Microbe Induced Degradation of Pesticides Book

Microbe Induced Degradation of Pesticides


  • Author : Shree Nath Singh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-09-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319451565

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Microbe Induced Degradation of Pesticides Excerpt :

This book focuses on the microbial degradation of endosulfan, lindane, chlorophenols, organochlorine, aldrin, dieldrin, isoproturon and atrazine, etc. which are commonly used in crop fields to kill the pests. Further, it illustrates the role of degradative enzymes, metabolic pathways of degradation, toxicity of metabolites, and the factors regulating the pesticide degradation. In view of persistence of synthetic pesticides, scientists have discovered suitable microbes, such as bacteria, fungi and algae (naturally occurring or genetically engineered) over the years. After successful trials under laboratory and field conditions, these microbes are being used to degrade chemical pesticides in agriculture. As of now 2.56 billion kg of chemical pesticides is used every year to protect agricultural fields against pest attack. These technologies have been found to be highly effective, eco-friendly and cost-effective without disturbing the agro-ecosystems. As this book contains review articles contributed by various researchers from different countries whose work demonstrates recent advances in microbial degradation of pesticides, it will serve as a ready reckoner and also a valuable quick reference guide for scientists, academicians, cultivators and industrialists alike.

Biodegradation Book

Biodegradation


  • Author : Rolando Chamy
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2013-06-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535111542

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Biodegradation Excerpt :

This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

Biodegradation and Bioremediation Book

Biodegradation and Bioremediation


  • Author : Ajay Singh
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662060667

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Biodegradation and Bioremediation Excerpt :

In this volume, experts from universities, government labs and industry share their findings on the microbiological, biochemical and molecular aspects of biodegradation and bioremediation. The text covers numerous topics, including: bioavailability, biodegradation of various pollutants, microbial community dynamics, properties and engineering of important biocatalysts, and methods for monitoring bioremediation processes. Microbial processes are environmentally compatible and can be integrated with non-biological processes to detoxify, degrade and immobilize environmental contaminants.

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics Book

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics


  • Author : Shree Nath Singh
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-10-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN 10 : 3642237894

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Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics Excerpt :

Our interest in the microbial biodegradation of xenobiotics has increased many folds in recent years to find out sustainable ways for environmental cleanup. Bioremediation and biotransformation processes harness the naturally occurring ability of microbes to degrade, transform or accumulate a wide range of organic pollutants. Major methodological breakthroughs in recent years through detailed genomic, metagenomic, proteomic, bioinformatic and other high-throughput analyses of environmentally relevant microorganisms have provided us unprecedented insights into key biodegradative pathways and the ability of organisms to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The degradation of a wide spectrum of organic pollutants and wastes discharged into the environment by anthropogenic activities is an emerging need today to promote sustainable development of our society with low environmental impact. Microbial processes play a major role in the removal of recalcitrant compounds taking advantage of the astonishing catabolic versatility of microorganisms to degrade or transform such compounds. New breakthroughs in sequencing, genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics and imaging are generating vital information which opens a new era providing new insights of metabolic and regulatory networks, as well as clues to the evolution of degradation pathways and to the molecular adaptation strategies to changing environmental conditions. Functional genomic and metagenomic approaches are increasing our understanding of the relative importance of different pathways and regulatory networks to carbon flux in particular environments and for particular compounds. New approaches will certainly accelerate the development of bioremediation technologies and biotransformation processes in coming years for natural attenuation of contaminated environments

Biochemistry of microbial degradation Book

Biochemistry of microbial degradation


  • Author : Colin Ratledge
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-10-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN 10 : 9401047383

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Biochemistry of microbial degradation Excerpt :

Life on the planet depends on microbial activity. The recycling of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, oxygen, phosphate and all the other elements that constitute living matter are continuously in flux: microorganisms participate in key steps in these processes and without them life would cease within a few short years. The comparatively recent advent of man-made chemicals has now challenged the environment: where degradation does not occur, accumulation must perforce take place. Surprisingly though, even the most recalcitrant of molecules are gradually broken down and very few materials are truly impervious to microbial attack. Microorganisms, by their rapid growth rates, have the most rapid turn-over of their DNA of all living cells. Consequently they can evolve altered genes and therefore produce novel enzymes for handling "foreign" compounds - the xenobiotics - in a manner not seen with such effect in other organisms. Evolution, with the production of micro-organisms able to degrade molecules hitherto intractable to breakdown, is therefore a continuing event. Now, through the agency of genetic manipulation, it is possible to accelerate this process of natural evolution in a very directed manner. The time-scale before a new microorganism emerges that can utilize a recalcitrant molecule has now been considerably shortened by the application of well-understood genetic principles into microbiology. However, before these principles can be successfully used, it is essential that we understand the mechanism by which molecules are degraded, otherwise we shall not know where best to direct these efforts.

