Music  Passion  and Cognitive Function Book

Music Passion and Cognitive Function


  • Author : Leonid Perlovsky
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-02-25
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128096963

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Music Passion and Cognitive Function Book Description :

Music, Passion, and Cognitive Function examines contemporary cognitive theories of music, why they cannot explain music’s power over us, and the origin and evolution of music. The book presents experimental confirmations of the theory in psychological and neuroimaging research, discussing the parallel evolution of consciousness, musical styles, and cultures since Homer and King David. In addition, it explains that 'in much wisdom is much grief' due to cognitive dissonances created by language that splits the inner world. Music enables us to survive in this sea of grief, overcomes discomforts and stresses of acquiring new knowledge, and unifies the soul, hence the power of music. Provides a foundation of music theory Demonstrates how emotions motivate interaction between cognition and language Covers differentiation and synthesis in consciousness Compares the parallel evolution of music and cultures Examines the idea of music overcoming cognitive dissonances

The Origins of Language Revisited Book

The Origins of Language Revisited


  • Author : Nobuo Masataka
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-08-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811542503

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The Origins of Language Revisited Book Description :

This book summarizes the latest research on the origins of language, with a focus on the process of evolution and differentiation of language. It provides an update on the earlier successful book, “The Origins of Language” edited by Nobuo Masataka and published in 2008, with new content on emerging topics. Drawing on the empirical evidence in each respective chapter, the editor presents a coherent account of how language evolved, how music differentiated from language, and how humans finally became neurodivergent as a species. Chapters on nonhuman primate communication reveal that the evolution of language required the neural rewiring of circuits that controlled vocalization. Language contributed not only to the differentiation of our conceptual ability but also to the differentiation of psychic functions of concepts, emotion, and behavior. It is noteworthy that a rudimentary form of syntax (regularity of call sequences) has emerged in nonhuman primates. The following chapters explain how music differentiated from language, whereas the pre-linguistic system, or the “prosodic protolanguage,” in nonhuman primates provided a precursor for both language and music. Readers will gain a new understanding of music as a rudimentary form of language that has been discarded in the course of evolution and its role in restoring the primordial synthesis in the human psyche. The discussion leads to an inspiring insight into autism and neurodiversity in humans. This thought-provoking and carefully presented book will appeal to a wide range of readers in linguistics, psychology, phonology, biology, anthropology and music.

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Sound Art Book

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Sound Art


  • Author : Sanne Krogh Groth
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Release Date : 2020-02-20
  • Genre: Art
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN 10 : 9781501338816

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The Bloomsbury Handbook of Sound Art Book Description :

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Sound Art explores and delineates what Sound Art is in the 21st century. Sound artworks today embody the contemporary and transcultural trends towards the post-apocalyptic, a wide sensorial spectrum of sonic imaginaries as well as the decolonization and deinstitutionalization around the making of sound. Within the areas of musicology, art history, and, later, sound studies, Sound Art has evolved at least since the 1980s into a turbulant field of academic critique and aesthetic analysis. Summoning artists, researchers, curators, and critics, this volume takes note of and reflects the most recent shifts and drifts in Sound Art--rooted in sonic histories and implying future trajectories.

Language and Cognition Book

Language and Cognition


  • Author : Kuniyoshi L. Sakai
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2015-07-07
  • Genre:
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889196272

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Language and Cognition Book Description :

Interaction between language and cognition remains an unsolved scientific problem. What are the differences in neural mechanisms of language and cognition? Why do children acquire language by the age of six, while taking a lifetime to acquire cognition? What is the role of language and cognition in thinking? Is abstract cognition possible without language? Is language just a communication device, or is it fundamental in developing thoughts? Why are there no animals with human thinking but without human language? Combinations even among 100 words and 100 objects (multiple words can represent multiple objects) exceed the number of all the particles in the Universe, and it seems that no amount of experience would suffice to learn these associations. How does human brain overcome this difficulty? Since the 19th century we know about involvement of Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas in language. What new knowledge of language and cognition areas has been found with fMRI and other brain imaging methods? Every year we know more about their anatomical and functional/effective connectivity. What can be inferred about mechanisms of their interaction, and about their functions in language and cognition? Why does the human brain show hemispheric (i.e., left or right) dominance for some specific linguistic and cognitive processes? Is understanding of language and cognition processed in the same brain area, or are there differences in language-semantic and cognitive-semantic brain areas? Is the syntactic process related to the structure of our conceptual world? Chomsky has suggested that language is separable from cognition. On the opposite, cognitive and construction linguistics emphasized a single mechanism of both. Neither has led to a computational theory so far. Evolutionary linguistics has emphasized evolution leading to a mechanism of language acquisition, yet proposed approaches also lead to incomputable complexity. There are some more related issues in linguistics and lang

