Nanotechnology in Diagnosis  Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases Book

Nanotechnology in Diagnosis Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Mahendra Rai
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-05-23
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128014714

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Nanotechnology in Diagnosis Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases Excerpt :

Nanotechnology in Diagnosis, Treatment and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases delivers comprehensive coverage of the application of nanotechnology to pressing problems in infectious disease. This text equips readers with cutting-edge knowledge of promising developments and future prospects in nanotechnology, paying special attention to microbes that are now resistant to conventional antibiotics, a concerning problem in modern medicine. Readers will find a thorough discussion of this new approach to infectious disease treatment, including the reasons nanotechnology presents a promising avenue for the diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of infectious diseases. Provides a comprehensive overview of the use of nanotechnology in the treatment and diagnosis of infectious diseases Covers all common types of infective agents, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa, along with their vectors, ticks, mosquitoes, flies, etc. Delivers commentary from an international researcher base, providing insights across differing economic statuses Includes a foundation of basic nanotechnological concepts to aid in designing new strategies to combat several pathogenic diseases and cancer Illustrates the high antimicrobial potential of nanoparticles, ultimately demonstrating how they are a promising alternative class that can be successfully used in fighting a myriad of infections

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy Book

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy


  • Author : Anton Ficai
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-05-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 722
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323461511

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Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy Excerpt :

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

The Microbiology of Skin  Soft Tissue  Bone and Joint Infections Book

The Microbiology of Skin Soft Tissue Bone and Joint Infections


  • Author : Kateryna Kon
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128110935

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The Microbiology of Skin Soft Tissue Bone and Joint Infections Excerpt :

The Microbiology of Skin, Soft Tissue, Bone and Joint Infections: Volume 2 discusses modern approaches in diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of skin, soft tissue, bone, and joint infections. The volume has been divided into three sections. The first section includes chapters on diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of skin and soft tissue infections. It discusses antimicrobial and surgical treatment of wounds, diabetic foot, and different soft tissue infections. Ten chapters are devoted to cutaneous and musculoskeletal infections in special groups of patients, which have their own specificity, i.e. in pediatric and HIV-infected patients. Together with chapters on commonly present diseases, there are chapters which discuss interesting but not well studied pathologies (natal cleft pilonidal sinus) and pathogens (Malassezia and Shewanella spp.). The second section reviews etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of bone and joint infections, mainly osteomyelitis and prosthetic joint infections. Also, one chapter in this section discusses a newly emerging bacterial pathogen that causes skeletal infections, Kingella kingae. The third section incorporates alternative and new approaches—such as nanotechnology, ultrasound, novel delivery approaches and phyto-derived medicines—to the treatment and prophylaxis of skin, soft tissue, bone, and joint infections. Encompasses a broad range of skin, soft tissue, bone, and joint infections, including questions of etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prophylaxis Written by highly professional and eminent surgeons, microbiologists, and infectious disease specialists Discusses topics using modern insight, providing all necessary scientific information on each aspect Includes scientific understanding and practical guidelines, which make it interesting for both research scientists and practitioners working with skin, soft tissue, bone, and joint infections

Nanomaterials and Biomedicine Book

Nanomaterials and Biomedicine


  • Author : Ena Ray Banerjee
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-08-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811552748

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Nanomaterials and Biomedicine Excerpt :

This book comprehensively reviews the history of nanotechnology, and describes the physiochemical properties of various nanoparticles and their biomedical applications. Covering the biotoxicity of nanoparticles, their bio-distribution and release kinetics, and their role in diagnosis, pre-clinical drug discovery and disease prevention, it also examines the application of nanoscaffolds in tissue engineering and as cell culture templates. Further, the book discusses several fabrication methodologies for regenerative medicine, and explores nanotechnology-based stem cell therapeutics, including stem cell transfection, stem cell delivery, and stem cell expansion for promoting tissue regeneration. Lastly, it addresses the use of DNA barcoding technology from nanosamples for the detection, identification and validation of emerging pathogens, biodiversity and ancient remnants of living specimens, and highlights various strategies for the plant-mediated synthesis of nanoparticles. Given its scope, it is a valuable reference resource for graduate students and researchers interested in understanding the diverse range of biomedical applications of nanoparticles.

Nanotechnology Applications in Health and Environmental Sciences Book

Nanotechnology Applications in Health and Environmental Sciences


  • Author : Necdet Saglam
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 439
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030644109

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Nanotechnology Applications in Health and Environmental Sciences Excerpt :

Nanoscience and nanotechnologies are leading to a major point to our understanding of nature. Nanotechnology can be generally defined as creation and use of nano-sized systems, devices, and structures which have special functions or properties because of their small size. This volume on Nanotechnology Applications in Health and Environmental Sciences focuses on biotechnological and environmental applications of nanomaterials. It covers popular and various nanomedical topics such as oncology, genetics, and reconstructive medicine. Additionally, many chapters give leading-edge information on nano-sensor applications and usage in specific disciplines. Also, two chapters on novel subjects have been included on Lantibiotics and microbiota. This book should be useful for nanotechnologists, microbiologists, and researchers interested in nanomedicine and nano-biotechnology, as well as environmental nanotechnology.

