Nanomaterials in Plants  Algae and Microorganisms Book

Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms


  • Author : Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128116456

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Nanomaterials in Plants Algae and Microorganisms Excerpt :

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume 2 not only covers all the new technologies used in the synthesis of nanoparticles, it also tests their response on plants, algae and micro-organisms in aquatic ecosystems. Unlike most works in the field, the book doesn’t focus exclusively on the higher organisms. Instead, it explores the smaller life forms on which they feed. Topics include the impacts of plant development, how different nanoparticles are absorbed by biota, the impact different metals—including silver and rare earth metals—have on living organisms, and the effects nanoparticles have on aquatic ecosystems as a whole. As nanotechnology based products have become a trillion-dollar industry, there is a need to understand the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Draws upon global experts to help increase understanding of the interface mechanisms at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic level between ENPs and biological systems Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic Sheds light on future research needs and scientific challenges that still exist in nanoparticle and living organism interactions

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles  PM ENPs  Nexus in Agro Ecosystems Book

Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles PM ENPs Nexus in Agro Ecosystems


  • Author : Pardeep Singh
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030669560

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Plant Microbes Engineered Nano particles PM ENPs Nexus in Agro Ecosystems Excerpt :

This book presents a collection of cross-disciplinary research, with contributions addressing all key features of the plant/microbe/ENP nexus in agro-ecosystems. The uptake, transport and transformation of nanoparticles in plants have attracted more and more attention in the past several years. Especially, the impact of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) on bioprocesses; low-, medium- and high-level dose responses in the microbial community of soil; and long-, medium- and short-term exposure responses, particularly microbial nitrogen transformations, are just a few of the aspects involved. Since ENPs are used in many industries, including cosmetics, agriculture, medicine, food technology and waste management, their transport through biogeochemical cycles is an important focus of many studies today. Specifically, ENP–microbe interaction has been analysed with regard to disease treatment for plants; it plays a vital role in disease inhibition by releasing metal ions that act through many pathways – e.g. reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA transformation and disruption of the cell cycle – to stop cell growth in the pathogen. Due to these properties, ENPs are also used as slow release or delayed release pesticides and fungicides, and as carrier systems for growth-promoting hormones. Despite their multiple uses in various industries, the negative effects of ENPs are still a major concern for the scientific community and consumers alike. For example, their transport to various food chains has been reported to have adverse effects. This raises a degree of doubt concerning a rapidly growing scientific field with major applications in many industries. From a sustainable development perspective and particularly to ensure food security in light of the uncertainty accompanying climate change, it is imperative to address this divergence by focusing on the plant/microbe/ENP nexus.

Plant and Nanoparticles Book

Plant and Nanoparticles


  • Author : Jen-Tsung Chen
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-09-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811925030

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Plant and Nanoparticles Excerpt :

This book explores the interactions between nanomaterials/nanoparticles and plants and unveils potential applications. The chapters emphasize the implications of nanoparticles in cross-discipline approaches, including agricultural science, plant physiology, plant biotechnology, material science, environmental science, food chemistry, biomedical science, etc. It presents recent advances in experimental and theoretical studies and gives in-depth insights into the interaction between nanoparticles and plant cells. In addition, it discusses the potential applications and concerns of nanoparticles comprehensively. The research field of plant nanotechnology has great potential within plant sciences and agriculture and the related research is getting increased at present. The study of plant nanotechnology receives an advantage from the great progress of nanotechnology in biomedical sciences particularly the well-development of a variety of biocompatible nanoparticles (NPs) and advanced analytical techniques. Nowadays, although some NPs have been applied in the studies of plant and agronomic sciences, the knowledge regarding physiology and underlying mechanisms within the plant cell remains limited. This book offers a critical reference for students, teachers, professionals, and a wide array of researchers in plant science, plant physiology, plant biotechnology, material science, environmental science, food chemistry, nanotechnology, and biomedical science. It could also benefit the related field of plant nanotechnology for designing and organizing future research.

