Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments Book

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments


  • Author : Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128151662

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Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments Excerpt :

A concise reference on the structural composition and function of microbial communities in coastal environments, especially in relation to natural and anthropogenic impacts. Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments presents twenty years of coastal microbiology research, grounding it as a vital development in the field of microbial ecology. It is the first book to focus exclusively on the complex microbial ecology and its function in rest of the marine environment. The book outlines the structure, function, and assessment of microbial communities in marine sediments while exploring practical methods of assessment. It is an invaluable resource to aquatic microbiologists, marine ecologists, marine microbiologists, aquatic researchers, and graduate students in this field. Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments begins with an examination of nutrient sources in the coastal context with a focus on organic matter inputs. The quantity and quality of organic matter in coastal sediments and their impacts on the composition and formation of microbial communities is discussed. The book explores the consequences of anthropogenic changes and human activity on microbial ecology and nutrient cycling. Sections on nutrient availability, green house gas production and biodegradation of persistent organic pollutants provide essential details. Molecular research techniques and methods for assessing microbial community structure and function in coastal sediments are also covered. Explores the interplay of physicochemical and biological features of coastal ecosystems on microbial community composition to provide a template of comparison for field research Includes unique figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to microbial processes of coastal ecosystem to clearly represent different aspects of microbial structure and functions Provides analytical methods and detailed molecular techniques for qualitative and quantitative analyses of microbial community structure

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments Book

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments


  • Author : Salom Gnana Thanga Vincent
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-06-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128151655

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Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments Excerpt :

Microbial Communities in Coastal Sediments: Structure and Functions presents research gained on coastal microbiology over the past two decades. The book covers the source of organic matter, which is found to design sediment microbial communities, and goes on to consider the quality of this matter with regard to degradation in coastal sediment. The book explores human induced changes in coastal ecosystems, then later focuses on the availability of nutrients, source of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the sediment, and the sequencing of microbial structures and functions when using molecular tools. Despite the years of research, this is the first book to focus purely on coastal microbes in coastal ecosystems. As such, it is for gaining a better understanding of the diversity and functions of different types of microbes in coastal ecosystems across the globe. The book outlines the microbial community structure in marine sediments while also elaborating on the methods of assessment of the microbial community, making it of great relevance to aquatic microbiologists, marine ecologists, marine microbiologists, aquatic researchers, and scientists alike. Presents data on physico-chemical and biological features of coastal ecosystems and microbial community composition, allowing researchers to compare their data with pre-existing data Includes unique figures, schematic diagrams and photographs related to microbial processes of coastal ecosystems, providing a clear representation on the different aspects of microbial structure and functions Provides analytical methods and detailed molecular techniques for qualitative and quantitative analyses of microbial community structure, enabling scientists and students to follow the protocols provided in the book for assessment in their own research

The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography  MPB 32  Book
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The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography MPB 32


  • Author : Stephen P. Hubbell
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-06-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400837526

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The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography MPB 32 Excerpt :

Despite its supreme importance and the threat of its global crash, biodiversity remains poorly understood both empirically and theoretically. This ambitious book presents a new, general neutral theory to explain the origin, maintenance, and loss of biodiversity in a biogeographic context. Until now biogeography (the study of the geographic distribution of species) and biodiversity (the study of species richness and relative species abundance) have had largely disjunct intellectual histories. In this book, Stephen Hubbell develops a formal mathematical theory that unifies these two fields. When a speciation process is incorporated into Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson's now classical theory of island biogeography, the generalized theory predicts the existence of a universal, dimensionless biodiversity number. In the theory, this fundamental biodiversity number, together with the migration or dispersal rate, completely determines the steady-state distribution of species richness and relative species abundance on local to large geographic spatial scales and short-term to evolutionary time scales. Although neutral, Hubbell's theory is nevertheless able to generate many nonobvious, testable, and remarkably accurate quantitative predictions about biodiversity and biogeography. In many ways Hubbell's theory is the ecological analog to the neutral theory of genetic drift in genetics. The unified neutral theory of biogeography and biodiversity should stimulate research in new theoretical and empirical directions by ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and biogeographers.

