Mysticism in Iran Book

Mysticism in Iran


  • Author : Ata Anzali
  • Publisher : Univ of South Carolina Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-28
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN 10 : 9781611178081

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Mysticism in Iran Excerpt :

"Mysticism" in Iran is an in-depth analysis of significant transformations in the religious landscape of Safavid Iran that led to the marginalization of Sufism and the eventual emergence of 'irfan as an alternative Shi'i model of spirituality. Ata Anzali draws on a treasure-trove of manuscripts from Iranian archives to offer an original study of the transformation of Safavid Persia from a majority Sunni country to a Twelver Shi'i realm. The work straddles social and intellectual history, beginning with an examination of late Safavid social and religious contexts in which Twelver religious scholars launched a successful campaign against Sufism with the tacit approval of the court. This led to the social, political, and economic marginalization of Sufism, which was stigmatized as an illegitimate mode of piety rooted in a Sunni past. Anzali directs the reader's attention to creative and successful attempts by other members of the ulama to incorporate the Sufi tradition into the new Twelver milieu. He argues that the category of 'irfan, or "mysticism," was invented at the end of the Safavid period by mystically minded scholars such as Shah Muhammad Darabi and Qutb al-Din Nayrizi in reference to this domesticated form of Sufism. Key aspects of Sufi thought and practice were revisited in the new environment, which Anzali demonstrates by examining the evolving role of the spiritual master. This traditional Sufi function was reimagined by Shi'i intellectuals to incorporate the guidance of the infallible imams and their deputies, the ulama. Anzali goes on to address the institutionalization of 'irfan in Shi'i madrasas and the role played by prominent religious scholars of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in this regard. The book closes with a chapter devoted to fascinating changes in the thought and practice of 'irfan in the twentieth century during the transformative processes of modernity. Focusing on the little-studied figure of Kayvan Qazvini and his writing

Morals and Mysticism in Persian Sufism Book

Morals and Mysticism in Persian Sufism


  • Author : Lloyd Ridgeon
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2010-06-10
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136970580

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Morals and Mysticism in Persian Sufism Excerpt :

Sufism is often understood to be the mystical dimension of Islam, and many works have focused on the nature of "mystical experiences" and the relationship between man and God. Yet Sufism was a human response to a wide range of contexts and circumstances; the fact that Sufis lived in society and interacted with the community necessitating guidance on how to behave. This book examines the development of Persian Sufism, showing it to be a practical philosophy of the everyday rather than just a metaphysical phenomena. The author explores the ethic of futuwwat (or jawanmardi), an Iranian code of honour that emphasised loyalty, humility, generosity and bravery. Although inevitably some Sufis spiritualised this code of honour and applied it to their own relationship with God, the ethic continued to permeate Sufi behaviour on a more mundane level, typified by the strong links between Sufis and certain trades. Drawing on field research in Iran, as well as detailed analysis of both Arabic and Persian texts and new materials that have been published in Iran in recent years, this is the first book in English to provide a history of Persian Sufi-futuwwat, As such, this book is an important contribution to the study of Persian Sufism, and to the fields of Islam, history and religion.

Martyrdom  Mysticism and Dissent Book

Martyrdom Mysticism and Dissent


  • Author : Asghar Seyed-Gohrab
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2021-08-23
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110748734

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Martyrdom Mysticism and Dissent Excerpt :

