Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals Book

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals


  • Author : Kurt Leroy Hoffman
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
  • Release Date : 2015-09-15
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 0081000995

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Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals Excerpt :

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals serves as a guide for students and basic investigators in the fields of behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other professionals interested in the use of animal models in preclinical research related to human neuropsychiatric disorders. The text focuses on the rationale and theory of using animal behavior, both pathological and normal, as a tool for understanding the neural underpinnings of neuropsychiatric disorders. Chapters contain discussions on both classical and modern views on the validation of animal models for neuropsychiatric disorders, also discussing the utility of endophenotypes in modeling neuropsychiatric disease. Subsequent chapters deal with four specific classes of disorders, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. Final sections discuss the future for the development, validation, and use of animal models in basic and preclinical research. Focuses on the rationale and theory of using animal behavior, both pathological and normal, as a tool for understanding the neural underpinnings of neuropsychiatric disorders Serves as a guide for students and basic investigators in the fields of behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other professionals Discusses specific classes of disorders, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals Book

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals


  • Author : Kurt Leroy Hoffman
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-08-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081001066

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Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals Excerpt :

Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Laboratory Animals serves as a guide for students and basic investigators in the fields of behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other professionals interested in the use of animal models in preclinical research related to human neuropsychiatric disorders. The text focuses on the rationale and theory of using animal behavior, both pathological and normal, as a tool for understanding the neural underpinnings of neuropsychiatric disorders. Chapters contain discussions on both classical and modern views on the validation of animal models for neuropsychiatric disorders, also discussing the utility of endophenotypes in modeling neuropsychiatric disease. Subsequent chapters deal with four specific classes of disorders, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. Final sections discuss the future for the development, validation, and use of animal models in basic and preclinical research. Focuses on the rationale and theory of using animal behavior, both pathological and normal, as a tool for understanding the neural underpinnings of neuropsychiatric disorders Serves as a guide for students and basic investigators in the fields of behavioral sciences, psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other professionals Discusses specific classes of disorders, including anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders

Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery  Neurological Disorders Book
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Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery Neurological Disorders


  • Author : Robert A. McArthur
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-11-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 0080920381

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Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery Neurological Disorders Excerpt :

Neurological Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for neurological disorders such as neurofibromatosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington disease, ALS, and the epilepsies. Neurological Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the second volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, which is also available for purchase individually. Clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical development Emphasis on what results mean to the overall drug discovery process Exploration of issues in clinical trial design and conductance in each thera

Animal Models of Neurological Disease  II Book

Animal Models of Neurological Disease II


  • Author : Alan A. Boulton
  • Publisher : Humana
  • Release Date : 2013-08-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN 10 : 1489943897

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Animal Models of Neurological Disease II Excerpt :

to the Animal Models Volumes This and several other volumes in the Neuromethods series will describe a number of animal models of neuropsychiatric disorders. Because of increasing public concern over the ethical treatment of animals in research, we felt it incumbent upon us to include this general preface to these volumes in order to indicate why we think further - search using animals is necessary and why animal models of psychiatric disorders, in particular, are so important. We recognize that animals should only be used when suitable alternatives are not available. We think it self-e- dent, however, that humans can only be experimented upon in severely proscribed circumstances and alternative pro- dures using cell or tissue culture are inadequate in any models requiring assessments of behavioral change or of complex in vivo processes. However, when the distress, discomfort, or pain to the animals outweighs the anticipated gains for human welfare, then the research is not ethical and should not be carried out. It is imperative that each individual researcher examine his/her own research from a critical moral standpoint - fore engaging in it, taking into consideration the animals’ welfare as well as the anticipated gains. Furthermore, once a decision to proceed with research is made, it is the researcher’s responsibility to ensure that the animals’ w- fare is of prime concern in terms of appropriate housing, feeding, and maximum reduction of any uncomfortable or distressing effects of the experimental conditions, and that these conditions undergo frequent formalized monitoring.

Animal Models in Medicine and Biology Book

Animal Models in Medicine and Biology


  • Author : Eva Tvrdá
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-04-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781838800116

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Animal Models in Medicine and Biology Excerpt :

Thanks to animal models, our knowledge of biology and medicine has increased enormously over the past decades, leading to significant breakthroughs that have had a direct impact on the prevention, management and treatment of a wide array of diseases.This book presents a comprehensive reference that reflects the latest scientific research being done in a variety of medical and biological fields utilizing animal models. Chapters on Drosophila, rat, pig, rabbit, and other animal models reflect frontier research in neurology, psychiatry, cardiology, musculoskeletal disorders, reproduction, chronic diseases, epidemiology, and pain and inflammation management. Animal Models in Medicine and Biology offers scientists, clinicians, researchers and students invaluable insights into a wide range of issues at the forefront of medical and biological progress.

