Metabolic Syndrome and Psychiatric Illness  Interactions  Pathophysiology  Assessment and Treatment Book

Metabolic Syndrome and Psychiatric Illness Interactions Pathophysiology Assessment and Treatment

  • Author : Scott D Mendelson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2007-12-19
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 0080556523

Metabolic Syndrome and Psychiatric Illness Interactions Pathophysiology Assessment and Treatment Book Description :

Metabolic syndrome is a set of risk factors that includes: abdominal obesity, a decreased ability to process glucose (insulin resistance), dyslipidemia (unhealthy lipid levels), and hypertension. Patients who have this syndrome have been shown to be at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and/or type 2 diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is a common condition that goes by many names (dysmetabolic syndrome, syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, obesity syndrome, and Reaven's syndrome). This is the first book to fully explain the relationships between psychiatric illness, Metabolic Syndrome, diet, sleep, exercise, medications, and lifestyle choices. Metabolic Syndrome is a major risk factor in Major Depression, Alzheimer's Disease, Sleep Disorders, Sexual Dysfunction, Fibromyalgia, and several other illnesses of psychiatric significance. Conversely, some psychiatric illnesses tend to predispose patients to Metabolic Syndrome. Of further interest is the fact that some of the medications used in the treatment of psychiatric illnesses have been found to cause or exacerbate Metabolic Syndrome. The author here provides basic information about what genetic predispositions, medical conditions, and lifestyle choices make Metabolic Syndrome more likely to occur. Among the contributing factors that are discussed are genetics, habitual intake of high glycemic index carbohydrates, fructose, saturated fats, trans fatty acids, vitamins, micronutrients, obesity, smoking, and lack of exercise. The author describes the actual mechanisms by which Metabolic Syndrome progresses and causes damage in the body, including the action of insulin and the pathophysiology of insulin resistance. Details are provided on what occurs in the liver, pancreas, muscle, fat cells, and immune system as Metabolic Syndrome progresses. New findings are presented on fat cells, including the fact that they are beginning to be considered as endocrine cells. There is a substantive discussion of lept

Metabolic Effects of Psychotropic Drugs Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Metabolic Effects of Psychotropic Drugs

  • Author : Jogin H. Thakore
  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release Date : 2009-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 133
  • ISBN 10 : 9783805590013

Metabolic Effects of Psychotropic Drugs Book Description :

Major depression and bipolar disorder are chronic enduring serious mental illnesses (SMI) with devastating effects on psychosocial functioning and may culminate in suicide. Over the past years, it has become apparent that subjects with these conditions can also develop the metabolic syndrome, which is a series of obesity-related physical conditions with an endocrine basis. This book brings together reviews that help put into context exactly why subjects with SMI develop obesity, prediabetic status, overt type 2 diabetes mellitus and related cardiovascular events. The relationship between prolactin and bone mineral density in subjects under medical treatment and the underlying dopaminergic mechanisms as well as the immunological changes occurring as an integral part of SMI and their effects on endocrine function are discussed and reviewed. Psychiatrists, diabetologists, cardiologists, family practitioners, public health physicians as well as basic science researchers will find valuable guidelines when screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in SMI.

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults  Third Edition Book

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition

  • Author : American Psychiatric Association
  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release Date : 2015-07-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9780890424650

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition Book Description :

Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust in 2011, there has been an increasing emphasis on assuring that clinical practice guidelines are trustworthy, developed in a transparent fashion, and based on a systematic review of the available research evidence. To align with the IOM recommendations and to meet the new requirements for inclusion of a guideline in the National Guidelines Clearinghouse of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a new process for practice guideline development. Under this new process APA's practice guidelines also seek to provide better clinical utility and usability. Rather than a broad overview of treatment for a disorder, new practice guidelines focus on a set of discrete clinical questions of relevance to an overarching subject area. A systematic review of evidence is conducted to address these clinical questions and involves a detailed assessment of individual studies. The quality of the overall body of evidence is also rated and is summarized in the practice guideline. With the new process, recommendations are determined by weighing potential benefits and harms of an intervention in a specific clinical context. Clear, concise, and actionable recommendation statements help clinicians to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice, with the goal of improving quality of care. The new practice guideline format is also designed to be more user friendly by dividing information into modules on specific clinical questions. Each module has a consistent organization, which will assist users in finding clinically useful and relevant information quickly and easily. This new edition of the practice guidelines on psychiatric evaluation for adults is the first set of the APA's guidelines developed under the new guideline development process. These guidelines address the following nine topics, in the context of an in

The Organic Psychoses Book

The Organic Psychoses

  • Author : John G. Dewan
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Release Date : 1958-12-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9781442638211

The Organic Psychoses Book Description :

Psychoses due to physical disturbances involving the brain are common and can complicate a bewildering variety of illnesses. Patients with such disorders may be encountered in general practice, emergency wards, medical services, on the surgical ward, post-operatively as well as in psychiatric clinics and of course in mental hospitals. A specialist in psychiatry and a specialist in internal medicine have collaborated to fill an important gap in medical literature of practical value to the physician. Throughout the book the needs of doctors who are responsible for such patients has been kept in mind. In this well-organized, concise monograph the organic psychoses are classified in a comprehensive manner which can be easily applied to clinical cases. The chief diagnostic features of the various organic syndromes have been presented, together with full references to the clinical literature. The diagnostic approach to the various clinical problems has been considered and illustrated by a group of case histories. As teachers, the authors have become aware of the need for a clarification of this complicated area of medicine in order that the practitioner, postgraduate physician, interne, and undergraduate student may have a ready guide to aid him in the diagnosis of these complicated disorders. Many doctors in a number of branches of medical practice will find this a handy, useful book to own.