This book is the first extensive research on the role of poetry during the Iranian Revolution (1979) and the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988). How can poetry, especially peaceful medieval Sufi poems, be applied to exalt violence, to present death as martyrdom, and to process war traumas? Examining poetry by both Islamic revolutionary and established dissident poets, it demonstrates how poetry spurs people to action, even leading them to sacrifice their lives. The book's originality lies in fresh analyses of how themes such as martyrdom and violence, and mystical themes such as love and wine, are integrated in a vehemently political context, while showing how Shiite ritual such as the pilgrimage to Mecca clash with Saudi Wahhabi appreciations. A distinguishing quality of the book is its examination of how martyrdom was instilled in the minds of Iranians through poetry, employing Sufi themes, motifs and doctrines to justify death. Such inculcation proved effective in mobilising people to the front, ready to sacrifice their lives. As such, the book is a must for readers interested in Iranian culture and history, in Sufi poetry, in martyrdom and war poetry. Those involved with Middle Eastern Studies, Iranian Studies, Literary Studies, Political Philosophy and Religious Studies will benefit from this book. "From his own memories and expert research, the author gives us a ravishing account of 'a poetry stained with blood, violence and death'. His brilliantly layered analysis of modern Persian poetry shows how it integrates political and religious ideology and motivational propaganda with age-old mystical themes for the most traumatic of times for Iran." (Alan Williams, Research Professor of Iranian Studies, University of Manchester) "When Asghar Seyed Gohrab, a highly prolific academician, publishes a new book, you can be certain he has paid attention to an exciting and largely unexplored subject. Martyrdom, Mysticism and Dissent: The Poetry of the 1979 Iranian Revolution and th

The Iranian Metaphysicals Book

The Iranian Metaphysicals


  • Author : Alireza Doostdar
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-13
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691163789

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The Iranian Metaphysicals Excerpt :

What do the occult sciences, séances with the souls of the dead, and appeals to saintly powers have to do with rationality? Since the late nineteenth century, modernizing intellectuals, religious leaders, and statesmen in Iran have attempted to curtail many such practices as "superstitious," instead encouraging the development of rational religious sensibilities and dispositions. However, far from diminishing the diverse methods through which Iranians engage with the immaterial realm, these rationalizing processes have multiplied the possibilities for metaphysical experimentation. The Iranian Metaphysicals examines these experiments and their transformations over the past century. Drawing on years of ethnographic and archival research, Alireza Doostdar shows that metaphysical experimentation lies at the center of some of the most influential intellectual and religious movements in modern Iran. These forms of exploration have not only produced a plurality of rational orientations toward metaphysical phenomena but have also fundamentally shaped what is understood as orthodox Shi‘i Islam, including the forms of Islamic rationality at the heart of projects for building and sustaining an Islamic Republic. Delving into frequently neglected aspects of Iranian spirituality, politics, and intellectual inquiry, The Iranian Metaphysicals challenges widely held assumptions about Islam, rationality, and the relationship between science and religion.

Mysticism and Dissent Book

Mysticism and Dissent


  • Author : Mangol Bayat
  • Publisher : Syracuse University Press
  • Release Date : 2000-04-01
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 0815628536

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Mysticism and Dissent Excerpt :

This history examines the complex origins of religious dissent in 19th-century Qajar Iran (known to Westerners as Persia), and how it provided a mood and attitude which led to far-reaching political dissent, culminating in the establishment of a new government in 1906.

Sufism in the Secret History of Persia Book

Sufism in the Secret History of Persia


  • Author : Milad Milani
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-10-14
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317544586

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Sufism in the Secret History of Persia Excerpt :

Sufism formed one of the cultures of resistance which has existed in the social fabric of Persia since antiquity. Such resistance continues to manifest itself today with many looking to Sufism as a model of cooperation between East and West, between traditional and modern. 'Sufism in the Secret History of Persia' explores the place of Sufi mysticism in Iran's intellectual and spiritual consciousness through traditional and contemporary Sufi thinkers and writers. Sufism in the Secret History of Persia examines the current of spirituality which extends from the old Iranian worship of Mithra to modern Islam. This current always contains elements of gnosis and inner knowing, but has often provided impetus for socio-political resistance. The study describes how these persisting pre-Islamic cultural and socio-religious elements have secretly challenged Muslim orthodoxies and continue to shape the nature and orientation of contemporary Sufism.