Self Organization in the Nervous System Book

Self Organization in the Nervous System


  • Author : Yan M. Yufik
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2017-11-30
  • Genre:
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889453405

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Self Organization in the Nervous System Book Description :

This special issue reviews state-of-the-art approaches to the biophysical roots of cognition. These approaches appeal to the notion that cognitive capacities serve to optimize responses to changing external conditions. Crucially, this optimisation rests on the ability to predict changes in the environment, thus allowing organisms to respond pre-emptively to changes before their onset. The biophysical mechanisms that underwrite these cognitive capacities remain largely unknown; although a number of hypotheses has been advanced in systems neuroscience, biophysics and other disciplines. These hypotheses converge on the intersection of thermodynamic and information-theoretic formulations of self-organization in the brain. The latter perspective emerged when Shannon’s theory of message transmission in communication systems was used to characterise message passing between neurons. In its subsequent incarnations, the information theory approach has been integrated into computational neuroscience and the Bayesian brain framework. The thermodynamic formulation rests on a view of the brain as an aggregation of stochastic microprocessors (neurons), with subsequent appeal to the constructs of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. In particular, the use of ensemble dynamics to elucidate the relationship between micro-scale parameters and those of the macro-scale aggregation (the brain). In general, the thermodynamic approach treats the brain as a dissipative system and seeks to represent the development and functioning of cognitive mechanisms as collective capacities that emerge in the course of self-organization. Its explicanda include energy efficiency; enabling progressively more complex cognitive operations such as long-term prediction and anticipatory planning. A cardinal example of the Bayesian brain approach is the free energy principle that explains self-organizing dynamics in the brain in terms of its predictive capabilities – and selective sampling of sensory i

This Is Your Brain on Music Book
Score: 3.5
From 1,178 Ratings

This Is Your Brain on Music


  • Author : Daniel J. Levitin
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2006-08-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 1101218916

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This Is Your Brain on Music Book Description :

In this groundbreaking union of art and science, rocker-turned-neuroscientist Daniel J. Levitin explores the connection between music—its performance, its composition, how we listen to it, why we enjoy it—and the human brain. Taking on prominent thinkers who argue that music is nothing more than an evolutionary accident, Levitin poses that music is fundamental to our species, perhaps even more so than language. Drawing on the latest research and on musical examples ranging from Mozart to Duke Ellington to Van Halen, he reveals: • How composers produce some of the most pleasurable effects of listening to music by exploiting the way our brains make sense of the world • Why we are so emotionally attached to the music we listened to as teenagers, whether it was Fleetwood Mac, U2, or Dr. Dre • That practice, rather than talent, is the driving force behind musical expertise • How those insidious little jingles (called earworms) get stuck in our head A Los Angeles Times Book Award finalist, This Is Your Brain on Music will attract readers of Oliver Sacks and David Byrne, as it is an unprecedented, eye-opening investigation into an obsession at the heart of human nature.

