Gravity Hazards Book

Gravity Hazards

  • Author : Vincent Richefeu
  • Publisher : Iste Press - Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-10-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN 10 : 1785480766

Gravity Hazards Excerpt :

Gravity Hazards: From Individual Rockfalls to Large Landslides provides state-of-the-art methods in the field of modeling of rock-flow hazards, with descriptions of applied numerical approaches. These approaches are based on the trajectography, discrete, or continuum strategies. The authors emphasize the discrete element method (DEM), which is first validated by comparison with laboratory experiments, then used to study the sensitivity of various parameters, and finally applied to real and natural cases. The book ends with an introduction to a hybrid continuum method able to bridge the gap between cases dominated by discreteness and those involving a very large number of elements. Covers conventional methods used to study gravitational phenomena using empirical parameters Presents a new numerical tool taking account of the physical phenomenon (friction, dissipation, realistic block shapes) and a methodology for parameter calibration and the achievement of numerical simulations Applies the numerical model to real cases with a critical analysis of its applicability in the field of engineering Emphasizes the discrete element method (DEM)

Modeling Gravity Hazards from Rockfalls to Landslides Book

Modeling Gravity Hazards from Rockfalls to Landslides

  • Author : Vincent Richefeu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-10-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081011973

Modeling Gravity Hazards from Rockfalls to Landslides Excerpt :

Gravity hazards are a major concern to those living in mountainous areas. To protect infrastructure and human life in these areas, engineers require numerical tools for trajectory analysis, for application from fragmental rockfalls to large-scale avalanches or landslides. This book explores state-of-the-art methods to model the propagation (flows and stops) of masses, using the discrete element method (DEM) to study the evolution of kinetics during an event. Taking into account the shape of the blocks and the topology of the terrain provides an explicit and sophisticated consideration of geometries, eliminating the need for stochastic inputs to rockfall simulations. This method is validated experimentally, before the authors apply it to real case studies. The book ends with an introduction to and comparison with the material point method (MPM), a new and promising approach able to bridge the gap between cases dominated by discreteness and those involving a very large number of elements. Engineering consulting firms, researchers and students should find the approaches outlined in this book useful, whether designing prevention and protection systems for gravity hazards, or exploring new ways to model gravity hazards. Covers conventional methods used to study gravitational phenomena using empirical parameters Presents a new numerical tool taking account of the physical phenomenon (friction, dissipation, realistic block shapes) and a methodology for parameter calibration and the achievement of numerical simulations Applies the numerical model to real cases with a critical analysis of its applicability in the field of engineering Emphasizes the discrete element method (DEM)

Transport Infrastructure and Systems Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Transport Infrastructure and Systems

  • Author : Gianluca Dell'Acqua
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1134
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315281889

Transport Infrastructure and Systems Excerpt :

Transport Infrastructure Asset management in transport infrastructure, financial viability of transport engineering projects/ Life cycle Cost Analysis, Life-Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Assessment of transport infrastructure/ Infrastructures financing and pricing with equity appraisal, operation optimization and energy management/ Low-Volume roads: planning, maintenance, operations, environmental and social issues/ Public-Private Partnership (PPP) experience in transport infrastructure in different countries and economic conditions/ Airport Pavement Management Systems, runway design and maintenance/ Port maintenance and development issues, technology relating to cargo handling, landside access, cruise operations/ Infrastructure Building Information Modelling (I-BIM) / Pavement design and innovative bituminous materials/ Recycling and re-use in road pavements, environmentally sustainable technologies/ Stone pavements, ancient roads and historic railways/ Cementitious stabilization of materials used in the rehabilitation of transportation infrastructure. Transport Systems Sustainable transport and the environment protection including green vehicles/ Urban transport, land use development, spatial and transport planning/ Bicycling, bike, bike-sharing systems, cycling mobility/ Human factor in transport systems/ Intelligent Mobility: emerging technologies to enable the smarter movement of people and goods/Airport landside: access roads, parking facilities, terminal facilities, aircraft apron and the azdjacent taxiway/ Transportation policy, planning and design, modelling and decision making/ Transport economics, finance and pricing issues, optimization problems, equity appraisal/ Road safety impact assessments, road safety audits, the management of road network safety and safety inspections/ Tunnels and underground structures: preventing incidents-accidents mitigating their effects for both people and goods/ Traffic flow characteristics, traffic control devices, w

Laser Scanning Applications in Landslide Assessment Book

Laser Scanning Applications in Landslide Assessment

  • Author : Biswajeet Pradhan
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319553429

Laser Scanning Applications in Landslide Assessment Excerpt :

This book is related to various applications of laser scanning in landslide assessment. Landslide detection approaches, susceptibility, hazard, vulnerability assessment and various modeling techniques are presented. Optimization of landslide conditioning parameters and use of heuristic, statistical, data mining approaches, their advantages and their relationship with landslide risk assessment are discussed in detail. The book contains scanning data in tropical forests; its indicators, assessment, modeling and implementation. Additionally, debris flow modeling and analysis including source of debris flow identification and rockfall hazard assessment are also presented.

