Neutron Fluctuations Book

Neutron Fluctuations


  • Author : Imre Pazsit
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-10-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 0080550436

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Neutron Fluctuations Book Description :

The transport of neutrons in a multiplying system is an area of branching processes with a clear formalism. Neutron Fluctuations presents an account of the mathematical tools used in describing branching processes, which are then used to derive a large number of properties of the neutron distribution in multiplying systems with or without an external source. In the second part of the book, the theory is applied to the description of the neutron fluctuations in nuclear reactor cores as well as in small samples of fissile material. The question of how to extract information about the system under study is discussed. In particular the measurement of the reactivity of subcritical cores, driven with various Poisson and non-Poisson (pulsed) sources, and the identification of fissile material samples, is illustrated. The book gives pragmatic information for those planning and executing and evaluating experiments on such systems. Gives a complete treatise of the mathematics of branching particle processes, and in particular neutron fluctuations, in a self-contained manner The first monograph containing the theory and application of neutron fluctuations in low power ADS (spallation and pulsed sources) Suitable as a tutorial and handbook/reference book for scientists and graduate students One of the authors is the founder of the mathematical theory of neutron fluctuations in zero power systems

Neutron Dynamics and Control Book

Neutron Dynamics and Control


  • Author : David L. Hetrick
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 1966
  • Genre: Neutrons
  • Pages : 611
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015003993055

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Neutron Dynamics and Control Book Description :

The Lives of the Neutron Stars Book

The Lives of the Neutron Stars


  • Author : NATO Advanced Study Institute Staff
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1994-12-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN 10 : 0792332466

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The Lives of the Neutron Stars Book Description :

As the most compact known observable form of matter, neutron stars offer a fascinating range of problems to astrophysicists. This book offers a collection of reviews of current research on neutron stars, variously observed as radio pulsars, X-ray binaries, gamma-ray sources and sources of thermal X-ray emission. The reviews are meant for an audience of graduate students and scientists in the field, so they combine a tutorial approach with the objectives of a scientific review. The central theme of the book is evolution, stressing the changes of thermal, magnetic and dynamical properties throughout the lives of neutron stars.

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Book

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology


  • Author : Jeffery Lewins
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1997-06-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9780306456046

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Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Book Description :

The present review volume not only covers a wide range of topics pertinent to nuclear science and technology, but has attracted a distinguished international authorship, for which the editors are grateful. The opening review by Drs. Janet Tawn and Richard Wakeford addresses the difficult matter of questioning sci- tific hypotheses in a court of law. The United Kingdom experienced a substantial nuclear accident in the 1950s in the form of the Windscale Pile fire. This in itself had both good and bad consequences; the setting up of a licensing authority to ensure nuclear safety was one, the understandable public sentiment concerning nuclear power (despite the fire occurring in a weapons pile) the other. Windscale today is subsumed in the reprocessing plant at Sellafield operated by British Nuclear Fuels plc and it was inevitable perhaps that when an excess cluster of childhood leukaemia was observed in the nearby village of Seascale that public concern should be promoted by the media, leading to the hearing of a claim of compensation brought on behalf of two of the families of BNFLs workers who had suffered that loss. The review article demonstrates the complexity of und- standing such a claim against the statistical fluctuations inherent and shows how the courts were persuaded of the need to propose a biological mechanism if responsibility were to be held. The Company were undoubtedly relieved by the finding.

Research News Book

Research News


  • Author : University of Michigan. Office of Research Administration
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 1963
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015018253461

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Research News Book Description :

Neutron Scattering in Biology Book

Neutron Scattering in Biology


  • Author : Jörg Fitter
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-01-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 557
  • ISBN 10 : 3540291083

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Neutron Scattering in Biology Book Description :

The advent of new neutron facilities and the improvement of existing sources and instruments world wide supply the biological community with many new opportunities in the areas of structural biology and biological physics. The present volume offers a clear description of the various neutron-scattering techniques currently being used to answer biologically relevant questions. Their utility is illustrated through examples by some of the leading researchers in the field of neutron scattering. This volume will be a reference for researchers and a step-by-step guide for young scientists entering the field and the advanced graduate student.

Neutron Spin Echo in Polymer Systems Book

Neutron Spin Echo in Polymer Systems


  • Author : Dieter Richter
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2005-04-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 3540228624

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Neutron Spin Echo in Polymer Systems Book Description :

1 Introduction.- 2 Neutron Scattering and Neutron Spin Echo.- 3 Large Scale Dynamics of Homopolymers.-

Neutron Scattering Book

Neutron Scattering


  • Author :
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 1987-08-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN 10 : 0080860109

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Neutron Scattering Book Description :

Neutron Scattering

Proceedings Book

Proceedings


  • Author :
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Engineering
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822023026636

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Proceedings Book Description :

Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors Book

Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors


  • Author : Albert Furrer
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1998-09-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 0792352262

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Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors Book Description :

The phenomenon of superconductivity - after its discovery in metals such as mercury, lead, zinc, etc. by Kamerlingh-Onnes in 19]] - has attracted many scientists. Superconductivity was described in a very satisfactory manner by the model proposed by Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer, and by the extensions proposed by Abrikosov, Gorkov and Eliashberg. Relations were established between superconductivity and the fundamental properties of solids, resulting in a possible upper limit of the critical temperature at about 23 K. The breakthrough that revolutionized the field was made in 1986 by Bednorz and Muller with the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in layered copper-oxide perovskites. Today the record in transition temperature is 133 K for a Hg based cuprate system. The last decade has not only seen a revolution in the size of the critical temperature, but also in the myriads of research groups that entered the field. In addition, high-temperature superconductivity became a real interdisciplinary topic and brought together physicists, chemists and materials scientists who started to investigate the new compounds with almost all the available experimental techniques and theoretical methods. As a consequence we have witnessed an avalanche of publications which has never occurred in any field of science so far and which makes it difficult for the individual to be thoroughly informed about the relevant results and trends. Neutron scattering has outstanding properties in the elucidation of the basic properties of high-temperature superconductors.

Neutron and X ray Spectroscopy Book

Neutron and X ray Spectroscopy


  • Author : Françoise Hippert
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2005-12-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : 1402033362

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Neutron and X ray Spectroscopy Book Description :

- Up-to-date account of the principles and practice of inelastic and spectroscopic methods available at neutron and synchrotron sources - Multi-technique approach set around a central theme, rather than a monograph on one technique - Emphasis on the complementarity of neutron spectroscopy and X-ray spectroscopy which are usually treated in separate books

Stripes and Related Phenomena Book

Stripes and Related Phenomena


  • Author : Antonio Bianconi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-04-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 583
  • ISBN 10 : 9780306471001

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Stripes and Related Phenomena Book Description :

The problem of superconductors has been a central issue in Solid State Physics since 1987. After the discovery of superconductivity (HTSC) in doped perovskites, it was realized that the HTSC appears in an unknown complex electronic phase of c- densed matter. In the early years, all theories of HTSC were focused on the physics of a homogeneous 2D metal with large electron–electron correlations or on a 2D polaron gas. Only after 1990, a novel paradigm started to grow where this 2D metallic phase is described as an inhomogeneous metal. This was the outcome of several experimental evidences of phase separation at low doping. Since 1992, a series of conferences on phase separation were organized to allow scientists to get together to discuss the phase separation and related issues. Following the discovery by the Rome group in 1992 that “the charges move freely mainly in one direction like the water running in the grooves in the corrugated iron foil,” a new scenario to understand superconductivity in the superconductors was open. Because the charges move like rivers, the physics of these materials shifts toward the physics of novel mesoscopic heterostructures and complex electronic solids. Therefore, understanding the striped phases in the perovskites not only provides an opportunity to understand the anomalous metallic state of cuprate superconductors, but also suggests a way to design new materials of technological importance. Indeed, the stripes are becoming a field of general scientific interest.