Music  Neurology  and Neuroscience  Evolution  the Musical Brain  Medical Conditions  and Therapies Book

Music Neurology and Neuroscience Evolution the Musical Brain Medical Conditions and Therapies


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-03-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444635525

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Music Neurology and Neuroscience Evolution the Musical Brain Medical Conditions and Therapies Book Description :

Did you ever ask whether music makes people smart, why a Parkinson patient's gait is improved with marching tunes, and whether Robert Schumann was suffering from schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease? This broad but comprehensive book deals with history and new discoveries about music and the brain. It provides a multi-disciplinary overview on music processing, its effects on brain plasticity, and the healing power of music in neurological and psychiatric disorders. In this context, the disorders the plagued famous musicians and how they affected both performance and composition are critically discussed, and music as medicine, as well as music as a potential health hazard are examined. Among the other topics covered are: how music fit into early conceptions of localization of function in the brain, the cultural roots of music in evolution, and the important roles played by music in societies and educational systems. Topic: Music is interesting to almost everybody Orientation: This book looks at music and the brain both historically and in the light of the latest research findings Comprehensiveness: This is the largest and most comprehensive volume on "music and neurology" ever written! Quality of authors: This volume is written by a unique group of real world experts representing a variety of fields, ranging from history of science and medicine to neurology and musicology

Music  Health  and Wellbeing Book

Music Health and Wellbeing


  • Author : Raymond MacDonald
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199686827

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Music Health and Wellbeing Book Description :

Music has a universal and timeless potential to influence how we feel, yet, only recently, have researchers begun to explore and understand the positive effects that music can have on our wellbeing.This book brings together research from a number of disciplines to explore the relationship between music, health and wellbeing.

Neuroplasticity Book

Neuroplasticity


  • Author : Victor Chaban
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-06-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789231946

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Neuroplasticity Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive and up-to-date insights into emerging research trends on neuroplasticity with current or future treatments for neurodevelopment and neurodegenerative diseases. The authors discuss structural and functional changes associated with cortical remapping, sensory substitution, synaptic and non-synaptic compensatory plasticity due to brain damage, brain training, chronic pain, meditation, music, exercise and related states. Key features include pathogenesis, and existing and new therapies together with a pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach in clinical treatment and management. The authors are established experts that contributed significantly to a better understanding of the etiology of neuroplasticity. This book is recommended to healthcare providers, clinical scientists, students and patients.

Nutrition for Brain Health and Cognitive Performance Book

Nutrition for Brain Health and Cognitive Performance


  • Author : Talitha Best
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-06-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466570030

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Nutrition for Brain Health and Cognitive Performance Book Description :

Public awareness of the role diet plays in brain function has been steadily increasing. This has led to significant development of new products, dietary supplements, functional foods, nutraceuticals and public health recommendations for maintaining brain function. Nutrition for Brain Health and Cognitive Performance presents a detailed and innovative scientific summary of nutrition–cognition research to provide valuable information regarding nutrition and lifestyle choices for cognitive health. Internationally recognised scholars along with the next generation of researchers have contributed chapters that present a valuable resource for health professionals, teachers, researchers and the general public. The book critically reviews the evidence surrounding the impact of dietary patterns and nutrition on brain function and cognitive performance. It covers diverse topics such as: Innovative new technologies that assess brain function Tools for measuring mood and its relation to nutrition How a diet rich in fruits and vegetables coupled with low consumption of meats can prevent cognitive decline in ageing adults Effects of glucose, omega 3s, vitamins and minerals, nutraceuticals and flavonoids on cognitive performance Cognitive benefits of herbal extracts such as ginseng, ginkgo biloba and green tea Use of technology such as neuroimaging and noninvasive brain stimulation (NBS) to capture nutrition effects on cognition and brain function Presenting state-of-the-art scientific evidence, challenges, and potential applications within this exciting field, the book promotes and extends the research, teaches the process of research in this area, and promotes a collaborative understanding of the field between industry and academia. It gives you a balance of rigorous scientific information and analysis on the impact of dietary patterns, nutritional components and research processes to support brain health and performance claims and knowledge.

Passions of the Soul Book

Passions of the Soul


  • Author : Rene Descartes
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Release Date : 1989-12-15
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN 10 : 9781624661983

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Passions of the Soul Book Description :

TABLE OF CONTENTS: Translator's Introduction Introduction by Genevieve Rodis-Lewis The Passions of the Soul: Preface PART I: About the Passions in General, and Incidentally about the Entire Nature of Man PART II: About the Number and Order of the Passions, and the Explanation of the Six Primitives PART III: About the Particular Passions Lexicon: Index to Lexicon Bibliography Index Index Locorum