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors Book

Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors


  • Author : Susma Bhattarai Gautam
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 22
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429826467

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Performance Assessment and Enrichment of Anaerobic Methane Oxidizing Microbial Communities from Marine Sediments in Bioreactors Excerpt :

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to sulfate reduction (AOM-SR) is a biological process mediated by anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME) and sulfate reducing bacteria. It has scientifi c and societal relevance in regulating the global carbon cycle and biotechnological application for treating sulfate-rich wastewater. This research aimed to enhance the recent knowledge on ANME distribution and its enrichment in different bioreactor confi gurations, i.e. membrane bioreactor (MBR), biotrickling fi lter (BTF) and high pressure bioreactor (HPB). Marine sediment from Ginsburg mud volcano, Gulf of Cadiz was used as inoculum in the BTF and MBR. The BTF operation showed the enrichment of ANME in the biofi lm, especially ANME-1 (40%) and ANME-2 (10%). Whereas, the dominancy of ANME-2 and Desulfosarcina aggregates was observed in the MBR. Moreover, HPB study was performed by using highly enriched ANME-2 community from Captain Arutyunov mud volcano. During the study of HPB at different temperature and pressure conditions, the incubation at 10 MPa pressure and 15 ̊C was observed to be the most suitable condition for the studied AOM-SR community. Furthermore, AOM-SR activity in the coastal sediments from marine Lake Grevelingen (the Netherlands) was explored and the microbial community was characterised which was dominated by ANME-3 among known ANME types.

Coastal Wetlands Dynamics Book

Coastal Wetlands Dynamics


  • Author : Nicoletta Leonardi
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2022-04-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889748495

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Coastal Wetlands Dynamics Excerpt :

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems Book

The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems


  • Author : Joel E. Kostka
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2015-05-15
  • Genre: Microbiology
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889193462

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The metabolic pathways and environmental controls of hydrocarbon biodegradation in marine ecosystems Excerpt :

Biodegradation mediated by indigenous microbial communities is the ultimate fate of the majority of oil hydrocarbon that enters the marine environment. The aim of this Research Topic is to highlight recent advances in our knowledge of the pathways and controls of microbially-catalyzed hydrocarbon degradation in marine ecosystems, with emphasis on the response of microbial communities to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. In this Research Topic, we encouraged original research and reviews on the ecology of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, the rates and mechanisms of biodegradation, and the bioremediation of discharged oil under situ as well as near in situ conditions.

Interactions Between Macro  and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments Book

Interactions Between Macro and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments


  • Author : Erik Kristensen
  • Publisher : American Geophysical Union
  • Release Date : 2005-01-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN 10 : 9780875902746

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Interactions Between Macro and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments Excerpt :

Marine sediments support complex interactions between macro-and microorganisms that have global implications for carbon and nutrient cycles. What is the state of the science on such interactions from coastal and estuarine environments to the deep sea? How does such knowledge effect environmental management? And what does future research hold in store for scientists, engineers, resource managers, and educators?Interactions between Macro- and Microorganisms in Marine Sediments responds to these questions, and more, by focusing on:? Interactions between plants, microorganisms, and marine sediment? Interactions between animals, microorganisms, and marine sediment? Interactions between macro- and microorganisms and the structuring of benthic communities? Impact of macrobenthic activity on microbially-mediated geochemical cycles in sediments? Conceptual and numeric models of diagenesis that incorporate interactions between macro- and microorganismsHere is an authoritative overview of the research, experimentation and modeling approaches now in use in our rapidly evolving understanding of life in marine sediments.

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms  Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients Book

The Responses of Marine Microorganisms Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients


  • Author : Stefan M. Sievert
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-04-05
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889458073

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The Responses of Marine Microorganisms Communities and Ecofunctions to Environmental Gradients Excerpt :

Marine environments are fluid. Microorganisms living in the ocean experience diverse environmental changes over wide spatiotemporal scales. For microorganisms and their communities to survive and function in the ocean, they need to have the capacity to sense, respond to, adapt to and/or withstand periodic and sporadic environmental changes. This eBook collates a variety of recent research reports and theoretical discussions on the ecoenergetic strategies, community structure, biogeochemical and ecosystem functions as well as regulatory processes and mechanisms that marine microorganisms employ in response to environmental gradients and variations.