Landslide Hazard and Risk Book

Landslide Hazard and Risk

  • Author : Thomas Glade
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-01-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 824
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470012642

Landslide Hazard and Risk Excerpt :

With the increasing need to take an holistic view of landslide hazard and risk, this book overviews the concept of risk research and addresses the sociological and psychological issues resulting from landslides. Its integrated approach offers understanding and ability for concerned organisations, landowners, land managers, insurance companies and researchers to develop risk management solutions. Global case studies illustrate a variety of integrated approaches, and a concluding section provides specifications and contexts for the next generation of process models.

Landslides and Engineered Slopes  From the Past to the Future  Two Volumes   CD ROM Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Landslides and Engineered Slopes From the Past to the Future Two Volumes CD ROM

  • Author : Zuyu Chen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-06-11
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 1850
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203885284

Landslides and Engineered Slopes From the Past to the Future Two Volumes CD ROM Excerpt :

270 Expert contributions on aspects of landslide hazards, encompassing geological modeling and soil and rock mechanics, landslide processes, causes and effects, and damage avoidance and limitation strategies. Reference source for academics and professionals in geo-mechanical and geo-technical engineering, and others involved with research, des

Landslide Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book

Landslide Hazards Risks and Disasters

  • Author : Tim Davies
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-10-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128226452

Landslide Hazards Risks and Disasters Excerpt :

Landslide Hazards, Risks and Disasters 2nd edition makes a broad but detailed examination of major aspects of mass movements and their consequences, and provides knowledge to form the basis for more complete and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness and reduction of the impacts of landslides on society. The frequency and intensity of landslide hazards and disasters has consistently increased over the past century, and this trend will continue as society increasingly utilises steep landscapes. Landslides and related phenomena can be triggered by other hazard and disaster processes – such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and wildfires – and they can also cause other hazards and disasters, making them a complex multi-disciplinary challenge. This new edition of Landslide Hazards, Risks and Disasters is updated and includes new chapters, covering additional topics including rockfalls, landslide interactions and impacts and geomorphic perspectives. Knowledge, understanding and the ability to model landslide processes are becoming increasingly important challenges for society extends its occupation of increasingly hilly and mountainous terrain, making this book a key resource for educators, researchers and disaster managers in geophysics, geology and environmental science. Provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the geological, seismological, physical, environmental and social impacts of landslides Presents the latest research on causality, impacts and landslide preparedness and mitigation. Includes numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs and video captures of hazardous processes Discusses steps for planning for and responding to landslide hazards, risks and disasters

Earthquake Induced Landslides Book

Earthquake Induced Landslides

  • Author : Yingbin Zhang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-07-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 195
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811029356

Earthquake Induced Landslides Excerpt :

This book sheds new light on improved methods for the study of the initiation and run-out of earthquake-induced landslides. It includes an initiation study method that considers tension-shear failure mechanism; an improved, rigorous, dynamic sliding-block method based on dynamic critical acceleration; and a run-out analysis of earthquake-induced landslides that takes account of the trampoline effect, all of which add to the accuracy and accessibility of landslide study. The book includes abundant illustrations, figures and tables, making it a valuable resource for those looking for practical landslide research tools.

Quantitative Parameterization and 3D   run   out Modelling of Rockfalls at Steep Limestone Cliffs in the Bavarian Alps Book

Quantitative Parameterization and 3D run out Modelling of Rockfalls at Steep Limestone Cliffs in the Bavarian Alps

  • Author : Bettina Sellmeier
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-11-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319245102

Quantitative Parameterization and 3D run out Modelling of Rockfalls at Steep Limestone Cliffs in the Bavarian Alps Excerpt :

This pioneering work deals with the parameterization of rockfalls in the context of 3D run-out modelling at a study site in the Bavarian Alps. The main objective was to cover not only low-magnitude, high-frequency rockfalls (10 msup3/sup) but also Mid-Magnitude events, which involve rock volumes of between 10 and 100 msup3/sup (boulder falls) and between 100 and 10,000 msup3/sup (block falls). As Mid-Magnitude events have been insufficiently covered in terms of rockfall modelling up to now, a geomechanical approach has been developed to characterize those events by means of a case study. For a 200 msup3/sup limestone block a potential failure scenario was analysed by combining a deterministic failure analysis with a numerical process-based run-out model. To model potential run-out scenarios of the 200 msup3/sup block, the beta version of the code RAMMS::Rockfall, developed by the Swiss Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF), was applied. RAMMS::Rockfall makes it possible to include the block shape and thus consider the effects of varying block shapes on the run-out distance. The run-out modelling for the entire project site was performed using the scientific code Rockyfor3D (Dorren/ecorisQ). To provide quantitative information in terms of input parameters, a field recording of block sizes at the talus slope, as well as a detailed discontinuity analysis at the source area, were conducted. The book successfully demonstrates how detailed and quantitative field investigation can contribute to 3D rockfall modelling./pp

