Mid Latitude Slope Deposits  Cover Beds  Book

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080932194

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Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds Excerpt :

Slope deposits are common in any inclined relief. So-called cover beds may veil entire landscapes, in which case they are commonly overlooked or confused with soil horizons. This book focuses on these widespread deposits and discusses their properties, genesis, and age mainly in subdued mountains of Central Europe, where to date most research on the matter has been conducted. The ecological consequences of such slope deposits on soils, slope water dynamics, and slope failures are addressed. Finally, transfer of the cover-bed concept to other mid-latitude regions is attempted for the reconstruction of landscape evolution. This unique compilation, covering several decades of a facies-oriented approach to slope-deposit research, delivers deep insight into the wide field of research on cover beds and encourages researchers all over the world to take an in-depth look at the critical zone as to its possible stratified nature. Unique compilation of several decades of slope-deposit research Facies-oriented approach Addresses ecological consequences on soils, slope water dynamics, and slope failures

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits  Cover Beds  Book

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds


  • Author : A. Kleber
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128079379

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Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds Excerpt :

Slope deposits that formed by unconcentrated dislocation and that cover slopes in a rather uniform way are referred to as “cover beds” in this book. They consist of materials from upslope but may contain admixed eolian matter. They are commonly multilayered with the individual layers separated by disconformities (lithological discontinuities). The main scope of this book is to provide a comprehensive state of the art of this particular type of slope deposits in the mid-latitudes. Being a major component of the near-surface ground, cover beds should be included as an integral part into the so-called critical-zone concept and may partially replace the existing “biomantle concept” for the mid-latitudes.

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits  Cover Beds  Book

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds


  • Author : K.-M. Moldenhauer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128079409

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Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds Excerpt :

Numerous case studies carried out in the subdued mountains of Germany during the last decades have revealed that periglacial cover beds play a decisive role in hillslope hydrology. Considering the omnipresence of cover beds in sloped terrain of the mid-latitudes, knowledge of slope-water paths is crucial not only for flood forecast but also for understanding how contaminants pass through ecosystems. Since periglacial cover beds are usually composed of different sedimentary layers, they show a high spatial variability of physical soil parameters, which are, in turn, responsible for small-scale variations of the hydraulic properties. Regardless of bedrock type, the observations reported in this chapter from different regions lead to the conclusion that there is a clear relationship between subsurface layering and runoff-generation processes. The hydraulic anisotropic structure of the deepest (basal) layer is the major factor controlling subsurface water-flow paths. On one hand, this layer acts as an aquitard for seeping water because of its high bulk density. On the other hand, once water has percolated into this layer, it is able to flow in lateral directions because of the coarse clasts oriented parallel to the slope. Therefore, such a cover bed may be treated neither as an aquifer nor as an aquiclude. Besides, as a function of pre-moisture, a nonlinear runoff response to precipitation or snow-melt of the investigated catchments was identified.

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits  Cover Beds  Book

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds


  • Author : B. Damm
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128079416

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Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds Excerpt :

The occurrence and spatial distribution of cover beds are decisive for modern hillslope morphodynamics. This aspect is strongly associated with the geotechnical properties of cover beds and especially with their anisotropy. The impact of periglacial cover beds on mass movements, in particular landslides in subdued mountains, will be discussed in this section. The case studies in this chapter show that soil-physical and soil-mechanical properties significantly influence the forces in periglacial cover beds and, thus, directly control the slope stability. In contrast to long-lasting stable geomorphological factors, the reduction of shear strength, friction angle, and cohesion as well as the deformability may induce abrupt instability. Abrupt instabilities in periglacial cover beds particularly arise, when the soil-water content increases and, consequently, both the pore water and the hydrostatic pressures rise. In particular, we show that landslides to a large extent occur in hillslope sediments which are weakly consolidated and sensitive to water penetration.

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits  Cover Beds  Book

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds


  • Author : B. Terhorst
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128079430

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Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds Excerpt :

Cover beds are usually not regarded of use for relative dating. The examples discussed in this chapter demonstrate otherwise. Central European cover beds usually are of Pleistocene age, and they can be utilized for distinguishing older landforms, such as slope failures, covered by one or more cover beds, from those which are not covered by periglacial deposits. In the western USA, where intervening soil-forming episodes provide a stratigraphic framework for such deposits, the stratigraphic value of cover-bed and soil successions is tested on various types of landforms. However, dating landforms relatively by overlying cover beds calls for due consideration of erosion-induced hiatuses and of tectonically induced processes out of phase with those driven by climate.

