Neurobiology of Alcohol and the Brain Book

Neurobiology of Alcohol and the Brain


  • Author : Ashok K. Singh
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-01
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128198919

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Neurobiology of Alcohol and the Brain Excerpt :

Neurobiology of Alcohol and the Brain addresses addiction related problems, reviewing both mechanisms and withdrawal systems surrounding alcohol addiction. Chapters discuss mechanisms of rewarding, aversive effects, alcohol’s interaction with other drugs (and ensuing adverse consequences), and current and novel treatments. Lastly, the reader is provided with examples of an experimental study that describes the possible protective effects of gold nanoparticles against alcohol addiction in rats subjected to alcohol self-administration. Provides an exhaustive overview of neurobiology of alcohol addiction, including significant recent advances Discusses the mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of alcohol-drug mixtures Includes recent experimental studies on gold nanoparticles

Neuroscience of Alcohol Book

Neuroscience of Alcohol


  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128131268

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Neuroscience of Alcohol Excerpt :

Neuroscience of Alcohol: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of alcohol addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of alcohol research, treatment and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of alcohol misuse. Alcohol is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, with about two billion individuals worldwide consuming it in one form or another and three million annual deaths that are associated with alcohol misuse. Alcohol alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition. Moreover, addiction to alcohol can lead to numerous other health concerns and damage virtually every organ system in the body, making diagnosis and treatment of individuals addicted to alcohol of critical importance. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of alcohol use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses alcohol use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions Outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for alcohol misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of alcohol use and withdrawals to provide a fully-formed view of alcohol dependency and its effects

Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence Book

Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence


  • Author : Antonio Noronha
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-05-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124071551

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Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence Excerpt :

Recent scientific advances have provided substantial information on the brain circuits and pathways relevant to various aspects of dependence. Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence highlights the most recent data at the molecular, cellular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels, fostering an understanding how neuroplasticity and neuroadaptation occur, and how different neural pathways and neurocircuits contribute to dependence. Highlights recent advances in understanding alcohol addiction from molecular, cellular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels Integrates several emerging areas of research and discusses the application of novel research techniques to the understanding of alcohol dependence Chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe — the broadest, most expert coverage available

Addiction Book

Addiction


  • Author : Gene M. Heyman
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-10-15
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 9780674053991

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Addiction Excerpt :

In a book sure to inspire controversy, Gene Heyman argues that conventional wisdom about addiction - that it is a disease, a compulsion beyond conscious control - is wrong. At the heart of Heyman's analysis is a startling view of choice and motivation that applies to all choices, not just the choice to use drugs. Heyman’s analysis of well-established but frequently ignored research leads to unexpected insights into how we make choices - from obesity to McMansionization - all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to consume too much of whatever we like best.

Never Enough Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Never Enough


  • Author : Judith Grisel
  • Publisher : Anchor
  • Release Date : 2020-01-14
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN 10 : 9780525434900

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Never Enough Excerpt :

A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER From a renowned behavioral neuroscientist and recovering addict, a rare page-turning work of science that draws on personal insights to reveal how drugs work, the dangerous hold they can take on the brain, and the surprising way to combat today's epidemic of addiction. Judith Grisel was a daily drug user and college dropout when she began to consider that her addiction might have a cure, one that she herself could perhaps discover by studying the brain. Now, after twenty-five years as a neuroscientist, she shares what she and other scientists have learned about addiction, enriched by captivating glimpses of her personal journey. In Never Enough, Grisel reveals the unfortunate bottom line of all regular drug use: there is no such thing as a free lunch. All drugs act on the brain in a way that diminishes their enjoyable effects and creates unpleasant ones with repeated use. Yet they have their appeal, and Grisel draws on anecdotes both comic and tragic from her own days of using as she limns the science behind the love of various drugs, from marijuana to alcohol, opiates to psychedelics, speed to spice. With more than one in five people over the age of fourteen addicted, drug abuse has been called the most formidable health problem worldwide, and Grisel delves with compassion into the science of this scourge. She points to what is different about the brains of addicts even before they first pick up a drink or drug, highlights the changes that take place in the brain and behavior as a result of chronic using, and shares the surprising hidden gifts of personality that addiction can expose. She describes what drove her to addiction, what helped her recover, and her belief that a “cure” for addiction will not be found in our individual brains but in the way we interact with our communities. Set apart by its color, candor, and bell-clear writing, Never Enough is a revelatory look at the roles drugs play in all of our lives and offers crucial

Alcohol Book

Alcohol


  • Author : George F. Koob
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-07
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128167946

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Alcohol Excerpt :

