Natural Gas Hydrates Book

Natural Gas Hydrates


  • Author : John Carroll
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-05-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128223871

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Natural Gas Hydrates Excerpt :

Natural Gas Hydrates, Fourth Edition, provides a critical reference for engineers who are new to the field. Covering the fundamental properties, thermodynamics and behavior of hydrates in multiphase systems, this reference explains the basics before advancing to more practical applications, the latest developments and models. Updated sections include a new hydrate toolbox, updated correlations and computer methods. Rounding out with new case study examples, this new edition gives engineers an important tool to continue to control and mitigate hydrates in a safe and effective manner. Presents an updated reference with structured comparisons on hydrate calculation methods that are supported by practical case studies and a current list of inhibitor patents Provides a comprehensive understanding of new hydrate management strategies, particularly for multiphase pipeline operations Covers future challenges, such as carbon sequestration with simultaneous production of methane from hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates Book

Natural Gas Hydrates


  • Author : John Carroll
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-07-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 008057002X

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Natural Gas Hydrates Excerpt :

The petroleum industry spends millions of dollars every year to combat the formation of hydrates-the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules-that cause problems by plugging transmission lines and damaging equipment. They are a problem in the production, transmission and processing of natural gas, and it is even possible for them to form in the reservoir itself if the conditions are favorable. Natural Gas Hydrates is written for the field engineer working in the natural gas industry. This book explains how, when and where hydrates form, while providing the knowledge necessary to apply remedies in practical applications. New to the second edition, the use of new inhibitors: Kinetic Inhibitors and Anticoagulants and the topic of kinetics of hydrates. How fast do they form? How fast do they melt? New chapters on Hydrates in Nature, hydrates on the seafloor and a new section has also been added regarding the misconceptions about water dew points. Chapters on Hydrate Types and Formers, Computer Methods, Inhibiting Hydrate Formation with Chemicals, Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams Hydrate Dehydration of Natural Gas and Phase Diagrams have been expanded and updated along with the companion website. * Understand what gas hydrates are, how they form and what can be done to combat their formation * Avoid the same problems BP experienced with clogged pipelines * Presents the four most common approaches to evaluate hydrates: heat, depressurization, inhibitor chemicals, and dehydration.

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance Book

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance


  • Author : Carolyn Ann Koh
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-10-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 185617946X

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Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance Excerpt :

With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Methane Gas Hydrate Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Methane Gas Hydrate


  • Author : Ayhan Demirbas
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-02-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 9781848828728

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Methane Gas Hydrate Excerpt :

Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Hydrates of Natural Gas Book

Hydrates of Natural Gas


  • Author : I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon
  • Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
  • Release Date : 1981
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 237
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015002937566

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Hydrates of Natural Gas Excerpt :

Oceanic Methane Hydrates Book

Oceanic Methane Hydrates


  • Author : Lin Chen
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-01-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128185667

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Oceanic Methane Hydrates Excerpt :

Methane hydrates are still a complicated target for today’s oil and gas offshore engineers, particularly the lack of reliable real field test data or obtaining the most recent technology available on the feasibility and challenges surrounding the extraction of methane hydrates. Oceanic Methane Hydrates delivers the solid foundation as well as today’s advances and challenges that remain. Starting with the fundamental knowledge on gas hydrates, the authors define the origin, estimations, and known exploration and production methods. Historical and current oil and gas fields and roadmaps containing methane hydrates around the world are also covered to help lay the foundation for the early career engineer. Lab experiments and advancements in numerical reservoir simulations transition the engineer from research to practice with real field-core sampling techniques covered, points on how to choose producible methane hydrate reservoirs, and the importance of emerging technologies. Actual comparable onshore tests from around the world are included to help the engineer gain clarity on field expectations. Rounding out the reference are emerging technologies in all facets of the business including well completion and monitoring, economics aspects to consider, and environmental challenges, particularly methods to reduce the costs of methane hydrate exploration and production techniques. Rounding out a look at future trends, Oceanic Methane Hydrates covers both the basics and advances needed for today’s engineers to gain the required knowledge needed to tackle this challenging and exciting future energy source. Understand real data and practice examples covering the newest developments of methane hydrate, from chemical, reservoir modelling and production testing Gain worldwide coverage and analysis of the most recent extraction production tests Cover the full range of emerging technologies and environmental sustainability including current regulations and policy outlook

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases


  • Author : E. Dendy Sloan Jr.
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2007-09-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420008494