The Power of Music Book

The Power of Music


  • Author : Elena Mannes
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Release Date : 2011-05-24
  • Genre: Music
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780802778291

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The Power of Music Book Description :

The award-winning creator of the acclaimed documentary "The Music Instinct: Science & Song," explores the power of music and its connection to the body, the brain, and the world of nature. Only recently has science sought in earnest to understand and explain this impact. One remarkable recent study, analyzing the cries of newborns, shows that infants' cries contain common musical intervals, and children tease each other in specific, singsong ways no matter where in the world they live. Physics experiments show that sound waves can physically change the structure of a material; musician and world-famous conductor Daniel Barenboim believes musical sound vibrations physically penetrate our bodies, shifting molecules as they do. The Power of Music follows visionary researchers and accomplished musicians to the crossroads of science and culture, to discover: how much of our musicality is learned and how much is innate? Can examining the biological foundations of music help scientists unravel the intricate web of human cognition and brain function? Why is music virtually universal across cultures and time-does it provide some evolutionary advantage? Can music make people healthier? Might music contain organizing principles of harmonic vibration that underlie the cosmos itself?

Embodied Cognition Book

Embodied Cognition


  • Author : Lawrence Shapiro
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2010-09-13
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136963933

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Embodied Cognition Book Description :

Embodied cognition often challenges standard cognitive science. In this outstanding introduction, Lawrence Shapiro sets out the central themes and debates surrounding embodied cognition, explaining and assessing the work of many of the key figures in the field, including George Lakoff, Alva Noë, Andy Clark, and Arthur Glenberg. Beginning with an outline of the theoretical and methodological commitments of standard cognitive science, Shapiro then examines philosophical and empirical arguments surrounding the traditional perspective. He introduces topics such as dynamic systems theory, ecological psychology, robotics, and connectionism, before addressing core issues in philosophy of mind such as mental representation and extended cognition. Including helpful chapter summaries and annotated further reading at the end of each chapter, Embodied Cognition is essential reading for all students of philosophy of mind, psychology, and cognitive science.

Exploring the Musical Mind Book
Score: 2.5
From 2 Ratings

Exploring the Musical Mind


  • Author : John Sloboda
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Music
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN 10 : 0198530137

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Exploring the Musical Mind Book Description :

Brings together in one volume important material from various hard-to-locate sources, giving the reader access to a body of work from one of the founders of music psychology Complements and updates Sloboda's 'The musical mind'

A General Theory of Love Book
Score: 4.5
From 13 Ratings

A General Theory of Love


  • Author : Thomas Lewis
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release Date : 2007-12-18
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 0307424340

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A General Theory of Love Book Description :

This original and lucid account of the complexities of love and its essential role in human well-being draws on the latest scientific research. Three eminent psychiatrists tackle the difficult task of reconciling what artists and thinkers have known for thousands of years about the human heart with what has only recently been learned about the primitive functions of the human brain. A General Theory of Love demonstrates that our nervous systems are not self-contained: from earliest childhood, our brains actually link with those of the people close to us, in a silent rhythm that alters the very structure of our brains, establishes life-long emotional patterns, and makes us, in large part, who we are. Explaining how relationships function, how parents shape their child’s developing self, how psychotherapy really works, and how our society dangerously flouts essential emotional laws, this is a work of rare passion and eloquence that will forever change the way you think about human intimacy. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Keeping Mozart in Mind Book

Keeping Mozart in Mind


  • Author : Gordon L. Shaw
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2003-11-19
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080509709

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Keeping Mozart in Mind Book Description :

The demand for math and science skills in our technology-driven world is at a premium, and yet U.S. students continue to lag behind many other industrialized countries in these areas. This book, based on studies conducted on 8000 elementary school-aged children, proposes that not only is there a relationship between music and math comprehension, but that music can be utilized to heighten higher brain function and improve math skills. The enclosed CD-Rom includes (1) a recording of Allegro con spirito from Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major (K. 448), by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, performed by Murray Perahia and Radu Lupu, courtesy of Sony ClassicalTM, and (2) a descriptive interactive version of S.T.A.R.TM (Spatial-Temporal Animation Reasoning) software program. While this book's discussion of the breakthroughs in understanding of spatial-temporal reasoning abilities will be of particular interest to neuroscientists and cognitive researchers, the book is also accessible to parents and educators. * Presents the theory that music exercises higher brain function and can enhance math comprehension * Details how music training coupled with special-temporal reasoning (thinking in pictures) can dramatically impact a child's ability to understand and master math * Includes an interactive CD-ROM with math games