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits  Cover Beds  Book

Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds


  • Author : C. Lorz
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128079393

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Mid Latitude Slope Deposits Cover Beds Excerpt :

The genesis of soils has been seen mostly as an autochthonistic process, that is, formation in situ. However, soil geomorphologists have recognized addition and loss of materials, for example, through eolian and colluvial processes, as a major contribution to allochthonistic soil formation. The most important characteristic of these soils is the lithological discontinuity, which separates the lower residual material from the upper allochthonic soil. The chapter deals with (1) developing a model joining the ideas of in situ formation and near-surface processes such as adding or removing material, (2) the pedogenetic processes in soils with lithological discontinuities, and (3) the effect of lithological discontinuities on physical and chemical properties of soils.

Mid latitude Slope Deposits  cover Beds  Book

Mid latitude Slope Deposits cover Beds


  • Author : Arno Kleber
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN 10 : 0444531181

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Mid latitude Slope Deposits cover Beds Excerpt :

Slope deposits are common in any inclined relief. So-called cover beds may veil entire landscapes, in which case they are commonly overlooked or confused with soil horizons. This book focuses on these widespread deposits and discusses their properties, genesis, and age mainly in subdued mountains of Central Europe, where to date most research on the matter has been conducted. The ecological consequences of such slope deposits on soils, slope water dynamics, and slope failures are addressed. Finally, transfer of the cover-bed concept to other mid-latitude regions is attempted for the reconstruction of landscape evolution. This unique compilation, covering several decades of a facies-oriented approach to slope-deposit research, delivers deep insight into the wide field of research on cover beds and encourages researchers all over the world to take an in-depth look at the critical zone as to its possible stratified nature. Unique compilation of several decades of slope-deposit research Facies-oriented approach Addresses ecological consequences on soils, slope water dynamics, and slope failures

Sedimentary Environments Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Sedimentary Environments


  • Author : Harold G. Reading
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-07-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9781444313697

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Sedimentary Environments Excerpt :

Sedimentary Environments is one of the most distinguished and influential textbooks in the earth sciences published in the last 20 years. The first and second editions both won universal praise and became classic works in sedimentology. Since the publication of the last edition, the study of sedimentary environments and facies has made great strides, with major advances in facies modelling, sequence stratigraphy and basin modelling. The 3rd edition of this classic text will likely set the benchmark even higher, and needless to say, will continue being the textbook of choice for sedimentology students. The latest edition of a classic text. Incorporates all the latest advances in dynamic stratigraphy. Will remain the textbook of choice for upper level undergraduate and graduate students in sedimentology.

Landslide Databases as Tools for Integrated Assessment of Landslide Risk Book

Landslide Databases as Tools for Integrated Assessment of Landslide Risk


  • Author : Martin Klose
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-06-24
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319204031

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Landslide Databases as Tools for Integrated Assessment of Landslide Risk Excerpt :

This doctoral thesis presents a novel approach to landslide risk assessment that explores the various dimensions of landslide risk in an integrated perspective. The research approach introduced here is tailored for use with landslide databases and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). A landslide susceptibility model is at the heart of this new approach, enabling to identify and delineate areas at risk of landslides and to assess infrastructure exposure. Landslide risk is a pressing societal issue that is still poorly understood. Temporal landslide hazard is derived from landslide frequency statistics and a hydrological simulation approach to estimate triggering thresholds. These methods are integrated into a powerful toolset for cost modeling that uses historical data to compile, model, and extrapolate damage costs on different spatial scales over time. The combination of this toolset with techniques to analyze fiscal cost impacts supports integrated risk assessment by quantifying the economic relevance of landslide losses.

Ocean Mining Report Book

Ocean Mining Report


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1982
  • Genre: Ocean mining
  • Pages : 882
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822032642241

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Ocean Mining Report Excerpt :

Origini   XXXIV 2012 Book

Origini XXXIV 2012


  • Author : AA. VV.
  • Publisher : Gangemi Editore spa
  • Release Date : 2013-01-29T00:00:00+01:00
  • Genre: Art
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN 10 : 9788849274264

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Origini XXXIV 2012 Excerpt :

