Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices Book

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices


  • Author : Serge Zhuiykov
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-02-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422242

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Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices Excerpt :

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. After explaining the physics affecting the conductivity and electron arrangement of nanostructured semiconductors, the book addresses the structural and chemical modification of semiconductor nanocrystals during material growth. It then covers their use in nanoscale functional devices, particularly in electronic devices and carbon nanotubes. It explores the impact of 2D nanocrystals, such as graphene, chalcogenides, and oxide nanostructures, on research and technology, leading to a discussion of incorporating graphene and semiconductor nanostructures into composites for use in energy storage. The final three chapters focus on the applications of these functional materials in photovoltaic cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and in environmental sensors including pH, dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon, and dissolved metal ion sensors. Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices is a crucial resource for scientists, applied researchers, and production engineers working in the fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and analysis of new semiconductor materials. This book is a valuable reference for those working in the analysis and characterization of new nanomaterials, and for those who develop technologies for practical devices fabrication. Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fu

Nanostructured Semiconductors Book

Nanostructured Semiconductors


  • Author : Serge Zhuiykov
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-01-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081019207

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Nanostructured Semiconductors Excerpt :

Nanostructured Semiconductors focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. Since the first edition of the book, there has been significant progress in the development of new functional nanomaterials with unique and sometimes unpredictable quantum-confined properties within the class what it called two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors. These nanocrystals represent extremely thin nano-structures with thickness of just few nano-meters. Since that time, not only were 2D semiconductor oxides further developed, more importantly, 2D metal dichalcogenides, such as MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, WSe2 and others also progressed significantly in their development demonstrating their superior properties compared to their bulk and microstructural counterparts. The book has been expanded to include these advancements. The book begins with the structure and properties of semiconductor nanocrystals (chapter 1), addresses electronic device applications (chapter 2), discusses 2-Dimensional oxides and dichalcogenide semiconductors (chapters 3 through 5), and ends with energy, environment, and bio applications (chapters 6 through 8). Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals and their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells and chemical sensors Include other 2D materials, such as dichalcogenides to present a comprehensive resource on the latest advancements in nanostructured semiconductors Reviews the fundamental physics of conductivity and electron arrangement before proceeding to practical applications Contains a unique chapter dedicated to the new ato

Ultrathin Two Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications Book

Ultrathin Two Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications


  • Author : Mohammad Karbalaei Akbari
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000072464

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Ultrathin Two Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications Excerpt :

Offering perspective on both the scientific and engineering aspects of 2D semiconductors, Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Semiconductors for Novel Electronic Applications discusses how to successfully engineer 2D materials for practical applications. It also covers several novel topics regarding 2D semiconductors which have not yet been discussed in any other publications. Features: Provides comprehensive information and data about wafer-scale deposition of 2D semiconductors, ranging from scientific discussions up to the planning of experiments and reliability testing of the fabricated samples Precisely discusses wafer-scale ALD and CVD of 2D semiconductors and investigates various aspects of deposition techniques Covers the new group of 2D materials synthesized from surface oxide of liquid metals and also explains the device fabrication and post-treatment of these 2D nanostructures Addresses a wide range of scientific and practical applications of 2D semiconductors and electronic and optoelectronic devices based on these nanostructures Offers novel coverage of 2D heterostructures and heterointerfaces and provides practical information about fabrication and application of these heterostructures Introduces the latest advancement in fabrication of novel memristors, artificial synapses and sensorimotor devices based on 2D semiconductors This work offers practical information valuable for engineering applications that will appeal to researchers, academics, and scientists working with and interested in developing an array of semiconductor electronic devices.

Surface Modified Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis Book

Surface Modified Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis


  • Author : Manoj B. Gawande
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-05-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128236024

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Surface Modified Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis Excerpt :

Surface Modified Nanomaterials for Applications in Catalysis: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications provides an overview of the different state-of-the-art surface modification methods of nanomaterials and their commercial applications. The main objective of this book is to comprehensively cover the modification of nanomaterial and their fabrication, including different techniques and discussions of present and emerging commercial applications. The book addresses fundamental chemistry concepts as applied to the modification of nanomaterials for applications in energy, catalysis, water remediation, sensors, and more. Characterization and fabrication methodologies are reviewed, along with the challenges of up-scaling of processes for commercial applications. This book is suitable for academics and practitioners working in materials science, engineering, nanotechnology, green chemistry and chemical engineering. Provides an overview of the basic principles of surface modification of nanomaterials Reviews useful fabrication and characterization methodologies for key applications Addresses surface modified nanomaterials for applications in catalysis, energy, sensor, environment, and more

