Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior Book

Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior


  • Author : Carolyn Declerck
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-08-21
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128014417

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Neuroeconomics of Prosocial Behavior Excerpt :

This summary of recent research in neuroeconomics aims to explain how and why a person can sometimes be generous, helpful, and cooperative, yet other times behave in a self-interested and/or exploitative manner. The book explains a dual process of analysis measuring immediate needs of the individual, relative to long term gains possible through prosocial behavior (e.g. synergy, accumulating profits, (in)direct reciprocity) with the output further mitigated by the motivation of the individual at that moment and any special circumstances of the environment. Ultimately it can be shown that prosocial behavior can be economically rational. Yet even when individuals are intrinsically motivated to act prosocially, they are also able to reverse this behavior when they sense it is no longer adaptive. The book will further explore individual differences in prosocial behavior, the development of prosocial behavior, and how a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation. The book includes game theory research, neuroimaging studies, and research in traditional cognitive psychology to better understand human decision-making re prosocial behavior. This will be of interest to cognitive, developmental, and social psychologists, as well as neuroscientists, and behavioral economists. Explores: Individual differences in prosocial behavior, The development of prosocial behavior, How a personal neural signature forms that facilitates or hampers cooperation Includes: Game theory research, Neuroimaging studies, Research in traditional cognitive psychology

Neuroeconomics Book
Score: 5
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Neuroeconomics


  • Author : Paul W. Glimcher
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-10-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN 10 : 008092106X

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Neuroeconomics Excerpt :

Neuroeconomics is a new highly promising approach to understanding the neurobiology of decision making and how it affects cognitive social interactions between humans and societies/economies. This book is the first edited reference to examine the science behind neuroeconomics, including how it influences human behavior and societal decision making from a behavioral economics point of view. Presenting a truly interdisciplinary approach, Neuroeconomics presents research from neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral economics, and includes chapters by all the major figures in the field, including two Economics Nobel laureates. * An authoritative reference written and edited by acknowledged experts and founders of the field * Presents an interdisciplinary view of the approaches, concepts, and results of the emerging field of neuroeconomics relevant for anyone interested in this area of research * Full-color presentation throughout with carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

Values  Empathy  and Fairness Across Social Barriers Book

Values Empathy and Fairness Across Social Barriers


  • Author : Scott Atran
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-07-27
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN 10 : 9781573317603

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Values Empathy and Fairness Across Social Barriers Excerpt :

Papers are the result of the first Barcelona Social Brain Conference, entitled Values, Empathy, and Fairness Across Social Barriers: a neurocognitive approach to fairness, organized by the New York Academy of Sciences, the European Science Foundation, the Catalan Research Foundation and the Social Brain Chair, and held on November 21-22, 2008 at Fundacio "la Caixa" Barcelona, Spain.

Neuroeconomics Book

Neuroeconomics


  • Author : Tania Singer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-08-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128073346

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Neuroeconomics Excerpt :

While economics and game theory are based on the assumption that people who engage in economic exchange are able to infer other people's motives and beliefs to predict their actions, economists have not yet become interested in the neural mechanisms that enable people to make inferences about other's mental and motivational states. However, the fields of social neuroscience and neuroeconomics have started to investigate our ability to represent others’ intentions and beliefs, referred to as “mentalizing” or “Theory of Mind” (ToM), and to share others' feelings and motivational states, referred to as “empathy”. Following an introduction to the field of social neuroscience, a clarification of concepts and a summary of major findings concerning the neural basis of mentalizing and empathizing are provided. Next, other social emotions closely related to empathy, such as compassion, and social emotions opposing empathy, such as schadenfreude, are introduced. Finally, future research questions are outlined and are discussed in light of their implications for neuroeconomics and human prosociality in general.