The Brain s Way of Healing Book
Score: 4.5
From 6 Ratings

The Brain s Way of Healing


  • Author : Norman Doidge
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2015-01-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780698191433

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The Brain s Way of Healing Book Description :

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The New York Times–bestselling author of The Brain That Changes Itself presents astounding advances in the treatment of brain injury and illness. Now in an updated and expanded paperback edition. Winner of the 2015 Gold Nautilus Award in Science & Cosmology In his groundbreaking work The Brain That Changes Itself, Norman Doidge introduced readers to neuroplasticity—the brain’s ability to change its own structure and function in response to activity and mental experience. Now his revolutionary new book shows how the amazing process of neuroplastic healing really works. The Brain’s Way of Healing describes natural, noninvasive avenues into the brain provided by the energy around us—in light, sound, vibration, and movement—that can awaken the brain’s own healing capacities without producing unpleasant side effects. Doidge explores cases where patients alleviated chronic pain; recovered from debilitating strokes, brain injuries, and learning disorders; overcame attention deficit and learning disorders; and found relief from symptoms of autism, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and cerebral palsy. And we learn how to vastly reduce the risk of dementia, with simple approaches anyone can use. For centuries it was believed that the brain’s complexity prevented recovery from damage or disease. The Brain’s Way of Healing shows that this very sophistication is the source of a unique kind of healing. As he did so lucidly in The Brain That Changes Itself, Doidge uses stories to present cutting-edge science with practical real-world applications, and principles that everyone can apply to improve their brain’s performance and health. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Body Keeps the Score Book
Score: 4.5
From 9 Ratings

The Body Keeps the Score


  • Author : Bessel A. Van der Kolk
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2015-09-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 443
  • ISBN 10 : 9780143127741

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The Body Keeps the Score Book Description :

Originally published by Viking Penguin, 2014.

The Psychology of Passion Book

The Psychology of Passion


  • Author : Robert J. Vallerand
  • Publisher : Series in Positive Psychology
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199777600

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The Psychology of Passion Book Description :

Winner of the 2017 APA William James Book Award The concept of passion is one we regularly use to describe our interests, and yet there is no broad theory that can explain the development and consequences of passion for activities across people's lives. In The Psychology of Passion, Robert J. Vallerand presents the first such theory, providing a complete presentation of the Dualistic Model of Passion and the empirical evidence that supports it. Vallerand conceives of two types of passion: harmonious passion, which remains under the person's control, and obsessive passion, which controls the person. While the first typically leads to adaptive behaviors, the obsessive form of passion leads to less adaptive and, at times, maladaptive behaviors. Vallerand highlights the effects of these two types of passion on a number of psychological phenomena, such as cognition, emotions, performance, relationships, aggression, and violence. He also discusses the development of passion and reviews a range of literature on passion for activities.

Cognitive Informatics  Computer Modelling  and Cognitive Science Book

Cognitive Informatics Computer Modelling and Cognitive Science


  • Author : Ganesh R. Sinha
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-03-17
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128194430

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Cognitive Informatics Computer Modelling and Cognitive Science Book Description :

Cognitive Informatics, Computer Modelling, and Cognitive Science: Theory, Case Studies, and Applications presents the theoretical background and history of cognitive science to help readers understand its foundations, philosophical and psychological aspects, and applications in a wide range of engineering and computer science case studies. Cognitive science, a cognitive model of the brain, knowledge representation, and information processing in the human brain are discussed, as is the theory of consciousness, neuroscience, intelligence, decision-making, mind and behavior analysis, and the various ways cognitive computing is used for information manipulation, processing and decision-making. Mathematical and computational models, structures and processes of the human brain are also covered, along with advances in machine learning, artificial intelligence, cognitive knowledge base, deep learning, cognitive image processing and suitable data analytics.