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials Book

Plant Responses to Nanomaterials


  • Author : Vijay Pratap Singh
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030367404

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Plant Responses to Nanomaterials Excerpt :

The population of the world continues to increase at an alarming rate. The trouble linked with overpopulation ranges from food and water scarcity to inadequacy of space for organisms. Overpopulation is also linked with several other demographic hazards, for instance, population blooming will not only result in exhaustion of natural repositories, but it will also induce intense pressure on the world economy. Today nanotechnology is often discussed as a key discipline of research but it has positive and negative aspects. Also, due to industrialization and ever-increasing population, nano-pollution has been an emerging topic among scientists for investigation and debate. Nanotechnology measures any substance on a macromolecular scale, molecular scale, and even atomic scale. More importantly, nanotechnology deals with the manipulation and control of any matter at the dimension of a single nanometer. Nanotechnology and nanoparticles (NPs) play important roles in sustainable development and environmental challenges as well. NPs possess both harmful and beneficial effects on the environment and its harboring components, such as microbes, plants, and humans. There are many beneficial impacts exerted by nanoparticles, however, including their role in the management of waste water and soil treatment, cosmetics, food packaging, agriculture, biomedicines, pharmaceuticals, renewable energies, and environmental remedies. Conversely, NPs also show some toxic effects on microbes, plants, as well as human beings. It has been reported that use of nanotechnological products leads to the more accumulation of NPs in soil and aquatic ecosystems, which may be detrimental for living organisms. Further, toxic effects of NPs on microbes, invertebrates, and aquatic organisms including algae, has been measured. Scientists have also reported on the negative impact of NPs on plants by discussing the delivery of NPs in plants. Additionally, scientists have also showed that NPs interact with plant

Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress Book

Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress


  • Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-04-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119551645

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Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress Excerpt :

A guide to the chemical agents that protect plants from various environmental stressors Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress offers a guide to the diverse chemical agents that have the potential to mitigate different forms of abiotic stresses in plants. Edited by two experts on the topic, the book explores the role of novel chemicals and shows how using such unique chemical agents can tackle the oxidative damages caused by environmental stresses. Exogenous application of different chemical agents or chemical priming of seeds presents opportunities for crop stress management. The use of chemical compounds as protective agents has been found to improve plant tolerance significantly in various crop and non-crop species against a range of different individually applied abiotic stresses by regulating the endogenous levels of the protective agents within plants. This important book: Explores the efficacy of various chemical agents to eliminate abiotic stress Offers a groundbreaking look at the topic and reviews the most recent advances in the field Includes information from noted authorities on the subject Promises to benefit agriculture under stress conditions at the ground level Written for researchers, academicians, and scientists, Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress details the wide range of protective chemical agents, their applications, and their intricate biochemical and molecular mechanism of action within the plant systems during adverse situations.

Handbook of Bioremediation Book

Handbook of Bioremediation


  • Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 764
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128193839

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Handbook of Bioremediation Excerpt :

Handbook of Bioremediation: Physiological, Molecular and Biotechnological Interventions discusses the mechanisms of responding to inorganic and organic pollutants in the environment using different approaches of phytoremediation and bioremediation. Part One focuses specifically on inorganic pollutants and the use of techniques such as metallothionein-assisted remediation, phytoextraction and genetic manipulation. Part Two covers organic pollutants and consider topics such as plant enzymes, antioxidant defense systems and the remediation mechanisms of different plant species. This comprehensive volume is a must-read for researchers interested in plant science, agriculture, soil science and environmental science. The techniques covered in this book will ensure scientists have the knowledge to practice effective bioremediation techniques themselves. Provides a comprehensive review of the latest advances in bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants Discusses a range of different phytoremediation techniques Evaluates the role of genomics and bioinformatics within bioremediation

Agricultural Nanobiotechnology Book

Agricultural Nanobiotechnology


  • Author : Sougata Ghosh
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-05-13
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323999366

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Agricultural Nanobiotechnology Excerpt :

