of traffic engineering, which is useful for students, researchers as well as practitioners.

2019 5th International Conference on Transportation Information and Safety  ICTIS  Book

2019 5th International Conference on Transportation Information and Safety ICTIS

  • Author : IEEE Staff
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-07-14
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 1728104904

2019 5th International Conference on Transportation Information and Safety ICTIS Excerpt :

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Autonomous and Connected Vehicles Autonomous Surface Ships Land Use and Transportation Planning Traffic Control Theories and Methods Traffic Safety and Driving Behavior Reliability and Green Technology for Ships Traffic Flow and Pedestrian Flow Dynamics Artificial Intelligence in Transportation Transport and Environments Water Transport Safety Theory and Technology Salvage and Underwater Technology Railway Safety Theory and Technology Aviation Safety Theory and Technology

Speed Management Book

Speed Management

  • Author : European Conference of Ministers of Transport
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release Date : 2006-10-13
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9789282103784

Speed Management Excerpt :

Speeding is the number one road safety problem in a large number of OECD/ECMT countries. It is responsible for around one third of the current, unacceptably high levels of road fatalities. Speeding has an impact not only on accidents but also on the ...

Atmospheric Emergencies Book

Atmospheric Emergencies

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1983
  • Genre: Bridges
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN 10 : UCBK:C100902997

Atmospheric Emergencies Excerpt :

Proceedings of AICCE 19 Book

Proceedings of AICCE 19

  • Author : Fadzli Mohamed Nazri
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1677
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030328160

Proceedings of AICCE 19 Excerpt :

This book gathers the latest research, innovations, and applications in the field of civil engineering, as presented by leading national and international academics, researchers, engineers, and postgraduate students at the AWAM International Conference on Civil Engineering 2019 (AICCE’19), held in Penang, Malaysia on August 21-22, 2019. The book covers highly diverse topics in the main fields of civil engineering, including structural and earthquake engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, highway and transportation engineering, water resources engineering, and geomatic and construction management. In line with the conference theme, “Transforming the Nation for a Sustainable Tomorrow”, which relates to the United Nations’ 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development, it highlights important elements in the planning and development stages to establish design standards beneficial to the environment and its surroundings. The contributions introduce numerous exciting ideas that spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaborations between various specialists in the field of civil engineering.