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy Book

Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy


  • Author : Jon-Arild Johannessen
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-07-11
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789738599

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Leadership and Organization in the Innovation Economy Excerpt :

Since the 1980s, society has undergone enormous change. And yet management styles have stayed the same, not adapting to the change in focus from efficiency and productivity, to creativity and innovation. Here, leading innovation expert Jon-Arild Johannessen offers a replacement to traditional goal-driven management and New Public Management (NPM).

Neuroeconomics Book

Neuroeconomics


  • Author : Martin Reuter
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-06
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 511
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642359231

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Neuroeconomics Excerpt :

This book represents one of the cornerstones of the series Studies in Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavioral Economics. It is divided into eight sections, starting with an introduction to neuroeconomics followed by an overview of frequently applied experimental paradigms (games) in neuroeconomics research. Furthermore, it addresses the molecular basis of human decision making, environmental/situational factors and social contexts influencing human decision making, as well as translational and developmental/clinical approaches to neuroeconomics. In closing, a paper on neuro-marketing demonstrates how knowledge from neuroeconomics research can be applied in “real life.” Culminating in an extensive methods section, in which eight different neuroscience techniques are introduced, the book offers an essential resource for researchers and practitioners, and may also be beneficial for graduate students.

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior Book

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior


  • Author : David A. Schroeder
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2015-04-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 816
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195399813

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The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior Excerpt :

The Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior provides a comprehensive review of the current literature on when and why people act to benefit others. It provides a comprehensive overview of the field to give both the casual reader and the neophyte to the field some perspective about fundamental questions (what, why, when, and who) relative to prosocial behavior. Taking a multi-level approach, the chapters represent the broad spectrum of this multi-faceted domain. Topics range from micro-level analyses involving evolutionary and comparative psychological factors to macro-level applications, such as reducing intergroup conflicts and ethnic genocide. Between these extremes, the contributors--all internationally recognized in their field--offer their perspectives on developmental processes that may predispose individuals to empathize with and respond to the needs of others, individual differences that seem to interact with situational demands to promote helping, and the underlying motivations of those helping others. They explain volunteerism, intragroup cooperation, and intergroup cooperation to move the analysis from the individual to group-level phenomena. They extend the consideration of this topic to include support of pro- environmental actions, means to encourage participation in medical clinical trials, and the promotion of world peace. The ways that gender, interpersonal relationships, race, and religion might affect decisions to give aid and support to others are also addressed. The final chapter offers a unique view of prosocial behavior that encourages researchers and readers to take an even broader consideration of the field to search for a prosocial consilience.

Neuroeconomics Book

Neuroeconomics


  • Author : Molly J. Crockett
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-08-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128073216

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Neuroeconomics Excerpt :

In this chapter we present a survey of studies employing pharmacological manipulations in humans to elucidate the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying the neuromodulation of economic and social preferences. We will review research examining the effects of changes in neurotransmitters (including serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline) and hormones (such as oxytocin and testosterone) on human decision making. Recent studies have shown these neuromodulatory systems to play a key role in shaping time, risk, and social preferences. We will consider how the involvement of these evolutionarily ancient chemical systems in basic learning and affective processes scales up to impact complex decision making in economic and social settings.

Augmentation of Brain Function  Facts  Fiction and Controversy Book

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy


  • Author : Manuel F. Casanova
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2018-09-14
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889456161

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Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy Excerpt :

The final volume in this tripartite series on Brain Augmentation is entitled “From Clinical Applications to Ethical Issues and Futuristic Ideas”. Many of the articles within this volume deal with translational efforts taking the results of experiments on laboratory animals and applying them to humans. In many cases, these interventions are intended to help people with disabilities in such a way so as to either restore or extend brain function. Traditionally, therapies in brain augmentation have included electrical and pharmacological techniques. In contrast, some of the techniques discussed in this volume add specificity by targeting select neural populations. This approach opens the door to where and how to promote the best interventions. Along the way, results have empowered the medical profession by expanding their understanding of brain function. Articles in this volume relate novel clinical solutions for a host of neurological and psychiatric conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), traumatic brain injury, and disorders of consciousness. In disease, symptoms and signs denote a departure from normal function. Brain augmentation has now been used to target both the core symptoms that provide specificity in the diagnosis of a disease, as well as other constitutional symptoms that may greatly handicap the individual. The volume provides a report on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in ASD with reported improvements of core deficits (i.e., executive functions). TMS in this regard departs from the present-day trend towards symptomatic treatment that leaves unaltered the root cause of the condition. In diseases, such as schizophrenia, brain augmentation approaches hold promise to avoid lengthy pharmacological interventions that are usually riddled with side effects or those with limiting returns as in the case of Parkinson’s d