Biodegradation of Pesticides Book

Biodegradation of Pesticides


  • Author : Fumio Matsumura
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781468440881

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Biodegradation of Pesticides Excerpt :

When first developed, chlorinated pesticides such as DDT, dieldrin, and mirex were received with open arms, quickly becoming popular as effective, economic agents against pests. But evidence began to mount that residues of these chemicals remained in the environment, not breaking down, often appearing in plants and animals. By the late seventies many pesticides had achieved a terrible notoriety and were subsequently banned in a number of countries. Of tremendous concern, then, is the persistence of pesticides in the environment. The major thrust of research and development in the area of pesticides has properly been the creation of substances that are both effective and degradable. Yet in order to successfully promote the use of biodegradable pesticides, one must fully understand the mechanism of degradation, and it is to this vital subject that we address ourselves in the present volume. According to the Biodegradation Task Force, Safety of Chemicals Com mittee, Brussels (1978), biodegradation may be defined as the molecular degradation of an organic substance resulting from the complex action of living organisms. A substance is said to be biodegraded to an environmentally acceptable extent when environmentally undesirable properties are lost. Loss of some characteristic function or property of substance by biodegradation may be referred to as biological transformation.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering


  • Author : Harikesh Bahadur Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-02-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323855785

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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering Excerpt :

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Sustainable Agriculture: Advances in Microbe-Based Biostimulants describes advances in microbial mechanisms involved in crop production and stress alleviation. Recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and disease management have created a highly potential research area. The plant holobiont has a significant role in stress signaling, nutrient use efficiency, and soil health and fertility for sustainable developments. The mycorrhizosphere, hyphosphere, phyllosphere, rhizosphere and endosphere are critical interfaces for the exchange of signaling and resources between plants and soil environment.? This book is an ideal reference source for microbiologists, agrochemists, biotechnologists, biochemists, industrialists, researchers and scientists working on agriculturally important microorganisms and their exploitation in sustainable future applications. Gives insights into mechanisms of plant-microbe interaction Introduces new aspects and advances in plant-microbe interaction for disease management Includes descriptions and modern practices on how to harness the potential of microbes in sustainable agriculture applications

Advances in Environmental Biotechnology Book

Advances in Environmental Biotechnology


  • Author : Raman Kumar
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-04-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811040412

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Advances in Environmental Biotechnology Excerpt :

The book aims to provide a comprehensive view of advanced environmental approaches for wastewater treatment, heavy metal removal, pesticide degradation, dye removal, waste management, microbial transformation of environmental contaminants etc. With advancements in the area of Environmental Biotechnology, researchers are looking for the new opportunities to improve quality standards and environment. Recent technologies have given impetus to the possibility of using renewable raw materials as a potential source of energy. Cost intensive and eco-friendly technology for producing high quality products and efficient ways to recycle waste to minimize environmental pollution is the need of hour. The use of bioremediation technologies through microbial communities is another viable option to remediate environmental pollutants, such as heavy metals, pesticides and dyes etc. Since physico-chemical technologies employed in the past have many potential drawbacks including higher cost, and lower sustainability. So there is need of efficient biotechnological alternatives to overcome increasing environmental pollution. Hence, there is a need for environmental friendly technologies that can reduce the pollutants causing adverse hazards on humans and surrounding environment.

Microbes and Enzymes in Soil Health and Bioremediation Book

Microbes and Enzymes in Soil Health and Bioremediation


  • Author : Ashok Kumar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811391170

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Microbes and Enzymes in Soil Health and Bioremediation Excerpt :

Microbial enzymes play a vital role in maintaining soil health and removing pollutants from contaminated land. Soil microflora is closely associated with maintaining soil fertility, and the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers and other volatile sprays in agriculture threatens the health ofthe microbial population in the soil. Every single particle of healthy soil contains millions of bacteria, which interact with the nutrients available, sustaining the nutrient cycle and making this microflora an essential component of life on earth. How do microbes help in the nutrient cycle? Either by intracellular digestion of macromolecules and converting these into smaller units in their metabolic pathways, or by secreting enzymes into the extracellular environment to facilitate the conversion of complex macromolecules into micro-molecules that can be easily absorbed by other living species. To meet demands for energy and food for the growing global population, it is important to protect agricultural land from contamination and maintain its productivity. Heavy metal ions from contaminated land canenter crops, fish or aquatic organismsvia contaminated water, and theseare then taken up by the human body, where they can accumulate and alter the normal microflora. The microbiological component of the soil is ahighly complex system and is still not fully understood. How do microbes survive in the changing physicochemical environment of soil?. This book helps readers understand the mechanism, various routes of microbialsoil remediation, the interactionsof different genera, and how microbial enzymes support the sustainable restoration of healthy soil.