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts Book

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts


  • Author : Daniel Friess
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-12-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128164372

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Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts Excerpt :

Dynamic Sedimentary Environments of Mangrove Coasts provides knowledge on the importance of sedimentary dynamics in managing mangrove forests. In the first part of the book, the editors seamlessly offer a general introduction of mangrove sedimentary dynamics. This leads into more in-depth information on soil surface elevation change, sea level rise, and the importance of sedimentary dynamics in the loss or gain of blue carbon. The book concludes the discussion of mangrove sedimentary dynamics by addressing the issues of climate change (e.g. sea level rise and blue carbon) on mangrove restoration and sediment. This book will assist coastal managers and academics in addressing the gaps in mangrove restoration and coastal management. As such, it will be a valuable reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers, academics in the field of coastal restoration, and coastal management practitioners. Provides a state-of-the-art summary of research into sedimentary dynamics in mangrove forests Includes updates on issues of climate change-relevant to mangroves, such as blue carbon and sea level rise Presents scientific background and successful case studies for mangrove restoration that can solve problems relating to mangrove management

Mechanics of Bio Sediment Transport Book

Mechanics of Bio Sediment Transport


  • Author : Hongwei Fang
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-04-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662611586

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Mechanics of Bio Sediment Transport Excerpt :

The main focus of this book is the transport mechanics of sediment particles coated with microbial biofilm, which is called bio-sediment. The book also addresses the question of how to measure and simulate the considerable variation in the properties of natural sediment associated with microbial biofilm, ranging from the micro-scale surface morphology to the macro-scale sediment transport. Nowadays most studies to elucidate the mechanisms of sediment transport have concentrated on physical-chemical sediment properties, little work explicitly coupled sediment dynamics and the environmental effects under the influence of micro-ecosystem, thus leaving a serious gap in water and sediment sciences as well as water ecological research. With respect to physical-chemical sediment properties, this book has been undertaken to evaluate and quantify the effect of biological factors - biofilm on sediment transport mechanics. The chapters cover topics including development of bio-sediment and its properties; model of biofilm growth on sediment substratum; bedform and flow resistance of bio-sediment bed; incipient velocity and settling velocity of bio-sediment; bedload and suspended load transport for bio-sediment; numerical simulation of bio-sediment transport. Besides, the measurement technology, analysis method and expression approach introduced in this book combine the characteristics of hydraulic, environmental and microbial research, having more immediate innovation. This book will be of interest to researchers, managers, practitioners, policy and decision makers, international institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, educators, as well as graduate and undergraduate students in the field of hydraulics and river dynamics. It will help to understand the relevance of sediment transport and biofilm growth under the role of aqueous micro-ecosystem, to introduce better tools for the simulation and prediction of bio-sediment transport, and to provide a scienti

Microbial Ecotoxicology Book

Microbial Ecotoxicology


  • Author : Stéphane Pesce
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2020-07-17
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 569
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889638819

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Biodiversity  Ecosystem Functioning  and Human Wellbeing Book

Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing


  • Author : Shahid Naeem
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-30
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199547951

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Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing Excerpt :

The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses.

Molecular Diversity of Environmental Prokaryotes Book

Molecular Diversity of Environmental Prokaryotes


  • Author : Thiago Bruce Rodrigues
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN 10 : 9781482233230

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Molecular Diversity of Environmental Prokaryotes Excerpt :

This book correlates the vast genetic diversity associated with environmental samples and still underexploited potential for the development of biotechnology products. The book points out the potential of different types of environmental samples. It presents the main characteristics of microbial diversity, the main approaches used for molecular characterization of the diversity, and practical examples of application of the exploration of the microbial diversity. It presents a not-yet-explored structure for discussing the main topics related to molecular biology of environmental prokaryotes and their biotechnological applications.

Marine Ecology Book

Marine Ecology


  • Author : Michel J. Kaiser
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Marine ecology
  • Pages : 605
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198717850

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Marine Ecology Excerpt :

Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems, and Impacts offers a carefully balanced and stimulating survey of marine ecology, introducing the key processes and systems from which the marine environment is formed, and the issues and challenges which surround its future conservation.