THIS ISSUE CONTAINS “FIFTY YEARS OF EXCAVATIONS AND RESEARCHES AT ARSLANTEPE-MALATYA (TURKEY). A CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF THE EARLIEST CENTRALISED SOCIETIES” Proceedings of the International Conference held in Rome on 5-7 December, 2011 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Sapienza University expedition at Arslantepe.The volume is organised in five thematic sections, each referring to a topic on which the excavations at Arslantepe have obtained results, and presenting contributions by both members of the Arslantepe team and other scholars working on the same topic in other sites or regions of the Near East. The objective was to relate the Arslantepe achievements with other outcomes, in the framework of the current debate. Thematic sections in the volume: THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL COMPLEXITY IN THE LATE CHALCOLITHIC (5TH AND 4TH MILLENNIA BC) Arslantepe in the 5th and 4th millennia M. Frangipane, F. Balossi Restelli, M.B. D'Anna and P. Guarino, H. Pittman, H. Çaliskan Akgül, G. Siracusano and L. Bartosiewicz Late Chalcolithic developments in other regions of the Near East G. Stein, S. Pollock, J. Oates, P. Butterlin, B. Helwing, S. Gülçür. ARSLANTEPE IN THE EARLY BRONZE AGE: FAR-REACHING CHANGES AND THE RISE OF NEW SOCIETIES M. Frangipane, G. Palumbi, P. Piccione and C. Lemorini, Y.S. Erdal, R. Laurito. ON THE MARGINS OF EMPIRES: MALATYA AND THE HITTITEWORLD M. Liverani, C. Alvaro, F. Manuelli, S. de Martino, C. Mora and L. d'Alfonso, S. Mazzoni, A. Archi. ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS, AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE MALATYA PLAIN S. Dreibrodt, C. Lubos, J. Lomax, T. Schroedter and O. Nelle, L. Sadori and A. Masi, G. Liberotti and R. Quaresima. CONSERVATION AND EXHIBITION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES M. Özdögan and Z. Eres, D. Mangano.

Glacier influenced Sedimentation on High latitude Continental Margins Book

Glacier influenced Sedimentation on High latitude Continental Margins


  • Author : J. A. Dowdeswell
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN 10 : 1862391203

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Glacier influenced Sedimentation on High latitude Continental Margins Excerpt :

This book examines the process and patterns of glacier-influenced sedimentation on high-latitude continental margins and the geophysical and geological signatures of the resulting sediments and landforms. It contains a range of papers concerning modern and glacially-influenced sedimentation in high-latitude areas from both hemispheres, many of which discuss the relationship between glacier dynamics and the sediments and landforms preserved in the glacimarine environment.

Ice marginal and Periglacial Processes and Sediments Book

Ice marginal and Periglacial Processes and Sediments


  • Author : Ireneo Peter Martini
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 1862393273

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Ice marginal and Periglacial Processes and Sediments Excerpt :

Understanding the sediments deposited by glaciers or other cold-climate processes assumes enhanced significance in the context of current global warming and the predicted melt and retreat of glaciers and ice sheets. This volume analyses glacial, proglacial and periglacial settings. Papers include topics such as sedimentation at termini of tidewater glaciers, poorly understood high-mountain features, and slope and aeolian deposits that have been sourced in glacial and periglacial regions and subsequently transported and deposited by azonal processes. Difficulties encountered in inferring Pleistocene and pre-Pleistocene cold-climate conditions when the sedimentary record lacks specific diagnostic indicators are discussed. The main objective of this volume is to establish the validity and limitations of the evidence that is used to achieve reliable palaeogeographic and palaeoclimatic reconstructions. On the much longer geological timescale, an understanding of ice-marginal and periglacial environments may better prepare us for the unavoidable reversal towards cooler and perhaps even glacial times in the future.

The Periglacial Environment Book

The Periglacial Environment


  • Author : Hugh M. French
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118684948

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The Periglacial Environment Excerpt :

The Periglacial Environment, Third Edition, provides an authoritative overview of the worldâ??s cold, non-glacial environments. Emphasis is placed upon the North American and Eurasian polar lowlands, but examples are also drawn from Antarctica, the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau, and the northern mid-latitudes. First published in 1976 and subsequently revised in 1996, the text has been the international standard for over 30 years. The Third Edition continues to be a personal interpretation of the frost-induced conditions, geomorphic processes, and landforms that typify periglacial environments. The text is divided into four parts. Part One discusses the periglacial concept and its interactions with geomorphology, geocryology and Quaternary science. It also outlines the range and variability of periglacial climates and the degree to which landscapes are in geomorphic equilibrium with prevailing periglacial conditions. Part Two describes present-day terrain that is either underlain by permafrost or experiencing intense frost action. The roles played by cryogenic weathering, ground ice, mass wasting, running water, wind action, snow and ice, and coastal processes are systematically analysed. Part Three summarizes evidence for the existence of periglacial conditions during the cold periods of the Pleistocene, with special reference to the mid-latitudes of Europe and North America. Part Four illustrates the geotechnical problems associated with human activity and resource development in periglacial environments, and discusses the potential impact of global climate change in the northern high latitudes. This excellent textbook is an invaluable resource for second and third year undergraduate students of Physical Geography, Geology, Environmental Science and Earth Science. The Periglacial Environment, Third Edition is also an informative reading for professionals, researchers and lecturers working and teaching in the field.