Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multi physics Book

Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multi physics


  • Author : Christophe Demazière
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128150702

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Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multi physics Excerpt :

Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multiphysics: From Local Balance Equations to Macroscopic Models in Neutronics and Thermal-Hydraulics is an accessible guide to the advanced methods used to model nuclear reactor systems. The book addresses the frontier discipline of neutronic/thermal-hydraulic modelling of nuclear reactor cores, presenting the main techniques in a generic manner and for practical reactor calculations. The modelling of nuclear reactor systems is one of the most challenging tasks in complex system modelling, due to the many different scales and intertwined physical phenomena involved. The nuclear industry as well as the research institutes and universities heavily rely on the use of complex numerical codes. All the commercial codes are based on using different numerical tools for resolving the various physical fields, and to some extent the different scales, whereas the latest research platforms attempt to adopt a more integrated approach in resolving multiple scales and fields of physics. The book presents the main algorithms used in such codes for neutronic and thermal-hydraulic modelling, providing the details of the underlying methods, together with their assumptions and limitations. Because of the rapidly expanding use of coupled calculations for performing safety analyses, the analysists should be equally knowledgeable in all fields (i.e. neutron transport, fluid dynamics, heat transfer). The first chapter introduces the book’s subject matter and explains how to use its digital resources and interactive features. The following chapter derives the governing equations for neutron transport, fluid transport, and heat transfer, so that readers not familiar with any of these fields can comprehend the book without difficulty. The book thereafter examines the peculiarities of nuclear reactor systems and provides an overview of the relevant modelling strategies. Computational methods for neutron transport, first at the cell and assembly levels, then at th

Physics of Nuclear Reactors Book

Physics of Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : P. Mohanakrishnan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 786
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128224427

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Physics of Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Physics of Nuclear Reactors presents a comprehensive analysis of nuclear reactor physics. Editors P. Mohanakrishnan, Om Pal Singh, and Kannan Umasankari and a team of expert contributors combine their knowledge to guide the reader through a toolkit of methods for solving transport equations, understanding the physics of reactor design principles, and developing reactor safety strategies. The inclusion of experimental and operational reactor physics makes this a unique reference for those working and researching nuclear power and the fuel cycle in existing power generation sites and experimental facilities. The book also includes radiation physics, shielding techniques and an analysis of shield design, neutron monitoring and core operations. Those involved in the development and operation of nuclear reactors and the fuel cycle will gain a thorough understanding of all elements of nuclear reactor physics, thus enabling them to apply the analysis and solution methods provided to their own work and research. This book looks to future reactors in development and analyzes their status and challenges before providing possible worked-through solutions. Cover image: Kaiga Atomic Power Station Units 1 – 4, Karnataka, India. In 2018, Unit 1 of the Kaiga Station surpassed the world record of continuous operation, at 962 days. Image courtesy of DAE, India. Includes methods for solving neutron transport problems, nuclear cross-section data and solutions of transport theory Dedicates a chapter to reactor safety that covers mitigation, probabilistic safety assessment and uncertainty analysis Covers experimental and operational physics with details on noise analysis and failed fuel detection

Numerical Benchmarks for Multiphysics Simulation of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor Transients Book

Numerical Benchmarks for Multiphysics Simulation of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor Transients


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: CANDU reactors
  • Pages : 0
  • ISBN 10 : 9201084226

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Numerical Benchmarks for Multiphysics Simulation of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor Transients Excerpt :

"The IAEA organizes International Collaborative Standard Problems (ICSPs) to facilitate co-operation on advancing reactor technology related activities. These activities include the development, assessment and validation of computer codes for design and safety analysis of nuclear power plants. The objective of this ICSP was to develop and facilitate open access to a set of standardized numerical test problems for selected postulated transients in pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs). These manufactured test problems are different from typical benchmark problems in that the specification is designed for a stylized model of a generic CANDU-6 PHWR and a reference solution is not postulated. The set of standardized numerical test problems supports the development of simulation codes, methods, and coupling frameworks. This publication provides a description of four numerical test problems, the participants' individual multi-physics methodologies applied, and simulations carried out, an independent synthesis of the results, and the lessons learned from the exercise."--Publisher's description.

