Metastable Solids from Undercooled Melts Book

Metastable Solids from Undercooled Melts

  • Author : Dieter Herlach
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-12-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 0080468861

Metastable Solids from Undercooled Melts Excerpt :

This book presents the physical concepts and tools to characterize and describe the formation of metastable solids from undercooled melts. Its aim is to facilitate understanding of the development of the science and technology of solidification of melts and to introduce new concepts within this exciting research field in order to fulfil the challenges of the future in the field of undercooled melts. A comprehensive description of the science and applications of the undercooling phenomenon is given. It is composed of several main parts: experimental techniques for undercooling; characterization of the undercooled melt as the first step in rapid solidification; introducing the concepts of modern theories of rapid dendrite and eutectic growth and their comparison with experimental results, and a survey of metastable materials formed from the non-equilibrium state of an undercooled melt. * Showing clear links to possible application of results obtained from basic research * The subject matter is multidisciplinary and will be of interest to material scientists, physicists, physical chemists, mechanical and electrical engineers

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts Book

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts

  • Author : Dieter M. Herlach
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-05-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527647927

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts Excerpt :

All metallic materials are prepared from the liquid state as their parent phase. Solidification is therefore one of the most important phase transformation in daily human life. Solidification is the transition from liquid to solid state of matter. The conditions under which material is transformed determines the physical and chemical properties of the as-solidified body. The processes involved, like nucleation and crystal growth, are governed by heat and mass transport. Convection and undercooling provide additional processing parameters to tune the solidification process and to control solid material performance from the very beginning of the production chain. To develop a predictive capability for efficient materials production the processes involved in solidification have to be understood in detail. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the solidification of metallic melts processed and undercooled in a containerless manner by drop tube, electromagnetic and electrostatic levitation, and experiments in reduced gravity. The experiments are accompanied by model calculations on the influence of thermodynamic and hydrodynamic conditions that control selection of nucleation mechanisms and modify crystal growth development throughout the solidification process.

Advanced Materials  93 Book

Advanced Materials 93

  • Author : T Matsumoto
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 744
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444601155

Advanced Materials 93 Excerpt :

Computations, Glassy Materials, Microgravity and Non-Destructive Testing is a compilation of the papers presented during the Third IUMRS International Conference on Advanced Materials International Union of The Materials Research Societies that discussed the concepts and methods behind glassy materials. The book is divided into parts. Part 1 tackles the progresses in sol-gel science and technology; the reaction mechanisms of ormosils and effects of ultrasonic irradiation; and the preparation of different glasses and their properties. Part 2 covers topics such as the neural network system for the identification of materials; the use of computers for simulations of many-body systems; computer system for meeting the supercomputing needs of materials; quality control of materials information by knowledge base; and the development of knowledgebase system for computer-assisted alloy design. Part 3 deals with the properties of different materials, the concepts, and the techniques behind them, and Part 4 discusses the non-destructive evaluation. The text is recommended for chemists and engineers in the field of materials science, especially those who wish to know more about the progress in its field of research.

Phase Transformations in Multicomponent Melts Book

Phase Transformations in Multicomponent Melts

  • Author : Dieter M. Herlach
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-06-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 435
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527624058

Phase Transformations in Multicomponent Melts Excerpt :

Bringing together the concerted efforts of the multicomponent materials community in one decisive reference work, this handbook covers all the important aspects from fundamentals to applications: thermodynamics, microscopic processes, solidification, simulation and modeling. As such, it provides a vital understanding of melt and solidification processes, treating all simulation techniques for continuous and discrete systems, such as molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo, and finite elements calculations.

Science and Technology of the Undercooled Melt Book

Science and Technology of the Undercooled Melt

  • Author : P.R. Sahm
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400944565

Science and Technology of the Undercooled Melt Excerpt :

"SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF '!HE UNDEROLED MELT" This title was chosen as the topical headline of the Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) from March 17 to 22 1985, held at the Castle of Theuern. The usual term "Rapid Solidification" is an overlapping description. Due to the fact that nucleation is so eminently important for the undercooling of a melt and this, in turn, is an important characteristic of rapid solidifi cation, undercooling plays an essential role in "rapid solidification." The undercooled melt has caused an "accelerated evolution" (if not a revolution) in materials science during the last decade. Several rather exciting concepts with interesting potential for novel applications are being pursued presently in various laboratories and companies. They concern not only new processes and ha~ware developments, but also present chal lenging perspectives for ventures, including the founding of new companies; or they promise growth possibilities with established larger and smaller industrial establishments.

Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation Book

Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation

  • Author : Wei Deng
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release Date : 2014-02-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038263906

Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation Excerpt :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation (ICMEI 2013), December 31, 2013-January 2, 2014, Brisbane Australia. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 64 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science and Materials Processing Technology; Chapter 2: Computational and Applied Mechanics; Chapter 3: Design and Manufacturing; Chapter 4: Automation, Control, Information Technology and MEMS

Nucleation in Condensed Matter Book

Nucleation in Condensed Matter

  • Author : Ken Kelton
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-03-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080912646

Nucleation in Condensed Matter Excerpt :

In Nucleation in Condensed Matter, key theoretical models for nucleation are developed and experimental data are used to discuss their range of validity. A central aim of this book is to enable the reader, when faced with a phenomenon in which nucleation appears to play a role, to determine whether nucleation is indeed important and to develop a quantitative and predictive description of the nucleation behavior. The third section of the book examines nucleation processes in practical situations, ranging from solid state precipitation to nucleation in biological systems to nucleation in food and drink. Nucleation in Condensed Matter is a key reference for an advanced materials course in phase transformations. It is also an essential reference for researchers in the field. Unified treatment of key theories, experimental evaluations and case studies Complete derivation of key models Detailed discussion of experimental measurements Examples of nucleation in diverse systems

A Review  Chill Block Melt Spin Technique  Theories   Applications Book

A Review Chill Block Melt Spin Technique Theories Applications

  • Author : Mustafa Kamal
  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2013-03-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781608051519

A Review Chill Block Melt Spin Technique Theories Applications Excerpt :

Rapid Solidification Processing of molten metals and alloys has proved to be a reliable route for producing new and advanced materials. The Chill-Block Melt Spin (CBMS) technique is important because its simplicity, flexibility and perfection. High quality materials can be produced with lower costs, as compared to other routes, by refining the microstructure and trapping the nucleated (new) metastable phases. Melt-spun ribbons subsequently produced can then be consolidated to produce billets and sheets that can be used in many industries especially high-tech industries such as aerospace and racing automobiles. This book contains several perspectives about CBMS technology and should be a useful review for undergraduate and post-graduate metallurgy students.

1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science  2012 Book

1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012

  • Author : Marc De Graef
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319487625

1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012 Excerpt :

Addressing a critical growth area in materials science, this volume features papers presented at the 2012 International Conference on 3D Materials Science, organized by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). With the top researchers in the world assessing the state-of-the-art within the various elements of three-dimensional materials science, this collection provides the premier forum for authoritative presentations on all aspects of the science, including characterization, visualization, quantitative analysis, modeling, and investigation of structure-property relationships of materials.

Proceedings of 17th Edition of International Conference on Emerging Trends in Materials Science and Nanotechnology 2018 Book

Proceedings of 17th Edition of International Conference on Emerging Trends in Materials Science and Nanotechnology 2018

  • Author : EuroScicon
  • Publisher : EuroScicon
  • Release Date : 2018-04-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 88
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

Proceedings of 17th Edition of International Conference on Emerging Trends in Materials Science and Nanotechnology 2018 Excerpt :

April 26-27, 2018 Rome, Italy Key Topics : Nano Electronics, Nanotechnology For Clean Energy And Environment, Nano Applications, Nano Biotechnology, Nano Bio Medicine, Carbon And Graphene Nano-Structures, Polymer Science Engineering, Bio Polymers And Bio Plastics, Advanced Materials Science, Nano Composites, Nano Technology In Materials Science, Corrosion Engineering And Corrosion Protection, Biomaterials, Electronic, Optical & Magnetic Materials., Nano Photonics, Advanced Nano Materials,

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6 Book

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6

  • Author : R.W. Cochrane
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1988-01-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 563
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080984841

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6 Excerpt :

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6, Volume 1 covers the proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals held at Le Centre Sheraton, Montreal, Canada from August 3 to 7, 1987. The said conference discusses a wide variety of topics in the field of rapidly solidified metals. The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 covers topics that involve the formation and transformation in metallic materials; amorphous metals; the applications of mechanical alloying; and rapid melting and quenching. Part 2 discusses the formation and structure of amorphous alloys, which includes topics such as the metastability of amorphous phases; amorphous alloy powders; and studies about the properties of different amorphous alloys. The text is recommended for those involved in materials science and metallurgy, especially those studying rapidly solidified metals and amorphous alloys.

Phase Transformation in Metals Book

Phase Transformation in Metals

  • Author : Nestor Perez
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-09-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030491680

Phase Transformation in Metals Excerpt :

This textbook explains the physics of phase transformation and associated constraints from a metallurgical or materials science point of view, based on many topics including crystallography, mass transport by diffusion, thermodynamics, heat transfer and related temperature gradients, thermal deformation, and even fracture mechanics. The work presented emphasizes solidification and related analytical models based on heat transfer. This corresponds with the most fundamental physical event of continuous evolution of latent heat of fusion for directional or non-directional liquid-to-solid phase transformation at a specific interface with a certain geometrical shape, such as planar or curved front. Dr. Perez introduces mathematical and engineering approximation schemes for describing the phase transformation, mainly during solidification of pure metals and alloys. Giving clear definitions and explanations of theoretical concepts and full detail of derivation of formulae, this interdisciplinary volume is ideal for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in applied science, and professionals in the metal making and surface reconstruction industries.