Subjectivity in   Att  r  Persian Sufism  and European Mysticism Book

Subjectivity in Att r Persian Sufism and European Mysticism


  • Author : Claudia Yaghoobi
  • Publisher : Purdue University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-15
  • Genre: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781612495019

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Subjectivity in Att r Persian Sufism and European Mysticism Excerpt :

Adopting an empirical and systematic approach, this interdisciplinary study of medieval Persian Sufi tradition and ʿAttār (1145-1221) opens up a new space of comparison for reading and understanding medieval Persian and European literatures. The book invites us on an intellectual journey that reveals exciting intersections that redefine the hierarchies and terms of comparison. While the primary focus of the book is on reassessing the significance of the concept of transgression and construction of subjectivity within select works of ʿAttār within Persian Sufi tradition, the author also creates a bridge between medieval and modern, literature and theory, and European and Middle Eastern cultures through reading these works alongside one another. Of significance to the author is ʿAttār's treatment of enlightenment with regard to class, religious, gender, and sexuality transgressions. In this book, the relation between transgression and the limit is not viewed as one of liberation from oppressive restrictions, but of undoing the structures that produce constraining binaries; it allows for alternatives and possibilities. In conjunction with the concepts of transgression and the limit, the presence of society's marginalized pariahs, outcasts, and untouchables are central to the book's main argument about construction of subjectivity, which the author believes is framed within ʿAttār's notion of mystical love and human diversity. The book addresses the question of whether concepts such as transgression, limit, and subjectivity are solely applicable to modern times, or they can shed light on our understanding of transgression and subjectivity from the past. The author's comparative inquiries aim to intensify our understanding of these notions advanced in both the medieval and the modern world. Through summoning works from various genres, disciplines, cultures, and times, the author posits that medieval literary works are living texts that can reveal as much about ou

Mystic Regimes Book

Mystic Regimes


  • Author : Matthijs Bos, van den
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2021-11-08
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9789047401759

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Mystic Regimes Excerpt :

This ethnographic and Iranological study provides a unique exploration of Shi‘ite Sufism in Iran, relating the comparative social development of two orders to the cultural repertoires that Sufis have used to cope with twentieth-century political and jurist regimes.

Mystics  Monarchs  and Messiahs Book

Mystics Monarchs and Messiahs


  • Author : Kathryn Babayan
  • Publisher : Harvard CMES
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 575
  • ISBN 10 : 0932885284

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Mystics Monarchs and Messiahs Excerpt :

Focusing on idealists and visionaries who believed that Justice could reign in our world, this book explores the desire to experience utopia on earth. Reluctant to await another existence, individuals with ghuluww, or exaggeration, emerged at the advent of Islam, expecting to attain the apocalyptic horizon of Truth.

Sufism Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Sufism


  • Author : Alexander Knysh
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-19
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691191621

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Sufism Excerpt :

A pathbreaking history of Sufism, from the earliest centuries of Islam to the present After centuries as the most important ascetic-mystical strand of Islam, Sufism saw a sharp decline in the twentieth century, only to experience a stunning revival in recent decades. In this comprehensive new history of Sufism from the earliest centuries of Islam to today, Alexander Knysh, a leading expert on the subject, reveals the tradition in all its richness. Knysh explores how Sufism has been viewed by both insiders and outsiders since its inception. He examines the key aspects of Sufism, from definitions and discourses to leadership, institutions, and practices. He devotes special attention to Sufi approaches to the Qur’an, drawing parallels with similar uses of scripture in Judaism and Christianity. He traces how Sufism grew from a set of simple moral-ethical precepts into a sophisticated tradition with professional Sufi masters (shaykhs) who became powerful players in Muslim public life but whose authority was challenged by those advocating the equality of all Muslims before God. Knysh also examines the roots of the ongoing conflict between the Sufis and their fundamentalist critics, the Salafis—a major fact of Muslim life today. Based on a wealth of primary and secondary sources, Sufism is an indispensable account of a vital aspect of Islam.