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Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases Excerpt :

Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas cla

Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate Book

Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate


  • Author : Michael D. Max
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-07-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402039720

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Economic Geology of Natural Gas Hydrate Excerpt :

This book is a companion to “Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments” (Max, 2000, 2003), which is the first book on gas hydrate in this series. Although other gases can naturally form clathrate hydrates (referred to after as ‘hydrate’), we are concerned here only with hydrocarbon gases that form hydrates. The most important of these natural gases is methane. Whereas the first book is a general introduction to the subject of natural gas hydrate, this book focuses on the geology and geochemical controls of gas hydrate development and on gas extraction from naturally occurring hydrocarbon hydrates. This is the first broad treatment of gas hydrate as a natural resource within an economic geological framework. This book is written mainly to stand alone for brevity and to minimize duplication. Information in Max (2000; 2003) should also be consulted for completeness. Hydrate is a type of clathrate (Sloan, 1998) that is formed from a cage structure of water molecules in which gas molecules occupying void sites within the cages stabilize the structure through van der Waals or hydrogen bonding.

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis Book

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis


  • Author : Ahmet C. Yalçiner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401002059

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Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis Excerpt :

Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.

Natural Gas Hydrate Book

Natural Gas Hydrate


  • Author : M.D. Max
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401143875

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Natural Gas Hydrate Excerpt :

1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons Book

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons


  • Author : IUrii Federovich Makogon
  • Publisher : Pennwell Corporation
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN 10 : 0878147187

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Hydrates of Hydrocarbons Excerpt :

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons is the first book to address methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. The book provides solutions formulated for drilling, pipeline, and chemical engineers in both the onshore and offshore environments, as well as educators in advanced petroleum and chemical engineering courses. It also offers timely information on the use of hydrate properties in new technologies and the production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits.

Exploration of Gas Hydrates Book

Exploration of Gas Hydrates


  • Author : Naresh Kumar Thakur
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642142345

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Exploration of Gas Hydrates Excerpt :

Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments Book

Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments


  • Author : M.D. Max
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2003-05-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN 10 : 1402013620

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Natural Gas Hydrate in Oceanic and Permafrost Environments Excerpt :

This is the first book published on the emerging research field of naturally occurring gas hydrates (focusing on methane hydrate) that is not primarily a physical chemistry textbook. This book is designed as a broad introduction to the field of hydrate science, demonstrating the significance of the hydrate cycle to energy resource potential, seafloor stability, and global climate and climate change, along with other issues. The best known hydrate localities are described, as are research and laboratory methods and results. The book consists of chapters grouped in related themes that present up-to-date information on methane hydrate. Each of the contributing authors is expert in hydrate science and most have been carrying out research in hydrate for a considerable time. Audience: This book will be an important source of information for marine geologists, geophysicists, geochemists, and petroleum geologists and regulators. It is also intended as a graduate-level textbook.

World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins Book

World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins


  • Author : Jürgen Mienert
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2021-12-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN 10 : 3030811859

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World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins Excerpt :

This world atlas presents a comprehensive overview of the gas-hydrate systems of our planet with contributions from esteemed international researchers from academia, governmental institutions and hydrocarbon industries. The book illustrates, describes and discusses gas hydrate systems, their geophysical evidence and their future prospects for climate change and continental margin geohazards from passive to active margins. This includes passive volcanic to non-volcanic margins including glaciated and non-glaciated margins from high to low latitudes. Shallow submarine gas hydrates allow a glimpse into the past from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to modern environmental conditions to predict potential changes in future stability conditions while deep submarine gas hydrates remained more stable. This demonstrates their potential for rapid reactions for some gas hydrate provinces to a warming world, as well as helping to identify future prospects for environmental research. Three-dimensional and high-resolution seismic imaging technologies provide new insights into fluid flow systems in continental margins, enabling the identification of gas and gas escape routes to the seabed within gas hydrate environments, where seabed habitats may flourish. The volume contains a method section detailing the seismic imaging and logging while drilling techniques used to characterize gas hydrates and related dynamic processes in the sub seabed. This book is unique, as it goes well beyond the geophysical monograph series of natural gas hydrates and textbooks on marine geophysics. It also emphasizes the potential for gas hydrate research across a variety of disciplines. Observations of bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs) in 2D and 3D seismic reflection data combined with velocity analysis, electromagnetic investigations and gas-hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) modelling, provide the necessary insights for academic interests and hydrocarbon industries to understand the potential extent and vo