Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Book
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Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Author : Raymond P. Kesner
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-07-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN 10 : 0080479677

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Excerpt :

The first edition of Neurobiology of Learning and Memory was published in 1998 to rave reviews. As before, this second edition will discuss anatomy, development, systems, and models though the organization and content is substantially changed reflecting advances in the field. Including information from both animal and human studies, this book represents an up-to-date review of the most important concepts associated with the basic mechanism that support learning and memory, theoretical developments, use of computational models, and application to real world problems. The emphasis of each chapter will be the presentation of cutting-edge research on the topic, the development of a theoretical perspective, and providing an outline that will aid a student in understanding the most important concepts presented in the chapter. *New material covers basal ganglia, cerebellum, prefrontal cortex, and fear conditioning *Additional information available on applied issues (i.e., degenerative disease, aging, and enhancement of memory) *Each chapter includes an outline to assist student understanding of challenging concepts *Four-color illustrations throughout

The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Book

The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • Author : Jerry W. Rudy
  • Publisher : Sinauer Associates
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 435
  • ISBN 10 : 1605352306

The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory Excerpt :

To understand how the brain learns and remembers requires an integration of psychological concepts and behavioral methods with mechanisms of synaptic plasticity and systems neuroscience. The Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Second Edition provides a synthesis of this interdisciplinary field. Each chapter makes the key concepts transparent and accessible to a reader with minimal background in either neurobiology or psychology and is extensively illustrated with full-color photographs and figures depicting important concepts and experimental data. Like the First Edition, the Second Edition is organized into three parts. However, each part has been expanded to include new chapters or reorganized to incorporate new findings and concepts. Part One introduces the idea that synapses modified by experience provide the basis for memory storage. It next describes the long- term potentiation methodology used to study how synapses are modified and concepts needed to understand the organization of synapses. The remaining chapters are organized around the idea that the synaptic changes that support long-term potentiation evolve in four overlapping stages referred to as (a) generation, (b) stabilization, (c) consolidation, and (d) maintenance. The goal of each chapter is to reveal that each stage depends on unique molecular processes and to describe what they are. Part Two builds on this foundation to show how molecules and cellular processes that have been identified from studies of synaptic plasticity also participate in the making of memories. It discusses some of the basic conceptual issues researchers face in trying to relate memory to synaptic molecules and describes some of the behavioral and neurobiological methods that are used. The chapters describing the processes involved in memory formation and consolidation have been extensively modified to provide a more detailed account of the molecular events that are engaged to ensure that establ

The Neurobiology of Learning Book

The Neurobiology of Learning

  • Author : John H. Schumann
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-04-04
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135619527

The Neurobiology of Learning Excerpt :

This book constitutes a timely contribution to the existing literature by presenting a relatively comprehensive, neurobiological account of certain aspects of second language acquisition. It represents the collaborative efforts of members of the Neurobiology of Language Research Group in the Applied Linguistics and TESL Department at UCLA. Members of the group are trained in neurobiology and then use this knowledge to develop biological accounts of various aspects of applied linguistics. The volume avoids the corticocentric bias that characterizes many brain-language publications--both cortical and subcortical structures receive their appropriate attention. In addition, it demonstrates that enough is presently known about the brain to inform our conceptualizations of how humans acquire second languages, thus, it provides a refreshingly novel, highly integrative contribution to the (second) language acquisition literature. The goal of the research program was based on the need to draw more links between the neurobiological mechanisms and second language acquisition. As such, the book promotes a neurobiology of language that starts with the brain and moves to behavior. The fundamental insights presented should guide second language acquisition researchers for years to come.