Handbook of Sleep Disorders in Medical Conditions Book

Handbook of Sleep Disorders in Medical Conditions

  • Author : Josee Savard
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128130155

Handbook of Sleep Disorders in Medical Conditions Book Description :

Handbook of Sleep Disorders in Medical Conditions reviews the current knowledge on the nature and manifestations of sleep disorders associated with a variety of common medical conditions, including epilepsy, traumatic brain injury and dementia. It also provides clinical guidelines on how to assess and treat them with pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. Although the general principles of sleep medicine may be applied to some extent to patients with comorbid medical conditions, this book makes the case that an adaptive approach is warranted when considering the particularities of each condition. In addition, clinicians must also be cautious when prescribing sleep medications as some pharmacological agents are known to exacerbate symptoms associated with the medical condition, such as cognitive deficits (i.e. difficulties with memory and attention) in cancer patients experiencing chemo brain, or in persons with neurologic conditions (e.g. mild cognitive impairment, dementia, stroke, brain injury). A differential approach to evaluating and treating sleep is thus warranted. Presents a general overview on assessing and treating sleep disorders that are applicable to a diverse set of patients Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the literature on the prevalence and manifestations of sleep problems related to specific medical conditions Includes practical information regarding special considerations for the assessment and treatment of sleep issues in specific medical conditions

Biomarkers and Mental Illness Book

Biomarkers and Mental Illness

  • Author : Paul C. Guest
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319460888

Biomarkers and Mental Illness Book Description :

Employing accessible language throughout, this book covers the history of psychiatric research, the current state-of-the art in psychiatric practice, the physiological systems affected by psychiatric illnesses, the whole-body nature of these diseases and the impact that this aspect has on emerging biomarker discoveries. Further, it provides descriptions of the major specific psychiatric disorders and the special challenges regarding the diagnosis and treatment of each. The book concludes with insights into the latest developments in hand-held biomarker test devices, which can provide diagnostic information in less than 15 minutes in point-of-care settings. This book investigates the emerging use of biomarkers in the study of psychiatric diseases, a topic of considerable importance for a broad range of people including researchers, clinicians, psychiatrists, university students and even those whose lives are affected in some way by a psychiatric illness. The last category is hardly trivial, since a staggering one in three people worldwide show the criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder at some point in their lifetime.

Rosenberg s Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease Book

Rosenberg s Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease

  • Author : Roger N. Rosenberg
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-10-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124105492

Rosenberg s Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disease Book Description :

Rosenberg’s Molecular and Genetic Basis of Neurologic and Psychiatric Disease, Fifth Edition provides a comprehensive introduction and reference to the foundations and key practical aspects relevant to the majority of neurologic and psychiatric disease. A favorite of over three generations of students, clinicians and scholars, this new edition retains and expands the informative, concise and critical tone of the first edition. This is an essential reference for general medical practitioners, neurologists, psychiatrists, geneticists, and related professionals, and for the neuroscience and neurology research community. The content covers all aspects essential to the practice of neurogenetics to inform clinical diagnosis, treatment and genetic counseling. Every chapter has been thoroughly revised or newly commissioned to reflect the latest scientific and medical advances by an international team of leading scientists and clinicians. The contents have been expanded to include disorders for which a genetic basis has been recently identified, together with abundant original illustrations that convey and clarify the key points of the text in an attractive, didactic format. Previous editions have established this book as the leading tutorial reference on neurogenetics. Researchers will find great value in the coverage of genomics, animal models and diagnostic methods along with a better understanding of the clinical implications. Clinicians will rely on the coverage of the basic science of neurogenetics and the methods for evaluating patients with biochemical abnormalities or gene mutations, including links to genetic testing for specific diseases. Comprehensive coverage of the neurogenetic foundation of neurological and psychiatric disease Detailed introduction to both clinical and basic research implications of molecular and genetic understanding of the brain Detailed coverage of genomics, animal models and diagnostic methods with new coverage of evaluating patients wit

Herbal Treatment of Major Depression  Scientific Basis and Practical Use Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Herbal Treatment of Major Depression Scientific Basis and Practical Use

  • Author : Scott D Mendelson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000727463

Herbal Treatment of Major Depression Scientific Basis and Practical Use Book Description :