A current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction is detailed in our Neurobiology of Addiction series, each volume addressing a specific area of addiction. ALCOHOL, Volume 3 in the series, explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain responsible for alcohol addiction using the heuristic three-stage cycle framework of binge/intoxication, withdrawal/negative affect, and preoccupation/anticipation. Outlines the history and behavioral mechanism of action of alcohol relevant to the neurobiology of alcohol addiction Includes neurocircuitry, cellular, and molecular neurobiological mechanisms of alcohol addiction in each stage of the addiction cycle Explores evolving areas of research associated with all three stages of the alcohol addiction cycle, including neurobiological studies of neurodevelopmental effects of early exposure to alcohol, sleep disturbances caused by alcohol, pain interactions with alcohol, sex differences in the response to alcohol, and epigenetic/genetic interactions with alcohol.

Alcohol Research   Health Book

Alcohol Research Health


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Alcoholism
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : PSU:000048443746

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Alcohol Research Health Excerpt :

Alcohol and the Nervous System Book

Alcohol and the Nervous System


  • Author : Edith V. Sullivan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444626226

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Alcohol and the Nervous System Excerpt :

Alcohol is the most widely used drug in the world, yet alcoholism remains a serious addiction affecting nearly 20 million Americans. Our current understanding of alcohol's effect on brain structure and related functional damage is being revolutionized by genetic research, basic neuroscience, brain imaging science, and systematic study of cognitive, sensory, and motor abilities. Volume 125 of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology is a comprehensive, in-depth treatise of studies on alcohol and the brain covering the basic understanding of alcohol's effect on the central nervous system, the diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism, and prospect for recovery. The chapters within will be of interest to clinical neurologists, neuropsychologists, and researchers in all facets and levels of the neuroscience of alcohol and alcoholism. The first focused reference specifically on alcohol and the brain Details our current understanding of how alcohol impacts the central nervous system Covers clinical and social impact of alcohol abuse disorders and the biomedical consequences of alcohol abuse Includes section on neuroimaging of neurochemical markers and brain function

Drugs  Addiction  and the Brain Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Drugs Addiction and the Brain


  • Author : George F. Koob
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-12
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123869593

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Drugs Addiction and the Brain Excerpt :

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Neurobiology of Addiction Book

Neurobiology of Addiction


  • Author : George F. Koob
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2005-11-11
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080497372

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Neurobiology of Addiction Excerpt :

Neurobiology of Addiction is conceived as a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction over the past 50 years. The book includes a scholarly introduction, thorough descriptions of animal models of addiction, and separate chapters on the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction for psychostimulants, opioids, alcohol, nicotine and cannabinoids. Key information is provided about the history, sources, and pharmacokinetics and psychopathology of addiction of each drug class, as well as the behavioral and neurobiological mechanism of action for each drug class at the molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry level of analysis. A chapter on neuroimaging and drug addiction provides a synthesis of exciting new data from neuroimaging in human addicts — a unique perspective unavailable from animal studies. The final chapters explore theories of addiction at the neurobiological and neuroadaptational level both from a historical and integrative perspective. The book incorporates diverse finding with an emphasis on integration and synthesis rather than discrepancies or differences in the literature. · Presents a unique perspective on addiction that emphasizes molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry changes in the transition to addiction · Synthesizes diverse findings on the neurobiology of addiction to provide a heuristic framework for future work · Features extensive documentation through numerous original figures and tables that that will be useful for understanding and teaching

Textbook of Addiction Treatment Book

Textbook of Addiction Treatment


  • Author : Nady el-Guebaly
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-11-03
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1547
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030363918

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Textbook of Addiction Treatment Excerpt :

Addiction is increasingly being recognized as a major global public health issue, and an ever-growing number of medical specialties, psychological and social science training programs, and professional associations are including addiction as part of their training and continuing education curricula. The first edition of this book presented an overview of the spectrum of addiction-related problems across different cultures around the globe. Sharing the experience and wisdom of more than 260 leading experts in the field, and promoted by the International Society of Addiction Medicine, it compared and contrasted clinical practices in the field of addiction medicine on the basis of neurobiological similarities as well as epidemiological and socio-cultural differences. Building on the success of this inaugural edition, and taking into account the formal and informal comments received as well as an assessment of current need, this textbook presents general updated information while retaining the most requested sections of the first edition as demonstrated by the number of chapter downloads. It also provides a basic text for those preparing for the ISAM annual certification exam. Written by some 220 international experts, it is a valuable reference resource for anyone interested in medicine, psychology, nursing, and social science.