Pesticides in Crop Production Book

Pesticides in Crop Production


  • Author : Prabhat Kumar Srivastava
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-02-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119432203

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Pesticides in Crop Production Excerpt :

A guide to the diversity of pesticides used in modern agricultural practices, and the relevant social and environmental issues Pesticides in Crop Production offers an important resource that explores pesticide action in plants; pesticide metabolism in soil microbes, plants and animals; bioaccumulation of pesticides and sensitiveness of microbiome towards pesticides. The authors explore pesticide risk assessment, the development of pesticide resistance in pests, microbial remediation of pesticide intoxicated legumes and pesticide toxicity amelioration in plants by plant hormones. The authors include information on eco-friendly pest management. They review the impact of pesticides on soil microorganism, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and terrestrial animals including human beings. The book also contains an analysis of pesticide by GC-MS/MS (Gas Chromatography tandem Mass Spectrometry) a reliable method for the quantification and confirmation of multiclass pesticide residues. This important book: Offers a comprehensive guide to the use of the diversity of pesticides and the pertinent social and environmental issues Explores the impact of pesticides from morphological, anatomical, physiological and biochemical perspectives Shows how pesticides affects soil microorganisms, crops and other plants along with the impact on other organisms like aquatic fauna and animals Critically examines whether chemical pesticides are boon or bane and whether they can be replaced by environmental friendly pesticides Written for students, researchers and professionals in agriculture, botany, entomology and biotechnology, Pesticides in Crop Production examines the effects of chemical pesticides and the feasibility of using bio-pesticides.

Microbes in Land Use Change Management Book

Microbes in Land Use Change Management


  • Author : Jay Shankar Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-08-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323858946

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Microbes in Land Use Change Management Excerpt :

Microbes in Land Use Change Management details the various roles of microbial resources in management of land uses and how the microbes can be used for the source of income due to their cultivation for the purpose of biomass and bioenergy production. Using various techniques, the disturbed and marginal lands may also be restored eco-friendly in present era to fulfil the feeding needs of mankind around the globe. Microbes in Land Use Change Management provides standard and up to date information towards the land use change management using various microbial technologies to enhance the productivity of agriculture. Needless to say that Microbes in Land Use Change Management also considers the areas including generation of alternative energy sources, restoration of degraded and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases and next generation -omics technique etc. Land use change affects environment conditions and soil microbial community. Microbial population and its species diversity have influence in maintaining ecosystem balance. The study of changes of microbial population provides an idea about the variation occurring in a specific area and possibilities of restoration. Meant for a multidisciplinary audience Microbes in Land Use Change Management shows the need of next-generation omics technologies to explore microbial diversity. Describes the role of microbes in generation of alternative source of energy Gives recent information related to various microbial technology and their diversified applications Provides thorough insight in the problems related to landscape dynamics, restoration of soil, reclamation of lands mitigation of global warming gases etc. eco-friendly way using versatility of microbes Includes microbial tools and technology in reclamation of degraded, disturbed and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology Book

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology


  • Author : Jay Shankar Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128204276

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Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology Excerpt :

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions

Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds Book

Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds


  • Author : Pankaj Kumar Arora
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-06-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 357
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811374623

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Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds Excerpt :

Xenobiotic compounds including pesticides, nitrophenols, pyridine, polycyclic aromatic compounds and polychlorinated biphenyls are widely spread in environment due to anthropogenic activities. Most of them are highly toxic to living beings due to their mutagenic and carcinogenic properties. Therefore, the removal of these compounds from environment is an essential step for environmental sustainability. Microbial remediation has emerged as an effective technology for degradation of these xenobiotic compounds as microorganisms have unique ability to utilize these compounds as their sole source of carbon and energy. The primary goal of this book is to provide detailed information of microbial degradation of many xenobiotic compounds in various microorganisms.

Agrochemicals Detection  Treatment and Remediation Book

Agrochemicals Detection Treatment and Remediation


  • Author : M.N.V Prasad
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2020-02-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081030189

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Agrochemicals Detection Treatment and Remediation Excerpt :

Agrochemicals Detection, Treatment and Remediation focuses on the latest research surrounding the detection and remediation of a new generation of agrochemical contaminants. The book defines the occurrence, sources, types and effects of agrochemicals, including herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and soil fumigants in the environment. The book covers both advanced physical and chemical methods for the abatement of these emerging contaminants in environmental media. Environmental Engineers and Researchers will find this to be a valuable reference on advanced processes for resource recovery, including nanotechnology for the recovery of phosphate from fertilizer industry wastewater. Provides the latest physical and chemical methods used for the abatement of chemical fertilizers and pesticides Covers genetically engineered microbes for the remediation of a wide range of agrochemicals Presents methods for determining the occurrence, sources, types and effects of agrochemical on environmental media Includes unique case studies from across the globe

Smart Bioremediation Technologies Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Smart Bioremediation Technologies


  • Author : Pankaj Bhatt
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128183083

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Smart Bioremediation Technologies Excerpt :

Smart Bioremediation Technologies: Microbial Enzymes provides insights into the complex behavior of enzymes and identifies metabolites and their degradation pathways. It will help readers work towards solutions for sustainable medicine and environmental pollution. The book highlights the microbial enzymes that have replaced many plant and animal enzymes, also presenting their applications in varying industries, including pharmaceuticals, genetic engineering, biofuels, diagnostics and therapy. In addition, new methods, including genomics and metagenomics, are being employed for the discovery of new enzymes from microbes. This book brings all of these topics together, representing the first resource on how to solve problems in bioremediation. Provides the most novel approaches in enzyme studies Gives insights in real-time enzymology that are correlated with bioremediation Serves as a valuable resource on the use of genomes, transcriptomes and proteomes with bioremediation Refers to enzymes as diagnostic tools