This unique volume presents new understandings of the neurochemical nature of major depression, and how herbs and their constituent flavonoids and terpenes appear to address some of the mechanisms now thought to be involved. It explores how recent studies of the rapid antidepressant effects of ketamine inform neuroscientists about deep intracellular mechanisms of antidepressant action that have little to do with simple enhancement of monoaminergic activity. These mechanisms include actions on PI3K, Akt, mTOR, GSK3, BDNF, and other intracellular pathways. New theories of the pathophysiology underlying major depression, such as oxidative damage, inflammation, stress and insulin resistance are then explored. Key Features: Focuses on oxidative damage, inflammation, and metabolic syndrome. Explains that a significant percentage of people treated for major depression obtain little if any relief from standard antidepressant medications. These facts lead to discussion of herbs that can be used to treat major depression, as well as consideration of the scientific basis for how these herbs act. The antidepressant properties of 66 herbs are discussed, along with dosing and safety information.

Physical Illness and Schizophrenia Book

Physical Illness and Schizophrenia

  • Author : Stefan Leucht
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2007-11-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521882644

Physical Illness and Schizophrenia Book Description :

Provides a comprehensive review of research evidence on physical diseases in people with schizophrenia.

Nonsuicidal Self Injury Book

Nonsuicidal Self Injury

  • Author : E. David Klonsky
  • Publisher : Hogrefe Publishing
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN 10 : 9781613343371

Nonsuicidal Self Injury Book Description :

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a baffling, troubling, and hard to treat phenomenon that has increased markedly in recent years. Key issues in diagnosing and treating NSSI adequately include differentiating it from attempted suicide and other mental disorders, as well as understanding the motivations for self-injury and the context in which it occurs. This accessible and practical book provides therapists and students with a clear understanding of these key issues, as well as of suitable assessment techniques. It then goes on to delineate research-informed treatment approaches for NSSI, with an emphasis on functional assessment, emotion regulation, and problem solving, including motivational interviewing, interpersonal skills, CBT, DBT, behavioral management strategies, delay behaviors, exercise, family therapy, risk management, and medication, as well as how to successfully combine methods.

Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease Book

Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease

  • Author : Liana Fattore
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-01-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124171244

Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease Book Description :

The application of cannabis sativa for the treatment of neurologic and mental disease is expanding. Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease collects and presents for the first time recent research involving the use of pharmacological cannabinoids for the treatment of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disease. The neurologic application of cannabinoid therapy builds upon psychiatric and psychological use for the treatment of a variety of core mental disorders. This comprehensive reference on the known uses of cannabinoids will be useful for clinical neurologists, neuroscience and clinical neuroscience researchers, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists and the general medical community. A comprehensive reference on the clinical uses of cannabinoids for treating major neurologic and mental diseases Detailed coverage of cannabinoid use for neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disease including Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease Detailed coverage of cannabinoid use for major psychiatric and psychological diseases and disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, Tourette's syndrome, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Pharmacological Treatment of Mental Disorders in Primary Health Care Book

Pharmacological Treatment of Mental Disorders in Primary Health Care

  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN 10 : 9789241547697

Pharmacological Treatment of Mental Disorders in Primary Health Care Book Description :

This manual attempts to provide simple, adequate and evidence-based information to health care professionals in primary health care especially in low- and middle-income countries to be able to provide pharmacological treatment to persons with mental disorders. The manual contains basic principles of prescribing followed by chapters on medicines used in psychotic disorders; depressive disorders; bipolar disorders; generalized anxiety and sleep disorders; obsessive compulsive disorders and panic attacks; and alcohol and opioid dependence. The annexes provide information on evidence retrieval, assessment and synthesis and the peer view process.

Chemotherapy in Psychiatry Book

Chemotherapy in Psychiatry

  • Author : Ross J. Baldessarini
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-09-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461437093

Chemotherapy in Psychiatry Book Description :

Use of psychotropic drugs has come to dominate clinical practice in psychiatry worldwide—perhaps owing largely to perceived simplicity, ease of use, and apparent efficiency, as well as apparent cost-effectiveness of such treatments. Nevertheless, medicinal treatments for patients with psychiatric disorders are but one component of comprehensive clinical care of complex human problems. Extensively updated since its second edition in 1985, Chemotherapy in Psychiatry, Third Edition, again addresses basic aspects of modern psychopharmacology and clinical applications of drugs used in the treatment of major psychiatric disorders, with major emphasis on psychotic, bipolar, and depressive disorders. The presentation covers descriptions of the main classes of psychotropic drugs, selected information concerning their known action mechanisms and metabolic disposition, and their clinical applications for acute illnesses and to prevent recurrences and long-term morbidity. Also covered are limitations and adverse effects of each type of agent, with emphasis on the fact that all psychotropic medicines have adverse effects that range from annoying to potentially lethal. Chemotherapy in Psychiatry, Third Edition, outlines the need to balance benefits and risks at the level of individual persons. Authoritative, and an important contribution to the literature, Chemotherapy in Psychiatry, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for physicians, scientists, trainees, and policymakers.

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders Book

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1994-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309049399

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders Book Description :

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.