The Science of Addiction  From Neurobiology to Treatment Book

The Science of Addiction From Neurobiology to Treatment


  • Author : Carlton K. Erickson
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release Date : 2007-02-17
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 0393076229

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The Science of Addiction From Neurobiology to Treatment Excerpt :

Runner-up winner of the Hamilton Book Author Award, this book is a comprehensive overview of the neurobiology behind addictions. Neuroscience is clarifying the causes of compulsive alcohol and drug use––while also shedding light on what addiction is, what it is not, and how it can best be treated––in exciting and innovative ways. Current neurobiological research complements and enhances the approaches to addiction traditionally taken in social work and psychology. However, this important research is generally not presented in a forthright, jargon-free way that clearly illustrates its relevance to addiction professionals. The Science of Addiction presents a comprehensive overview of the roles that brain function and genetics play in addiction. It explains in an easy-to-understand way changes in the terminology and characterization of addiction that are emerging based upon new neurobiological research. The author goes on to describe the neuroanatomy and function of brain reward sites, and the genetics of alcohol and other drug dependence. Chapters on the basic pharmacology of stimulants and depressants, alcohol, and other drugs illustrate the specific and unique ways in which the brain and the central nervous system interact with, and are affected by, each of these substances Erickson discusses current and emerging treatments for chemical dependence, and how neuroscience helps us understand the way they work. The intent is to encourage an understanding of the body-mind connection. The busy clinical practitioner will find the chapter on how to read and interpret new research findings on the neurobiological basis of addiction useful and illuminating. This book will help the almost 21.6 million Americans, and millions more worldwide, who abuse or are dependent on drugs by teaching their caregivers (or them) about the latest addiction science research. It is also intended to help addiction professionals understand the foundations and applications of neuroscience,

Alcohol and Alcoholism Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Alcohol and Alcoholism


  • Author : John H. Hannigan
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1999-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135683993

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Alcohol and Alcoholism Excerpt :

This is the first volume that focuses on the lifespan neurobehavioral factors likely to determine susceptibility to alcohol abuse and its consequences. The chapters offer careful analysis of the effects of ethanol on the fetus, the infant, the adolescent, and the adult. The authors include behavioral neuroscientists and clinical neuropsychologists. Their topics range from the neurochemical and neuroanatomical consequences of prenatal alcohol to the cognitive consequences of prenatal alcohol on preschool and school-age children. The impact of genetics on sensitivity to alcohol is considered in terms of analytic tests using techniques of behavioral genetics and molecular biology. The consequences of exposure to alcohol during breastfeeding are described in experiments with human infants. The alcoholism that develops in adulthood is analyzed through the experimental study of relapse from alcohol deprivation and assessment of neuropsychological impairments and treatment for alcoholics. Drawing on extensive research that has applied techniques from molecular neurobiology and tests of learning and memory to the clinical assessment and treatment of alcoholics. The volume answers recent questions raised by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the National Institute of Drug Abuse about the role of early experience in susceptibility to later abuse of alcohol and other drugs. Although epidemiological studies can describe the problem, solutions in terms of mechanisms that mediate these effects will be found only with the kinds of experimentally oriented approaches the chapter authors describe.

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction Book

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction


  • Author : Stephen J. Wilson
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-07-07
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118472248

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The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction Excerpt :

This volume provides a thorough and up-to-date synthesis of the expansive and highly influential literature from the last 30 years by bringing together contributions from leading authorities in the field, with emphasis placed on the most commonly investigated drugs of abuse. Emphasises the most commonly investigated drugs of abuse, including alcohol, cocaine, nicotine, and opiates Brings together the work of the leading authorities in all major areas of the field Provides novel coverage of cutting-edge methods for using cognitive neuroscience to advance the treatment of addiction, including real-time neurofeedback and brain stimulation methods Includes new material on emerging themes and future directions in the use of cognitive neuroscience to advance addiction science

Molecular Neurobiology of Addiction Recovery Book

Molecular Neurobiology of Addiction Recovery


  • Author : Kenneth Blum
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-05-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461472308

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Molecular Neurobiology of Addiction Recovery Excerpt :

Humans are biologically programmed to seek out pleasurable experiences. These experiences are processed in the mesolimbic system, also referred to as the "reward center" of the brain, where a number of chemical messengers work in concert to provide a net release of dopamine in the Nucleus Accumbens. In some genetically predisposed individuals, addiction occurs when the mechanisms of the mesolimbic system are disrupted by the use of various drugs of abuse. Since Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in 1935, it's 12 step program of spiritual and character development has helped countless alcoholics and drug addicts curb their self-destructive behaviors. However, the program was developed at a time when comparatively little was known about the function of the brain and it has never been studied scientifically. This is the first book to take a systematic look at the molecular neurobiology associated with each of the 12 steps and to review the significant body of addiction research literature that is pertinent to the program.​