Discovering the Brain Book

Discovering the Brain

  • Author : National Academy of Sciences
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1992-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309045292

Discovering the Brain Excerpt :

The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the Brain is based on the Institute of Medicine conference, Decade of the Brain: Frontiers in Neuroscience and Brain Research. Discovering the Brain is a "field guide" to the brain--an easy-to-read discussion of the brain's physical structure and where functions such as language and music appreciation lie. Ackerman examines How electrical and chemical signals are conveyed in the brain. The mechanisms by which we see, hear, think, and pay attention--and how a "gut feeling" actually originates in the brain. Learning and memory retention, including parallels to computer memory and what they might tell us about our own mental capacity. Development of the brain throughout the life span, with a look at the aging brain. Ackerman provides an enlightening chapter on the connection between the brain's physical condition and various mental disorders and notes what progress can realistically be made toward the prevention and treatment of stroke and other ailments. Finally, she explores the potential for major advances during the "Decade of the Brain," with a look at medical imaging techniques--what various technologies can and cannot tell us--and how the public and private sectors can contribute to continued advances in neuroscience. This highly readable volume will provide the public and policymakers--and many scientists as well--with a helpful guide to understanding the many discoveries that are sure to be announced throughout the "Decade of the Brain."

Learning and Memory  A Comprehensive Reference Book

Learning and Memory A Comprehensive Reference

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 2402
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128052914

Learning and Memory A Comprehensive Reference Excerpt :

Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, Second Edition is the authoritative resource for scientists and students interested in all facets of learning and memory. This updated edition includes chapters that reflect the state-of-the-art of research in this area. Coverage of sleep and memory has been significantly expanded, while neuromodulators in memory processing, neurogenesis and epigenetics are also covered in greater detail. New chapters have been included to reflect the massive increase in research into working memory and the educational relevance of memory research. No other reference work covers so wide a territory and in so much depth. Provides the most comprehensive and authoritative resource available on the study of learning and memory and its mechanisms Incorporates the expertise of over 150 outstanding investigators in the field, providing a ‘one-stop’ resource of reputable information from world-leading scholars with easy cross-referencing of related articles to promote understanding and further research Includes further reading for each chapter that helps readers continue their research Includes a glossary of key terms that is helpful for users who are unfamiliar with neuroscience terminology

The Neurobiology of Memory Book

The Neurobiology of Memory

  • Author : Department of Neurobiology Yadin Dudai
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : UVA:X001650036

The Neurobiology of Memory Excerpt :

This is the first book on the neurobiology of learning and memory that covers comprehensively all levels of analysis, from molecules to brain, in both invertebrates and vertebrates, from molluscs to man. The book addresses in a provocative, stimulating, and lucid manner the major questions, concepts, and experimental approaches in the biology of learning and memory, and describes, analyses, and integrates recent findings and hypotheses. The result is a fascinating, clear, and balanced picture of the state of the art at one of the frontiers of brain research.

Neural Plasticity and Memory Book

Neural Plasticity and Memory

  • Author : Federico Bermudez-Rattoni
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2007-04-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 1420008412

Neural Plasticity and Memory Excerpt :

A comprehensive, multidisciplinary review, Neural Plasticity and Memory: From Genes to Brain Imaging provides an in-depth, up-to-date analysis of the study of the neurobiology of memory. Leading specialists share their scientific experience in the field, covering a wide range of topics where molecular, genetic, behavioral, and brain imaging techniques have been used to investigate how cellular and brain circuits may be modified by experience. In each chapter, researchers present findings and explain their innovative methodologies. The book begins by introducing key issues and providing a historical overview of the field of memory consolidation. The following chapters review the putative genetic and molecular mechanisms of cell plasticity, elaborating on how experience could induce gene and protein expression and describing their role in synaptic plasticity underlying memory formation. They explore how putative modifications of brain circuits and synaptic elements through experience can become relatively permanent and hence improve brain function. Interdisciplinary reviews focus on how nerve cell circuitry, molecular expression, neurotransmitter release, and electrical activity are modified during the acquisition and consolidation of long-term memory. The book also covers receptor activation/deactivation by different neurotransmitters that enable the intracellular activation of second messengers during memory formation. It concludes with a summary of current research on the modulation and regulation that different neurotransmitters and stress hormones have on formation and consolidation of memory.