Advances and Applications of Nano antimicrobial Treatments Book

Advances and Applications of Nano antimicrobial Treatments


  • Author : Mauro Pollini
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2018-07-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038423805

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Advances and Applications of Nano antimicrobial Treatments Excerpt :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Advances and Applications of Nano-antimicrobial Treatments" that was published in Materials

The Microbiology of Respiratory System Infections Book

The Microbiology of Respiratory System Infections


  • Author : Kateryna Kon
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-06-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128045763

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The Microbiology of Respiratory System Infections Excerpt :

The Microbiology of Respiratory System Infections reviews modern approaches in the diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of respiratory system infections. The book is very useful for researchers, scientists, academics, medical practitioners, graduate and postgraduate students, and specialists from pharmaceutical and laboratory diagnostic companies. The book has been divided into three sections according to the types of respiratory pathogens. The first section contains reviews on the most common and epidemiologically important respiratory viruses, such as influenza virus, severe acute respiratory system coronavirus, and recently discovered Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The second section is devoted to bacterial and fungal pathogens, which discusses etiology and pathogenesis including infections in patients with compromised immune system, and infections caused by fungal pathogens, such as Aspergillus and Pneumocystis. The third section incorporates treatment approaches against different types of bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract. This section reviews classical antimicrobial and phytomedical approaches as well as the application of nanotechnology against respiratory pathogens. Offers the most up to date information on the microbiology of lower respiratory system infections Features contributors from across the world, presenting questions of interest to readers of both developed and developing countries Reviews the most common and epidemiologically important respiratory viruses Discusses the etiology and pathogenesis of bacterial and fungal pathogens including infections in patients with compromised immune system, and infections caused by fungal pathogens, such as Aspergillus and Pneumocystis

Phytotoxicity of Nanoparticles Book

Phytotoxicity of Nanoparticles


  • Author : Mohammad Faisal
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 407
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319767086

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Phytotoxicity of Nanoparticles Excerpt :

This book provides relevant findings on nanoparticles’ toxicity, their uptake, translocation and mechanisms of interaction with plants at cellular and sub-cellular level. The small size and large specific surface area of nanoparticles endow them with high chemical reactivity and intrinsic toxicity. Such unique physicochemical properties draw global attention of scientists to study potential risks and adverse effects of nanoparticles in the environment. Their toxicity has pronounced effects and consequences for plants and ultimately the whole ecosystem. Plants growing in nanomaterials-polluted sites may exhibit altered metabolism, growth reduction, and lower biomass production. Nanoparticles can adhere to plant roots and exert physicochemical toxicity and subsequently cell death in plants. On the other hand, plants have developed various defense mechanisms against this induced toxicity. This books discusses recent findings as well as several unresolved issues and challenges regarding the interaction and biological effects of nanoparticles. Only detailed studies of these processes and mechanisms will allow researchers to understand the complex plant-nanomaterial interactions.

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy Book

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy


  • Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-04-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 920
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323461504

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Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy Excerpt :

Nanostructures for Cancer Therapy discusses the available preclinical and clinical nanoparticle technology platforms and their impact on cancer therapy, including current trends and developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapy and chemotherapeutics. In particular, coverage is given to the applications of gold nanoparticles and quantum dots in cancer therapies. In addition to the multifunctional nanomaterials involved in the treatment of cancer, other topics covered include nanocomposites that can target tumoral cells and the release of antitumoral therapeutic agents. The book is an up-to-date overview that covers the inorganic and organic nanostructures involved in the diagnostics and treatment of cancer. Provides an examination of nanoparticle delivery systems for cancer treatment, illustrating how the use of nanotechnology can help provide more effective chemotherapeutic treatments Examines, in detail, the different types of nanomaterials used in cancer therapy, also explaining the effect of each Provides a cogent overview of recent developments in the use of nanostructured materials in chemotherapeutics, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this area

Applications of Nanobiotechnology for Neglected Tropical Diseases Book

Applications of Nanobiotechnology for Neglected Tropical Diseases


  • Author : Fabio Rocha Formiga
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-02-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128211014

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Applications of Nanobiotechnology for Neglected Tropical Diseases Excerpt :