Modeling  Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials Book

Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials


  • Author : V Tewary
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-03-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422358

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Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials Excerpt :

Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Semiconductor Materials and Modelling for Solar Cells Book

Semiconductor Materials and Modelling for Solar Cells


  • Author : Z. Pezeshki
  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release Date : 2021-07-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN 10 : 9781644901434

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Semiconductor Materials and Modelling for Solar Cells Excerpt :

The book presents a comprehensive survey about advanced solar cell technologies. Focus is placed on semiconductor materials, solar cell efficiency, improvements in surface recombination velocity, charge density, high ultraviolet (UV) sensitivity, modeling of solar cells etc. The book references 281 original resources with their direct web links for in-depth reading. Keywords: Solar Cells, Thin Film Solar Cells, Solar Cell Efficiency, Semiconductor Materials, Surface Recombination Velocity, Charge Density, High UV Sensitivity, Heavily-doped Silicon Wafers, Amorphous Semiconductors, Nanocrystalline Semiconductors, Field Effect, Ferroelectric Semiconductors, Solar Cell Modelling.

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides Book

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides


  • Author : Gertjan Koster
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-05-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422556

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Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides Excerpt :

The atomic arrangement and subsequent properties of a material are determined by the type and conditions of growth leading to epitaxy, making control of these conditions key to the fabrication of higher quality materials. Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides reviews the techniques involved in such processes and highlights recent developments in fabrication quality which are facilitating advances in applications for electronic, magnetic and optical purposes. Part One reviews the key techniques involved in the epitaxial growth of complex metal oxides, including growth studies using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, pulsed laser deposition, hybrid molecular beam epitaxy, sputtering processes and chemical solution deposition techniques for the growth of oxide thin films. Part Two goes on to explore the effects of strain and stoichiometry on crystal structure and related properties, in thin film oxides. Finally, the book concludes by discussing selected examples of important applications of complex metal oxide thin films in Part Three. Provides valuable information on the improvements in epitaxial growth processes that have resulted in higher quality films of complex metal oxides and further advances in applications for electronic and optical purposes Examines the techniques used in epitaxial thin film growth Describes the epitaxial growth and functional properties of complex metal oxides and explores the effects of strain and defects

Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing Book

Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing


  • Author : Roel Gronheid
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-07-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081002612

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Directed Self assembly of Block Co polymers for Nano manufacturing Excerpt :

The directed self-assembly (DSA) method of patterning for microelectronics uses polymer phase-separation to generate features of less than 20nm, with the positions of self-assembling materials externally guided into the desired pattern. Directed self-assembly of Block Co-polymers for Nano-manufacturing reviews the design, production, applications and future developments needed to facilitate the widescale adoption of this promising technology. Beginning with a solid overview of the physics and chemistry of block copolymer (BCP) materials, Part 1 covers the synthesis of new materials and new processing methods for DSA. Part 2 then goes on to outline the key modelling and characterization principles of DSA, reviewing templates and patterning using topographical and chemically modified surfaces, line edge roughness and dimensional control, x-ray scattering for characterization, and nanoscale driven assembly. Finally, Part 3 discusses application areas and related issues for DSA in nano-manufacturing, including for basic logic circuit design, the inverse DSA problem, design decomposition and the modelling and analysis of large scale, template self-assembly manufacturing techniques. Authoritative outlining of theoretical principles and modeling techniques to give a thorough introdution to the topic Discusses a broad range of practical applications for directed self-assembly in nano-manufacturing Highlights the importance of this technology to both the present and future of nano-manufacturing by exploring its potential use in a range of fields

Magnetic Nano  and Microwires Book

Magnetic Nano and Microwires


  • Author : Manuel Vázquez
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-05-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 870
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081001813

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Magnetic Nano and Microwires Excerpt :

