Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Giovanni Crupi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124045927

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

This groundbreaking book is the first to give an introduction to microwave de-embedding, showing how it is the cornerstone for waveform engineering. The authors of each chapter clearly explain the theoretical concepts, providing a foundation that supports linear and non-linear measurements, modelling and circuit design. Recent developments and future trends in the field are covered throughout, including successful strategies for low-noise and power amplifier design. This book is a must-have for those wishing to understand the full potential of the microwave de-embedding concept to achieve successful results in the areas of measurements, modelling, and design at high frequencies. With this book you will learn: The theoretical background of high-frequency de-embedding for measurements, modelling, and design Details on applying the de-embedding concept to the transistor’s linear, non-linear, and noise behaviour The impact of de-embedding on low-noise and power amplifier design The recent advances and future trends in the field of high-frequency de-embedding Presents the theory and practice of microwave de-embedding, from the basic principles to recent advances and future trends Written by experts in the field, all of whom are leading researchers in the area Each chapter describes theoretical background and gives experimental results and practical applications Includes forewords by Giovanni Ghione and Stephen Maas

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Manuel Yarlequé
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068625

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

This chapter aims to describe methodologies and techniques for de-embedding device measurements from extrinsic measurements by characterizing the parasitic network surrounding the intrinsic device, through the use of a three-dimensional (3D) physical model of the network and its electromagnetic (EM) analysis. The electromagnetic behavior is obtained employing 3D EM solvers and internal ports. In the first part, the de-embedding processes for field-effect transistor (FET) devices to be used for monolithic microwave integrated circuit designs are studied by four different approaches; in the second part of this chapter, the de-embedding of FET devices for hybrid circuit design purposes is described.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Gilles Dambrine
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068564

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

This chapter aims to describe experimental tools and techniques used for on-wafer millimeter (mm)-wave characterizations of silicon-based devices under the small-signal regime. We discuss the basics of scattering parameters (S parameters), high-frequency (HF) noise concept and measurement facilities, and expert details concerning experimental procedures. In this chapter, we describe first the basic notions of the S-parameters concept and its limitations, as well of as those HF noise. Secondly, the main experimental tools such as mm-wave vectorial network analyzer, noise setup, and on-wafer station are depicted. The third part concerns the description and the methodology of on-wafer calibration and de-embedding techniques applied for mm-wave advanced silicon devices. Finally, the last section focuses on the presentation and description of several examples of device characterizations. The main objective of this chapter is to propose a tradeoff between basic information and details of experience.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : James C. Rautio
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068588

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

Just as physical microwave measurements must be de-embedded from test fixtures by means of calibration, electromagnetic analysis must likewise be calibrated so the results may be de-embedded. This chapter investigates the nature of the electromagnetic analysis port discontinuity, how it is characterized by calibration, and how it is removed (including a possible reference plane shift) by de-embedding. Both double-delay and short-open calibration are described. The theory for single port calibration and de-embedding is presented in a manner that is easily extended to treat multiple coupled ports. Additional theory shows how to extend calibration to groups of internal ports, critical, for example, in analyzing the passive planar portion of an amplifier (both the input and output matching networks in the same analysis) and having internal calibrated ports for connecting the transistor. Evaluation of error (accuracy) is covered in detail. Techniques that take advantage of calibrated ports, including circuit subdivision and port tuning, are described.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : José C. Pedro
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068618

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

This work presents an overview of the various facets of microwave device behavioral modeling technology, from the mathematical formulation to the required laboratory parameter extraction, focusing its attention on one of the less covered aspects: the embedding and de-embedding procedures associated with the behavioral model extraction process. The discussion starts with the revision of some of the most important behavioral modeling tools, explaining the three most important types of behavioral model formats (polynomial, artificial neural networks, and table-based models) and their instantiation in the context of microwave transistors. Then, it will evolve to the behavioral model parameter extraction procedures, reviewing the required specific microwave instrumentation and correspondent calibration and de-embedding of measurement data. Finally, this chapter will illustrate the use of embedding and de-embedding procedures in the behavioral modeling context, giving a particular emphasis on the needed behavioral model inversion techniques.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Antonio Raffo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068632

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

The chapter deals with two recently proposed characterization techniques of microwave transistors oriented to high-frequency power amplifier (PA) design. In particular, the nonlinear embedding and de-embedding design techniques are detailed, along with evidence of their advantages with respect to conventional design approaches in terms of power and frequency handling capability. The discussion also details the differences between the two techniques; despite the fact that they share the same theoretical basis, the techniques suffer from different critical facets. Finally, with the aim of guiding the reader towards full comprehension of the topic, different experimental examples are provided for transistor characterization and PA design.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Ernesto Limiti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068571

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

An overview of topics is presented related to noise characterization and modeling of linear, active devices for microwave applications, as well as to advanced methodologies for low-noise design. A complete description of the most common noise measurement techniques, namely the Y-factor method and the cold source method, are provided, with particular attention being paid to practical aspects such as de-embedding the measurement at the device under test reference planes, possible sources of error, and uncertainty estimation. Noise modeling is approached from a well-established standpoint, based on the extraction of a small-signal equivalent circuit model; but also source pull-based techniques—both standard and advanced ones—are broadly illustrated. Finally, a comprehensive discussion on design of single- and multistage low-noise amplifiers is proposed, ranging from the most classical tools and methodologies, such as constant-gain and constant-noise circles, to novel graphical tools and more advanced concepts, such as global mismatch limits and noise measure.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Wendy Van Moer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128068601

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

The world is often considered to behave approximately linearly. However, many real-life phenomena are inherently nonlinear! Hence, in order to accurately model the true behavior of a radio-frequency device or system, its nonlinear characteristics can no longer be ignored and should be taken into account. To do so, one should first be able to measure these nonlinear effects. After some years of hesitation, the high-frequency measurement world finally acknowledged the necessity to accurately measure the in- and out-of-band nonlinear behavior of a radio-frequency (RF) device or system. Since then, different measurement approaches have been developed to achieve this goal. The two major measurement principles being pursued are the sampler-based and the mixer-based methodology. The calibration and de-embedding process of nonlinear measurements is quite involved and requires special calibration standards. From the acquired “nonlinear” measurement data, one can then build a model that accurately describes the in-band and out-of-band nonlinear behavior of an RF system. This chapter will show the reader how to do accurate nonlinear RF measurements and how to obtain a simple and robust characterization of the nonlinear behavior of an RF system.

On Wafer Microwave Measurements and De embedding Book

On Wafer Microwave Measurements and De embedding


  • Author : Errikos Lourandakis
  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release Date : 2016-07-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781630813710

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On Wafer Microwave Measurements and De embedding Excerpt :

This new authoritative resource presents the basics of network analyzer measurement equipment and troubleshooting errors involved in the on-wafer microwave measurement process. This book bridges the gap between theoretical and practical information using real-world practices that address all aspects of on-wafer passive device characterization in the microwave frequency range up to 60GHz. Readers find data and measurements from silicon integrated passive devices fabricated and tested in advance CMOS technologies. Basic circuit equations, terms and fundamentals of time and frequency domain analysis are covered. This book also explores the basics of vector network analyzers (VNA), two port S-parameter measurement routines, signal flow graphs, network theory, error models and VNA calibrations with the use of calibration standards.

Microwave De embedding Book

Microwave De embedding


  • Author : Giovanni Crupi
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013-11-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 0124017002

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Microwave De embedding Excerpt :

This groundbreaking book is the first to give an introduction to microwave de-embedding, showing how it is the cornerstone for waveform engineering. The authors of each chapter clearly explain the theoretical concepts, providing a foundation that supports linear and non-linear measurements, modelling and circuit design. Recent developments and future trends in the field are covered throughout, including successful strategies for low-noise and power amplifier design. This book is a must-have for those wishing to understand the full potential of the microwave de-embedding concept to achieve successful results in the areas of measurements, modelling, and design at high frequencies. With this book you will learn: The theoretical background of high-frequency de-embedding for measurements, modelling, and design Details on applying the de-embedding concept to the transistor's linear, non-linear, and noise behaviour The impact of de-embedding on low-noise and power amplifier design The recent advances and future trends in the field of high-frequency de-embedding Presents the theory and practice of microwave de-embedding, from the basic principles to recent advances and future trends Written by experts in the field, all of whom are leading researchers in the area Each chapter describes theoretical background and gives experimental results and practical applications Includes forewords by Giovanni Ghione and Stephen Maas

Microwave Systems and Applications Book

Microwave Systems and Applications


  • Author : Sotirios Goudos
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-01-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535128670

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Microwave Systems and Applications Excerpt :

Microwave systems are key components of every modern wireless communication system. The main objective of this book was to collect as many different state-of-the-art studies as possible in order to cover in a single volume the main aspects of microwave systems and applications. This book contains 17 chapters written by acknowledged experts, researchers, academics, and microwave engineers, providing comprehensive information and covering a wide range of topics on all aspects of microwave systems and applications. This book is divided into four parts. The first part is devoted to microwave components. The second part deals with microwave ICs and innovative techniques for on-chip antenna design. The third part presents antenna design cases for microwave systems. Finally, the last part covers different applications of microwave systems.