Agricultural Nanobiotechnology: Biogenic Nanoparticles, Nanofertilizers and Nanoscale Biocontrol Agents presents the most up-to-date advances in nanotechnology to improve the agriculture and food industry with novel nanotools for the controlling of rapid disease diagnostic and enhancement of the capacity of plants to absorb nutrients and resist environmental challenges. Highlighting the emerging nanofertilizers, nanopesticides and nanoherbicides that are being widely explored in order to overcome the limitations of conventional agricultural supplements, the book provides important insights to enable smart, knowledge-driven selection of nanoscale agricultural biomaterials, coupled with suitable delivery approaches and formulations will lead to promising agricultural innovation using nanotechnology. Agricultural Nanobiotechnology: Biogenic Nanoparticles, Nanofertilizers and Nanoscale Biocontrol Agents explores emerging innovations in nanobiotechnology for agriculture, food, and natural resources to address the challenges of food security, sustainability, susceptibility, human health, and healthy life. The book is ideal for the multidisciplinary scientists whose goal is to see the use of nanomaterials in agriculture to reduce the amount of spread chemicals, minimize nutrient losses in fertilization and to generate increased yield through pest and nutrient management. Includes mechanisms of plant-metal interaction and green synthesis Explores the fabrication of nanostructures including carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, encapsulation and emulsions Presents agriculturally focused application insights including nanofertilizers, nanopesticides, and nanoherbicides

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology


  • Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000373042

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Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Excerpt :

Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the third edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Following its predecessors, the fourth edition of this well-regarded handbook offers a unique, comprehensive, and complete collection of topics in the field of plant and crop physiology. Divided into eleven sections, for easy access of information, this edition contains more than 90 percent new material, substantial revisions, and two new sections. The handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, plant genetics and production processes. The book presents findings on plant and crop growth in response to climatic changes, and considers the potential for plants and crops adaptation, exploring the biotechnological aspects of plant and crop improvement. This content is used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for increasing plant growth and crop yield. Readers benefit from numerous tables, figures, case studies and illustrations, as well as thousands of index words, all of which increase the accessibility of the information contained in this important handbook. New to the Edition: Contains 37 new chapters and 13 extensively revised and expanded chapters from the third edition of this book. Includes new or modified sections on soil-plant-water-nutrients-microorganisms physiological relations; and on plant growth regulators, both promoters and inhibitors. Additional new and modified chapters cover the physiological responses of lower plants and vascular plants and crops to metal-based nanoparticles and agrichemicals; and the growth responses of plants and crops to climate change and environmental stresses. With contributions from 95 scientists from 20 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant and crop physiological responses under normal and stressful

The Role of Nanoparticles in Plant Nutrition under Soil Pollution Book

The Role of Nanoparticles in Plant Nutrition under Soil Pollution


  • Author : Vishnu D. Rajput
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-06-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030973896

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The Role of Nanoparticles in Plant Nutrition under Soil Pollution Excerpt :

Nanotechnology has shown great potential in all spheres of life. With the increasing pressure to meet the food demands of rapidly increasing population, thus, novel innovation and research are required in agriculture. The principles of nanotechnology can be implemented to meet the challenges faced by agricultural demands. Major challenges include the loss of nutrients in the soil and nutrient-deficient plants, which result in a lower crop yield and quality. Subsequently, consumption of such crops leads to malnourishment in humans, especially in underprivileged and rural populations. One convenient approach to tackle nutrient deficiency in plants is via the use of fertilizers; however, this method suffers from lower uptake efficiency in plants. Another approach to combat nutrient deficiency in humans is via the use of supplements and diet modifications; however, these approaches are less affordably viable in economically challenged communities and in rural areas. Therefore, the use of nano-fertilizers to combat this problem holds the greatest potential. Additionally, nanotechnology can be used to meet other challenges in agriculture including enhancing crop yield, protection from insect pests and animals, and by use of nano-pesticides and nano-biosensors to carry out the remediation of polluted soils. The future use of nanomaterials in soil ecosystems will be influenced by their capability to interact with soil constituents and the route of nanoparticles into the environment includes both natural and anthropogenic sources. The last decade has provided increasing research on the impact and use of nanoparticles in plants, animals, microbes, and soils, and yet these studies often lacked data involving the impact of nanoparticles on biotic and abiotic stress factors. This book provides significant recent research on the use of nano-fertilizers, which can have a major impact on components of an ecosystem. This work should provide a basis to further study these potential k

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology  Challenges for Plant Sustainability Book

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology Challenges for Plant Sustainability


  • Author : Ashok Kumar Das
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-11-27
  • Genre: Nanostructured materials
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128213209

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Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology Challenges for Plant Sustainability Excerpt :