Magnetic nanowires and microwires are key tools in the development of enhanced devices for information technology (memory and data processing) and sensing. Offering the combined characteristics of high density, high speed, and non-volatility, they facilitate reliable control of the motion of magnetic domain walls; a key requirement for the development of novel classes of logic and storage devices. Part One introduces the design and synthesis of magnetic nanowires and microwires, reviewing the growth and processing of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures using such methods as sol-gel and electrodeposition combinations, focused-electron/ion-beam-induced deposition, chemical vapour transport, quenching and drawing and magnetic interactions. Magnetic and transport properties, alongside domain walls, in nano- and microwires are then explored in Part Two, before Part Three goes on to explore a wide range of applications for magnetic nano- and microwire devices, including memory, microwave and electrochemical applications, in addition to thermal spin polarization and configuration, magnetocalorific effects and Bloch point dynamics. Detailed coverage of multiple key techniques for the growth and processing of nanowires and microwires Reviews the principles and difficulties involved in applying magnetic nano- and microwires to a wide range of applications Combines the expertise of specialists from around the globe to give a broad overview of current and future trends

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry Book

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-03-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 5560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128098943

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Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry Excerpt :

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry summarizes current, fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, bringing readers the latest developments in the field. As the chemical and physical properties and processes at solid and liquid interfaces are the scientific basis of so many technologies which enhance our lives and create new opportunities, its important to highlight how these technologies enable the design and optimization of functional materials for heterogeneous and electro-catalysts in food production, pollution control, energy conversion and storage, medical applications requiring biocompatibility, drug delivery, and more. This book provides an interdisciplinary view that lies at the intersection of these fields. Presents fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, surface science and electrochemistry and provides cutting-edge research from academics and practitioners across various fields and global regions

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes  LEDs  Book

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs


  • Author : Jian-Jang Huang
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-02-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857099303

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Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes LEDs Excerpt :

The development of nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has led to advancements in high-brightness LED technology for solid-state lighting, handheld electronics, and advanced bioengineering applications. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) reviews the fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations. Part one reviews the fabrication of nitride semiconductor LEDs. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques and the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. Part two covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and the fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. Finally, part three highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infrared emitters, and automotive lighting. Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development, and practical nitride-based LED design considerations Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on q

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials Book

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials


  • Author : Volkmar Dierolf
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000601

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Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials Excerpt :

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Material explores traditional semiconductor devices that are based on control of the electron’s electric charge. This book looks at the semiconductor materials used for spintronics applications, in particular focusing on wide band-gap semiconductors doped with transition metals and rare earths. These materials are of particular commercial interest because their spin can be controlled at room temperature, a clear opposition to the most previous research on Gallium Arsenide, which allowed for control of spins at supercold temperatures. Part One of the book explains the theory of magnetism in semiconductors, while Part Two covers the growth of semiconductors for spintronics. Finally, Part Three looks at the characterization and properties of semiconductors for spintronics, with Part Four exploring the devices and the future direction of spintronics. Examines materials which are of commercial interest for producing smaller, faster, and more power-efficient computers and other devices Analyzes the theory behind magnetism in semiconductors and the growth of semiconductors for spintronics Details the properties of semiconductors for spintronics

Semiconductor Nanowires Book

Semiconductor Nanowires


  • Author : J Arbiol
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-03-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422631

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Semiconductor Nanowires Excerpt :

Semiconductor nanowires promise to provide the building blocks for a new generation of nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Semiconductor Nanowires: Materials, Synthesis, Characterization and Applications covers advanced materials for nanowires, the growth and synthesis of semiconductor nanowires—including methods such as solution growth, MOVPE, MBE, and self-organization. Characterizing the properties of semiconductor nanowires is covered in chapters describing studies using TEM, SPM, and Raman scattering. Applications of semiconductor nanowires are discussed in chapters focusing on solar cells, battery electrodes, sensors, optoelectronics and biology. Explores a selection of advanced materials for semiconductor nanowires Outlines key techniques for the property assessment and characterization of semiconductor nanowires Covers a broad range of applications across a number of fields

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics Book

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics


  • Author : Stergios Logothetidis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-12-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782420439

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Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics Excerpt :

Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials. Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods. Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems Book

Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems


  • Author : Jonathan Swingler
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-12-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422259

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Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems Excerpt :

This book takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering for electrical and electronic systems by looking at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability for a range of devices. The text describes the reliability behavior of electrical and electronic systems. It takes an empirical scientific approach to reliability engineering to facilitate a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation. After introducing the fundamentals and background to reliability theory, the text moves on to describe the methods of reliability analysis and charactersation across a wide range of applications. Takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering Looks at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability Facilitates a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation