Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures Book

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures


  • Author : Krishnan K. Sankaran
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-06-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128120255

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Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures Excerpt :

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Magnesium Technology 2020 Book

Magnesium Technology 2020


  • Author : J. Brian Jordon
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030366476

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Magnesium Technology 2020 Excerpt :

The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this collection is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers represent all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2020 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; and structural applications. In addition, there is coverage of new and emerging applications.

High Entropy Alloys Book
Score: 5
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High Entropy Alloys


  • Author : B.S. Murty
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-03-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160688

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High Entropy Alloys Excerpt :

High-Entropy Alloys, Second Edition provides a complete review of the current state of the field of high entropy alloys (HEA). Building upon the first edition, this fully updated release includes new theoretical understandings of these materials, highlighting recent developments on modeling and new classes of HEAs, such as Eutectic HEAs and Dual phase HEAs. Due to their unique properties, high entropy alloys have attracted considerable attention from both academics and technologists. This book presents the fundamental knowledge, the spectrum of various alloy systems and their characteristics, key focus areas, and the future scope of the field in terms of research and technological applications. Provides an up-to-date, comprehensive understanding on the current status of HEAs in terms of theoretical understanding and modeling efforts Gives a complete idea on alloy design criteria of various classes of HEAs developed so far Discusses the microstructure property correlations in HEAs in terms of structural and functional properties Presents a comparison of HEAs with other multicomponent systems, like intermetallics and bulk metallic glasses

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design Book

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design


  • Author : Masahiko Morinaga
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128147078

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A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design Excerpt :

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design: An Exploration of Material Design and Development Based Upon Alloy Design Theory and Atomization Energy Method presents a molecular orbital approach to alloy design that is based on electronic structure calculations using the DV-X alpha cluster method and new alloying parameters obtained from these calculations. Topics discussed include alloy properties, such as corrosion resistance, shape memory effect and super-elasticity that are treated by using alloying parameters in biomedical titanium alloys. This book covers various topics of not only metals and alloys, but also metal oxides, hydrides and even hydrocarbons. In addition, important alloy properties, such as strength, corrosion resistance, hydrogen storage and catalysis are treated in view of electron theory. Presents alloy design theory and the atomization-energy method and its use for the fundamental understanding of materials and materials design and development Discusses, for the first time, the atomization-energy analysis of the local lattice strains introduced around alloying elements in metals Illustrates a simplified approach to predict the structure and phases stability of new alloys/materials

Friction Stir Welding and Processing X Book

Friction Stir Welding and Processing X


  • Author : Yuri Hovanski
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-02-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030057527

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Friction Stir Welding and Processing X Excerpt :

This book is a compilation of the recent progress on friction stir technologies including high-temperature applications, industrial applications, dissimilar alloy/materials, lightweight alloys, simulation, control, characterization, and derivative technologies. The volume offers a current look at friction stir welding technology from application to characterization and from modeling to R&D. Contributions document advances in application, controls, and simulation of the friction stir process to aid researchers in seeing the current state-of-the-art.

Alloy Design and Characterization of       Strengthened Nickel based Superalloys for Additive Manufacturing Book

Alloy Design and Characterization of Strengthened Nickel based Superalloys for Additive Manufacturing


  • Author : Jinghao Xu
  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-01-28
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN 10 : 9789179297268

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Alloy Design and Characterization of Strengthened Nickel based Superalloys for Additive Manufacturing Excerpt :

Nickel-based superalloys, an alloy system bases on nickel as the matrix element with the addition of up to 10 more alloying elements including chromium, aluminum, cobalt, tungsten, molybdenum, titanium, and so on. Through the development and improvement of nickel-based superalloys in the past century, they are well proved to show excellent performance at the elevated service temperature. Owing to the combination of extraordinary high-temperature mechanical properties, such as monotonic and cyclic deformation resistance, fatigue crack propagation resistance; and high-temperature chemical properties, such as corrosion and oxidation resistance, phase stability, nickel-based superalloys are widely used in the critical hot-section components in aerospace and energy generation industries. The success of nickel-based superalloy systems attributes to both the well-tailored microstructures with the assistance of carefully doped alloying elements, and the intently developed manufacturing processes. The microstructure of the modern nickel-based superalloys consists of a two-phase configuration: the intermetallic precipitates (Ni,Co)3(Al,Ti,Ta) known as γ′ phase dispersed into the austenite γ matrix, which is firstly introduced in the 1940s. The recently developed additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, acting as the disruptive manufacturing process, offers a new avenue for producing the nickel-based superalloy components with complicated geometries. However, γ′ strengthened nickel-based superalloys always suffer from the micro-cracking during the AM process, which is barely eliminated by the process optimization. On this basis, the new compositions of γ′ strengthened nickel-based superalloy adapted to the AM process are of great interest and significance. This study sought to design novel γ′ strengthened nickel-based superalloys readily for AM process with limited cracking susceptibility, based on the understanding of the cracking mechanisms. A two-parameter model

Scientific Modeling and Simulations Book

Scientific Modeling and Simulations


  • Author : Sidney Yip
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-04-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402097416

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Scientific Modeling and Simulations Excerpt :

Although computational modeling and simulation of material deformation was initiated with the study of structurally simple materials and inert environments, there is an increasing demand for predictive simulation of more realistic material structure and physical conditions. In particular, it is recognized that applied mechanical force can plausibly alter chemical reactions inside materials or at material interfaces, though the fundamental reasons for this chemomechanical coupling are studied in a material-speci c manner. Atomistic-level s- ulations can provide insight into the unit processes that facilitate kinetic reactions within complex materials, but the typical nanosecond timescales of such simulations are in contrast to the second-scale to hour-scale timescales of experimentally accessible or technologically relevant timescales. Further, in complex materials these key unit processes are “rare events” due to the high energy barriers associated with those processes. Examples of such rare events include unbinding between two proteins that tether biological cells to extracellular materials [1], unfolding of complex polymers, stiffness and bond breaking in amorphous glass bers and gels [2], and diffusive hops of point defects within crystalline alloys [3].