Therapy and the Neural Network Model Book

Therapy and the Neural Network Model


  • Author : Theodore Wasserman
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-10-16
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030269210

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Therapy and the Neural Network Model Excerpt :

This innovative work explores integrating emerging research into how the brain processes information in applied therapeutic interventions. Typically, clinicians select therapeutic interventions based on their own training, personal experience or preference. This book aims to provide a new model, based upon the neural networks, to both understand the development of mental health issues and their persistence, and how and why to apply therapeutic interventions to impact the systems which are maintaining them. This work begins with a short and accessible overview of the neural network model, and the general aims of therapy. It elucidates components of the neural network model of learning such as reward recognition, automaticity, and memory reconsolidation, and how they apply to both general learning and new learning through the process in therapy. Next, the authors explore how the neural network model can be integrated across existing systems of therapy, including Cognitive Behavior therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), third wave therapies and analytic therapies. Therapy and the Neural Network Model is an exciting resource for researchers and practitioners interested in understanding more about the applications of a neural network model for therapy and the how and why of building new mentally healthy cognitions, behaviors and emotions. Therapy and the Neural Network Model is also an essential theoretical foundation for both researchers and practitioners who wish to base their therapeutic practice on neuroscience and integrate their work with related fields such as behavioral medicine, health psychology, social work and public health.

Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery  Psychiatric Disorders Book

Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery Psychiatric Disorders


  • Author : Robert A. McArthur
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-11-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080920399

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Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery Psychiatric Disorders Excerpt :

Psychiatric Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, ADHD, and autistic spectrum disorder. Psychiatric Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the first volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, and is also available for purchase individually. Provides clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical development Emphasizes what results mean to the overall drug discovery process Explores issues in clinical trial design and conductance in e

Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery  Reward Deficit Disorders Book

Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery Reward Deficit Disorders


  • Author : Robert A. McArthur
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-02-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080920405

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Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery Reward Deficit Disorders Excerpt :

Reward Deficit Disorders is written for researchers in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry who use animal models in research and development of drugs for reward deficit disorders such as alcohol dependence, nicotine dependence, heroin and cocaine addiction, obesity, and gambling and impulse control disorders. Reward Deficit Disorders has introductory chapters expressing the view of the role and relevance of animal models for drug discovery and development for the treatment of psychiatric disorders from the perspective of (a) academic basic neuroscientific research, (b) applied pharmaceutical drug discovery and development, and (c) issues of clinical trial design and regulatory agencies limitations. Each volume examines the rationale, use, robustness and limitations of animal models in each therapeutic area covered and discuss the use of animal models for target identification and validation. The clinical relevance of animal models is discussed in terms of major limitations in cross-species comparisons, clinical trial design of drug candidates, and how clinical trial endpoints could be improved. Reward Deficit Disorders also has a section dedicated to the specifics of the regulatory aspects to abuse liability testing. The aim of this series of volumes on Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery is to identify and provide common endpoints between species that can serve to inform both the clinic and the bench with the information needed to accelerate clinically-effective CNS drug discovery. This is the third volume in the three volume-set, Animal and Translational Models for CNS Drug Discovery 978-0-12-373861-5, which is also available for purchase individually. Provides clinical, academic, government and industry perspectives fostering integrated communication between principle participants at all stages of the drug discovery process Critical evaluation of animal and translational models improving transition from drug discovery and clinical dev

Animal Models in Psychiatry  I Book

Animal Models in Psychiatry I


  • Author : Alan A. Boulton
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1991-08-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780896031982

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Animal Models in Psychiatry I Excerpt :

The two Animal Models in Psychiatry volumes are loosely organized by subject. The first volume contains a number of chapters concerned with schizophrenia, psyc- ses, neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesias, and other d- orders that may involve dopamine, such as attention deficit disorder and mania. The second volume deals with affective and anxiety disorders, but also includes chapters on subjects not easily classified as either psychotic, or affective, or an- ety-related, such as aggression, mental retardation, and memory disorders. Four chapters on animal models of schizophrenia or psychoses are included in the present v- ume because of the importance of these disorders in p- chiatry. Likewise, three chapters in the subsequent volume deal with depression. The first of the two volumes begins with an introd- tion by Paul Willner reviewing the criteria for assessing the validity of animal models in psychiatry. He has written - tensively on this subject, and his thorough description of the issues of various forms of validity provides a framework in which to evaluate the subsequent chapters. As will be seen, the remaining chapters in both volumes will refer frequently to these issues. The second chapter, by Melvin Lyon, describes a large number of different procedures that have been p- posed as potential animal models of schizophrenia. This is a departure from the usual format, consisting of detailed - scriptions of specific models.

