Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation


  • Author : Sarper Sarp
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-07-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444639622

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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Excerpt :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation focuses on the various types of membrane- based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and from different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large-scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Book

Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation


  • Author : Sarper Sarp
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-07
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 0444639616

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Membrane Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation Excerpt :

Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Desalination consists of a series of chapters focused on the various types of membrane based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications. Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered. Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more Discusses large scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, (such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP)

Biomass Processing for Biofuels  Bioenergy and Chemicals Book

Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals


  • Author : Wei-Hsin Chen
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-05-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039289097

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Biomass Processing for Biofuels Bioenergy and Chemicals Excerpt :

Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, transportation fuels (biofuels), and high-value functional chemicals. As an energy source, biomass can be used either directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after it is converted to one of many forms of bioenergy and biofuel via thermochemical or biochemical pathways. The conversion of biomass can be achieved using various advanced methods, which are broadly classified into thermochemical conversion, biochemical conversion, electrochemical conversion, and so on. Advanced development technologies and processes are able to convert biomass into alternative energy sources in solid (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and RDF), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, bioethanol, and pyrolysis and liquefaction bio-oils), and gaseous (e.g., biogas, syngas, and biohydrogen) forms. Because of the merits of biomass energy for environmental sustainability, biofuel and bioenergy technologies play a crucial role in renewable energy development and the replacement of chemicals by highly functional biomass. This book provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical research addressing recent progress in biomass conversion processes. It also covers studies on advanced techniques and methods for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy Book

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy


  • Author : Adolfo Iulianelli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-04-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323885522

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Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy Excerpt :

Membrane Engineering in the Circular Economy: Renewable Sources Valorization in Energy and Downstream Processing in Agro-food Industry describes the modification of the general concept of "waste," including waste valorization as added-value products that are useful for energy production and biotechnology industries. Speaking to the relevance of this new vision, the book highlights the fundamentals of membrane operations in the exploitation of renewable sources for energy production and the valorization of agro-food waste at the industrial level. This book is an excellent resource for researchers, biologists, membranologists and engineers in chemistry, biochemical engineering, food sciences and the agro-food refinery industry. Discusses membrane engineering for agro-food wastes' transformation into added-value products Presents circular and zero-waste economy principles pursued by membrane technology and applied to the agro-food industry Includes potentialities of agro-food wastes for renewable and energy production via membrane operations

Osmosis Engineering Book

Osmosis Engineering


  • Author : Nidal Hilal
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-04-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128231883

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Osmosis Engineering Excerpt :

Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis-based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more. Covers state-of-the-art osmotic engineering technologies and applications Presents multidisciplinary topics in engineered osmosis, including both fundamental and applied EO concepts Includes major challenges such as fouling mitigation, membrane development, pre-treatment and energy usage

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Book

Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients


  • Author : Andrea Cipollina
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-03-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081003237

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Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients Excerpt :

Salinity gradient energy, also known as blue energy and osmotic energy, is the energy obtainable from the difference in salt concentration between two feed solutions, typically sea water and river water. It is a large-scale renewable resource that can be harvested and converted to electricity. Efficient extraction of this energy is not straightforward, however. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients provides a comprehensive review of resources, technologies and applications in this area of fast-growing interest. Key technologies covered include pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis and accumulator mixing. Environmental and economic aspects are also considered, together with the possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy technologies. Sustainable Energy from Salinity Gradients is an essential text for R&D professionals in the energy & water industry interested in salinity gradient power and researchers in academia from post-graduate level upwards. For more than ten years the Editors have been sharing substantial research activities in the fields of renewable energy and desalination, successfully participating to a number of European Union research projects and contributing to the relevant scientific literature with more than 100 papers and 2 books on Desalination technologies and their coupling with Renewable Energy. They are intensely working in the field of Salinity Gradient Power, carrying out research with specific focus o.n open-loop and closed-loop reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis. Covers applications of pressure retarded osmosis, reverse electrodialysis, and capacitive mixing for salinity gradient power in one convenient volume Presents the environmental aspects and economics of salinity gradient energy Explores possible synergies between desalination and salinity gradient energy

Advances in Membrane Technologies Book

Advances in Membrane Technologies


  • Author : Amira Abdelrasoul
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-03-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789848069

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Advances in Membrane Technologies Excerpt :

Membrane technologies are currently the most effective and sustainable methods utilized in diversified water filtration, wastewater treatment, as well as industrial and sustainable energy applications. This book covers essential subsections of membrane separation and bioseparation processes from the perspectives of technical innovation, novelty, and sustainability. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the latest improvements and concerns with respect to membrane fouling remediation techniques, issues of bioincompatibility for biomedical applications, and various subareas of membrane separation processes, which will be an efficient resource for engineers.