OpenFOAM   Book

OpenFOAM


  • Author : J. Miguel Nóbrega
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-01-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319608464

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OpenFOAM Excerpt :

This book contains selected papers of the 11th OpenFOAM® Workshop that was held in Guimarães, Portugal, June 26 - 30, 2016. The 11th OpenFOAM® Workshop had more than 140 technical/scientific presentations and 30 courses, and was attended by circa 300 individuals, representing 180 institutions and 30 countries, from all continents. The OpenFOAM® Workshop provided a forum for researchers, industrial users, software developers, consultants and academics working with OpenFOAM® technology. The central part of the Workshop was the two-day conference, where presentations and posters on industrial applications and academic research were shown. OpenFOAM® (Open Source Field Operation and Manipulation) is a free, open source computational toolbox that has a larger user base across most areas of engineering and science, from both commercial and academic organizations. As a technology, OpenFOAM® provides an extensive range of features to solve anything from complex fluid flows involving chemical reactions, turbulence and heat transfer, to solid dynamics and electromagnetics, among several others. Additionally, the OpenFOAM technology offers complete freedom to customize and extend its functionalities.

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment Book

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment


  • Author : Jyeshtharaj Joshi
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 888
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081023372

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Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment Excerpt :

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Proceedings of the 12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology  Ceramic Transactions Book

Proceedings of the 12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology Ceramic Transactions


  • Author : Dileep Singh
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-04-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119494126

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Proceedings of the 12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology Ceramic Transactions Excerpt :

Ceramic Transactions, Volume 264, Proceedings of the 12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology Dileep Singh, Manabu Fukushima, Young-Wook Kim, Kiyoshi Shimamura, Nobuhito Imanaka, Tatsuki Ohji, Jake Amoroso, and Michael Lanagan; Editors This proceedings contains a collection of 32 papers presented at the 12th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology (PacRim12), May 21-26, 2017 in Waikoloa, Hawaii. PacRim is a bi-annual conference held in collaboration with the ceramic societies of the Pacific Rim countries - The American Ceramic Society, The Chinese Ceramic Society, The Korean Ceramic Society, and the Australian Ceramic Society. Topics included in this collection include multiscale modeling and simulation, processing and manufacturing, nanotechnology, multifunctional materials, ceramics for energy and the environment, biomedical materials, and more

Fusion Neutronics Book

Fusion Neutronics


  • Author : Yican Wu
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-08-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811054693

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Fusion Neutronics Excerpt :

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive introduction to fusion neutronics, covering all key topics from the fundamental theories and methodologies, as well as a wide range of fusion system designs and experiments. It is the first-ever book focusing on the subject of fusion neutronics research. Compared with other nuclear devices such as fission reactors and accelerators, fusion systems are normally characterized by their complex geometry and nuclear physics, which entail new challenges for neutronics such as complicated modeling, deep penetration, low simulation efficiency, multi-physics coupling, etc. The book focuses on the neutronic characteristics of fusion systems and introduces a series of theories and methodologies that were developed to address the challenges of fusion neutronics. Further, it introduces readers to the unique principles and procedures of neutronics design, experimental methodologies and methodologies for fusion systems. The book not only highlights the latest advances and trends in the field, but also draws on the experiences and skills collected in the author’s more than 40 years of research. To make it more accessible and enhance its practical value, various representative examples are included to illustrate the application and efficiency of the methods, designs and experimental techniques discussed.

Nuclear Reactors Book

Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Chad L. Pope
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2022-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839699399

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Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Worldwide interest in nuclear reactors continues to increase and significant focus has been placed on advanced nuclear reactors intended to produce electricity and process heat. However, there is limited literature on the importance of research reactors and certain specialized reactor analysis topics. Thus, this book addresses these topics over three sections: “Nuclear Reactors for Spacecraft Propulsion”, “Research Reactors”, and “Select Reactor Analysis Techniques”. It provides detailed information on the use of nuclear reactors for spacecraft propulsion, presents research conducted on reactors in Idaho, USA, and discusses reactor analysis topics such as cyber-informed engineering for nuclear reactor digital instrumentation and control, the effect of plenum gas on fuel temperature, and more.

Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors Book

Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Bahman Zohuri
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 835
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319538297

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Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

This revised text covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems and the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power plant systems. The book begins with fundamental definitions of units and dimensions, thermodynamic variables and the Laws of Thermodynamics progressing to sections on specific applications of the Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation and projected reactor systems design issues. It is not a traditional general thermodynamics text, per se, but a practical thermodynamics volume intended to explain the fundamentals and apply them to the challenges facing actual nuclear power plants systems, where thermal hydraulics comes to play. There have been significant new findings for intercooled systems since the previous edition published and they will be included in this volume. New technology plans for using a Nuclear Air-Brayton as a storage system for a low carbon grid are presented along with updated component sizes and performance criteria for Small Modular Reactors. Written in a lucid, straight-forward style while retaining scientific rigor, the content is accessible to upper division undergraduate students and aimed at practicing engineers in nuclear power facilities and engineering scientists and technicians in industry, academic research groups, and national laboratories. The book is also a valuable resource for students and faculty in various engineering programs concerned with nuclear reactors.