Patterns of Parental Behavior Book

Patterns of Parental Behavior


  • Author : Gabriela González-Mariscal
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-09-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 311
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030977627

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Patterns of Parental Behavior Excerpt :

Modern neuroscience has presented new opportunities for exploring the molecular and neural mechanisms controlling specific social responses. This book reviews insights into the neural circuits underlying a particularly fascinating form of social interaction, parental behavior. This book presents a detailed review of maternal and paternal behavior of particular mammalian species. It offer neuroscientists a spectrum of specific mammals that can be used as experimental models to explore particular topics on the functions of the nervous system. It shows that results coming from the laboratory can be translated into useful information for raising mammals on the farm, and it stimulates biologists to gain insights into the underpinnings of the complex mechanisms governing mammalian behavior in the wild. It also discusses the implications of this research for human parental behavior.

Handbook of Medical Psychiatry Book

Handbook of Medical Psychiatry


  • Author : Jair C. Soares
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2003-03-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 973
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203912485

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Handbook of Medical Psychiatry Excerpt :

This volume examines attempts to identify genetic risk factors and environmental components contributing to the development of psychiatric disorders. It explores the symptoms, courses, outcomes, treatment responses and aetiologies of a range of psychiatric illnesses to improve disease classification schemes.

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science  Volume II Book

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science Volume II


  • Author : Jann Hau
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2011-04-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420084580

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Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science Volume II Excerpt :

Biomedical research involving animals remains essential for the advancement of the medical, veterinary, agricultural, and biological sciences. Following in the footsteps of its predecessors, the Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science, Volume II, Third Edition: Animal Models explains in great detail the comparative considerations underlying the choic

Handbook of Microdialysis Book

Handbook of Microdialysis


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-02-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080469669

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Handbook of Microdialysis Excerpt :

Microdialysis is currently one of the most important in vivo sampling methods in physiology and pharmacology. It is used to determine the chemical components of the fluid in the extracellular space of tissues. The technique is now well established in neuroscience research and is used excessively in behavioral neuroscience to determine the concentrations and identities of molecules in brain tissues, and their change due to behavior, hormonal and transmitter changes in the nervous system. The book provides a detailed comprehensive overview of the technology and its applications, including application in pathology, drug development, and the application in the clinic. The authors are all well known researchers in Neuroscience and experts in the use of Microdialysis. Organized into two parts of seven sections, the Handbook of Microdialysis critically examines recent developments in the field through a variety of chapters written by an internationally acclaimed group of authors. It is the first comprehensive handbook covering the technology of Microdialysis and its applications in Neuroscience. * Presents microdialysis methods and interpretation including the technical aspects of microdialysis as a sampling technique followed by the analytical chemical methods * Discusses the role of microdialysis in pharmacology, drug development and models of CNS pathology * Includes clinical applications of microdialysis

Psychiatric Vulnerability  Mood  and Anxiety Disorders Book

Psychiatric Vulnerability Mood and Anxiety Disorders


  • Author : Jaanus Harro
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-09-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN 10 : 9781071627488

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Psychiatric Vulnerability Mood and Anxiety Disorders Excerpt :

This volume looks at classic and novel methods currently used by researchers to understand mood and anxiety disorders and foster precision medicine. Chapters in this book cover topics such as how the sucrose preference succeeds or fails as a measurement of anhedonia; fear conditioning in laboratory rodents; animal models for mania; rodent models for studying the impact of variation in early life mother-infant interactions on mood and anxiety; and prediction of susceptibility/resilience toward animal models of PTSD. In the Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to get successful results in your laboratory. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, accommodating the novel views on how the neurobiology of psychiatric disorders should be reconceptualized, Psychiatric Vulnerability, Mood, and Anxiety Disorders: Tests and Models in Mice and Rats is a valuable resource for all researchers interested in learning more about this important and developing field.

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science Book

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science


  • Author : Jann Hau
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1012
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429801594

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Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science Excerpt :

Building upon the success of previous editions of the bestselling Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science, first published in 1994, this latest revision combines all three volumes in one definitive guide. It covers the essential principles and practices of Laboratory Animal Science as well as selected animal models in scientific disciplines where much progress has been made in recent years. Each individual chapter focuses on an important subdiscipline of laboratory animal science, and the chapters can be read and used as stand-alone texts, with only limited necessity to consult other chapters for information. With new contributors at the forefront of their fields, the book reflects the scientific and technological advances of the past decade. It also responds to advances in our understanding of animal behavior, emphasizing the importance of implementing the three Rs: replacing live animals with alternative methods, reducing the number of animals used, and refining techniques to minimize animal discomfort. This fourth edition will be useful all over the world as a textbook for laboratory animal science courses for postgraduate and undergraduate students and as a handbook for scientists who work with animals in their research, for university veterinarians, and for other specialists in laboratory animal science.