Applications of Nanobiotechnology for Neglected Tropical Diseases describes recent advances in nanobiotechnology that can be applied to reducing the global disease burden of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). The book explores the application of nanotechnology on the development of safe, effective, and reliable tools to prevent, diagnose, and treat NTDs. Furthermore, Applications of Nanobiotechnology for Neglected Tropical Diseases includes multidisciplinary content, combining knowledge from biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, material sciences, pharmacology, and pharmaceutics. The book is divided into three main parts, each outlining one major type of approach: (1) nano-based approaches for prevention, (2) nano-diagnostics and detection, and (3) nanotherapeutics. Each part contains chapters that delve into the different applications of the type of approach being presented in that part. A discussion of other approaches against NTD follows these three parts. This book is remarkable in its ability to encompass and thoroughly explain the latest techniques in nanobiotechnology, from basic research to patient-oriented investigation. Offers a broad overview of nanobiotechnology applied to the prevention, diagnostics, and treatment of NTDs Presents cutting-edge recent advances in nanobiotechnology, focusing on diseases reported by the World Health Organization’s NTDs Roadmap (e.g., leishmaniasis, malaria, schistosomiasis, filariasis, etc.) Provides a deep discussion about ground-breaking approaches designed to meet the medical needs of patients suffering from NTDs Gives examples of multidisciplinary investigations into NTDs, from research labs to clinics

Nanoscience Book

Nanoscience


  • Author : Neerish Revaprasadu
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2018-11-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 131
  • ISBN 10 : 9781788013710

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Nanoscience Excerpt :

The field of nanoscience continues to grow at an impressive rate and, with such a vast landscape of material, careful distillation of the most important discoveries will help researchers find the key information they require. Nanoscience Volume 5 provides a critical and comprehensive assessment of the most recent research and opinion from across the globe. Coverage includes diverse topics such as controlling chemistry of gold nanoparticles to dictate their cellular interactions, uptake and toxicity, use of metal complexes to prepare 2-D materials and nanoscale porphyrin superstructures. Anyone practising in any nano-allied field, or wishing to enter the nano-world will benefit from this resource, presenting the current thought and applications of nanoscience.

Nanotoxicology Book

Nanotoxicology


  • Author : Vineet Kumar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351138185

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Nanotoxicology Excerpt :

As the application of nanotechnology in the myriad disciplines of science and engineering--from agriculture, pharmaceuticals, material science, and biotechnology to sensors, electronics, and mechanical and electrical engineering--brings benefits it also can produce serious threats to human health and the environment that must be evaluated. The unique properties of nanomaterials make them different from their bulk counterparts. In addition to such unique properties, the nanometric size of nanomaterials can invite some detrimental effects on the health and well-being of living organisms and the environment. Thus, it is important to distinguish nanomaterials with such ill effects from nanomaterials with no or minimum toxicity. Nanotoxicology: Toxicity Evaluation, Risk Assessment and Management covers issues such as the basic principles of nanotoxicity, methods used for nanotoxicity evaluation, risk assessment and its management for nanomaterial toxicity with a focus on current trends, limitations, challenges, and future directions of nanotoxicity evaluation. Various experts from different countries discuss these issues in detail in this book. This will be helpful to researchers, educators, and students who are interested in research opportunities for avoiding the environmental and health hazards of nanomaterials. This book will also be useful for industrial practitioners, policy makers, and other professionals in the fields of toxicology, medicine, pharmacology, food, drugs, and other regulatory sciences.

Nanobiomaterials in Medical Imaging Book

Nanobiomaterials in Medical Imaging


  • Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2016-04-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323417389

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Nanobiomaterials in Medical Imaging Excerpt :

Nanobiomaterials in Medical Imaging presents the latest developments in medical exploratory approaches using nanotechnology. Leading researchers from around the world discuss recent progress and state-of-the-art techniques. The book covers synthesis and surface modification of multimodal imaging agents, popular examples of nanoparticles and their applications in different imaging techniques, and combinatorial therapy for the development of multifunctional nanocarriers. The advantages and potential of current techniques are also considered. This book will be of interest to postdoctoral researchers, professors and students engaged in the fields of materials science, biotechnology and applied chemistry. It will also be highly valuable to those working in industry, including pharmaceutics and biotechnology companies, medical researchers, biomedical engineers and advanced clinicians. A valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students working in biomedical, biotechnological and engineering fields A detailed guide to recent scientific progress, along with the latest application methods Presents innovative opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in nanomedicine and medical imaging

Textile Based Advanced Materials Book

Textile Based Advanced Materials


  • Author : Thomas Bechtold
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-03-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN 10 : 9783036504209

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Textile Based Advanced Materials Excerpt :

Developments in the science and technology of textiles are not only limited to apparel and fashion. Certainly, there are research efforts aimed at improving the construction and processing of textiles for clothing—such as studies on cleaner production to reduce environmental impact, increasing the utilization of fibers and process chemicals from renewable resources, and on the recycling of materials from post-consumer waste apparel back into the manufacturing of new clothing articles. In addition, technological concepts developed for the creation of clothing over the centuries are now being investigated for use in a diverse array of fields—such as in the manufacture of engineering composites, personal protective equipment, and medicine. Further, developments in other fields—such as electronics, nanotechnology, and information and communication technologies—are being investigated for their incorporation into apparel and clothing to create “smart textiles”. The aim of this Special Issue is to put together a collection of scientific reports on such efforts to highlight the range of scientific and technological issues that are being targeted and the ingenuity of the methodologies employed to find answers. It is hoped that readers of this issue will come away with an appreciation of the research being conducted in this area, and perhaps gain inspiration for their own scientific endeavors.