Environmental Modelling Book

Environmental Modelling

  • Author : John Wainwright
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-01-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118351482

Environmental Modelling Excerpt :

Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development Book

Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development

  • Author : Phung Duc Long
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1417
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811521843

Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development Excerpt :

This book presents 09 keynote and invited lectures and 177 technical papers from the 4th International Conference on Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development, held on 28-29 Nov 2019 in Hanoi, Vietnam. The papers come from 35 countries of the five different continents, and are grouped in six conference themes: 1) Deep Foundations; 2) Tunnelling and Underground Spaces; 3) Ground Improvement; 4) Landslide and Erosion; 5) Geotechnical Modelling and Monitoring; and 6) Coastal Foundation Engineering. The keynote lectures are devoted by Prof. Harry Poulos (Australia), Prof. Adam Bezuijen (Belgium), Prof. Delwyn Fredlund (Canada), Prof. Lidija Zdravkovic (UK), Prof. Masaki Kitazume (Japan), and Prof. Mark Randolph (Australia). Four invited lectures are given by Prof. Charles Ng, ISSMGE President, Prof.Eun Chul Shin, ISSMGE Vice-President for Asia, Prof. Norikazu Shimizu (Japan), and Dr.Kenji Mori (Japan).

Recent Advances in Modeling Landslides and Debris Flows Book

Recent Advances in Modeling Landslides and Debris Flows

  • Author : Wei Wu
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-09-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319110530

Recent Advances in Modeling Landslides and Debris Flows Excerpt :

Landslides and debris flows belong to the most dangerous natural hazards in many parts of the world. Despite intensive research, these events continue to result in human suffering, property losses, and environmental degradation every year. Better understanding of the mechanisms and processes of landslides and debris flows will help make reliable predictions, develop mitigation strategies and reduce vulnerability of infrastructure. This book presents contributions to the workshop on Recent Developments in the Analysis, Monitoring and Forecast of Landslides and Debris Flow, in Vienna, Austria, September 9, 2013. The contributions cover a broad spectrum of topics from material behavior, physical modelling over numerical simulation to applications and case studies. The workshop is a joint event of three research projects funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Program: MUMOLADE (Multiscale modelling of landslides and debris flows,, REVENUES (Numerical Analysis of Slopes with Vegetations, and HYDRODRIL (Integrated Risk Assessment of Hydrologically-Driven Landslides,

Landslide Risk Management Book

Landslide Risk Management

  • Author : Oldrich Hungr
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-06-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 776
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439833711

Landslide Risk Management Excerpt :

Landslide Risk Management comprises the proceedings of the International Conference on Landslide Risk Management, held in Vancouver, Canada, from May 31 to June 3, 2005. The first part of the book contains state-of-the-art and invited lectures, prepared by teams of authors selected for their experience in specific topics assigned to them by the JTC-1 Committee. The second part is a selection of papers submitted to the conference, most of which serve as case-history illustrations of projects on landslide risk management. This reference work presents the current status of landslide risk management as viewed by experts from around the world.

Landslides   Disaster Risk Reduction Book

Landslides Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Author : Kyoji Sassa
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-11-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540699705

Landslides Disaster Risk Reduction Excerpt :

This book documents the First World Landslide Forum, which was jointly organized by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL), eight UN organizations (UNESCO, WMO, FAO, UN/ISDR, UNU, UNEP, World Bank, UNDP) and four NGOs (International Council for Science, World Federation of Engineering Organizations, Kyoto Univ. and Japan Landslide Society) in Tokyo in 2008. The material consists of four parts: The Open Forum "Progress of IPL Activities; Four Thematic Lectures in the Plenary Symposium "Global Landslide Risk Reduction"; Six Keynote Lectures in the Plenary session; and the aims and overviews of eighteen parallel sessions (dealing with various aspects necessary for landslide disaster risk reduction such as: observations from space; climate change and slope instability; landslides threatening heritage sites; the economic and social impact of landslides; monitoring, prediction and early warning; and risk-management strategies in urban area, etc.) Thus it enables the reader to benefit from a wide range of research intended to reduce risk due to landslide disasters as presented in the first global multi-disciplinary meeting.