Neuroeconomics Book

Neuroeconomics


  • Author : Daniel Houser
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2008-12-01
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781848553057

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Neuroeconomics Excerpt :

Considers the various topics in health economics including the production of and demand for health; the demand for medical care services; the financing of these services; the markets for physicians, nurses, dentists, hospitals, and drugs; the economics of substance use; health in developing countries; and, the economics of medical technology.

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process Book

Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process


  • Author : Christiansen, Bryan
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2016-03-17
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466699908

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Neuroeconomics and the Decision Making Process Excerpt :

Neuroeconomics has emerged as a field of study with the goal of understanding the human decision-making process and the mental consideration of multiple outcomes based on a selected action. In particular, neuroeconomics emphasizes how economic conditions can impact and influence the decision-making process and alternately, how human actions have the power to impact economic conditions. Neuroeconomics and the Decision-Making Process presents the latest research on the relationship between neuroscience, economics, and human decision-making, including theoretical foundations, real-world applications, and models for implementation. Taking a cross-disciplinary approach to neuroeconomic theory and study, this publication is an essential reference source for economists, psychologists, business professionals, and graduate-level students across disciplines.

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research Book

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research


  • Author : Gigi Foster
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-08
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128130933

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Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research Excerpt :

Biophysical Measurement in Experimental Social Science Research: Theory and Practice demonstrates the use of biophysical measurement in laboratory-based experimental social science research and the ways biophysical measures can inform analyses of human behavior. Noting the practical limitations of laboratory-based biophysical measurement, its contributors provide hands-on guidance about biophysical measurement devices. Its Introductory and concluding chapters address ethics, measurement options, and historical and scientific contexts. Highlighting examples of device adoption in experimental social science lab settings, this book makes these tools understandable and accessible to all. Demonstrates the strengths and limitations of tools in both research objectives and practicality Provides hands-on guidance for device usage and data implementation, integration and assessment Compares and contrasts the uses of biophysical data in research objectives and disciplines

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis Book

The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis


  • Author : Sanjit Dhami
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-15
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192606495

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The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis Excerpt :

This seventh volume of The Foundations of Behavioral Economic Analysis covers a range of topics in behavioral economics. It is an essential guide for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students seeking a concise and focused text that explores the key areas of emotions in economics, behavioral welfare economics, and neuroeconomics. This updated extract from Dhami's leading textbook allows the reader to pursue subsections of this vast and rapidly growing field and to tailor their reading to their specific interests in behavioral economics.

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics Book

Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics


  • Author : Jermo Van Nes
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Economic anthropology
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030846909

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Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics Excerpt :

This open access book offers a multidisciplinary dialogue on relational anthropology in contemporary economics. A particular view of the human being is often assumed in economic models, but seldom acknowledged let alone explicated. Addressing this neglected area of research in economic studies, altogether the contributors touch upon the importance and potential of virtues, the notions of freedom and self-love, the potential of simulation models, the dialectics of love, and questions of methodology in constructing a relational anthropology for contemporary economics. The overall result is a highly informative and constructive dialogue, establishing inter alia a research agenda for future collaborative and multidisciplinary study.

Handbook of Psychology  Personality and Social Psychology Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Handbook of Psychology Personality and Social Psychology


  • Author : Theodore Millon
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2003-06-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN 10 : 9780471264460

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Handbook of Psychology Personality and Social Psychology Excerpt :

Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.