Desalination Technologies Book

Desalination Technologies


  • Author : Iqbal M. Mujtaba
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-06-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 660
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128137918

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Desalination Technologies Excerpt :

Desalination Technologies: Design and Operation sets the scene for desalination technologies as a long-term solution to freshwater demand by analyzing the current demand for water, available water resources and future predicted demand. The book captures recent developments in thermal desalination (multistage flash desalination, multi-effect evaporation, vapor compression), membrane desalination (forward osmosis, reverse osmosis, pressure retarded, electrodialysis, membrane distillation, ultra-, nano-, and micro-filtration), and alternative processes such as freezing and ion exchange. Both dynamic and steady state models (from short cut, simple, to detail) of various desalination processes are discussed. The book is intended for (under)graduate students in chemical engineering and postgraduate researchers and industrial practitioners in desalination. Provides the fundamentals of different desalination processes Includes desalination modeling from short and simple, to detailed and more advanced Discusses desalination optimization and synthesis to reduce environmental impact Handles thermo-physical property models and correlations Includes case studies to give a clearer understanding of desalination

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes Book

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes


  • Author : Hongbo Du
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-03-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535139218

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Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes Excerpt :

Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

Membrane Engineering Book

Membrane Engineering


  • Author : Enrico Drioli
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2018-12-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110281392

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Membrane Engineering Excerpt :

Modern membrane science and technology aids engineers in developing and designing more efficient and environmentally-friendly processes. The optimal material and membrane selection as well as applications in the many involved industries are provided. This work is the ideal introduction for engineers working in membrane science and applications (wastewater, desalination, adsorption, and catalysis), process engineers in separation science, biologists and biochemists, environmental scientists, and most of all students. Its multidisciplinary approach also stimulates thinking of hybrid technologies for current and future life-saving applications (artificial organs, drug delivery).

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination Book

Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination


  • Author : Inamuddin
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030728731

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Sustainable Materials and Systems for Water Desalination Excerpt :

This edited book explores the most promising and reliable technological developments expected to impact on the next generation of desalination systems. The book includes research studies which takes the reader on a fascinating walk through the multidisciplinary world of membrane science applied to water treatment. Concerning the ultimate technological advancement, the book seeks to investigate how to bridge the gap between the laboratory scale and the applicability to industry.

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology Book

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology


  • Author : Parimal Pal
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2017-03-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128103920

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Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology Excerpt :

Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology begins with a brief overview of the challenges in water resource management, covering issues of plenty and scarcity-spatial variation, as well as water quality standards. In this book, the author includes a clear and rigorous exposition of the various water resource management approaches such as: separation and purification (end of discharge pipe), zero discharge approach (green process development), flow management approach, and preservation and control approach. This coverage is followed by deeper discussion of individual technologies and their applications. Covers water treatment approaches including: separation and purification—end of discharge pipe; zero discharge approach; flow management approach; and preservation and control approach Discusses water treatment process selection, trouble shooting, design, operation, and physico-chemical and treatment Discusses industry-specific water treatment processes

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment


  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-02-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782421269

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Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Excerpt :

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Membrane Distillation Book

Membrane Distillation


  • Author : Kang-Jia Lu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000691009

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Membrane Distillation Excerpt :

This book aims to elaborate the basics and recent advances of membrane distillation (MD) as the same shows promise for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Starting with fundamentals of MD processes, including the heat and mass transfer analysis, energy evaluation and mathematical modelling, text includes engineering and molecular design of MD membranes. Various types of hybrid systems, including freeze desalination (FD)-MD, MD-crystallization (MDC), pressure retarded osmosis (PRO)-MD and forward osmosis (FO)-MD, will be discussed in this book. Further, it summarizes the future of MD from both industrial and academic perspectives along with energy sources and economic analysis.

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Book

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment


  • Author : Zhiwei Wang
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-04-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323859875

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Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Excerpt :

Electrochemical Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment consolidates state-of-the-art research developments in electrochemical membrane technology in water reclamation and sustainability in terms of fundamental theories, membrane and electrode materials, reactor designs, and fouling control mechanisms and applications. Fundamental theories and applications of electrochemical membrane technology are detailed, with emerging applications of electrochemical membrane technology introduced. The knowledge gaps and future research perspectives in electrochemical membrane technology are also addressed. This book is an excellent resource for understanding fundamental theories, the latest developments, and future prospects in electrochemical membrane technology. The concepts presented in this book can benefit a broad audience of researchers and engineers working in water purification, membrane technology and electrochemical process. Consolidates scattered knowledge of electrochemical membrane technology into a more assessible resource Provides a comprehensive review of fundamental theories, membrane materials and module design as well as the latest developments in electrochemical membrane technology Provides a state-of-the-art review on the applications of electrochemical membrane technology Includes detailed discussions on the challenges and prospects of electrochemical membrane technology in different applications Presents an excellent reference for the education and understanding of water treatment, wastewater treatment, membrane technology, electrochemical technology, environmental science and technology, and the latest research and developments