Thermal Hydraulics of Water Cooled Nuclear Reactors Book

Thermal Hydraulics of Water Cooled Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Francesco D'Auria
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-05-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1198
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006795

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Thermal Hydraulics of Water Cooled Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Thermal Hydraulics of Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors reviews flow and heat transfer phenomena in nuclear systems and examines the critical contribution of this analysis to nuclear technology development. With a strong focus on system thermal hydraulics (SYS TH), the book provides a detailed, yet approachable, presentation of current approaches to reactor thermal hydraulic analysis, also considering the importance of this discipline for the design and operation of safe and efficient water-cooled and moderated reactors. Part One presents the background to nuclear thermal hydraulics, starting with a historical perspective, defining key terms, and considering thermal hydraulics requirements in nuclear technology. Part Two addresses the principles of thermodynamics and relevant target phenomena in nuclear systems. Next, the book focuses on nuclear thermal hydraulics modeling, covering the key areas of heat transfer and pressure drops, then moving on to an introduction to SYS TH and computational fluid dynamics codes. The final part of the book reviews the application of thermal hydraulics in nuclear technology, with chapters on V&V and uncertainty in SYS TH codes, the BEPU approach, and applications to new reactor design, plant lifetime extension, and accident analysis. This book is a valuable resource for academics, graduate students, and professionals studying the thermal hydraulic analysis of nuclear power plants and using SYS TH to demonstrate their safety and acceptability. Contains a systematic and comprehensive review of current approaches to the thermal-hydraulic analysis of water-cooled and moderated nuclear reactors Clearly presents the relationship between system level (top-down analysis) and component level phenomenology (bottom-up analysis) Provides a strong focus on nuclear system thermal hydraulic (SYS TH) codes Presents detailed coverage of the applications of thermal-hydraulics to demonstrate the safety and acceptability of nuclear power plants

Computational Fluid Dynamics and COMSOL Multiphysics Book

Computational Fluid Dynamics and COMSOL Multiphysics


  • Author : Ashish S. Chaurasia
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000400670

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Computational Fluid Dynamics and COMSOL Multiphysics Excerpt :

This textbook covers computational fluid dynamics simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics® Modeling Software in chemical engineering applications. In the volume, the COMSOL Multiphysics package is introduced and applied to solve typical problems in chemical reactors, transport processes, fluid flow, and heat and mass transfer. Inspired by the difficulties of introducing the use of COMSOL Multiphysics software during classroom time, the book incorporates the author’s experience of working with undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students to make the book user friendly and that, at the same time, addresses typical examples within the subjects covered in the chemical engineering curriculum. Real-world problems require the use of simulation and optimization tools, and this volume shows how COMSOL Multiphysics software can be used for that purpose. Key features: • Includes over 500 step-by-step screenshots • Shows the graphical user interface of COMSOL, which does not require any programming effort • Provides chapter-end problems for extensive practice along with solutions • Includes actual examples of chemical reactors, transport processes, fluid flow, and heat and mass transfer This book is intended for students who want or need more help to solve chemical engineering assignments using computer software. It can also be used for computational courses in chemical engineering. It will also be a valuable resource for professors, research scientists, and practicing engineers.

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes Book

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes


  • Author : Jun Wang
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-11-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128181911

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Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes Excerpt :

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes: Development, Validation, and Application presents the latest research on the most widely used nuclear codes and the wealth of successful accomplishments which have been achieved over the past decades by experts in the field. Editors Wang, Li,Allison, and Hohorst and their team of authors provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of nuclear code development and how to apply it to their work and research to make their energy production more flexible, economical, reliable and safe. Written in an accessible and practical way, each chapter considers strengths and limitations, data availability needs, verification and validation methodologies and quality assurance guidelines to develop thorough and robust models and simulation tools both inside and outside a nuclear setting. This book benefits those working in nuclear reactor physics and thermal-hydraulics, as well as those involved in nuclear reactor licensing. It also provides early career researchers with a solid understanding of fundamental knowledge of mainstream nuclear modelling codes, as well as the more experienced engineers seeking advanced information on the best solutions to suit their needs. Captures important research conducted over last few decades by experts and allows new researchers and professionals to learn from the work of their predecessors Presents the most recent updates and developments, including the capabilities, limitations, and future development needs of all codes Incudes applications for each code to ensure readers have complete knowledge to apply to their own setting.