Physical Metallurgy Book

Physical Metallurgy


  • Author : Gregory N. Haidemenopoulos
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351812047

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Physical Metallurgy Excerpt :

Physical metallurgy is one of the main fields of metallurgical science dealing with the development of the microstructure of metals in order to achieve desirable properties required in technological applications. Physical Metallurgy: Principles and Design focuses on the processing–structure–properties triangle as it applies to metals and alloys. It introduces the fundamental principles of physical metallurgy and the design methodologies for alloys and processing. The first part of the book discusses the structure and change of structure through phase transformations. The latter part of the books deals with plastic deformation, strengthening mechanisms, and mechanical properties as they relate to structure. The book also includes a chapter on physical metallurgy of steels and concludes by discussing the computational tools, involving computational thermodynamics and kinetics, to perform alloy and process design.

The Microstructure of Superalloys Book

The Microstructure of Superalloys


  • Author : Madeleine Durand-Charre
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-11-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351409827

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The Microstructure of Superalloys Excerpt :

Presents all the main aspects of the microstructure of nickel-base superalloys, and includes micrographs chosen from among a large range of commercial and academic alloys, from the as-cast product to in-situ components, worn from in-service use. Including more than 100 illustrations, the text explains all the transformation mechanisms involved in the origination (creation) of microstructures during solidification or heat treatments (crystallization paths, segregation, crystal orientation, precipitation, TCP, coarsening and rafting, etc.). It includes up-to-date information and data such as phase diagrams, crystallographic structures, and relationships with functional properties. Nearly 300 references provide a key to further investigation.

Hierarchical Materials Informatics Book

Hierarchical Materials Informatics


  • Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-08-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124104556

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Hierarchical Materials Informatics Excerpt :

Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

High Entropy Alloys Book

High Entropy Alloys


  • Author : Michael C. Gao
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-04-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319270135

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High Entropy Alloys Excerpt :

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive description of high-entropy alloys (HEAs). The authors summarize key properties of HEAs from the perspective of both fundamental understanding and applications, which are supported by in-depth analyses. The book also contains computational modeling in tackling HEAs, which help elucidate the formation mechanisms and properties of HEAs from various length and time scales.

Fundamentals of Solidification Book

Fundamentals of Solidification


  • Author : W. Kurz
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release Date : 1998-02-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9783035732399

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Fundamentals of Solidification Excerpt :

Solidification phenomena play an important role in many of the processes used in fields ranging from production engineering to solid-state physics. The broad range of applications of solidification models - from the large tonnages of continuously cast products, through superalloy precision castings, to high-purity single crystals - means that a book such as the present one must cater for the requirements of a very wide range of readers.

Computational Materials Science Book

Computational Materials Science


  • Author : Dierk Raabe
  • Publisher : Wiley-VCH
  • Release Date : 1998-10-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015047514164

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Computational Materials Science Excerpt :

Modeling and simulation play an ever increasing role in the development and optimization of materials. Computational Materials Science presents the most important approaches in this new interdisciplinary field of materials science and engineering. The reader will learn to assess which numerical method is appropriate for performing simulations at the various microstructural levels and how they can be coupled. This book addresses graduate students and professionals in materials science and engineering as well as materials-oriented physicists and mechanical engineers.

Computational Materials Engineering Book

Computational Materials Engineering


  • Author : Koenraad George Frans Janssens
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-07-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 0080555497

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Computational Materials Engineering Excerpt :

Computational Materials Engineering is an advanced introduction to the computer-aided modeling of essential material properties and behavior, including the physical, thermal and chemical parameters, as well as the mathematical tools used to perform simulations. Its emphasis will be on crystalline materials, which includes all metals. The basis of Computational Materials Engineering allows scientists and engineers to create virtual simulations of material behavior and properties, to better understand how a particular material works and performs and then use that knowledge to design improvements for particular material applications. The text displays knowledge of software designers, materials scientists and engineers, and those involved in materials applications like mechanical engineers, civil engineers, electrical engineers, and chemical engineers. Readers from students to practicing engineers to materials research scientists will find in this book a single source of the major elements that make up contemporary computer modeling of materials characteristics and behavior. The reader will gain an understanding of the underlying statistical and analytical tools that are the basis for modeling complex material interactions, including an understanding of computational thermodynamics and molecular kinetics; as well as various modeling systems. Finally, the book will offer the reader a variety of algorithms to use in solving typical modeling problems so that the theory presented herein can be put to real-world use. Balanced coverage of fundamentals of materials modeling, as well as more advanced aspects of modeling, such as modeling at all scales from the atomic to the molecular to the macro-material Concise, yet rigorous mathematical coverage of such analytical tools as the Potts type Monte Carlo method, cellular automata, phase field, dislocation dynamics and Finite Element Analysis in statistical and analytical modeling

News Trends in Powder Metallurgy Book

News Trends in Powder Metallurgy


  • Author : Eric Hug
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-10-29
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 3036517820

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News Trends in Powder Metallurgy Excerpt :

Papers published in metals in 2020 and 2021, related to the special issue "News trends in powder metallurgy: microstructures, properties, durability. a review of the scientific advances in this field have been carried out through a selection of 13 original research papers (progress reviews and articles) on the impact of the microstructure on the mechanical and functional properties of metallic alloys obtained by sintering (SPS) and additive manufacturing (PBF) routes.