On Wafer Microwave Measurements and De Embedding Book

On Wafer Microwave Measurements and De Embedding


  • Author : Errikos Lourandakis
  • Publisher : Artech House Publishers
  • Release Date : 2016-07-31
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 1630810568

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On Wafer Microwave Measurements and De Embedding Excerpt :

This new authoritative resource presents the basics of network analyzer measurement equipment and troubleshooting errors involved in the on-wafer microwave measurement process. This book bridges the gap between theoretical and practical information using real-world practices that address all aspects of on-wafer passive device characterization in the microwave frequency range up to 60GHz. Readers find data and measurements from silicon integrated passive devices fabricated and tested in advance CMOS technologies.

Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements Book

Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements


  • Author : Joel P. Dunsmore
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-05-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119477129

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Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements Excerpt :

Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements Second Edition is a fully updated, complete reference to this topic, focusing on the modern measurement tools, such as a Vector Network Analyzer (VNA), gathering in one place all the concepts, formulas, and best practices of measurement science. It includes basic concepts in each chapter as well as appendices which provide all the detail needed to understand the science behind microwave measurements. The book offers an insight into the best practices for ascertaining the true nature of the device-under-test (DUT), optimizing the time to setup and measure, and to the greatest extent possible, remove the effects of the measuring equipment from that result. Furthermore, the author writes with a simplicity that is easily accessible to the student or new engineer, yet is thorough enough to provide details of measurement science for even the most advanced applications and researchers. This welcome new edition brings forward the most modern techniques used in industry today, and recognizes that more new techniques have developed since the first edition published in 2012. Whilst still focusing on the VNA, these techniques are also compatible with other vendor's advanced equipment, providing a comprehensive industry reference.

Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements Book

Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements


  • Author : Joel P. Dunsmore
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-08-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 669
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118391259

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Handbook of Microwave Component Measurements Excerpt :

This book provides state-of-the-art coverage for making measurements on RF and Microwave Components, both active and passive. A perfect reference for R&D and Test Engineers, with topics ranging from the best practices for basic measurements, to an in-depth analysis of errors, correction methods, and uncertainty analysis, this book provides everything you need to understand microwave measurements. With primary focus on active and passive measurements using a Vector Network Analyzer, these techniques and analysis are equally applicable to measurements made with Spectrum Analyzers or Noise Figure Analyzers. The early chapters provide a theoretical basis for measurements complete with extensive definitions and descriptions of component characteristics and measurement parameters. The latter chapters give detailed examples for cases of cable, connector and filter measurements; low noise, high-gain and high power amplifier measurements, a wide range of mixer and frequency converter measurements, and a full examination of fixturing, de-embedding, balanced measurements and calibration techniques. The chapter on time-domain theory and measurements is the most complete treatment on the subject yet presented, with details of the underlying mathematics and new material on time domain gating. As the inventor of many of the methods presented, and with 30 years as a development engineer on the most modern measurement platforms, the author presents unique insights into the understanding of modern measurement theory. Key Features: Explains the interactions between the device-under-test (DUT) and the measuring equipment by demonstrating the best practices for ascertaining the true nature of the DUT, and optimizing the time to set up and measure Offers a detailed explanation of algorithms and mathematics behind measurements and error correction Provides numerous illustrations (e.g. block-diagrams for circuit connections and measurement setups) and practical examples on real-world devic

Microwave Circuit Modeling Using Electromagnetic Field Simulation Book

Microwave Circuit Modeling Using Electromagnetic Field Simulation


  • Author : Daniel G. Swanson
  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN 10 : 1580536883

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Microwave Circuit Modeling Using Electromagnetic Field Simulation Excerpt :

Annotation This practical "how to" book is an ideal introduction to electromagnetic field-solvers. Where most books in this area are strictly theoretical, this unique resource provides engineers with helpful advice on selecting the right tools for their RF (radio frequency) and high-speed digital circuit design work