Sufi Castigator Book

Sufi Castigator


  • Author : Lloyd Ridgeon
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2006-09-27
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN 10 : 9781134373987

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Sufi Castigator Excerpt :

Sufi Castigator investigates the writings of Ahmad Kasravi, one of the foremost intellectuals in Iran. It studies his work within the context of Sufism in modern Iran and mystical Persian literature and includes translations of Kasravi’s writings. Kasravi provides a fascinating topic for those with interests in Sufism and Iranian studies as he attempted to produce a form of Iranian identity that he believed was compatible with the modern age and Iranian nationalism. His stress on reason and the de-mystification of religion caused him to repudiate Sufism and much of the Sufi literary heritage as backwards and believed it a reason for the weakness of modern Iran. Kasravi’s historical observations were weak, and his writings indicate that he was working towards pre-determined conclusions. However, his works are of significance because they contributed to a major discussion in the 1930s to 1940s about the ideal image and identity that Iranians should adopt. Despite the academic weaknesses of Kasravi’s works he had a profound effect on the next generation of thinkers. Sufi Castigator is stimulating and meticulously researched book and includes two lengthy translations of Kasravi’s works, Sufism and What does Hafez Say? and will appeal to scholars of middle eastern studies.

The Birth of a Celestial Light Book

The Birth of a Celestial Light


  • Author : Tina Eftekhar
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-01-12
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN 10 : 9781443874069

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The Birth of a Celestial Light Excerpt :

It is interesting that women who campaign for women’s rights and interests in Iran have not considered engaging with women who are neither conventional Muslims nor strongly secular, but instead explore other aspects of religion and spirituality. The women examined in this study identify themselves as believers in God, but have different views of religion; some wish to be called religious but do not follow the official Islamic Shia and have their own interpretation of what it means to be a good Muslim, while some think of spirituality as their religion and refer to themselves as “spiritual”. Scholarship on women in Iran has not yet taken such an approach, and has not considered women’s interests in spirituality with regard to religion. As such, this book differs greatly from existing work on Iranian women’s lives after the Islamic revolution. It examines the potential feminist implications of women’s involvement in one of the most popular spiritual movements, “Inter-universal Mysticism” and its emancipatory potential for women. The central argument here is that feminist spirituality is an expression of women’s power to identify, explore, and assess their own spiritual experiences in order to construct their own sense of self and transform their lives. As such, this book broadens discourses about women in Iran by examining the link between spirituality, coping, and meaning-making in the lives of women involved with Inter-universal Mysticism. The study’s unique contribution is not simply that it extends the range of contexts in which gender can be analysed, but rather that it, through the lens of feminism, demonstrates the significance of women’s choice of spirituality as an investigative issue which can elucidate women’s wider social, cultural and political processes in contemporary Iran.

Politics  Poetry  and Sufism in Medieval Iran Book

Politics Poetry and Sufism in Medieval Iran


  • Author : Chad Lingwood
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2013-12-11
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9789004255890

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Politics Poetry and Sufism in Medieval Iran Excerpt :

In Politics, Poetry, and Sufism in Medieval Iran Chad Lingwood offers new insights into the political significance of poetry and Sufism at the Āq Qoyūnlū court of Sulṭān Ya‘qūb.

The Man of Light in Iranian Sufism Book
Score: 4.5
From 2 Ratings

The Man of Light in Iranian Sufism


  • Author : Henry Corbin
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Religion
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015060071357

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The Man of Light in Iranian Sufism Excerpt :

In the Sufism of ancient Iran, the quest for the dawning of light in the cosmic North symbolises the mystic's search for realisation. In this spiritual journey, the light arising in man's inner darkness -- the Northern Light or Midnight Sun -- represents the impartial but brilliant light of truth, that which sets us free from egotism and from slavery to material existence.

Persian Metaphysics and Mysticism Book

Persian Metaphysics and Mysticism


  • Author : Lloyd Ridgeon
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-10-08
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136802614

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Persian Metaphysics and Mysticism Excerpt :

One of the foremost 13th-century Persian mystics, 'Aziz Nasaffi with his simple manner of explaining God, His Essence, Attributes and Acts provides the western reader with an overview of all the major interpretations of medieval Islamic thought. Providing the first comprehensive selection in English of Nasaffi's treatises, Dr Ridgeon's work offers the western student of Islam a much-needed guide to the speculative and practical dimensions of Sufism.