Gateway to Memory Book

Gateway to Memory

  • Author : Mark A. Gluck
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN 10 : 0262571528

Gateway to Memory Excerpt :

This book is for students and researchers who have a specific interest in learning and memory and want to understand how computational models can be integrated into experimental research on the hippocampus and learning. It emphasizes the function of brain structures as they give rise to behavior, rather than the molecular or neuronal details. It also emphasizes the process of modeling, rather than the mathematical details of the models themselves. The book is divided into two parts. The first part provides a tutorial introduction to topics in neuroscience, the psychology of learning and memory, and the theory of neural network models. The second part, the core of the book, reviews computational models of how the hippocampus cooperates with other brain structures -- including the entorhinal cortex, basal forebrain, cerebellum, and primary sensory and motor cortices -- to support learning and memory in both animals and humans. The book assumes no prior knowledge of computational modeling or mathematics. For those who wish to delve more deeply into the formal details of the models, there are optional "mathboxes" and appendices. The book also includes extensive references and suggestions for further readings.

Concise Learning and Memory Book

Concise Learning and Memory

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-05-25
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 888
  • ISBN 10 : 0080877869

Concise Learning and Memory Excerpt :

The study of learning and memory is a central topic in neuroscience and psychology. Many of the basic research findings are directly applicable in the treatment of diseases and aging phenomena, and have found their way into educational theory and praxis. Concise Learning and Memory represents the best 30 chapters from Learning and Memory: A comprehensive reference (Academic Press March 2008), the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, selected by one of the most respective scientists in the field, John H. Byrne. This concise version provides a truly authoritative collection of overview articles representing fundamental reviews of our knowledge of this central cognitive function of animal brains. It will be an affordable and accessible reference for scientists and students in all areas of neuroscience and psychology. There is no other single-volume reference with such authority and comprehensive coverage and depth currently available. * Represents an authoritative selection of the fundamental chapters from the most comprehensive source of information about learning and memory ever assembled, Learning and Memory - A comprehensive reference (Academic Press Mar 2008) * Representing outstanding scholarship, each chapter is written by a leader in the field and an expert in the topic area * All topics represent the most up to date research * Full color throughout, heavily illustrated * Priced to provide an affordable reference to individuals and workgroups

Learning and Memory Book

Learning and Memory

  • Author : Eric R. Kandel
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015-06-30
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 1621820912

Learning and Memory Excerpt :

We learn and remember information by modifying synaptic connections in the neuronal networks of our brain. Depending on the type of information being stored, these changes occur in different regions and different circuits of the brain. The underlying circuit mechanisms are beginning to be understood. These mechanisms are capable of storing or reconstructing memories for periods ranging up to a lifetime, but they are also error-prone, as memories can be distorted or lost. Written and edited by experts in the field, this collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology examines important aspects of the neurobiology of learning and memory. Contributors review the various types of memory and the anatomical architectures and specialized cells involved. The induction of synaptic and cell-wide changes during memory encoding, the transcriptional and translational programs required for memory stabilization, the molecular signals that actively maintain memories, and the activation of neural ensembles during memory retrieval are comprehensively covered. The authors also discuss the model organisms and state-of-the-art technologies used to elucidate these processes. This volume will serve as a valuable reference for all neurobiologists and biomedical scientists as well as for cognitive and computational neuroscientists wishing to explore the remarkable phenomena of learning and memory.

Principles of Learning and Memory Book

Principles of Learning and Memory

  • Author : Rainer H. Kluwe
  • Publisher : Birkhäuser
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9783034880305

Principles of Learning and Memory Excerpt :

Principles of Learning and Memory presents state-of-the-art reviews that cover the experimental analysis of behavior, as well as the biological basis of learning and memory, and that overcome traditional borders separating disciplines. The resulting chapters present and evaluate core findings of human learning and memory that are obtained in different fields of research and on different levels of analysis. The reader will acquire a broad and integrated perspective of human learning and memory based on current approaches in this domain.

Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory Book

Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory

  • Author : Robert E. Clark
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319787572

Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory Excerpt :

‘Behavioral Neuroscience of Learning and Memory’ brings together the opinions and expertise of some of the world’s foremost neuroscientists in the field of learning and memory research. The volume provides a broad coverage of contemporary research and thinking in this field, focusing both on well established topics such as the medial temporal lobe memory system, as well as emerging areas of research such as the role of memory in decision making and the mechanisms of perceptual learning. Key intersecting themes include the molecular and cellular mechanisms of memory formation, the multiplicity of memory systems in the brain, and the way in which technological innovation is driving discovery. Unusually for a volume of this kind, this volume brings together research from both humans and animals—often relatively separate areas of discourse—to give a more comprehensive and integrated view of the field. The book will be of interest to both established researchers who wish to broaden their knowledge of topics outside of their specific areas of expertise, and for students who need a resource to help them make sense of the vast scientific literature on this subject.

Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory Book

Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory

  • Author : Alfredo Meneses
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-11-23
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124167117

Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory Excerpt :

Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory is a fresh and novel volume of memory study, providing up-to-date and comprehensive information for both students and researchers focused on the identification of neural markers accompanying memory. Contributions by experts in specific areas of memory study provide background on and definitions of memory, memory alterations, and the brain areas involved in memory and its related processes, such as consolidation, retrieval, forgetting, amnesia, and antiamnesiac effects. With coverage of the principal neurotransmitters related to memory, brain disorders presenting memory alterations, and available treatments—and with discussion of neural markers as new targets for the treatment of memory alterations—Identification of Neural Markers Accompanying Memory is a necessary and timely work for researchers in this growing field. Discusses the alterations of memory in diverse diseases Includes coverage from a basic introduction of memory investigation Reviews brain areas and neurotransmitters involved in memory Discusses behavioral models of memory Contains novel insights into the complexity of signaling and memory Includes the neuropharmacological and neurobiological bases of memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Book

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

  • Author : Martin Giurfa
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-06-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128071519

Invertebrate Learning and Memory Excerpt :

The behavior of insects transcends elementary forms of adaptive responding to environmental changes. We discuss examples of exploration, instrumental and observational learning, expectation, learning in a social context, and planning of future actions. We show that learning about sensory cues allows insects to transfer flexibly their responses to novel stimuli attaining thereby different levels of complexity, from basic generalization to categorization and concept learning consistent with rule extraction. We argue that updating of existing memories requires multiple forms of memory processing. A key element in these processes is working memory, an active form of memory considered to allow evaluation of actions on the basis of expected outcome. We discuss which of these cognitive faculties can be traced to specific neural processes and how they relate to the overall organization of the insect brain.

Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Schizophrenia Book

Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Schizophrenia

  • Author : Ahmed A. Moustafa
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-13
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323903066

Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Schizophrenia Excerpt :

According to the World Health Organization, schizophrenia affects more than 21 million people worldwide, causing distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language, sense of self, behavior, and hallucinations. Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Schizophrenia provides an overview of topics and theories related to cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. This book discusses what schizophrenia is and its relationship with the cognitive domains including, but not limited to, learning, working memory, attention, and both deductive and inductive reasoning. This book also reviews theories as to why some individuals develop schizophrenia following cannabis and amphetamine abuse and how these relate to additional cognitive problems. The book further discusses recent topics related to religious delusions in psychotic patients, impact of sleep on psychosis, how urban life increases the likelihood of developing schizophrenia, as well as sexual dysfunction in schizophrenia patients. Unlike other books, Cognitive and Behavioral Dysfunction in Schizophrenia covers many cognitive domains related to the occurrence and development of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Advanced students and researchers in cognitive and behavioral neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy will find it useful for a well-rounded understanding of the subject. Covers neural and behavioral studies addressing the symptomology of schizophrenia Discusses recent studies of the relationship between cognition and schizophrenia symptoms Reviews the development of schizophrenia due to genetic and environmental factors