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability, Volume 87 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Current status of environmental monitoring, Physical principles of infrared, Chemical principles of infrared, Instrumentation and hardware, Data analysis, Sampling, Applications in water, Application in soil and sediments, Applications in ecology of animals and plants, Applications in air monitoring, Applications in contamination, Applications in marine environments, Advantages and pitfalls, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series Updated release includes the latest information on the field of engineered nanomaterials in plants

Urban Horticulture Book

Urban Horticulture


  • Author : Shashank Shekhar Solankey
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-06-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN 10 : 9781838805128

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Urban Horticulture Excerpt :

Urban horticulture is a means of utilizing every little space available in cities amidst buildings and other constructions for growing plants. It utilizes this space to raise gardens that can be economically productive while contributing to environmental greening. It can boost food and ornamental plants production, provide job opportunities, promote green space development, waste recycling, and urban landscaping, and result in improved environment. This book covers a wide array of topics on this subject and constitutes a valuable reference guide for students, professors, researchers, builders, and horticulturists concerned with urban horticulture, city planning, biodiversity, and the sustainable development of horticultural resources.

Advances in Nano Fertilizers and Nano Pesticides in Agriculture Book

Advances in Nano Fertilizers and Nano Pesticides in Agriculture


  • Author : Sudisha Jogaiah
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-12-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128200926

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Advances in Nano Fertilizers and Nano Pesticides in Agriculture Excerpt :

Advances in Nano-Fertilizers and Nano-Pesticides in Agriculture explores the use of nanotechnology as it provides new approaches for the controlled delivery of pesticides, herbicides and fertilisers to improve safety of products with increasing the efficiency of food production and decreased environmental pollution. The development of nanodevices such as smart delivery systems to target specific sites, as well as nanocarriers for chemical controlled release are currently important aspects in novel agriculture and require a strong foundation of understanding not only the technology but the resulting impacts. Fills key knowledge- gaps of bio-nanotechnology, how they interact with plant cells and their biological consequences Focused on the agro-nanotechnology which can be utilized for developing healthy seeds Explores the possibilities of macronutrient nano-based fertilizers

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology Book

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology


  • Author : Indu Bhushan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-02-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030345440

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Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology Excerpt :

Nanotechnology is considered as one of the emerging fields of science. It has applications in different biological and technological fields which deal with the science of materials at nanoscale (10-9). On the other hand, biotechnology is another field that deals with contemporary challenges. Nanobiotechnology fills the gap between these two fields. It merges physical, chemical, and biological principles in a single realm. This combination opens up new possibilities. At nanoscale dimensions, it creates precise nanocrystals and nanoshells. Integrated nanomaterials are used with modified surface layers for compatibility with living systems, improved dissolution in water, or biorecognition leading to enhanced end results in biotechnological systems. These nanoparticles can also be hybridized with additional biocompatible substances in order to amend their qualities to inculcate novel utilities. Nanobiotechnology is used in bioconjugate chemistry by coalescing up the functionality of non-organically obtained molecular components and biological molecules in order to veil the immunogenic moieties for targeted drug delivery, bioimaging and biosensing. This book blends the science of biology, medicine, bioinorganic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, material and physical sciences, biomedical engineering, electrical, mechanical, and chemical science to present a comprehensive range of advancements. The development of nano-based materials has made for a greater understanding of their characterization, using techniques such as transmission electron microscope, FTIR, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope EDX, and so on. This volume also highlights uses in environmental remediation, environmental biosensors and environmental protection. It also emphasizes the significance of nanobiotechnology to a series of medical applications viz., diagnostics, and therapeutics stem cell technology, tissue engineering enzyme engineering, drug development and delivery. In addition this b

Nanotechnology and the Environment Book

Nanotechnology and the Environment


  • Author : Mousumi Sen
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-12-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789852288

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Nanotechnology and the Environment Excerpt :

Nanotechnology is a vibrant area of research and a growing industry. The core scientific principles and applications of this interdisciplinary field bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists, and engineers to meet the potential future challenges for sustainable development through new technologies and preparation of advanced materials with sustainable environmental protection. This book on Nanotechnology and the Environment includes the design and the sophisticated fabrication of nanomaterials along with their potential energy and environmental applications. This book is a significant contribution towards the development of the knowledge for all advanced undergraduate, graduate level students, researchers, and professional engineers leading in the fields of nanotechnology, nanochemistry, macromolecular science and those who have interest in energy and environmental science.